New Era, New Art

During unit 5 we learned about modern art and how it took a turn from what we would traditionally see. Paintings started looking less realistic, the subjects in these new modern painting didn’t feel like they where real, you didn’t feel like you where part of the painting. Instead this new era of paintings reminded the viewer that they where just looking at a painting nothing more. This drawing I found on Instagram is called a little light for your worries by the Instagram artist, it’s of a girl sitting in front of a window looking out but as you can see it’s not a very realistic window or realistic background. You can see each individual stroke and different colors, you can tell this work is not suppose to look realistic.

This new style that strayed away from academic paintings started with Édouard Manet’s painting Olympia(1863). Mamet challenged the idea of the Renaissance his painting of Olympia was not perfect or of a ideal women. She was not a “Venus” or a “goddess” but she was blunt and specialized something you wouldn’t normally see. Showing that this art was not made to be perfect but to be seen as a painting. Paul Cézanne’s painting The Basket of Apples (1893) another painting that defied the academy. The perspectives, colors, and lighting made this painting less realistic.

As you can see in the old and new art works that they are both just a drawing they are not suppose to be looked at as something that is perfect and ideal. There is not proportion background or lighting you would see in the Baroque and Renaissance. However a major difference between painting such as Olympia and The Basket of Apples to and so many other artist now a day is that they have the internet. Artist in our current era in 2017 have so many different outlets for art. With every new era their are new art forms, with the era of technology we see animation, we can draw on our computers using art tablets or even paint tool. This has introduced to us so many more opportunities to express so many art forms to being realistic or modern to everything in between.

Francesca Faiello,Team Cronos

The Abduction

Nicolas Poussin, French, 1594-1665. The Abduction of the Sabine Women. probably 1633-34. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Web. 8 Dec 2017.

This painting “The Abduction of the Sabine Women” by Nicolas Poussin depicts the story of the rape of the Sabine Women. This is the moment where Roman men abducted Sabine Women to take as wives and start family, as the Romans are fighting off the women’s husbands and fathers. This art work was painted in 1633-34 which would have been during the Baroque period. Professor Simon has taught us that with a new era come a different type of art style. How during the Baroque period new methods such as chiaroscuro lighting which created more emotion to the subject came into play. The painting uses methods such as chiaroscuro lighting and you can see the constraint between the light and the dark that the shadows are creating, making the piece more dramatic. The artist is also trying to play with linear perspective by showing the people father away in the background fighting by making them smaller, creating depth.

The quote I choose was from Book one of Vergil’s Aeneid that says ”Then it was that the Sabine women, whose wrongs had led to the war, throwing off all womanish fears in their distress, went boldly into the midst of the flying missiles with disheveled hair and rent garments. Running across the space between the two armies they tried to stop any further fighting” like the quote the image is showing the throwing of women, you can see the destress in their bodies and how it looks like they are fighting back to get away. You can see the intensity of the men fighting just the the quote is describing. I think the artist added a lot of details to the Romans muscles making them seem stronger to show their power over the women and men. The artist also added children and it really shows that these women are being taken away from their families. However in the quote they make it seem as it was the Sabine’s fault for not giving the women to Romans in the first place. In the art you see more ofthe brutality of abducting these women.

Francesca Faiello, Team Cronos


This is a picture of my friends computer background, he has his background for his computer randomized with googles art and culture images so through the day his background changes to different art such as paintings from different time periods to photography of landscapes or building. This art can be old or new but each image is vey beautiful and unique. This very image is of an art work named “festival of the twelve months” by Miyagawa Choshun from around 1682-1752. It might be an old painting but it is used in a new way; as someone’s screensaver. This is similar to Chibusani Eishi’s art work we learned about it class “three types of beauties in edo” 1770-1829. Both painting came from around the same time period and have similar flat art style with visible lines of each individual. Eishi’s art work was made to show these three beautiful women that represented pleasure. But this can be compared to how Choshun’s art is viewed in the twentieth century because we are using “festival of the twelve months” Choshun’s art work and screensavers because of its visual appeal. We still find beauty in the same images just as they did back then and we are using them in modern and different ways.

Francesca, Team Cronos

Caesar and salad aren’t that different?

(Image by @adamtots)


7 some actually ventured to suggest permitting him to have intercourse with as many women as he pleased, because even at this time, though fifty years old, he still had numerous mistresses.

11 he no longer restrained his wrath but showed great irritation, as if these very officials were really stirring up sedition against him.

