War of the Worlds

“World of the Worlds” by Orsen Welles was a very enjoyable listen. Despite me knowing that it was a radio broadcast play, it still managed to send chills up my spine. So, I can’t imagine living in 1938 and tuning in after the introduction. From google searches, I’ve seen newspapers detailing the hysteria people had launched into. It was so detailed in the way that it used the radio to put on such a well constructed play. From the usage of music during the innocuous news to the escalation of the situation. From 11:58 to 13:05, when they were getting an eyewitness account farmer, if I had tuned in during then, especially around when they tuned him out, I would have been extremely concerned. Continuous listening, and the growth of intensity 

Modest yet Seductive

Aphrodite in NYC, Gulchiroy, Team Ceres



“The marble sculpture of Aphrodite” at the MET museum  (picture taken on Friday 2pm)

“she is so beautiful, but lacking self control” Homer’s odyssey book 8” line 320

“she was excited to lie down with him:”

“The graces washed her there, 

   and rubbed her with the magic oil that glows 

   upon immortals, and they dressed her up 

   in gorgeous clothes, she looked astonishing.” lines 364-367 

“and beauty shone forth from her cheeks- an immortal beauty, the kind that marks the one with      the beautiful garlands, the goddess from Kythera.”  Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite


The greek mythology informs us that Aphrodite was the olympian goddess of love, beauty and fertility. The quotes above each represent Aphrodite as beautiful yet lustful goddess, wanted by both mortal and immortal beings. The representations depicts Aphrodite in a similar way that shows her seductive and coy sides. Followed by her beauty. 

The sculpture was created around 14th century BCE and its is known to be the first sculpture of Aphrodite in nude. The sculpture represented the ideal beauty, grace, and modesty. When you look at the picture, the way her body leans informs that she’s trying to cover yet at the same time it draws our attention to her naked body. 


The picture and the quotes both show Aphrodite as an ideal beauty, she is impossible to resist and very alluring no matter the case, whether she’s forms to be a mortal or an immortal. She is a walking desire and the marble sculpture and the quotes depicts her as so. 

The difference between them is in the sculpture Aphrodite is seen as modest even though she’s nude however in Homers Odyssey she is caught cheating with Ares by her husband and is witnessed by other gods, which contradicts her modesty. 


#AphroditeNYC #teamCeres #blog2 #seeninNYC

Ryse: Son Of Rome EC

This photo was taken in my room, and it shows me holding the game case of a video game I own called Ryse: Son of Rome.  The main character of this game is called Marius Titus.  He is a Roman general looking for revenge on the death of his family.  Replaying the game, I found myself face to face with a person we discussed in class, Nero.  The emperor whom Marius blames for the death of his family.  I remember talking about him in class and how much of a jerk/faces we called him.  In this game, he is the main villain and is showed off very well in it.  The graphics in this game also help display many things in Rome that we have seen before or discussed.  You will come across the colosseum, Roman funerals, and Roman generals and the senate building.  It really is fun with what we have learned about Rome.  I highly recommend this game for anyone who loved our lessons on Rome.

  • Scott Vincent, Team Cronos

Modernist Architecture in Brooklyn College

brooklyn college

Modernist architecture can be seen on our very own college campus. The modernity of the building is especially noticeable when contrasted against the rustic buildings the Brooklyn College campus is known for. Like Le Courbusier’s Villa Savoye, the exterior of the building resembles “a box in the air” relying on sharp angles and geometric figures to give it its modernist facade. The building, like most architecture, economizes space by making maximum use of minimum space. Although this building seems to follow modernist forms, it is not necessarily modernist within and does not adhere to the white/chromatic color scheme of Le Courbusier’s building. Likewise, it differs in function: Villa Savoye is a personal residence while the West Quad is an official building which functions as a DMV (of sorts) and a gym. The two building also differ in medium: Vill Savoye is made of cement while the West Quad is made of brick.

When in Rome…Cheat on Your Wife

Appiah, Kwame Anthony. “Can I Talk to My Dad About His Affair.” The New York Times Magazine,  13 Dec, 2017, https://www.nytimes.com/2017/12/13/magazine/can-i-talk-to-my-dad-about-his-affair.html?rref=collection%2Fcolumn%2Fthe-ethicist&action=click&contentCollection=magazine&region=stream&module=stream_unit&version=latest&contentPlacement=1&pgtype=collection

Dear Anthony Kwame Appiah,

What vapid advice. Do not encourage this young person to seek justice when the rest of the human world is unjust. Do not seek controversy. Settle! Settle for the truth and the comfort of adultery. In fact, this is what I would tell your anonymous submitter: While your concern for your parents is sweet, and the strain on your relationship with your father is troubling, there is truly nothing for you to worry about. Your parents will grow old and die, and someday so will you. Keep your mother’s word, keep the affair a secret, and live happily! There is no end to seeking the truth and ignorance is, in my experience, the most rewarding path. Your father was bound to cheat on your mother. What is the use of stability in marriage? What is the use of fidelity. Do not be faithful- explore the world for surely your husband will to. Humans were not created for monogamy- enjoy the world. Why even that bastar- I mean wizened ruler Julius Caesar kept five to six concubines at once. Life is full of the little pleasures we can salvage. Fidelity is for the weak minded, and monogamy is futile. Drink your fill, reap your bread, indulge in he circuses of life. After all, a sound body is a sound mind and no mind can be sad with the weight of an adulterating father upon it. In peacetime and in war, people ask for things that will do them damage. So ignore your human qualms and choose to remain a bystander instead! It’s what we all do. If you want my advice, you’ll let the gods themselves estimate what will suit us and benefit our circumstances: you see, the gods will bestow gifts that are the most appropriate rather than nice. They care more about people than people do themselves. While we are led by our blind emotional impulses and by empty desire to seek marriage and children from a wife, it is the gods who know who our boys will be and what kind of wife she’ll be.

very serious response from Yours Truly,

Panagiotis Savas.


Clas9, DearRomans, Juvenal, Marcus Aurelius,

Sister Sister

 ” My sister and I (both in our 20s) have a tense relationship. She often misinterprets things I say as criticisms of her. My “Ready to go?” will be taken as a negative comment on the clothing or accessories she’s wearing. And frankly, her nonstop advice to me gets under my skin, too. I know there will come a day when we will get along peacefully as sisters. Until then, any ideas for keeping the meanness at bay?”

Dear Anonymous,

I know that you needed some advice and I’m here for you! You know I just wanted to start off by saying that I completely understand what the other anonymous person told you to do. But you know who’s not anonymous? ME. Juvenal himself, and I don’t want to hide my identity from you like that other person that attempted to give you advice before because I am real. I don’t want to come across as pompous but my advice is better because I am wiser. I know that the other person is telling you to go reconnect with your sister but honestly she should be trying to reconnect with you.  “There is no doubt that the only path to a peaceful life lies through goodness ” (Juvenal, 366). It seems like her constantly trying to give you advice is her attempt of being condescending and that’s not okay. You deserve an apology and you shouldn’t be worrying too much about her if she doesn’t seem to be worrying about you. You need a “sound mind in a sound body” (Juvenal, 358). And you can’t have a sound mind and body if you’re obsessing over your sister that doesn’t care for you.


-Mckensivius Pascallius (Mckensi Pascall) Team Aphrodite

Petals and Positive Spaces

les demoiselles davignonIMG_8195






I visited my father in Long Island this weekend and stayed over for the night. I hadn’t been in my room in a while and when I entered I was shocked to see this photo of myself on the wall. This was photographed when I was seventeen and I framed it because the colors of it complimented the teal walls of my room. I didn’t notice at the time that I was playing with negative and positive space.

Studying Les Demoiselle d’Avignon by Pablo Picasso, made me realize just how much the background of the photo was interacting with the subject in the foreground. The pink and red petals are playing with each other while also melting onto my face with the liquid. I am laying in a pool of water with the petals being blown by a fan and swirling around the water canvas.  I didn’t make the connection until now. While Les Demoiselles d’Avignon is painted, this is photography. The subject material of Picasso’s work are some prostitute women in the nude. I created a more personal piece of myself and I am the only subject, multiplied and flipped upside down to further reiterate the idea of positive space becoming negative.

Interestingly, for this photo I came up with the idea after thinking about Aphrodite. I named this piece Aphrodite, and I wanted the red and the pink petals to symbolize love. I wanted the love of the petals to interact with me but I purposefully remained stoic so that I would not be affected by the love surrounding me. This is on film also and it just shows the petals swarming around my head but I am still, indicating that the force of love does not control me, but I can control love. The first time I learnt about Aphrodite was in my Classics class with Professor Yarrow. We learnt about the Homeric Hymn of Aphrodite, and how the the instruments and lyrics represented Aphrodite’s stories of love.

-Mckensi Pascall- Team Aphrodite


The Gulf of Marseilles Seen from L’Estaque


This is a modern painting of  The Gulf of Marseilles Seen from L’Estaque, the artist is Paul Cézanne, ca.1885. This painting uses the color red, blue mostly, and some brown and violet. The red and blue made a contrast in the painting. Red roof shows the exaggeration and the blue ocean and sky show calm. This painting looks slightly different if you have different view point, such as the top of the hill and the roof, just like Cezanne’s other painting The Basket of Apples. And the red reminds me of Henri Matisse’s The Red Studio, Matisse used red to show the inner emotion and this painting  also gives me that kind of feeling. 


Team Jupiter: Shiyin Zhao


Dear Reader,

After reading your letter and Prudence’s response to the situation, it pains me to say that you are both in the wrong. The problem is not your pretentious and arrogant attitude toward people of lesser incomes. Or the fact that poor Mary can’t afford an appetizer at one of your fancy restaurants. No. The problem is you. Or more so, your wealth. Did it ever occur to you that if you hadn’t acquired so much money over time, that this issue would never have arisen, to begin with? If you were poor like Mary, you wouldn’t be able to afford so many pointless house parties. You’d be eating pizza out of the box and sipping Pepsi out of a can like the rest of us. If you were dirt broke like Mary, I’m sure you’d be the best of friends.

However, because this is not the case, I’m entirely sure that the gods have something particularly unpleasant in store for you. Your wealth will be your undoing. Mary’s poverty and your disinviting her to your get-togethers may lead her to do unexpected things. One night she may break into your house and steal your pearls. She might hold you up at an ATM. Juvenal writes, “But you won’t drink poison from earthenware. That you only need fear when you are handed a goblet studded with jewels,
and when Setian wine glows in your golden bowl.” You are a constant target because you are wealthy.

But of course, the solution is simple. Throw your finest jewels into the nearest river. Board your helicopter and jettison bags of your hard earned money to the ground. Parachute out of said helicopter and let that fine chopper crash in a fiery explosion. “A traveler who is empty-handed can sing in the mugger’s face.”

