Fractured Planes

The painting that I chose can be connected to Pablo Picasso, Les Demoiselles d’Avignon. They both possess certain similarities and differences with each other.

Similarities

They both have the technique of cubism. Cubism is reconstructing of three dimensional form and shattering that form and then placing those fragments back on two dimensional surface. The artists of both the paintings use cubism and prevents the use of linear perspective. There is no chiaroscuro i.e the contrast between the light and shadows in the paintings. The main idea depicted in both the paintings is the sexuality and the female nude. The bodies of the figures in both the paintings are pointy and sharp with the form of angular geometry. Although, there is no space behind the figures, there is some sense of illusion in both the paintings. In both the paintings, the female nudes have turned their gaze outward as if they want men to directly focus their attention towards them.

Differences

The colors used in both the paintings are quite different. Picasso uses very dull and light colors whereas in the other painting the artist uses very bright colors like red, blue, green, etc. The other difference is the use of brushstrokes. Picasso uses very irregular and heavy brushstrokes which takes away the fineness in the painting. On the other hand, the painting that I chose has very light and thin brushstrokes which makes the panting very fine and regular. The painting that I chose looks more modern because the women in the painting has a curly hair and wears tights and heels whereas in Picassso’s paintings, women are bare feet with simple hair.

The idea conveyed from these paintings is the sexuality and the female nudity. I can connect it to something that I learned in the Classics class. Venus was always shown as a nude figure. She was considered as a Goddess of beauty, sex, love, nudity and even prostitution in Roman mythology. Therefore, the nude figures in these paintings reminded me of  Goddess Venus.

Gurleen Kaur, Team Venus

 

Aeneas Carthage

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Perino del Vaga. Venus directing Aeneas to Carthage. early 1530s. British Museum, http://www.britishmuseum.org/. http://library.artstor.org/asset/AGERNSHEIMIG_10313160280. Web. 11 Dec 2017.

This drawing shows the disguised Venus (mother of Aeneas) and Aeneas itself. Venus advises Aeneas to go to the city of Carthage. She directs him to talk to the queen of the Carthage, Dido who would warmly welcome him and his friends. Aeneas is fleeing away from his native city, Troy which has been destroyed in the war. Juno, queen of the Gods despises Aeneas so she brings various traps on Aeneas’s way so that he cannot reach Carthage. However, his mother, Venus helps him in reaching Carthage and tells him about the queen of Carthage, Dido.

I can connect this drawing to something that I learnt in Art History class. This painting has a linear perspective. Linear perspective is the illusion of three-dimensional space on the two-dimensional surface. Likewise, this drawing does look three dimensional because the orthogonals if made from the floor will meet at one point on the top which is known as vanishing point. The figures such as Venus and Aeneas are much closer to the viewer. The mountains and trees in the background seems far away. This all creates linear perspective. The colors used are white and brown. Colorful colors are not used.

“She looked like a young girl, a Spartan girl decked out in dress and gear or Thracian Harpalyce tiring out her mares, outracing the Hebrus River’s rapid tides. Hung from a shoulder, a bow that fit her grip, a huntress for all the world, she’d let her curls go streaming free in the wind, her knees were bare, her flowing skirts hitched up with the tight knots.” (Vergil’s Aenied Book 1). This quote is very similar to the picture that I chose. Venus in the picture actually looks like a young girl. Both the quote and the picture portrays that her knees are bare and her skirt is hitched up in the tight knots. In addition to the similarities, there are few differences between the quote and the image that I chose. In the picture, there is something that hangs from her shoulder but it doesn’t look like a bow which contrasts to the quote because it says that a bow hangs from the shoulder. In the image we see that her hair is tied with no open curls. However, the reading says that her curls streamed free in the air.

Some of the artist’s own inventions in the drawing are the trees, few animals, people and the mountains. The artist might have added these details to describe the setting of the scene. Since, Venus and Aeneas met each other in the forest, the artist uses these details like animals, trees, bushes, etc. to the convey the idea that that they are in the forests.

The two figures, Venus and Aeneas most interests the artist. Since they are the main subject of the work, he draws them the way they look with all the characteristics that they actually have. There are movements in their posture because they both are pointing their arms and legs in forward direction which depicts that Venus is directing Aeneas to Carthage. The homework texts also has Venus and Aeneas as important figures because the text is all about Aeneas’s journey to Carthage and his mother, Venus helping him to reach there.