Lives of Illustrious Men

Pompey ordered Caesar to disband his army but was driven from the city when Caesar approached prepared for battle.

Caesar could not keep back tears, and he took care that the head was burned with many very costly perfumes

Julius Caesar had a extremely mixed reputation. At times the people loved him and at times he was rather questionable which overall leads to his death. In the quotes from Cassius it really shows the questionable side of Caesar. How he would sleep with many women and his temper. However these traits made some people like him and praise him even more. In the quotes from “Lives of Illustrious Men” we see a good portray of Caesar. How he was prepared to defend and fight back and his more sensitive side in honoring Pompey even though he did not actually like him. These two passages show very different sides of Caesar and how some people loved his characteristics as a ruler but others did not.

This is Creamy Caesar dressing you put on the famous Caesar salad that many enjoy and love. However many people don’t like salad as well. Just like Julius Caesar it has qualities about it many people like and dislike. But in all seriousness Caesar salad wasn’t named after the dictator Caesar but rather after Caesar Cardini who invested in Tijuana, Mexico in 1924. He threw together a salad last minute from the ingredients he had and it was a hit. You can argue that Caesar Cardini’s name origin was from Julius Caesar considering Cadini who is from Italian decent. However the salad wasn’t originally named after Julius Caesar but it does has some qualities that the dictator has. Such as it’s popularity and people’s mixed opinions about the salad we can relate to Julius Caesar’s popularity and the mixed opinions he got from his people.

Francesca, Team Cronos

Gothic Churches in the Renaissance 

This is the Cathedral of St. John the Baptist, it is a Russian orthodox church in Brooklyn. It’s located on 2016 Voorhies avenue in Brooklyn, New York. I always pass this church while driving and never thought much of it but it really reminds me more of a gothic style church. From other churches that we have previously seen this church gives off more of a gothic look. This is because of its roof and how it is pointed. As we discussed in class the gothic style was all about this space and lighting. The pointed roof makes a illusion that the church has more space and the huge window with a similar pointed shape in the front for light to shine through. This church St. John reminds me of st. Denis’ ambulatory at east end and Amiens cathedral because those church’s has similar designs and how they have very elegant exterior designs and how their roofs looked pointed. Which is similar to Filippo Brunelleschi, dome of Florence cathedral, it’s dome is stretches upwards making it look less of a dome but more pointed and elongated. 

Francesca, Team Cronos 

Slavery Throughout Time

The search term I looked up on OneSearch was Sicily Rome “Slave rebellion” “United States” and I found the article “Origins of American Slavery” by Philip D. Morgan. His primary audience for this article was probably historians since it was published in the Magazine of History. In the article he talks about slavery through time which is why he talks about Ancient Rome and the slavery that took place in Sicily and how it influenced slavery that went on in the “new world” or rather America. Morgan talks about slave societies where slaves are most of the population and be say “Classical Greece and Rome fit this definition and can be considered models for slavery’s expansion in the New World.” The article then talks about some of the horrible parallels seen between slavery in Ancient Rome and the new world “from the dehumanizing device of addressing male slaves of any age as “boy,” the use of branding and head-shaving as modes of humiliation, the comic inventiveness in naming slaves.” Then we look at the ancient text Diodorus, The Library, fragments from book 34/35 and it talks about the slavery that was going on in Italy. The text explains “The Italians, who had large estates in Sicily, bought many slaves, every one of whom they branded with marks on their cheeks, and oppressed them with hard labour, and yet failed to give them sufficient subsistence.”(line 32)We see here what Philip Morgan was talking about in his article and how the cruel and terrible treatment that slaves had to endure during Ancient Rome and how it is similar treatment to the slaves in America. 

Morgan, Philip D. Magazine of History; Bloomington Vol. 19, Iss. 4, (Jul 2005): 51-56

Francesca, Team Cronos 

Churches Now and Then

This image is saint marks church located on ocean avenue and east 19th street in Brooklyn, NY. Saint marks is a Roman Catholic Church established in 1861. You can see how churches from 400 C.E. might have influenced some design and aspects of churches in today’s age. Like the Basilica of Santa Sabina, Rome (422-432 CE) both of the inside of the churches are narrow and have this dome and when you walk in form the front of the church you see an apse which is the dome roof above the alter which depicts art of God and Jesus on the thrown in heaven and all the angels and apostles next to him it shows his divinity. You also see some Corinthian capitals to columns and on the outside you see kind of Doric columns. Some differences is that it doesn’t really have a dome on the outside rather the outside reminds me of a Roman temple. Their are not many arches decorating the outside even though arches where very big architectural feature for Rome, you can only really find arches on the inside of the church. 