In other words, no one will bother to hurt you if you’re broke.

Ortberg, Mallory. “Different Strokes.” slate, http://www.slate.com/articles/life/dear_prudence/2017/12/dear_prudence_my_friend_wants_to_bring_a_poor_person_to_my_dinner_party.html

-Cassia, (a.k.a. Carrissa, Team Hestia)

The Great Sirens at The Met





While looking around the Metropolitan Museum of Art and looking for a variety of pieces of art, my team and I stumbled across this painting on the first floor. It is titled The Great Sirens and was made by Paul Delvaux, In  1947, and features many of the different elements we’ve discussed throughout the course. For one, it features linear perspective and creates depth within the painting. Each siren is depicting smaller and smaller the “deeper” into the painting we look. The description provided says “Unabashedly unselfconscious in their states of undress, the women are formidable, even threatening, in their quiet seduction.” Which reminds me of the depiction of Venus where she is portrayed more aggressively as a prostitute. As well as this the temple in the back reminds me of the classical architecture as it resembles the Parthenon.


Mariana Sang, Team Athena (09)













Wacky Perspective

The trip to the Metropolitan Museum of Art showed me many branches of what we studied throughout the units of Art1010. One good example of a modernist piece is this one I found while looking through the Modern and Contemporary Art section. It’s called “Large Interior, Los Angeles” by David Hockney, and has many attributes of a modern piece. This could be considered abstract art due to it’s lack of a subject, and it’s reliance on the shape and color used to convey any form of meaning. The piece is actually a postmodern/contemporary art piece, but relates to the style of modern art extremely well. The piece also reminds me of the modernist piece The Red Studio by Henri Matisse. Both depict a sense of linear perspective, but both do it very badly. Lines drawn in both do not converge correctly, yet the illusion of a three-dimensional space in a two-dimensional space is still existent. The randomness yet harmony of the objects placed in the space are both similar in Matisse and Hockney’s work. We can see how in the “Large Interior, Los Angeles” the entire painting is painted thoroughly, and covered 100%. In The Red Studio, the white lines in the painting are actually the canvas itself. These two methods of bordering objects in a piece makes them both distinctly different.

Sean Reilly, Team Artemis (7)

David Hockney - Large Interior, Los Angeles (1988)



The Innocent Eye Test by Mark Tansey, 1981.

I came across this painting on my trip to the Metropolitan Museum of Art on Fifth avenue and 82nd Street. It caught my eye because it had bulls in it and I am a lover of cows. This work is relevant to chapter five because we talked about academic and non-academic paintings. This painting would be considered non- academic because it does not depict a historical or religious event. This painting shows a fictional event. A non- academic painting we talked about in class would be The Basket of Apples by Paul Cézanne. This painting was considered non- academic because it was a still life and they were the lowest in the hierarchy of art according to the academy. The difference between Tansey’s piece is that it is not a still life because it never actually happened.

Luisa, Team 17

Unconventional Methods

I happened upon this painting while running around the Metropolitan Museum of Art gathering photos for our final project. This photo is Gustave Courbet’s, “Woman with a Parrot” which seemed oddly reminiscent of another work  we had studied Édouard Manets, “Olympia”. This painting was done only three years after the Olympia in 1866 and though it was done to appease Academic critics with its detailed idolized body and the shape of the woman’s physique like the Olympia, it was disjointed from Academic works in the way the nude woman was lounging around with messy hair in a messy environment from the untidy bed and the dark shadowy room. We can see that if not entirely Courbet did have some kind of effect on other artist even though he was initially criticize by others for his controversial work.

Bedirhan Gonul- Team Aphrodite

Fighting the Power

This painting is called the Marguerite Wearing a Hat, by Henri Matisse. According to the text label, Matisse used his daughter Marguerite as a model in his paintings. This painting shows  Marguerite seated elegantly and regally. She seems to be turning towards the viewers to stare out at them. Additionally, Marguerite is shown as simplistic, only wearing a hat and necklace for show, even the colors are simple. Like other non-academic artists, people who went against the French art academy which focused on classical and Renaissance art forms, Matisse showed his version of his daughter instead of correct, geometric proportions. Marguerite’s face is not idealized. Her eyes and nose too big, her lips too small, and her hair very curly. Matisse also disregarded giving Marguerite fingers, which goes against the characteristics of academic art. Matisse is known to paint his model how he feels like instead of using all the rules set by the academy.

Starry Night


I saw this painting when I visited the Museum of Modern Art with my best friend who came to New York City. The painting is ”Starry Night” by Vincent van Gogh. It is said that van Gogh painted this work of art while he was in a hospital. He painted it from his room but it reflects a memory of when he used to see through his window at nightfall. This work of art is clearly part of Modern Art since it ultimately does not represent anything related to religion. Modern Art is also appreciated through the experimentation of the form and the use of colors to express emotions, as it can be seen in this painting. The shortage of recognizable figures is also part of Modern Art. However, unlike other artistic works of the modern period, such as ”Les Demoiselles d’Avignon” by Pablo Picasso, this painting does not have multiple perspectives.

Jamilex Dominguez. Team Mercury.

Painting Patterns


I found this painting at the Clinic in Roosevelt Hall. I’d categorize it as abstract. It’s similar to the works we discussed in class in that the image is ambiguous and conveys emotions through the use of color and, shapes and brush strokes

Influenced by Matisse?


This is my brothers unfinished painting, after seeing it for the first time I was reminded a lot of Matisse’s “The Red Studio”. While my brothers artwork is not completed the white spaces in the middle of the room unintentionally throws off my sense of depth just as Matisse’s thought out outlining of his studio does. Another slight similarity between the two works is the placement of the viewer in the same corner of the room(the bottom left) facing the top left. Lastly both artworks use oil on a white canvas. With these similarities in mind, there are also a few differences. The reason for the creation of the paintings differs greatly. My brother created his work for an art class at hunter college, while Matisse a world renowned artist was adding another painting to his studio. Another difference between the two is that in “The Red Studio” the texture of some of the objects in the rooms change, as the paintings and objects on the table are fully drawn unlike the chair, table, and clock are outlined, and in my brothers painting all the objects are drawn in the same style.

Oliver Khoury, Team Hestia

Matisse and Me


Disclaimer: this picture is not very high quality, and some color may be misrepresented. In person, the mountains in the back are a lighter shade than the trees in front, and the red is not actually a gradient.


This is a painting I made in my art class in 2010-11. When we learned about Matisse’s piece The Red Studio, it reminded me of my own work because as you can see, this painting is also mainly red. Matisse used the ubiquity of the bold red to flatten his canvas and destroy the illusion of three-dimensional space that had been so sought after in previous artworks. He wanted to play around with the viewer’s perception of the depth of the image, and so he contrasted the solid background with the objects in the foreground–except that he also reversed the figure-ground relationship by painting using reserve lines. He painted red until only the white lines remained, rather than paint white over red.

In my painting shown here, I did not use reserve lines like Matisse. I painted the background red and then added the silhouettes of the trees, mountains, and islands in black over that. The effect is therefore different. However, the use of a single solid color with little exception is similar to Matisse; only the sun and its reflection in the water break the two-toned look of the scene.  This method lessens the effect of depth created by the faded look of the mountains (which the brain interprets as being due to atmospheric interference, and therefore means they are further away).

Just as Matisse did in his studio, I left out a line that would define the space. Matisse’s wall is missing an edge over the painting on the left, and my scene lacks a horizon line on the right. Both paintings assume that the viewer’s brain will automatically extend the line suggested by the rest of the painting and fill in the gap. In this case, the bottom of the mountains defines the horizon without my needing to draw a line between the sky and the water. In fact, were it not for the sun’s reflection, it would be difficult if not impossible to tell that the lower half of the scene is water. Matisse’s studio’s missing line means that it is tricky to explain where one wall ends and the next begins. The corner lacks definition, deliberately. Both his and my works experiment with depth perception and the ability to see lines where there are none.

The Red Studio was an oil painting, and this is acrylic, but both were made on canvas. Matisse created his painting to make a statement about the change in art forms, but seven years ago I was not interested in such a grand scope: I just thought this contrast looked pretty cool.

-Chaya, team Venus

Ariadne and Medea, Scorned Women

This painting just so happens to be one of the pieces that I included in my Museum report. It is called Ariadne and was painted by Giorgio de Chirico in 1913. This piece captures the essence of modern art in its rejection of the artistic styles of before. It is a far cry from Academicism, and, much like contemporaries such as Picasso, experiments with different forms that are far more simplified. When looking at this piece, I personally draw comparison to the Les Demoiselles d’Avignon because of such experiments. Like the Avignon, the piece does not hold to the traditional standards of ideal form, yet still draws influence from art forms of the past. The Demoiselles is inspired by the Archaic and Iberian faces and art styles of those time periods and incorporates those styles into its makeup. Similarly, Chirico’s Ariadne is inspired by the Greek statuary and myths of the past. While modernism is shown through a more simplified composition, that evens borders on the surreal, the woman – the titular Ariadne- lying on the stone slab and having traditional Greek robes splayed across her body, reminds us of the Classical Greek statues of women and even the earlier Kourei women of the Archaic period as well.

A major inspiration for the piece was Greek myths. Through this piece, Chirico was able to tap into his Greek ancestry, which he demonstrated through reference to the idealized Greek forms, demonstrating chiaroscuro and the story behind the painting as well. The painting Ariadne, was based on the myth of a woman, named Ariadne, who was abandoned by her lover, Theseus, on the island of Naxos. Though Ariadne is sleeping, the background and general mood of the painting invokes a sense of loneliness, isolation and betrayal. Seeing the story behind this painting allowed me to be reminded of Classics as well. In Classics, we had read another Greek story of betrayal in Medea , by Euripides. Though Medea essentially gave up everything for her lover and then husband, Jason, everything meaning her family and homeland, he decides to abandon her for another woman. Wanting him to suffer for what he did to her, she kills their children as well as his new bride, Glauce, before riding away in her snake chariot, in order to burn a similar feeling of despair into him. Ariadne displays a similar theme of a man betraying a loyal woman like Medea does. And through the modernist interpretation of the myth, the betrayal and loneliness is made all the more palpable.

Image of Medea

Skaie Cooper, Team Ares

Mmmm Oedipus and the Sphinx


While in the museum, I found this gorgeous painting- “Oedipus and the Sphinx” by French artist Gustave Moreau. This painting uses a technique known to us as chiaroscuro. A way an artist uses lights and shadows to emphasize the subject of the painting. We can tell that the subject of this painting is Oedipus, handsome man with ideal body, and the Sphinx, the weird creature. He emphasized them not by just titling this entire composition, but also by the use of lights. The background and foreground seems to be dull and not so important and that is due to the amount of shadows placed in those regions. Not only that, but also the fact that all the light is literally on Oedipus and the Sphinx!