Gurleen Kaur, Team Venus

Liss’s and Caravaggio’s works

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The painting that I chose is “Nymph and Shepherd” by Johann Liss made in c. 1625. It is an oil in canvas. I found this in the Metropolitan museum. In this painting, we see that a passing shepherd with a crook in his hand has discovered a sleeping nymph who is at once intensely physical and a vision of ancient youth. This painting reminds me of Caravaggio’s, Calling of the St. Matthew, which represents Jesus pointing out at St. Matthew to be one of his apostles. If I compare both the pieces, I see various similarities and differences.

The similarities I see is the use of the colors. The colors that are most used are dark such as black, red and white in both the paintings. The paintings show the contrast between the light and the dark concept. We also see the chairoscuro lighting in both the paintings. In Liss’s painting, the light is coming form the unknown source (maybe a sunlight) is thrown upon the nymph. In Caravaggio’s painting, the light from the unknown source is thrown upon St. Mathew. The difference is that in Caravaggio’s painting we see a religious figure, Jesus whereas in Liss’s work, there is no religious figure. The Liss’s painting’s space is forest and Caravaggio’s painting space is the room. There is more movement in the Caravaggio’s painting because there are so many people and each of them are engaged in doing something. One is counting the money, other one is pointing at someone, etc. However, in Liss’s painting there are two characters from which one is sleeping and other is just looking at him.

I can connect this to something I studied in Classics class in the first unit. In the first unit, we learned about Aphrodite and her nymphs. In the Greek mythology, Greek goddesses were often illustrated with nymphs. I also found a quote from the Homeric Hymn of Aphrodite, “the Argos-killer (Hermes), abducted me, taking me from a festival of song and dance in honor off Artemis, the one with the golden arrows. There were many of us nymphs there, maidens worth many cattle as bride-price.” In this quote, Aphrodite talks about how she was kidnapped by the Hermes to make her dance in honor of Artemis. There were many nymphs there. This is how the nymph in the painting reminded me of the nymphs of Aphrodite.

Gurleen Kaur, Team Venus

Augustus, The Great Emperor

Quotations-

“Caesar then went to fight Pompey’s sons in Spain; Augustus followed with a very small escort, along roads held by the enemy, after a shipwreck, too, and in a state of semi-convalescence from a serious illness. This energetic action delighted Caesar, who soon formed a high estimate of Augustus’s character.” (Suetonius, 8).

“When I administered my thirteenth consulate (2 B.C.E.), the senate and Equestrian order and Roman people all called me father of the country, and voted that the same be inscribed in the vestibule of my temple, in the Julian senate-house, and in the forum of Augustus under the chario which had been placed there for me by a decision of the senate.” (Res Gestae, 35).

These two quotations characterizes Augustus as a great emperor. The quotations expresses his militaristic and royal qualities. Even at the age of sixteen, he was pretty brave to follow Caesar to protect him. I chose these two quotations because they really give us the insight that Augustus was a great ruler. He had that quality since his childhood. He had that courage to protect the people of the country which is why he was very much respected by his countrymen. The passages are similar in the sense that they both depicts Augustus as brave and respected ruler of the country. The passages are different because the first one tells about him when he was too young, that is when he was sixteen years of age. The second quotation is when he got older, seventy-six years old. This was the other reason I chose these quotations because they portrays Augustus as a great person at his different ages of life.

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The image that I chose is the month of the “August” in my calendar. The word, August can be described as an adjective which basically means respected and impressive. This word is derived from the Latin word, Augustus, named after the Augustus Caesar, the first Roman emperor. (Merriam Webster Dictionary). I can also connect this to the quotes that I chose above because Augustus really was respected and impressive person. His countrymen respected him. He won so many battles. He not only ruled over Rome, but doubled up the size of the empire by adding territories from Asia and Egypt. Thus, he is known as one of the great ruler of the Roman Empire.

I can also connect this to something that I learnt in my Art History class. In that class, we studied the sculpture of the Augustus of Primaporta. Augustus was the adopted son of Julius Caesar who also became the first emperor of Rome. He is always shown with the cupid on the dolphin and bare feet which is why he is also considered a God. His breastplate portrayed the battle between Romans and Parthians where Rome lost. But Augustus was successful in peacefully negotiating with the Parthians which is why he is also known as good master and diplomat. 

Gurleen Kaur, Team Venus 

Linear Perspective Everywhere?