Team Cronos, Francecsa Faiello

George’s Fasce

George Washington was standing in front of this fasces, This statue is located in front of Federal Hall. The fasce was put in the statue with George Washington our first president was to show the power he represented as our first presidential figure that would represent the start of a new nation.

Francecsa, Team cronos 

Alexander The Conqueror

Alyssa D. (18 years old, friend, I asked over the phone, she was in her dorm at Stony Brook University)Do you know who Alexander the Great was? Yes, I do!

What do you know about him? I know he conquered large areas of Asia in a short time, which connected different parts of the world and created the Hellenistic period and culture. He was from Macedonia though, not Greece.

Where did you learn about him? Crash course on YouTube and AP Euro in high school
Gianna M. (18 years old, friend, in my house, sheepshead bay)
Do you know who Alexander the Great was? Yeah

What do you know about him?  He was a famous leader of Greece, fairly young I think, he conquered a lot

Where did you learn about him? In a text book from high school, I was a freshmen I think
Anthony D. ( 16 years old, best friend, I asked over the phone, he was at home)

Do you know who Alexander the Great was? Yes

What do you know about him? I don’t exactly remember much about him though, he was a ruler right?

Where did you learn about him? Uh, I learned about him in global in sophomore and freshman year
In all of my answers the biggest similarities were that they all learned about Alexander the Great during school and in a textbook, one of my friends that had researched him through videos outside of learning about him in school knew more about him and what he did. The common answer I’ve revived is that he conquered a large amount of places, in the reading the Alexander Romance a specific quote appears a lot which would be “A boy child who shall be your avenger and become world conquering king’ of the whole civilized universe.” (Page 3,10). While he didn’t actually conquer the “whole universe” he did conquer many areas between Macedonia all the way to The Indus River. So it was true about what we have learned and what the text says to some extent he has conquered many areas in a relatively short amount of time, Alexander’s march to these different areas started in 335 (BCE) and ended around 323 (BCE) which is a relatively short time to take over so many areas. What none of my friends mentioned was that Alexander was sort of like the god figure in the text the Alexander Romance it was said “He is white haired and has the horns of a ram above his jaws. Now then prepare yourself as a queen and a woman, for you shall see a dream concerning this and the god mated with you.” (Page 3,9) in this part they are talking about how Alexander’s mother is going to mate with a god and have a child that “god like” with white hair and horns. Many interpreted Alexander to have similar attributes to Heracles and said that he is a dependence of him. Which made many look at Alexander as this amazing ruler/ conqueror.

The Ancient and The New 

This is the Brooklyn Municipal Building which is located at the southwest corner of Joralemon and Court Streets. It houses many City offices including the City Clerk where marriage licenses are obtained, offices for the Departments of Buildings, Probation, Finance, and Environmental Protection. I choose this building and found it relevant because of its pillars lining the outside. The type of pillars being Doric because of its simplicity, the columns have a simple capital, shaft, and then a stylobate at the bottom. These type of columns back in Ancient Greek and Rome were used for temples or court houses an official building. We see that in 2017 this official building have those same types of columns. While the building do have similarities they do have differences as well such as we see in Ancient Greek temples we see frieze which tell us basically stories of mythical creatures, or a story honoring the gods. Also a different would be the temples were used and places of worship. For example Aphrodite was one of the many gods worshiped and there was a specific island called Cyprus where you can find an Ancient cult object made of stone this was called “Mistress of the beast” and it was Aphrodite surrounded by animals which represents how she could make them act like animals using their sexual instincts, considering she was the goddess of love. I find it interesting that around ever corner you can see a building with different types of columns and pillars that can remind us of building and temples from Ancient Rome and Greek and while they aren’t used for exactly the same purpose such as worshiping they are their for other important uses. 