This painting clearly relates to classics. We’ve learned about Oedipus and his victory over Sphinx in the Drama unit, which by the way was my favorite of all. Oedipus defeated the unbeatable Sphinx by solving the riddle – “What is the creature that walks on four legs in the morning, two legs at noon and three in the evening?” Everyone who’s gone to try the challenge never came back as they were killed, however the hero Oedipus gave the answer, “Man,” which then caused the Sphinx’s death.

-Diana, Team Mercury

Abstract Art

Bottle of Rum and Newspaper 1913-4 by Juan Gris 1887-1927

This painting, which I found in the Abstract Art website and it name “Bottle of Rum and Newspaper” by Juan Gris. It reminds me of Vasily Kandinsky’s Improvisation 28. They are connected because they both use the highly intense color and use a lot of shapes and lines to describe a painting. However, the difference is the “Bottle of Rum and Newspaper” uses the style Cubism. This painting is full of stereoscopic sense and looks more real and stereoscopic.

-ShuLinTan, Team Venus

Julius Caesar And Modern Art

Julius Caesar

This painting is called “Julius Caesar”, painted by Jake Wood-Evans. Compare to “The Basket of Apples” painted by Paul Cézanne, both art-works are using a similar technique in the process of painting. They use only one brush but applying different of colors to depict the shape and shadow of the object that is being painted. Differ than “The Basket of Apples”, the object of Wood-Evans’ painting is a Roman emperor, Julius Caesar, not daily life objects like apples, cookies, and vine. Also, Cézanne is presenting different angles of view in his art-work. For example, the left side of the table, we see it as by bird’s eye view, but by the right side, we see it as by its side, our vision is at the same level as the table’s edge. Moreover, the cookies by the upper right angle present this characteristic as well. The bottom cookies we see it flat laying on the plate, by the top are two cookies that are lifted up as diagonal. The painting “Julius Caesar” is related to Clas1110 class because we learned about him in our lectures. Something very interesting that I learned that is his first name is Gaius and he was a patrician, which means aristocrats or nobleman in Roman. I also learned that senators killed him in order to preserve the Republic from kingship. However, Prof. Yarrow taught us a very interesting point that he was actually killed by giving too many benefits and had devolved Elite competitions.

My work on still life painting


This is a painting I paint four years ago. It’s a still life painting, which can be relate to the modern art we discussed in our latest art class. At the place where I studied oil painting, everyone started to draw and paint with still life scene. But we know that it wasn’t until the 17th century for artist to start value the art of still life. So here is the question, why does other teacher lets everyone start up learning how to paint with still life? I think it’s because when a scene is set, people can choose any angle to start their drawing, and when they finish, everyone will have a different version of the scene. In the reading “The Basket of Apples”, it said that “Cézanne realized that unlike the fairly simple and static Renaissance vision of space, people actually see in a fashion that is more complex, we see through both time and space. In other words, we move as we see.” And this can be the purpose of my teacher is trying to carve in our mind, that perspective is an important factor when it comes to painting.

Peaches, Pears, and Paintings Galore!


While at the Metropolitan Museum of Art for the most recent Art 1010 essay assignment, I came across a gallery full of various still life paintings from different European artists. Each image contained some form of fruit, food or flower arrangement in a style reminiscent of Paul Cézanne’s “The Basket of Apples”. Both images feature a fruit-oriented centerpiece left slightly off-center from the middle of the paintings. Though Cézanne’s piece focuses more on the asymmetry and sloppy appearance of the layered perspectives within his painting, Henri Fantin-Latour’s “Still Life with Flowers and Fruit” shares the use of muted, pastel colors in the walls and the flowers much like Cézanne did with practically everything but the fruit and wine bottle. Both paintings are done with oil paints on canvas, though the similarities seem to dim from there on out. The style of each piece is drastically different both visually and in terms of basic artistic technique. Cézanne’s “Basket” is unrealistic and fairly cartoonish, giving off a vibe of unease and awkwardness via the broken lines and mismatched views of each object. Fantin-Latour’s “Still Life” is incredibly realistic and modern in feel, as proven by the appropriate proportions and arrangement of each object. The image features soft shadows and reflections of the fruit on the glossy tabletop to separate objects in the foreground and background, unlike the hard greys used to simulate what I call “flat depth” in “Basket”, where the painting itself is fairly two dimensional with what seems like a missed attempt to add distance between items. Both images, however, are meant purely for the viewer’s gaze and enjoyment as they were created with the intent to generate thought and appreciation.

– Natalie, Team Vesta

The Shoes


When I visited the museum I was very eager to look at the works of famous artists such as Vincent van Gogh, and of course many others. An idol that I greatly admire once mentioned he really liked Vincent van Gogh’s painting, so I, as any other fan would get curious as of what in those paintings made my idol interested. It took me a while to find this gallery with various  Vincent van Gogh paintings, and in my final project I’ve used a couple too. This time I want to talk about the still life that was painted in the 1888’s. As we all know it, still life was considered one of the lowest ranked arts which was practiced mainly by the newbies. However, Vincent van Gogh and Paul Cezanne, proved otherwise. Paul Cezanne painted a couple of still lifes that were very different from anyone else, his were painting with the use of perspective.  As he himself explained, when artists paint, they don’t stay in one position- they constantly move. Hence, the point of view always changes and he thought he should stay consistent with that- and he did. In his painting “The Basket of Apples” you may notice many things that seem off. Such as the cookies. In one stack of cookies he showed us two different points of view, cookies closer to the plate are shown as if we are looking at them from below or just straight at them from maybe a sitting position, where as the top cookies are shown from the above point of view. I find this very interesting and his reasoning behind it very interesting too. Van Gogh on the other hand, painted the shoes from a singular prespective and to many this painting may not be as appealing. What I find interesting about it however, is the fact that he gave us background. He painted the tiles and we can even identify the place and the house the shoes are in! Additionally, if we knew Vincent personally, we might have been able to identify to owner of the shoes as well. This painting does not only relate to the way Cezanne shone light upon still lifes and how beautiful they could be, but also in a way that it can be related to an ordinary person. Usually, painters and artists of other kind, would have painted mythical creatures such as gods, sirens and such. However, with the modernization and Renaissance artists are now incorporating more of a daily life. We’ve seen a nude painting of a prostitute, a painting of an artist in his work room, and now a painting of someone’s shoes. These weren’t normal and those who painted such painting were considered as low class artists. I was always wondering why do some artists become famous, and yet some talents are underappreciated, I think I know now. Mainly, I believe it is due to the fact that those who are able to make it to the top are very innovative. The are able to express themselves in a ways that have never been seen before. They can make everything simple to our eyes seem very artistic and meaningful. Its hard to explain, but I think if you can do something that no one esle did before and explain why that piece should be considered art, you will succeed. Thankfully, things changed and artists now are able to express themselves in various ways, be it through painting gods, shoes, or music.

Diana, Team Mercury

Modernized Paintings

As I was walking through the MET museum, I came across this very interesting modern painting. This painting was done by Theodore Chassaeriau in Paris which contained many realistic features. He created a feeling of naturalism by not using bright colors and keeping a calmer mood. This painting also includes very detailed features of the eyes, nose, mouth and accurate color of the skin. Overall it was a very interesting painting that caught my attention and was able to relate from my ART 1010 class when we were speaking about realistic features to a painting.

Anthony Mancuso

Team Venus

I ain’t calling you a truther!

Appiah, Kwame Anthony. “Can I Talk to My Dad About His Affair?” The New York Times, The New York Times, 13 Dec. 2017

Dear Kwame Anthony Appiah,

The advice you have given in your last column seems reasonable and understandable but is it really the best advice for the person asking for it? Let’s be honest, it’s not the best. If she wants to ask her father about the affair, she should. She wants to know the truth and she has the right to ask because it’s about her family. Yes her mom doesn’t want it brought up but how can you live on with your life with secrets? If people keep secrets then it will tear them up inside and make them miserable. You need a “sound mind in a sound body” (line 358).  Who knows, her father might find peace from telling his daughter about his adultery. It do some good to come clean about everything and might bring peace to the whole family even if it makes the mother uncomfortable. “There is no doubt that the only path to a peaceful life lies through goodness ” (line 366). Once again my friend your advice was ehhhh but mine is much better. I know what people really need.




Luisa, Team Hermes

My Brother’s Final Assignment

ART blog 5.jpgThis is a still life painting by my very own brother when he took a painting class in Brooklyn College. I always saw it hung on the wall and thought it looked funky, but looking at it after Unit 5 I saw it a differently. It instantly reminded me of Cezanne’s Basket of Apples. The objects in both paintings look fake; they don’t seem to be painted with the intention of looking realistic. They both have an unorthodox approach to being a still life with shifting perspectives and slight disorder. The disorganized apples in Cezanne’s painting are parallel to the tipped over salt shaker with salt falling out in this painting and, both works have visible brush strokes,  In contrast to Cezanne’s painting this one uses vibrant and unnatural colors.Cezanne’s painting uses more earth tones and colors that actually represent fruit whereas is in this painting you wouldn’t know what is in the green bowl.

-Suman Afzal, Team Hephaestus

Fruits and Florals

For this last unit’s blog post, I decided to write about this painting I saw at the MET museum while doing the scavenger hunt.


This painting is called Still Life: Flowers and Fruit by artist Severin Roesen. This painting reminded me of Paul Cezanne, The Basket of Apples. The reason why it reminded me of it because they were both oils on canvas paintings, still life and weren’t religious based paintings, which were highly used during the time this painting was created (1850-1855). Instead of painting something with a religious figure on it, its main focus is on fruit and flowers. With this painting, it was focused on the lush amounts of multiple types of flowers in a vase that’s overflowing. The way he paints the flowers overflowing reminds me of how the apples were overflowing in Cezanne’s painting. There are also slight amounts of fruits hiding and growing around the vase, such as the raspberries. There are also oranges, grapes in a basket, apricots, and even a pineapple. There is also a birds nest near the pineapple and has three white eggs in it, which could have a significant meaning behind it since it’s rather hidden in with the flowers and fruits, which can be similar to how Cezanne hides the corners of the table.

-Michelle Z. Team Zeus

Alexandria in Dunkin Donuts

While I was studying with my friend Alexandria I took a picture of her for extra credit. I was studying for the final and was telling her how Alexander the Great conquered lands all over and named many of the lands Alexandria after him. Her parents aren’t history buffs so I know they didn’t name her Alexandria because of Alexander the Great, but I wondered if it had anything to do with him. I think Alexander the Great did have something to do with her name because he was a very strong leader and very prominent throughout history, and he also conquered so much land during his reign and named a lot of his land Alexandria which definitely had an impact on people naming their kids Alexander or Alexandria. They probably named their kids after him because they wanted their kids to be strong and have a prominent name.