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This painting can be related to something I learnt last week in my art history class. This painting has linear perspective which was discovered by Brunelleschi during Renaissance era. It is a realistic illusion of three-dimensional space on two-dimensional surface. This painting has this feature in it as we can see how it has a vanishing point where everything diminishes. The objects in the front such as trees and other bushes look larger as compared to the objects that are in the background. Some human figures and animals are also seen in this painting. It really gives a three-dimensional effect and anyone who sees it feels like is standing inside the painting.

If I compare this with, Titian, Venus of Urbino, then the similarities are that they both portray linear perspective. They have human figures and animals in it. They also depict trees.

The differences are that the Titian painting has more brighter colors like red and green as compared to my painting which has more dull and light colors. The Titian painting conveys the feeling of sensuality as it has nude woman who has erotic expressions on her face. However, my painting is related to nature as it depicts humans figures, animals, etc. standing in a forest.

Gurleen Kaur, Team Venus

Roman and American Mosaics

When I was in train 5 going back home from the college, I saw these mosaics at the Church avenue subway station. I don’t get off at Church avenue but I did one day to take the pictures to use them in the blog post. The mosaics looked really interesting and I was able to connect them with the mosaics of Justinian and Theodora from the apse of St. Vitale. After analyzing all the pictures, I was able to see some similarities as well as differences between the mosaics of Church avenue subway station and the mosaics of Justinian and Theodora. One similarity that can be seen is that for both the mosaics the main subject is the people. Different figures are depicted that gives us the idea that they are the main idea of the mosaics. Other similarity that is being portrayed is the weird proportions of the human bodies. The people in the mosaics of Justinian and Theodora are too tall, have small and similar faces, small feet which is quite similar to the people in Church avenue mosaics who also have small feet, small faces as compared to their body weight, weird proportions (thick arms, thick legs and weird waist). All these unreal characteristics make all the mosaics look unrealistic.

In addition to similarities, there are various differences between the mosaics. The Church avenue subway station mosaics are made of various dark colors as compared to Justinian and Theodora mosaics that have few light and dull colors. Second, more movement can be seen in the Church avenue mosaics because some people are walking, and some are buying fruits and vegetables as compared to other one where people are just standing. More objects such as bicycle, garbage bin, fruits, vegetables, etc are seen in the subway station mosaics as compared to Justinian and Theodora mosaics where no or less objects are shown. The people in the Church avenue mosaics have different hairstyles, dressed differently, and have different color complexions as compared to each other. However, everyone in the mosaics of Justinian and Theodora have same hairstyles, dressing styles and color complexions. Also, there is diversity in age in the mosaics of Church avenue subway station as we can see both adults and children being portrayed as compared to Justinian and Theodora mosaics where everyone looked of similar age.

Church avenue mosaics have more movement, each figure indulged in different things, have more objects which makes it more lifelike and modern as compared to Justinian and Theodora era which is not that modern.

Gurleen Kaur, Team Venus

Slave Rebellions in Sicily and Haiti

I searched up the terms “Sicily Slave Rome Haiti” and found an article named “The collapse of empires”. The primary intended audience of this publication are the people who wants to know about the slavery. The author connects the search terms “Slave” and “Haiti” by the depicting the fact how slaves in Haiti in 1793 were fed up of the slavery and they wanted to be free which made them rebel. “Many slave rebellions sprang up in the Caribbean in the 18th century, but only one succeeded.” This portrays how they tried various times to rebel to get rid of slavery but they often failed. “The author further states, “Bell sets this compelling work of historical fiction during the early years (1791-93) of the Haitian Revolution; it opens with wealthy white planters scheming to unleash a controlled slave revolt in order to tighten the alliance between upper- and lower-class colonists. However, the revolt soon spirals out of their control. Toussaint L’Ouverture emerges as the leader of the rebellion, which culminates in the 1793 burning of the city Cap-Haitien and prompts many French settlers to flee the island.” This quote explains that finally slaves in Haiti were successful in their attempts. It shows how white planters schemed wrong and they thought that the slaves are weak and they can’t do anything. Their wrong plans made them lose and the slaves were able to set their revolt high against their white owners. Their revolt made many French settlers to flee from Haiti. This incident can be connected to the slave revolts happened in the Sicily mentioned in the reading “Roman Republic” that we read for homework. The Roman Republic states that, “Thirty days had now passed since the first beginning of this rebellion and presently the slaves fought a battle with Lucius Hypsaeus, who had come from Rome and commanded eight thousand Sicilians. In this fight the rebels won the day; they were then twenty thousand in number, and very soon afterwards their army increased to two hundred thousand men. And although they fought against the Romans themselves, yet they often came off as conquerors, and were very seldom defeated.” (Page 22) This is very similar to the slave revolts in Haiti. After analyzing both the texts, it can be concluded that whether it is Rome or America, slaves who have been tortured by their owners, stood up and fought back for their rights. Their strength increased because they were merging and rebelling together which opened a way towards their victory.