Francesca, Team Cronos

Corrupt Society 

“If you think that human nature is good and powerful, then you go around frustrated because the perfect society has not yet been achieved.” A quote from the article The Structure of Gratitude by David Brooks. This article was basically talking about how in a perfect world everyone would be nice to each other. In their ideal society everyone one would would be treated fairly and everyone would help people with their problems and be grateful but in reality in our society that does really happen. We live in a world we’re bad things happen all the time, not everyone will treat you fairly, and not everyone will be thankful for what you did. This ideal society seen by Brooks is that everyone and everything would be fair and everyone would get what they deserved is not the society we live in and he acknowledges that we don’t live in this perfect happy society. I agree that the world we live in has terrible people that get much more than they deserve, that those who do good will sometimes go unrecognized but this is not the case all the time their are plenty of helpful, grateful, and kind people out there. Plato would have agreed with the article in that there are corrupt people in society. This is because Plato shows us an example of if a man was invisible he would abuse his power he goes on saying the man that was invisible would “seduced the king’s wife, attacked the king with her help, killed him, and in this way took over the kingdom.” Another quote Plato says is “No one believes justice to be a good thing when itis kept private.” In these quotes he is saying how people aren’t fair or just, when given the opportunity people are power hungry and self serving.
Brooks, David. “The Structure of Gratitude.” New York Times, 28 July 2015, p. A23(L). New York State Newspapers, Accessed 15 Sept. 2017.

The Barbarian in Mumbai


(Statue found in my backyard of a face which has the characteristics of a barbaric man)

In Mumbai there was this barbaric man who beat his dog to the extent of fracturing his skull. “There are some barbaric people who have shed every ounce of their humanity and are just downright cruel.” said Akancha Miharia in her article Mumbai Man Mercilessly Beat Up A Dog Fracturing His Skull. Yes, Monsters Like These Do Exist. The man attacking the dog was completely unprovoked, the dog was harmlessly passing by when the man decided to beat it. This cruel and uncivilized nature of Animal abusers is what makes us considered then as the barbarian.  The target audience is the general people to show how wrong animal cruelty is, this article is here to inform that situations like this still happen and maybe to prevent people from harming animals.

The use of the work “barbaric” is extremely different from the way it was used in Herodotus. In the reading it states “Croesus, son of Alyattes, by birth a Lydian, was lord of all the nations to the west of the river Halys…he was the first of the barbarians who had dealings with the Greeks.” (Book 1 chapter 6). As you can see here the word is being used because Croesus was not Greek he was considered an outside or a foreigner which is why they used the word “barbarians” to describe him.

In Art history we looked at a statue named “Dying Gaul”(220 B.C.E) it was made in Ancient Greece and was remade into a marble copy by the Romans. The sculpture of the head in my backyard reminded me of the statue because of many similarities they shared. They both share a rugged face, the hair in both look slightly messy, with rugged facial hair with a full grown beard, also their facial expressions both look stern with a furrowed brow kind of like they are suppose to be aggressive in some sort of way. Which can lead to how we think of he word barbarian in today’s terms.

When we think of a barbarian you think of a human who is uncivilized, primitive, or overall just a bad person. In reality barbarian was just a word to describe people from a different culture other  than the Greeks. This is because when the Greeks heard different languages all they would hear is “bar bar bar…” so they created the word barbarians. The word developed over time into a negative connotation for people. Overtime words from Greek culture has evolved and became what we know in modern time.

Francesca , team Cronos

Miharia, Akancha “Mumbai Man Mercilessly Beat Up A Dog Fracturing His Skull. Yes, Monsters Like These Do Exist”, Scoop Whoop, Sep 05, 2017,

Fighting for What’s Right

Women were often looked down upon by men, the more you go back in time the more you see how women were often treated as less than equals often saw taking care of the babies and cleaning. You go even farther back you see how women had no say or no power on what happens to them, they had no vote and no voice. But if you look more recently women have been fighting for equality and have been for a long time they are succeeding little by little so now what use to be is changing. Women don’t have to stay home with a baby she can go and work, get an education, speak for themselves, and fight for themselves.

In this scene in the movie Wonder Women you see her walk across a battlefield even though she was told not too. She walked right in the middle of a battle to fight for what she believed was the right thing to do because she couldn’t just watch people suffering. Most people couldn’t imagine women on the battlefield let alone fighting back. Now we look at the play Antigone by Sophocles. One of Antigone’s brothers were not buried properly and this meant he couldn’t go to heaven so she did what she believed in and sprinkled dirt on him it wasn’t a proper burial but it would at least let him rest peacefully. Similar to Wonder Woman she didn’t listen to what others said. Antigone followed her own morels and did what she thought was right. But Unlike Wonder Woman who was praised and celebrated after standing up for what she believed was right, Antigone was punished the king Creon said to her “Go below now…While I am alive, no woman will rule me”( Antigone, lines 524-525). We can see from the play that women were treated differently and punished for acting out of line and not listening. In the movie though we see a total difference response to a women fighting alongside men. We can see how society has been changing and how issues from back then are getting better and the progress society is making on equality.

Francesca, Team Cronos