Deliciousness in a Basket!!!


This is a picture of a fruit basket that sits on my kitchen counter. Although it is plain and lacking the many more fruits as in this picture, I thought they they still related to each other. With Paul Cezanne’s Basket of Apples, theres much similarities that can be drawn here. Most because they both are the same thing, a basket of apples. Although my basket has a little more verity with some tangerines in there. They both continue on to serve the same purpose. The baskets purpose is to hold the fruits, and the fruit purpose of course, is to be eaten.

Other Worldly!!!

On Tuesday, Brooklyn College was hosting Puppy & Kitty Therapy at the Student Center. There was a huge line and honestly I was disappointed that the session only had dogs rather than of puppies and kitties, like how I imagined it in my head. Since there was already a huge line and I had to go study, I walked out and saw this! There is a similar one on the 3rd floor. This is a painting in the stairwell of the Student Center, found on the 4th floor. IMG_0520

Although I didn’t catch the name of the artist or the specifics of the medium, it immediately reminded me of Vasily Kandinsky’s Improvisation 28 (second version). Clearly this is a modern piece because of its abstractness and bold colors. Similar to Kandinsky’s work, this painting features bright colors, visible brushstrokes, and lines. However, Kandinsky’s painting didn’t show any depth or space. Improvisation 28 did not have a smooth appearance. It is visible that Kandinsky did not blend his paints, making it look cloudy, but it perfectly shows the state of mind he was in when painting this. Kandinsky wanted to convey his thoughts onto canvas, sometimes thoughts are clear, other times its blurry and rapid, which is evident in Improvisation 28 ‘s bold black lines and unblended paint.

The painting before you draws in the viewers attention into a space that almost seems to leap off the canvas, with attention to linear lines, that go back to a vanishing point, a focal point, and textured surfaces that gives the illusion of space. The orthogonal lines, defined by the lines around the square window, show that it goes back to a vanishing point. The textures can be seen on the swirls or waves behind the square window as well as on the ends of the columns that jut out of the window.

Both artists used paint however I believe that this artist may have used plaster or acrylic paint to form the raised waves in the background. Kandinsky used oil. Kandinsky accepted the flatness of the canvas and embraced the almost “messy” design of his creation, evident from lack of shadows and unblended paint.

Although it seems to viewers that don’t know the message of its background, Kandinsky was conveying his emotions at the time through his work. He makes the viewer move their eyes around the painting, trying the piece together what the figures could be. Maybe the reasoning for this work is similar to Kandinsky’s, trying to convey his thoughts onto canvas. Maybe it’s the artist’s brain breaking away from “the box” and thinking outside of it, embracing the waves of inspiration and individuality. Who Knows!

Joyce Chen, Team Diana

Modern Art

last bp

While I was doing the museum assignment I came across this non-traditional modern painting.  It is called The Lady in the Pink Dress. It’s an oil on canvas painted by Berthe Morisot. Just like Edouard Manet’s Olympia, you can see all the brush strokes and the colors are not bright. It is the opposite of an academic painting which normally looks so “perfect”.

#Zeus #Team1 #1010unit5

Improvisation on my Wall

When I was walking around my house looking for paintings, I noticed this one on the wall of my kitchen was this painting.  I found it to being, while obviously not visually, in spirit, very similar to Improvisation 28 made by Vasily Kandinsky.  I couldn’t find out who created this picture on my wall or when it was made.  But its style is what caught my attention as it was most noticeably somewhat abstract much like the Improvisation painting that we discussed in class.  There is also this consistency with color that can be seen that this painting has a lot of bright colors on the forefront, while also it being that there is a very visible white background on it.  This is very similar to Improvisation 28, as it also deals in bright colors on the forefront while also having a white background as well.  The variety of shapes in both of these paintings is also something that can be seen as very unique for the both of them.

One very big difference obviously is in the difference that can be found in their origins.  While I have stated that I do not know the origin of this painting and where it comes from, I will say that I don’t feel it’s as convoluted as Improvisation 28.  I feel like that is the case because that that painting was made out of music and the artist lifestyle, while also him dealing with the war that just occurred.  It has a much more emotional deeper meaning to it then that of which is probably this painting that is hung up in my house here.


  • Scott Vincent, Team Cronos

Baroque Art Metropolitan Museum

The Coronation of the Virgin, Annibale Carracci (Italian, Bologna 1560–1609 Rome), Oil on canvas

This painting is called “The Coronation of the Virgin” created by Annibale Carracci. This painting was dated after 1595 and can be found in gallery 623. According to some of the information from the label, Annibale Carracci, together with Caravaggio, was the most influential painter of the seventeenth century and the main figure in the development of classicism. This picture was painted for Cardinal Pietro Aldobrandini (1571–1621), shortly after Annibale’s arrival in Rome in 1595. In it, Annibale brought together two currents of Italian painting: a north Italian sensitivity to the effects of natural light and color, and the spatial organization and idealized figures associated with the Renaissance. Raphael’s frescoes in the Vatican inspired the composition, while the figure of God the Father was based on an ancient Roman sculpture. I saw this painting while visiting the Metropolitan Museum.

I saw many amazing paintings at the MET and this one stood out to me because it is a Baroque painting and also because it looks very complex and it took a lot of effort to make the painting look three dimensional. The story said that after Annibale got to Rome, she used the effects of light and color and idealized figures in her painting. The figure of god in this painting was based off of Roman sculpture. Especially because it is an oil on canvas painting. When I looked up the story behind this painting, it reminded me of something we read and discussion about  in Classics class. Along with the discussion of God and Roman Sculptures.

-Adam Allan

Team Ares

In what context can we use the word ‘barbaric’

One article I found on LexisNexis is “Robbers jailed after they hurled corrosive fluid in women’s face in ‘Barbaric’ attack” by Chloe Chaplain, and this incident took place in the UK London. This article was about how robbers sprayed ammonia in women faces so they can  not fight back while thy are trying to rob them. In this specific article two women got attacked, one by the age of 51, and the other 49. These robbers were the age of 24, and 20. With the first woman they had trouble robbing her because, even though they sprayed her face with ammonia three times she still fought back. While she fought back they decided to punch and kick her on the floor, luckily she was able to press the panic alarm button to get some help. So the robbers fled the scene without getting anything. But on the other hand the second woman was attacked 10 minutes later and she was held to the ground while they continuously sprayed her. Her vision blurred as soon as the first spray got into her eyes so she did not fight back, the robbers managed to get away with her bag. After this successful robbery the men ran off laughing and rejoice that they were successful. The two victims were rushed immediately to the hospitals and rinsed out with water rapidly, even though they suffered minor burns on their faces, nothing was permanent. This ‘barbaric’ attack scarred the women so bad that they both decided not to work anymore.

In the second article “What is barbaric Mr. Obama?” by Paul Gadalla he was questioning whether President Obama understands what is barbaric and what is not. Only because President Obama he considered that the abduction of one of his soldiers in another country. The author totally misunderstood President Obama because he then counters Obama’s statement with saying so the genocide in Gaza is not barbaric. Just because President Obama did not mention the other genocides that goes on in another country does not mean that it is not barbaric. I feel that the author is too caught up in his feelings about other problems that he jumped to conclusions by saying that Obama does not know what ‘barbaric’ really is. This article took place in Texas.

But the ‘other’ in the first article was represented as the robbers. They were the other because they have done something so outrageous that their action is considered ‘barbaric’. The targeted audience for this article is everyone, not only to be informed of this tragedy but to be aware of your surroundings, because people do not care what your age is anymore, they will still beat you or rob you. In the second article I consider the author to be the ‘other’ because he totally took President Obama out of context and decided to write a whole article about other problems hat President Obama never said that their actions are not ‘barbaric’. President Obama was just speaking on a current situation that was brought forth, not just bringing up problems from across the globe at any given time. There is a time for him to talk about everything. Not just because he used the word ‘barbaric’ for the abduction of soldiers makes him think indifferent towards genocides that are happening in parts of Africa. Therefore barbaric is more towards the action and not because someone said something and you think it is wrong based off of your opinion you think it is barbaric.

Similarly to the Persians, they cannot be barbaric just because they appear different and they do not look similar to the Greeks, nor speak the same language. Barbaric ad to be an action or something said that totally goes against what is normal and goes against proper moral attitudes. Devils advocate: Some things can be barbaric because what can be normal to you may not be normal to me. There are different cultures all over the place and some things may come off barbaric because that is not what they are used to. Therefore that word has to be used in context to fully understand who is being ‘barbaric’ at the moment.


Chaplain, Chloe. “LexisNexis® Academic.” LexisNexis® Academic & Library Solutions, 8                                 Dec. 2017, http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/lnacademic/

Gadalla, Paul. “What Is ‘Barbaric’ Mr. Obama?” LexisNexis® Academic: Sign In, 7 Aug.         2014, http://www.lexisnexis.com/lnacui2api/results/docview/docview.do?                          docLinkInd=true&risb=21_T26932203580&format=GNBFI&sort=RELEVANCE&startDocNo =1&resultsUrlKey=29_T26932203584&cisb=22_T26932203583&tree.

Manet’s style with Dead Christ

The Dead Christ with Angels, 1864 by Edouard Manet

While researching for the museum paper at the MET, I was trying to find a good example of non-academic art. In the 19th and early 20th century European paintings exhibits, I found a few examples of modernist art that reminded me of what we learned in Unit 5. While I used the Rocks in the Forest by Paul Cézanne, I was close to using another painting that was shunned by the Academy: The Dead Christ with Angels by Édouard Manet. In the painting, Christ’s body is depicted through realism and shows the body as “dirty” by casting dark shadows like dirt, in addition to the angels having more emphasis and lighting than Christ. The painting reminded me of Manet’s own Olympia painting; both paintings use draw the subject as “flat” and “dirty”. According to the text label, critics took aim at Manet’s form of artistic expression with his flatness and making Christ’s body look “cadaverous” and “mortally” deceased through realism instead of making him look heavenly and spiritually alive. In terms of differences, Olympia focuses about the prostitute’s realism with her tense expression more than the background with the maid in darker shading (not the skin color, the shading around her), while the Dead Christ with Angels focuses more on the background with the angels, bringing out the colors of the wings and their emotions, than Christ’s cadaverous body. While both paintings by Manet focus on different subject matters (Olympia on the nature of the prostitute and Dead Christ with Angels on the death of Christ), they both contain similar and distinctive features that Manet focused on in subtle and vivid ways with realism, the shading and lighting to make the subject appear dirty, and the flatness of the subject.