 

MLA Citations-

Hartnett, Kevin. “The Collapse of Empires.” Bookmarks, 2010, p. 12.

Roman Republic”. P. 22. https://pastinpresenttense.files.wordpress.com/2017/08/readings-on-the-roman-republic1.pdf

 

Gurleen Kaur, Team Venus

Fasces on the City Bank

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This fasces was seen above the window on the City Bank-Farmers Trust Building. The figure in the coin looks like a Roman soldier. Both of them (the bank and the Roman soldier) depict the idea of power. The Roman soldier depicts the idea of power because a soldier is considered powerful who protects other people. The bank depicts the idea of power because bank has money and anyone who has money is considered powerful.

Gurleen Kaur, Team Venus

The Greek temple and The State Capital of Utah

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Last year in summer, me and my family went to Utah to visit my uncle and aunt. During this vacation, one of the places we visited was The State Capital of Utah. So, I decided to use one of the pictures taken in a blog. I am also in this picture sitting towards the left. It is a really huge building and a beautiful piece of architecture that resembles Greek architecture. The State Capital of Utah is like a Greek temple in many ways. First, it has a pediment which is a distinct feature of all Greek temples. Then, it also has an entablature and a frieze as in a Greek temple. But the difference in this is that the entablature of the State Capital of Utah is quite thin as compared to the Greek temple that has thick entablatures. This building has no triglyphs as in the Greek temples. However, it has metopes which are filled with circles. The Greek temple has metopes filled with sculptures.

The State Capital of Utah also has a capital similar to the Corinthian order. It is very complex and decorative which has leaf like structures which is extremely similar to the Corinthian order of Greek temple. The building has long, thin and plain columns. The only difference is that the columns are plain with no fluting in contrast to the columns of Greek temple which has fluting. The building also has a decorative foot under each column as in both Ionic and Corinthian order. Also, the columns of the State Capital have an entasis which means that the columns swell a little towards the center and are wider towards the base. This is so similar to the Greek temple. In addition to having few small differences, there is one major difference between the State Capital and the Greek temple which is that the State Capital has a huge dome on the top unlike a Greek temple which never had a dome.

Thus, Greek architecture has influenced the architecture around the world. Although, we see many differences but the main idea comes from the Greeks.

Gurleen Kaur, Team Venus

How famous is Alexander the Great?

Monika Mehra, A friend, Aged 19, Text message

1) Do you know who Alexander the Great was?

Yeah”

2) What do you know about him?

“He was a king of Greek Kingdom. He was a king of Persia, Babylon and Asia. He founded 70 cities. He was the son of King Philip.”

3) Where did you learn about him? 

“Global History class in high school”

Clerita S., A friend, Aged 17, Text Message

1) Do you know who Alexander the Great was?

“Yes, of course.”

2) What do you know about him?

“He was a military commander. He was the king of Macedonia. He had a huge military and never lost a battle. He was well respected in the world.He died at a young age.”

3) Where did you learn about him? 

“In history classes in middle school and high school”

Jashanpreet Kaur, A cousin, Aged 13, At my house

1) Do you know who Alexander the Great was?

” Yeah, kind of. Not that much.”

2) What do you know about him?

“He was a conqueror and conquered various countries such as India, Greece, Afganistan, Turkey, Persia, etc. He won many battles.”

3) Where did you learn about him? 

“In social studies class in middle school”

The similarities from all the responses are that Alexander was a great king and conquerer who conquered various countries around the world such as Persia, Greece, India, Afganistan and Turkey. Since he won many battles throughout his life, he is well respected in the world because of his strength and bravery. Most of the people have learned about Alexander in their history classes in middle school or high school. In addition to these people, I asked my parents too if they know anything about Alexander. They said the same thing as others did. Overall, people just heard his name and vaguely know about him. The answers I recieved were similar to what I learned in the class that he was very strong and great conquerer. According to Alexander Romance, an omen teller tells King Philip,” O King, you will have a son who, having traversed the whole world, shall subdue everyone by his strength and shall be subdued by none; and while returning to his country, he shall die, having lived but for a short time.” This omen proved to be true because he accomplished a lot in his life but died at a young age.

In addition to the fact that he became a king of many countries, I learned other interesting information about him in my class. The information I received in class was very detailed. I learned that Nectanebos was Alexander’s real father. Nectanebos, king of Egypt pretended to be a God and slept with Olympias, Alexander’s mother, and mated with her. According to Alexander Romance, Nectanebos tells Olympias,”According to what you have presented me, you are destined to mate with an earthly god and to conceive from him.” I also learned about the Alexander’s horse, Bucelphalus who was like a wild beast who was fed with prisoners. The text states, “Lord, this is the bull headed horse which your father locked up and shut away for it is a man-eater.” Thus, I learned deeply about Alexander in my class. Since, Alexander became a world conquerer, he is greatly remembered today too.

Gurleen Kaur, Team Venus

Pseudopregnancy

Pseudo- means false, un-real, a lie
Origin: Formed within English, by compounding. Etymons: pseudo- comb. formpregnancy n.1
Etymology: pseudo- comb. form + pregnancy n.1 Compare earlier pseudocyesis n.

 1. Med. A condition in which some of the symptoms or signs of pregnancy (such as amenorrhoea, nausea, and abdominal swelling) are present in a woman who is not pregnant; an instance of this. Also called false pregnancy.

Illustrative sentence using the word-
An intense desire to get pregnant can cause women’s brain to trigger certain hormones that lead to actual pregnancy symptoms and thus causes pseudopregnancy.
Earlier and most recent examples of its use-
1860   T. H. Tanner On Signs & Dis. Pregnancy i. 7   The term pseudo-pregnancy is also sometimes applied to diseases which simulate pregnancy.
1893   T. M. Madden Clin. Gynæcol. xl. 463   In cases of pseudopregnancy we frequently find all the general symptoms of pregnancy counterfeited with an exactitude that might well seem marvellous if we did not take into consideration the circumstances.
1979   Post (Frederick, Maryland19 June b11/2   A false pregnancy is also called a pseudopregnancy… A woman undergoes all the changes we customarily expect with a normal pregnancy.

 

1993   Acta Endocrinologica 129 Suppl. 38   The underlying mechanism of such a psychosomatic reaction, a typical example of which is pseudopregnancy, may be an extemporaneous activation of a neuroendocrine ‘maternal subroutine’ characteristic of pregnancy.

1970   W. B. Yapp Introd. Animal Physiol. (ed. 3) viii. 293   In those animals, such as mice, in which there is scarcely any pseudopregnancy, the corpora lutea develop very little and soon degenerate unless copulation occurs.

1981   J. Halliday & J. Halliday in K. Thear & A. Fraser Compl. Bk. Raising Livestock & Poultry iv. 94/2   Goats occasionally have pseudopregnancies, commonly termed as cloudbursts. The goat, either mated or unmated, will consider that she is in kid.

Gurleen Kaur, Team Venus

Women and The Society

In New York Times article, the writer Kamel Daoud writes about how Western women are attacked by the Arab migrants in Cologne, Germany. They have been sexually harassed which portrays sick relationship between men and women. Women are treated as sex machines and not given any respect in Germany. They are often killed and stoned.  The author seems to be against all these behaviors that treats women differently. The values that author believes the society to have are the respect and dignity towards women. He wants that the women should not be looked upon as a disrespect in the society but rather be treated as a special part of it. According to the author, these values are lacking in the western society in which they live because these days western women are raped and sexually harassed in Germany. There are certain restrictions imposed on their lifestyles as opposed to men. Men are the ones who kill or rape women for fantasies and they should be blamed for that. However, they are not blamed rather women are blamed for bringing a disrespect to the society. The article states, ” In some places, women are veiled, stoned and killed; at a minimum, they are blamed for sowing disorder in the ideal society.” I don’t think I live in the same society as this because now women have equal rights as men. They are not disrespected and they have the potential to stand on their own feet and do something for themselves. If I compare the article to Xenophon, I would say that Xenophon would disagree with this kind of society where women are killed and raped. Xenophon always want his town’s people, both men and women, to be strong enough. In order to increase the population of the town, he provided physical training to women as that to men so that they can produce vigorous offsprings. In ‘Xenophon’s Constitution of the Lacedaemonians’ it says, “He believed motherhood to be the most important function of freeborn woman. Therefore,in the first place, he insisted on physical training for the female no less than for the male sex: moreover, he instituted races and trials of strength for women competitors as for men, believing that if both parents are strong they produce more vigorous offspring.” Therefore, ideal society according to Xenophon is where women are considered important part the society in contrast to the society in Germany  where women leads miserable life because they are women.