-A.C. Bowman (Team Saturn)

So Realistic


Academic Art is a style of painting that was done under European academies. This piece, “Breton Brother and Sister” by French artist William Bouguereau in 1871, is an example of that. This style of art is a mixture of Neoclassicalism and Romantism. This painting is realistic, capturing the attractiveness of everyday life. Instead of painting the rich, they started looking for beauty  among the lower class. The painting is vivid in that you could read the expression and the girl and her brother’s face, and see that he may not have been able to stay still. The shading in the folds of her frock and how their cloths seemingly drape over their knees bring it all to life.

On the Website

WEBWe see this picture almost every time we come on the past in present website. I don’t know the name of the artist but this reminded me of  Picasso’s “Les Demoiselles d’Avignon”. Both paintings use a lack of linear perspective and sensible lighting such as chiaroscuro. Both also seem to show reoccurring faces. They both use a sense of cubism but there is a slight difference. The panting above is less abstract and more put together in a scenery sense. Picasso includes really sharp edges and heavier brush strokes. Picasso’s painting doesn’t show a variety of colors while the one above has pops of reds and yellow.

Ivory Tyson, Team Artemis

Human Movement Captured

While looking through the art at the Met I passed a painting by Jackson Polluck.

Here is some information on the painting

Date: 1950

Medium: Enamel on canvas

Accession Number: 57.92

This reminded me of Vasily Kandinsky’s Improvisation 28 because its a very eclectic piece and both are very busy.

They are also both very similar in the context. For example Improvisation 28, is based on a musical composition which has rhythm, and for Pollucks art, it may just look like paint splatters but the description on The Mets website states “the diversity of the artist’s movements (flicking, splattering, and dribbling) or the lyrical, often spritual, compositions they produced.” so as you can see both pieces of are are defined as lyrical and speak of movement.

These paintings both resemble compositions Kandinsky’s was made to represent a musical composition made by man and Polluck’s was a composition because it was made to represent the rhythm of a human, and the composition they could create by accident. They are two different painting styles one requires brushstrokes (Kandinsky) and one is a series and drips and splatters (Polluck), but both have a very similar message, of rhythm and movement.

-Aiden Ferris

Team Artemis

Five Women


During a visit to the MoMA, I recognized this painting by Henri Matisse, “Dance”. It is one of the featured works on the Past in Present Tense website! Another work hanging in the MoMA is Picasso’s “Les Demoiselles d’Avignon”. These works are very different, but they do have many similarities.

They start out with the same subject, five women. Both use the medium of oil paint on a canvas. Each of these artworks also was influenced by Matisse’s “Bonheur de Vivre”. Picasso was so competitive he created “Les Demoiselles D’Avignon” to outdue his rival artist, while Matisse took inspiration from his own work to create a whole new one. As Marcus Aurelius says in The Meditations, “The wonder of its art is that, keeping within its own limits, it changes back into itself all inside those limits that seems to decay, grow old and useless, that it makes these very things the source of new creations” (Aurelius, 8.50). Clearly “Bonheur de Vivre” was not old and useless, but Matisse still was able to transform it into a whole new creation. Finally, these are both very modern paintings, breaking from the old norms and breaking the illusion of being real.

On to the differences between these works, the subjects are not actually all that similar. Matisse creates a flowing, relaxed party-like feel that is inviting you to join in with the break between the hands. Picasso, in contrast, creates very harsh, angular figures; these women stare you down, clearly not happy that you are disrupting their time. Lastly, the perspective of both of these changes. Picasso’s women can be seen from straight on positions as well as laying down, while Matisse’s is much less obvious. You can see all the women dancing, almost as if you were above them, but at the same time you can jump right into the dancing with them, so you must be on the same plane as them. People can interpret these works very differently, but that is something that makes modern artwork so interesting, almost more lifelike and realistic than the lifelike creations of realism.

-Sheila Kelly, Team Saturn(12)

The Art of Today


This artwork is titled Unfolding Landscape by Zheng Chongbin, which was created on 2015. It seems to borrow heavily from the artwork by Kandinsky titled Improvisation 28.

In Unfolding Landscape, one can see the splattering of paint, as the artist lightly slapped the paintbrush onto the canvas. One can almost see the anger of the artwork, as the splattering of the paint in some parts of the canvas show a thicker puddle of black ink, as if he slapped it instead of lightly brushing. Overall, there seems to be a rigid, yet smooth transition between the canvases, having a calming yet strict environment to it, as it’s only black and white.

The artwork, Improvisations 28 by Kandinsky shares many of these features. The artwork was based on music, as depending on the pitch and tune, Kandinsky painted different colors and shapes. For quick high notes, he’d paint a long black streak to represent that. For soft tunes, he’d paint thick soft brushes onto the canvases.

The streaks of paint on both artworks are similar in that they’re jagged or stiff, with limited movement. Additionally, there’s other forms of movement, such as big light strokes. However, there are some key differences between these artworks. In Zheng’s artwork, the colors are mostly restricted to black and white, while Kandinsky uses color to express various feelings, such as using red to express anger. The way they express different emotions yet have similar features highlights how far modernism has gone.

-Fernando Martinez

Inspired By Improvisation 28?


As I was walking through the Brooklyn College Library this particular painting caught my attention. I felt that it looked very similar to The painting Improvisation 28 painted by Vasily Kandinsky. One similarity I noticed is how both artist take the viewer on a journey through the painting with their use of color. Both paintings have colors such as blue orange and yellow that make the viewer feel different ways throughout the painting. As we spoke about in class Improvisation 28 has certain spots where the color pops and catches the viewers attention and other parts of the painting where the colors are relaxed and calm just like the painting found in the Brooklyn College Library. One major difference I noticed between both paintings is that the painting p by Frenal Mezilas found in the Library has a female figure located on the right and is painted in blue. Kandinsky did not include any figures in the Improvisation 28. The painting makes a connection to the World War happening at the time and also makes the connection to musical composition.

Naim Nuvel, Team Vulcan

Surrealism and the Modern Era

The Persistence of Memory

Salvador Dali’s The Persistence of Memory is similar to the works of art that we studied this week in Prof. Simon’s class because of the way that they deviate from the standards of the time. Salvador Dali’s Surrealism very clearly draws heavily from Picasso’s Cubism, as shapes and normal everyday objects are shown in ways that differ quite strongly from the ways that they actually are. An example of this is the melting clocks, as clocks do not melt. This is a common theme in Picasso’s work as well. These deviated from traditional techniques as a work done with traditional techniques would have painted the clocks as well as the tree and cliffs in an incredibly and strikingly real light that would have made it look quite realistic.


-John Jacobs Team Diana

Illusion of Depth in Virtual Reality


Woman in VR headset looking up and trying to touch objects

One of the most significant advances in the history of technology and, as some may argue, art, is the creation of virtual reality. What is virtual reality? According to Wikipedia, it is a “computer-generated simulation of a three-dimensional image or environment that can be interacted with in a seemingly real or physical way by a person using special electronic equipment”. In simple words, a person uses equipment that has sensors in it which when the person puts on, stimulates one’s senses, causing them to experience a “new reality”. The gyroscopes and sensors in the equipment sync with the user’s movements as well. This allows for an almost life-like feeling. Oculus Rift is one of the leading brand in the industry of virtual reality. One of the main components that causes virtual reality to be so real is its ability to create a sense of a three-dimensional world. Virtual reality allows it’s users to experience depth through illusion.

Similarly, the painting, The Red Room by Henri Matisse, also plays around with the idea of the illusion of depth. But while the virtual reality accepts this technique for it’s advantage, Henri Matisse tries to reject this. He attempts to create a flat canvas/painting using various techniques such as using the color red,using linear perspective the wrong way, as well as reverse lines in order to stop the canvas from achieving the illusion of depth.

Aisha, Team Ares


What’s on the inside that counts

In “The Shadow of Beauty” by Philip Galanes, beauty and the downfalls for a beautiful persons partner. The story is a woman who is in a relationship with a very beautiful woman. Her “feelings are hurt when friends gush about her appearance and say nothing about mine” (Galanes). The beautiful woman is always getting compliments and the other woman is jealous. I don’t think the woman should be jealous,take pride in your lad’s good looks—there are greater dangers that await [her]” (9). You shouldn’t pray for beauty or compliments, because beauty brings bad things to you door and could bring negativity wherever it wanders. The relationship already has jealousy because the other is jealous of their partners looks.

“No ugly adolescent has ever been castrated by a tyrant in his barbaric castle” (9) so anyone who is beautiful has something to worry about. You should be happy because all of the problems that come her way such as people being jealous of her, you wont have to worry about.

Philip shows how being beautiful isn’t always the number one priority. “People who are endlessly applauded for their beauty, as opposed to what they do or say, often feel hemmed in by it — “just a pretty face.””. He shows the negative side of beauty just as I mention.

Dear Philip G,

I agree with you, Philip because people don’t see the person on the outside they only see the beauty and that could surround that person with bad and untrustworthy people. That could be bad for someone who is beautiful because they don’t know who they could trust. Although someone is beautiful doesn’t mean everything is easier for them, there are many negatives to being beautiful that many people don’t think about.

-Aiden Ferris, Team Artemis

Galanes , Philip. “The Shadow of Beauty.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 23 Oct. 2014http://mobile.nytimes.com/2014/10/26/fashion/social-qs-the-shadow-of-beauty.html?rref=collection/column/social-


Abstract art underground

Related image

I found this art piece on my way home at 116st train station in Manhattan. This piece reminded me of Kandinsky’s Improvisation 28 with the use of shapes and lines to tell a story. This mosaic is very modern and similar to Kandinsky’s work because of the abstract format it contains. However, unlike Kandinsky painting, this is a mosaic that utilizes the abstract form Kandinsky used. This abstract mosaic was made up of different color fragmented tile pieces to create the art above.  

Hoky Tran, Saturn

A grey line with colors?

georgiaokeeffe.jpgred room matisee.jpg

I found this picture at the MET when doing the assignment for our course paper. This is a painting by Georgia O’Keeffe, it’s called, “Grey Line with Lavender and Yellow. When I read the title of this painting it made me think of the painting by Matisee, The Red Studio. The painting by Matisee of this red room seems simple at first look, but then you realize its complexity after looking at it for a while. The room is covered in the color red, or so we think. It appears that its possible that the room could be red, and the white we see coming from underneath could actually be white lines(reserved lines) painted on top of the red. The name of this painting made me think, is this really a grey line with lavender and yellow, or is it in fact lavender and yellow with grey. Was grey the afterthought? It seems odd to say that this paining is of a “grey line”, seeing as grey is actually in the background, not the foreground. O’Keeffe’s use of color plays with light. Comparing this paining to The Red Room, there is no sense of a light source. The room is very flat, and has no depth to it. O’Keeffe’s painting does not seem to have depth either but does use shadows and colors to create light. The softer colors in the corners of the painting help add to this effect. It is in contrast to the darker grey in the background of the painting. The artist’s choice of medium helps give this paining more meaning. The brush strokes are more visible as well, which is another similarity to the Red Room painting. Both of these paintings lack depth, Matisee failed at creating depth and perception because there were no orthogonal lines, and they moved away from each other, rather than towards each other. Overall, this painting is a representation of the modern incorporating past techniques, as well as moving towards a new era.

-Nicole Danyi, Hestia

#1010unit5 #simon #arthistory #okeeffe #redroom #matisee

Fractured Planes

The painting that I chose can be connected to Pablo Picasso, Les Demoiselles d’Avignon. They both possess certain similarities and differences with each other.


They both have the technique of cubism. Cubism is reconstructing of three dimensional form and shattering that form and then placing those fragments back on two dimensional surface. The artists of both the paintings use cubism and prevents the use of linear perspective. There is no chiaroscuro i.e the contrast between the light and shadows in the paintings. The main idea depicted in both the paintings is the sexuality and the female nude. The bodies of the figures in both the paintings are pointy and sharp with the form of angular geometry. Although, there is no space behind the figures, there is some sense of illusion in both the paintings. In both the paintings, the female nudes have turned their gaze outward as if they want men to directly focus their attention towards them.


The colors used in both the paintings are quite different. Picasso uses very dull and light colors whereas in the other painting the artist uses very bright colors like red, blue, green, etc. The other difference is the use of brushstrokes. Picasso uses very irregular and heavy brushstrokes which takes away the fineness in the painting. On the other hand, the painting that I chose has very light and thin brushstrokes which makes the panting very fine and regular. The painting that I chose looks more modern because the women in the painting has a curly hair and wears tights and heels whereas in Picassso’s paintings, women are bare feet with simple hair.

The idea conveyed from these paintings is the sexuality and the female nudity. I can connect it to something that I learned in the Classics class. Venus was always shown as a nude figure. She was considered as a Goddess of beauty, sex, love, nudity and even prostitution in Roman mythology. Therefore, the nude figures in these paintings reminded me of  Goddess Venus.

Gurleen Kaur, Team Venus


New Era, New Art


During unit 5 we learned about modern art and how it took a turn from what we would traditionally see. Paintings started looking less realistic, the subjects in these new modern painting didn’t feel like they where real, you didn’t feel like you where part of the painting. Instead this new era of paintings reminded the viewer that they where just looking at a painting nothing more. This drawing I found on Instagram is called a little light for your worries by the Instagram artist @james.r.eads.art, it’s of a girl sitting in front of a window looking out but as you can see it’s not a very realistic window or realistic background. You can see each individual stroke and different colors, you can tell this work is not suppose to look realistic.

This new style that strayed away from academic paintings started with Édouard Manet’s painting Olympia(1863). Mamet challenged the idea of the Renaissance his painting of Olympia was not perfect or of a ideal women. She was not a “Venus” or a “goddess” but she was blunt and specialized something you wouldn’t normally see. Showing that this art was not made to be perfect but to be seen as a painting. Paul Cézanne’s painting The Basket of Apples (1893) another painting that defied the academy. The perspectives, colors, and lighting made this painting less realistic.

As you can see in the old and new art works that they are both just a drawing they are not suppose to be looked at as something that is perfect and ideal. There is not proportion background or lighting you would see in the Baroque and Renaissance. However a major difference between painting such as Olympia and The Basket of Apples to @james.r.eads.art and so many other artist now a day is that they have the internet. Artist in our current era in 2017 have so many different outlets for art. With every new era their are new art forms, with the era of technology we see animation, we can draw on our computers using art tablets or even paint tool. This has introduced to us so many more opportunities to express so many art forms to being realistic or modern to everything in between.

Francesca Faiello,Team Cronos

Losing my Marbles

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By walking through the passageway between the Times Square hub and Port Authority Bus Terminal you can notice an adorable art piece by Lisa Dinhofer.

Her work Losing my Marbles showing an unusual perspective of seeing objects. As artist points out that: “ Every object I paint actually exists; I work from life. The space I create is believable – but not real. Because I design my own space, I call myself an ‘illusionist’ painter rather than a ‘realist’. The space in my work is invented. It’s flattened – like the space we see on a television or a computer screen.” So her work can be considered as abstract modern art. It really differ from other paints, mosaics from past centuries where painters focused on realism and humanism but here we see real objects but in unreal positions with incorrect linear perspective.

This masterpiece reminded me of another great work by Cezanne and his “ Basket of apples”. Similarly, those works show still life but in different space. Meaning that they were created not from one point of view but from different points because we move as we see.  Also, important to notice that apples, as well as marbles, look like they are about to fall down which also creates an illusion. In the reading about “ The Basket of Apples,” it says that Cezanne began the purposefully started destruction of a single image.

-Yuliya K.

Best Tem – Minerva

Modern Works Today


This painting is called Smart Painting #1 by Luke Grey. He gifted it to the college sometime most likely after 1998. The painting has the dimensions of 66 by 65 inches with no frame. The painting is very abstract and has a wide plethora of colors. It can be considered modern in that it doesn’t follow the style of academic art. It takes all the rules such as linear prospective, foreground, background anything at all and breaks them. There are no figures and nothing can be actually made out besides some vague shapes that can change depending on who is looking at the painting. I can see a man with grey skin and a brown beard in the bottom center as well as what looks to be a bent rifle on the bottom left.

Godard, Bardot, and Satire


I was in my sister’s room in my house and I noticed this poster. Le Mépris is a film from 1963 directed by French filmmaker Jean-Luc Godard starring Brigitte Bardot. The title translates to, “Contempt.”

This poster reminded me of some of the non-academic art we studied in class for our “Toward the Modern” unit, particularly the Olympia painting we studied. While she is not nude, this illustration of Bardot does have sexual undertones. Furthermore, both Olympia and Bardot are confronting the viewer with their gaze. They are painted somewhat similarly as well, as the brushstrokes in the poster are visible and there are fewer shadows shaping the figure. This poster is from 1963, exactly 100 years after Manet’s Olympia was finished, but the influence of Éduoard Manet can still be seen. There is a logical cultural connection here too, as both Manet and Godard were renowned French creatives.

I also want to connect this poster to our last Classics unit revolving around satire. Jean-Luc Godard actually made a satirical film in 1967 titled, Weekend. It is about a rich couple that essentially tries to murder each other. It makes comments on the savage nature of society and the fate of filmmaking itself, all with a dark, humorous tone. I think this, as well as our analysis of The Onion in class, shows that satire has evolved into a genre that can be seen in many different cultures, so it is interesting that we learned about it as a uniquely Roman genre in class.

Harry, Team Vesta

With Change, Nothing stays the same



While I was looking for images for my paper assignment during my visit to the Metropolitan Museum of Art, I came across this painting, The Card Players by Hale Woodruff. The picture reminded me of Pablo Picasso’s Les Demoiselles d’Avignon.
The medium for both paintings is oil on canvas. Pablo and Hale incorporate cubism which is the reduction of natural forms to their geometrical equivalents and the organization of the planes of an object.

Additionally, both artists were inspired by African Art, which is evident from the way Picasso painted the two women’s faces on the right (modeled after masks) and the two card players face as well.
The paintings’ subject is different. In Les Demoiselles d’Avignon, the work portrays five nude prostitutes from the alley. The women appeared as slightly menacing and rendered with angular and disjointed body shapes, with no depth. On the contrary, in Woodruff’s painting, the subjects are two male-like figures sitting at a table and playing cards. The red table looks flat, much like the cards the characters are holding.

We learned about the turning of the era (century) and how artists went against traditional conventions. Similarly, in Classics, we talked about how the Augustans and the Julio-Claudians went against the conventions the founding fathers laid down for sculpturing emperors. They neglected the veristic form of sculpture and made sure their self-portraits emphasized youth, beauty, and idealized forms. By doing this, they created a different style to be represented by in statue and did not align themselves with revered predecessors.

Richard David Gyimah, Team Vulcan.



The Amazon Queen


In classics we learned about Penthesilea, the amazon queen,  killed in  war by Achilles.  It was predistined  that Achilles would kill the love of his life and so it happened. Right as Achilles pierced the sword through Penthesilea, their eyes met. He fell in love with her right before she collapsed and died. Looking at this picture reminds of the queen right before the battle. The ferocity in her eyes and the strength seen in her posture, she was ready for war.

This piece also  is an example of modern art.  The mosaic features tiles of different sizes, shapes and colors. This mosaic also is similar to Wassily Kandinsky, Improvisation 28 in the vibrancy of colors used. The differences however outweigh the similarities. Kandinsky’s piece is considered abstract art ( not completely) and can be interpreted in different ways, while, the other art piece tells a story and leaves less room reader for the viewers imagination. Its also important to note that Kandisky’s piece is a painting, while the other art piece is a tile mosaic. The art pieces also evokes different moods. The tile mosaic shown creates a sense of excitement in my opinion, while, Kandinsky’s piece creates a feeling of disharmony and confusion. Both art pieces, though, represent modern art in different styles and forms.

Sharifa Thompson, Team Hestia

Zebra Love and The Red Studio


In this last blog post, I am going to discuss a painting from Blake Emory’s Zebra Love Collection that I saw in a gallery in Chelsea. In this painting, Emory creates the illusion of a female figure wearing red high heels on a zebra stripe pattern. The way Emory plays with depth reminded me of Henry Matisse’s The Red Studio created in 1911. A similarity that these paintings have is that both artist play with the illusion of depth by using color, lines, and form. Emory plays with form and color by using the Zebra stripe pattern and the red heel to create and emphasize the silhouette of a women that stands out from the background. Matisse plays with the illusion of depth by using the color red, bad linear perspective, and reverse lines.  A difference is what they are trying to achieve with the illusion of depth. Matisse aimed to flatten his painting rather than create depth. Matisse tries to use the color red to resist the illusion of depth. Furthermore, Matisse uses bad linear perspective to flatten the canvas. Matisse’s use of bad linear perspective can be seen in the disconnected lines of the wall and the floor and in the chair and table, whose legs get farther apart as they go back rather than get smaller. Reverse Lines are the thin white lines that are actually the canvas and Matisse uses these lines to reverse the figure-ground relationship. Matisse reverses the figure-ground relationship by making the reverse lines the figures and making the red as the ground. On the other hand, Emory’s goal with his painting is to create depth to create the silhouette of the woman and make her come off the background. He does this by playing with form by using the Zebra stripe pattern to create the silhouette of a women. He also plays with color by using the red heel to emphasize the illusion of the silhouette. He also plays with the illusion of depth by using the uneven, broken line to create the illusion of the silhouette of the woman. Both these pieces of modern art break classical tradition and experiment with forms.