Gurleen Kaur, Team Venus

Daoud, Kamel, “Sexual Misery and Islam”. The New York Times, 14 February 2016.

Barbaric Raid

In this article, Nnamdi Kanu’s home has been raided by the officers of the Nigerian Army on Sunday.  Former Minister of Aviation, Femi Fani-Kayode called for restraint and an end to the unprecedented violence and he strongly disapproved the unprecedented violence that is being employed. In this news artice, Nnamdi Kanu is being treated as the ‘other’. Nnamdi Kanu is a British-Nigerian political activist who raises awareness about certain issues by protests or lectures. The target audience for the article is the public of Nigeria who will get to know the cruel and barbaric actions of the army against the innocent. The article depicts, “Three people have been killed by the military and 20 wounded in their raid on Nnamdi Kanu’s home. This is wicked, barbaric and unacceptable. STOP!” Nnamdi Kanu might have taken step against something crucial (not mentioned in the article) due to which his home is raided. The barbaric about this incident is that the army killed and injured various innocent people. In relation to the class, Barbaric is someone who is non-Greek, who is different from normal people, has different habits, speak differently , wore funny clothes, has different gender styles whereas in this article, the word barbaric is used to describe cruel and unacceptable because innocent people have been killed and injured. In today’s world, barbaric is considered to be something that is immoral or unlawful as illustrated by the incident in the article. The social value that is being affirmed as a shared value for the target audience is that the reality that a person (Nnamdi Kanu) brings up to the group of people against someone or something is often not liked and that person is more likely to be harmed. In Herodotus, it says, “Such was the number of the barbarians, that when shot forth their arrows the sun would be darkened by their multitude.” This quote conveys us the idea that these barbarians were in huge number who could even do the impossible things as darkening the sun by their arrows. This could be related to the article as the barbaric Nigerian army harmed innocent people.

Work cited-

http://sundiatapost.com/2017/09/10/biafra-armys-raid-of-nnamdi-kanus-home-barbaric-fani-kayode/

Gurleen Kaur, Team Venus

Jealousy and Unhealthy Relationships

A fictional character, Snow White from the movie, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs lives with her stepmother, wicked Queen who doesn’t love her. The Queen is jealous because she wants to be known as “the fairest in the land,” and Snow White’s beauty surpasses her own. Snow White takes refuge in the forest in the house of seven dwarfs to hide from her stepmother.The dwarfs grow to love their unexpected visitor, who cleans their house and cooks their meals. But one day while the dwarfs are at their diamond mine, the Queen arrives at the cottage disguised as an old peddler woman and persuades Snow White to bite into a poisoned apple. The dwarfs place her in a glass coffin in the woods and mourn for her. The Prince, who has fallen in love with Snow White, happens by and awakens her from the wicked Queen’s deathlike spell with “love’s first kiss.”

The contemporary and social issue portrayed in Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs is the jealousy and hatred of the queen towards her step-daughter. This jealousy and hatred takes the queen to such an extent that her inner self forces her to kill her daughter to be the fairest lady in the world. This societal issue is also visible in today’s modern society where children often face detestation and envy from their step parents which often affects their lifestyle growing up as a child. They are rarely considered as the real children and don’t get sufficient care from the step-mother. Sometimes, new parent in a child’s life is a whole other person with a different perspective and expectations and this imbalanced and unhealthy relationships affects both mother’s and child’s life.

This imbalanced and unhealthy relationship is also illustrated in the Oedipus. Oedipus murders his father, Laius and marries his mother, Jocasta and have children with her. It was his fate that he had no knowledge about his identity and the reality. This unhealthy relationships between Oedipus, Jocasta and Laius is similar to the imbalanced relationship between Snow White and the Queen because it was all in their fate to be with each other and also everyone dies at the end. The portrayal of jealously in the Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs depicts the lack of love between the step mother and the child. And, the portrayal of the unhealthy relationships between Oedipus, the king and the Jocasta, his mother and his wife depicts the fate and the lack of the knowledge of his identity. It can also happen in today’s society where a child is not loved by the step mother or a male has illegal relationship with a female.

Gurleen Kaur, Team Venus