Link To Matisse painting

-Emily Ryan, Team Mars (16)

Sheepshead Bay Mural

As I got off the train at Sheepshead bay station, I walked passed this mural and it caught my eye. This mural is based off of Emmons Avenue near Sheepshead Bay station and it reminded me of modern art pieces. I believe this is a modernistic art piece because of its difference compared to the Classical and Hellenistic period.  For example, the art work produced during the Classical and Hellenistic period it featured elements that made the art work naturalistic and realistic such as using linear perspective and choosing different colors to use in order to create a effect of depth in a painting. Similar to the Sheepshead Bay mural you can see that the figures featured in this art piece has depth. Viewers who look at this art work is able to see that figures begins to become smaller as they look further into the background. Adding on to why I believe this is a modernistic art piece is because it features figures of everyday people. Similar to Edouard Manet “Olympia” it features a figure of a female that doesn’t resemble religious practices and would be considered as an every day type of figure. Also, It doesn’t contain elements of a idealized nude body which is featured in Archaic, Classical and Hellenistic period. Although the Sheepshead bay mural is a more modernistic art piece it is similar to a Baroque art piece named “Elevation of the Cross” by Peter Paul Ruben, the Sheepshead Bay mural is separated into several parts but it maintains as a whole art work. But overall, the Sheepshead Bay mural has features that makes me believe that it was inspired by modernistic art work.


I found this mosaic on Stuyvesant Street and 3rd Ave in Manhattan. I thought this piece can used for this unit because it can be connected to Pablo Picasso’s Les Demoiselle d’Avignon. They are connected because they both use the style Cubism. Cubism emphasizes art on a flat and two dimensional services, and ignores traditional techniques like linear perspective and chiaroscuro. Besides abandoning tradition techniques, cubism is a style that depicts images in fragmented pieces. This mosaic uses many colorful stones to depict a woman in the form of cubism the way that Picasso uses cubism to help the four women in his painting to take shape. The colorful stones on the mosaic helps show light may have an affect on the color of the face instead of using shadows. This is shown with the contrast of the yellow and white stones used for the face. While in Picasso’s painting there isn’t any depth to it because of the lack of shadows.

-Alvin Zhao, Team Venus

Abstract art in the modern world


This painting, which I found on the 5th floor in the Museum of Modern Art, reminds me of Vasily Kandinsky’s Improvisation 28. This painting is titled, “Dynamic Hieroglyphic of the Bal Tabarin” by Gino Severini and it is an oil on canvas painting. When I came across this painting, I noticed that it was painted on the same date as Kandinsky’s painting: 1912. Both paintings are very similar in the sense that the artists create a color synesthesia in which there is a crossing of the senses. The difference, however, is that in Kandinsky’s painting, there is music in its abstract form, whereas Severini depicts dancing to music in its abstract form. There are a lot of events happening in both paintings as well: In Severini’s work, for example, an Arab riding a camel refers to the Turco-Italian War of 1911 and Kandinsky’s work, you can see horses and riders as well as cannons being fired and biblical imagery.

IMG_1989Me and a Friend were on our way to check out the puppy therapy and I stubbled  across this painting on the wall of the second floor in the Student Center. This painting looks very modern. It reminds me of Kandinsky Composition IV and Improvisation 28 with all the bright colors and a mix of lines and shapes all over the canvas. Its a flat painting. However unlike Kandinskys paintings this painting is full of dimensional images that literally pop out at you. In the right corner the squares have linear perspective.It also uses layering of paint or clay to build dimension.

-Anora A. Team Diana

Past Politics in Later Art


Image result for Intervention of the Sabine Women Jacques Louis

Jacques-Louis David (French painter, 1748-1825). Intervention of the Sabine Women, Overall view without frame. 1799 (creation), Image: 4/31/09 (creation). http://library.artstor.org/asset/SS36066_36066_23794134. Web. 1 Dec 2017.

Just like the modernist age that was discussed in Prof. Simon’s class, there is a political statement within this image. The painter himself was a man who hid many meanings within his paintings, making political paintings during the French Revolution. This was something very common in the modern age, although the traditional “fine art” techniques are still used here rather than more abstract and chaotic methods used within the modernist era. It seems the peace that the women try to bring within the image is the main interest in the subject. Further research states that he made this in a time he was jailed, where the artist stated they wanted to draw something to the more Roman aesthetic.

The quote I chose for this piece specifically comes from Vergil’s book:

“The joyful peace, which put an abrupt close to such a deplorable war, made the
Sabine women still dearer to their husbands and fathers, and most
of all to Romulus himself.”

Although even in the intervention depicted in the illustration, the war still continue to unfold, the quote shows an importance to their role.


During Unit 5 we learned more about the modern world that deviated from traditional techniques. The artist’s strokes became more apparent and the subjects within the painting didn’t look like they were going to bounce out at you anymore. With that, followed abstract art, or even messy looking art that at first glance looked as though it had no purpose in a gallery, but at second glance you can see every stroke had a purpose. This was somewhat the case with Marry Cassatt’s Woman on a Bench. The artist here was trying to capture life as she saw it with the little time she had. It was a form of experimentation, which is something a lot of the modernists art had.

Now if you’re looking for something even closer to present time than that then look no further than the video games we see around us. A YouTuber by the name of The Game Theorists covered such a topic in more detail on a video called Gaming is BROKEN!  …What Comes Next? He speaks of how gaming is following the same pattern as modern art history. As time progressed, games have become more abstract and what could be considered a game or what makes a game is pretty loose with new genres being born.

We have managed to create life-like simulations within games. It looked as though you could almost touch the grass, or a video recording of the real world rather than 3D models generated through a computer. They have done an amazing job at immersing the player, making you feel like you were there, something art had striven to do. As The Game Theorist continues to point out that “…,but with so much progress and games being so beautiful and massive and textures feeling more and more real, where do you go now?”

This is where we arrive at post-modernism. All that progress and innovation removed, a rejection of modernism because “everything and anything can be art”.  We see this same idea in indie gaming today with titles such as Rock Simulator and Pony Island. These are games that break  the rules of what and how to play, and games that know their games. A trend we see in post-modernist art, where art knows it’s art. Even in some of the examples we saw in class, it was discussed that some of the artists purposely wanted you to see the painting as just that, a painting.

The difference between the past and the present is that we have become more interactive with the new art forms out there, after all even video games – something that tell stories like the paintings did – is considered art now a days.


Jacques-Louis David (French painter, 1748-1825). Intervention of the Sabine Women, Overall view without frame. 1799 (creation), Image: 4/31/09 (creation). http://library.artstor.org/asset/SS36066_36066_23794134. Web. 1 Dec 2017.

Cassatt, Marry. Woman on a Bench.1881. Pastel on Green Wove Paper.
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Art History.

The Game Theorists. “Game Theory: Gaming is Broken! …What Comes Next?” Youtbe, commentary by Matthew Patrick, 26 Nov. 2017, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gxzKZdTxNp8.


-Yekaterina Ignatyeva, Team Cronos


Art Under My Cereal.

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As I was looking for ideas to use for my blog post, I came across this image hidden behind bowl full of cheerios. The image in the bowl uses color to draw viewer’s attention to the three ladies and things around them such as the trees, grass, and sky. We see drapery in their clothing, also they are depicted as young and mobile as we sense movement from the two ladies on the side. Similarly, The Death of Socrates portrays use of idealism, color, and movement. For example,  Professor Yarrow informed us that Socrates was about seventy years old before his death, but in this painting Socrates does not look his actual age but instead upholds a perfect male form and beauty. Emotion in the painting varies. For instance, as we look from right to left we see dramatic movements from the people on the right, as we get to the middle we see calm sense of emotion from Socrates who is minutes away from his death. Then we see the man giving him the drink and he seems to be in pain, and then we see the man sitting down faced away from the crowd. In classics, we determined that the man who seems to be disengaged in the scene is Plato. Looking at the clothing of these gentlemen, Socrates seems to be the most nude out of them all. This might symbolize his preparation to sleep on his deathbed. Also, David uses color to differentiate each man’s clothing, and uses Hellenistic era form of drapery as we see in three goddesses of Parthenon. However, David uses sense of light to highlight the subject of the painting. Meanwhile,  in the image above there is no sense of emotion and light. Everything in the image seems to be normal, doesn’t depict historical importance but rather an everyday life of three women.

-Amir, Team Juno

The Christmas image


This image is of a glass bottle that has an illustration which commemorates christmas. I found the image on this glass bottle to be similar to Paul Cézanne’s, The Basket of Apples and Pablo Picasso’s , Les Demoiselles d’Avignon. I found that as similar to Paul Cézanne’s, The Basket of Apples, the image on the glass bottle also has a sense of destruction of the unified image. The image is not equally proportioned and up close the image seems to be out of place. In addition it is similar to  Pablo Picasso’s , Les Demoiselles d’Avignon because like Picasso’s painting, the image on the bottle breaks down the features of the body into simple shapes like circles and triangles and there is no sense of texture within the image. However, unlike Picasso’s painting which breaks down body parts into sharp, jagged, almost shattered forms, the image on the bottle is broken down into more softer shapes.

~Ashley G. , Team Juno

Dear Anonymous,

It is I, Juvenal here to give you some good advice on what to do with your aging pooch, you see life is a sweet thing, I believe it was meant to be enjoyed, not living it in pain. You must ask yourself this, why are you really prolonging your pooch’s life, is it because you want her to enjoy the rest of her days, or is it because you can’t stand to be parted from her? From the sound of it, I think you and I both know that prolonging her life wouldn’t be doing her any favor. You said it yourself, “her health has declined a bit: less energy, hearing loss, brief moments of apparent confusion and an as-yet-unexplained brief seizure.” Now what kind of fourteen year old Terrier would be happy experiencing this. If you read my book, Satire, lines 188-288, where I said that “what pleasure is there in music, even though the singer is superlative, or in Seleucus the lyre-player, or the pipers in the glittering golden cloaks? What difference does it make where he sits in the huge theatre if he can hardly hear the hornplayers or the fanfare of trumpets?” She is already experiencing hearing loss, and what of her brief seizure. This is exactly what I was talking about when “all types of disease dance around him in a troop.””But worse than any physical decline is the dementia.” Take my advice, you’re not doing her any good prolonging her life, it’s better to end it now.



MLA citation: Appiah, Kwame Anthony. “Can I Put Down My Aging Pooch?” The New York Times, The New York Times, 3 Aug. 2016, http://www.nytimes.com/2016/08/07/magazine/can-i-put-down-my-aging-pooch.html?rref=collection%2Fcolumn%2Fthe-ethicist&action=click&contentCollection=magazine®ion=stream&module=stream_unit&version=search&contentPlacement=58&pgtype=collection.


My Dear Old Pooch

Saving Grace

The image below is of Lucretia, a woman famous among the Roman tales for taking her own life after being raped by the then Prince of Rome. This version of her was done by artist Rembrandt van Rijn in 1664, the painting was done in a lot of earthy dark tones. In the painting her body, especially around her head seems to be creating a cast shadow, everything together seem to e blending the light and dark in the background which creates chiaroscuro. The reading extracts from Livy Book 1 mentioned that “at the arrival of her own family, tears welled in her eyes.” And in the portrait below there are no tear tracts on her face but her eyes are red which could be because she was crying before but wiped her tears and that “she took a knife that she had hidden in her garments and plunged it in her heart.” There is a knife in her hand that looks like it is aimed at heart. The description in the text is mostly consistent with the image, but there are some differences, for example how there are no tears in her eyes and the way she is holding the dagger. I suspect that the artist had these differences on purpose, the original description of the scene makes the sorrow so blatant, that it would be hard to miss, but in the artist’ version, you would have to pay attention to the details to understand what could the subject been thinking about as she tries to take to her life. Based on the details in her expression, I would say that the artist may have been more drawn to the emotional aspects of the event than the outcome.

Image result for lucretia 1664

MLA Citation: Rembrandt van Rijn, Dutch. Lucretia. 1664. The National Gallery of Art (Washington, D.C.), Andrew W. Mellon Collection. http://library.artstor.org/asset/ANGAIG_10313974686. Web. 12 Dec 2017.

Sherique, Team Artemis

Is It My Business?

Dear Romans,

I’m writing about this girl is bankrupting herself. The friend of this girl should tell this girl of the situation but debates whether he should. This simply a matter of integrity. If you are really friends with someone you would tell them when they are doing bad or when they are doing well.


Abraham, Team Hera


The real “The Basket Of Apples”


image cite: Christine und David Schmitt, Art Reproduction Paul Cezanne, August 29, 2010. https://www.flickr.com/photos/cheesy42/4939528672

This image that I found on the website was to restore the moment when the French painter Paul Cezanne painted the painting “The Basket of Apples”. the painting was painting in the time during the neoclassical time period, which in the time, still life subjects were been considered as the least important subjects that artist will use in their art. But Cezanne was one of these French painter that’s influence by the idea of impressionism from Paris, and decided to change his art style from Romanticism to Impressionism. Cezanne’s impressionism was a little different from other impressionism arts, his impressionism never took a delicate of sensuous feel, as if he was intensely to merging all the colors, surface and volume into a more unify entity, which draws attention to the idea of uniformity and planarity of the the oil paint in canvas. One thing that’s special about his painting, “The Basket of Apples” is the change in perspective of the subjects. If you look carefully, you will see the table line wasn’t flat, the wine battle was tilting, and the cookies in the back was about to “standing up”. All of these weird things are the prove of change perspective, if he only paint the painting from one perspective, the painting will looks like the image that I found on the website, which is more like other still life subject arts. why was this happened? Because in the time, Cezanne also pushed the distinction between the camera view and the human view, which he found that unlike simply static view, human’s view are in a fashion that’s more complex, in other word, the different between camera view and the human view is just the different between a picture and a movie. In Cezanne’s painting, he decided to use color to should the change in quality of the subjects though time. What Cezanne found out had built a bridge between 19th century Impressionism to the 20th century Cubism.


Yao, Team Zeus



Dr. Beth Harris and Dr. Steven Zucker, “Paul Cézanne, The Basket of Apples,” in Smarthistory, August 9, 2015, accessed December 12, 2017, https://smarthistory.org/cezanne-the-basket-of-apples/.

Not a Venus


During my visit at the MET, a painting that caught my attention was Gustave Courbet’s Woman with a Parrot, 1866. It shows a woman laying carelessly on the bed, sticking her hand out, while a parrot lands on it. Her hair is spread out on the mattress and it seems like she does not give a care in the world because she is in the comfort of her own home.

Similar to Edouard Manet’s Olympia, the woman is nude and the sheets under her are messy. Her nudity is criticized by the audience because the way she poses is not idealized, but viewed as sloppy and unsophisticated. Likewise, the way Olympia lays on the bed is criticized because she is more aggressive concerning the matter of giving male pleasure through a business exchange. The way she looks forward towards the audience gives an uncomfortable and confrontational effect. The audience judges both of the women for being provocative. Since they are not Venuses, their nudity is viewed as shameful because at the time, only Venus’s (Roman version of Aphrodite) body was a form of beauty. Paintings of Venus, such as Titian’s Venus of Urbino, was an idealized nude of a woman that was targeted for the male gaze, but both Courbet and Manet’s paintings of a nude woman are ridiculed for not having any elegance and rejecting traditional conservative values of a  woman.

Although both Courbet and Manet share many similarities when it comes to criticism, their artistic style of painting are different. Courbet oil painting technique make the Woman with a Parrot look real. Her hair is very detailed and has highlights. It seems as if there is a light shining above her. He contours her body by putting shadows under her and gives definition to her skin. The audience can see the soft texture of her skin whereas in Manet’s Olympia, his painting is very flat. The audience cannot see the texture of Olympia’s skin and the only thing that Manet contours on her body are her hands, emphasizing on how dirty she is. Courbet’s painting of a nude woman portrays the woman in her most natural state, while Manet’s painting Olympia shows what occupation she does to survive; both cannot escape the harsh judgement set by societal standards.

Mary H. Team Vulcan

Cubism and Impressionism

F0B863E4-E321-44FA-82DA-4A1A6D31A01CAs I was scrolling down on Pinterest I came across this abstract, modernist piece. I noticed some similarities between this painting and that of Paul Cézanne’s that we studied in class. One of which is the fact that both pieces neglect using figures to convey a message and instead use an array of colors and shapes. Both pieces fall under the Impressionism, cubic, abstract category of art. However, this painting seems to have more texture than Cézanne’s. The ambiguity of this abstract piece and the buoyant, vibrant colors provokes many sentiments in its audience.

– Lauren Ishay

Fraternity In Rome

Appiah, Kwame Anthony. “Can I Turn In a Bad Fraternity at My Son’s College?” The New York Times, The New York Times, 1 Nov. 2017, http://www.nytimes.com/2017/11/01/magazine/can-i-turn-in-a-bad-fraternity-at-my-sons-college.html?rref=collection%2Fcolumn%2Fthe-ethicist&action=click&contentCollection=magazine®ion=stream&module=stream_unit&version=latest&contentPlacement=5&pgtype=collection.

Dear Anonymous,

I recently heard of the situation that is concerning you and your friend regarding what happened after the accident involving your son and his friend.  It is most unfortunate that this had to happen not to long after he injured himself.  I can see why this is of the utmost concerning to you as this can lead to dangerous consequences later on in life.  I noticed that the first person responding to you said that they think you should first tell your son of the actions that you are about to take, but I personally feel that that is not a good idea.  What you should do is try to make it so that he tells you his plan first, as you have a better understanding as to what can make your son feel the most comfortable in this situation.

Another factor that I would consider that you do is in how you can try to convince him of the wonders that education can provide without fraternity.  I also feel that you need to consider some advice I learned from two great people long ago.  Juvenal once said in his poem “But what prestige and prosperity is worth having, if success is
matched by an equal measure of disasters?” (Juvenal).   Marcus also once said “From my great-grandfather: not to have attended popular
schools, but to have good teachers at home, and to know that
one should spend freely on such things.
5. From my tutor: 4 not to be a Green or a Blue partisan at
the races, or a supporter of the lightly armed or heavily armed
gladiators at the Circus; endurance and frugality; to do one’s
own work and not be a busybody; not to welcome slanderous
gossip.” (Marcus, 3).  Say these things to your son and then ask him what he will want to do with his life later on.  Make sure that you convince him of all the good that will come if he tackles this problem vehemently well.  Other wise, he may never fully succeed in life.

  • Scot Anani Vincent (Scott Vincent, Team Cronos)

See Aphrodite From Another Class

This is a painting of Venus, the Roman version Aphrodite. We learned this painting from our ART 1010 class. It is called “Venus of Urbino”, painted by Titian in 1538. We know about Aphrodite form our first Clas 1110 class. “Archer, bind me down with triple those endless chains! Let all you goddess too how I’d love to bed that golden Aphrodite!” This is the quote that I chose from “Song of Demodocus”. Apollo asked Quicksilver that does he want to sleep with Aphrodite and this quote was the answer that Quicksilver gave. He is obsessed with the golden Aphrodite’s beauty. She is golden, she is attractive, and he cannot control his wild thinking of sleeping with her despite the fact that she is married already. From the painting, we can see that Venus is golden too. Look at the painting, Venus has an attractive face, it is just perfectly symmetrical. Look at her sensual body, isn’t it is perfectly in proportion? Look at her beautiful golden hair, her silky smooth skin. She is just perfectly beautiful. From the poem and the painting, both depict Aphrodite’s beauty. In the poem, there is a sense when she is wearing a flower crown when she went back home from her father, Zeus’ palace. In Titian’s painting, Venus is holding a bouquet of flower with her right hand too. However, even these two pieces of art are about the goodness of love, but they are from different culture, the poem is from Greek and the painting is from Roman. However, Roman culture art had been strongly influenced by Greek culture. Therefore, Venus is the Aphrodite goodness in Roman culture.


#Qiyi, Team Vesta



I was walking in the Metropolitan Museum and I found this piece relevant toward unit 5 because the style of art is still life. This painting is called Still life with Teapot and fruit created by Paul Gauguin in 1896, oil on canvas. At first the painting looks like a regular still life painting but as I closely looked at the painting, I found that the spoon looks like it was floating in a awkward position. This is related to Unit 5 because the basket of fruit looks out of place and Paul Cezanne purposely made errors on this piece of art. The same goes with The Still life with Teapot and Fruit because the artist purposely made the spoon appear to be floating, due to the shadowing. The placement of the shadow allowed the audience to perceived this piece in a new light. This subject was an expression of freedom and was the opposite of traditional art. This was a very illusionist style of art, the way the artist played with the shadows and the proportion of the fruits and apple had a big impact on both artwork. Also, they are both artworks that have no purpose except for being decorations. The painting were just ordinary stuff that people see in the real life. The Still Life with Teapot and Fruit is not a contemporary still life, so on the bottom is another piece to show the contrast between a contemporary and the source material.

Paul Cézanne, The Basket of Apples, c. 1893, oil on canvas, 65 x 80 cm (Art Institute of Chicago)Image result for contemporary still life                      Paul Cezanne , The Basket of Apples      Jan Miller, Still Life with Nectarines, 1979.


Both artwork shows that they are a drawing a still life. On the left, is Paul Cezanne, The Basket of Apples, 1893. On the right, is Jan Miller, Still Life with Nectarines, 1979. The contemporary piece of art is different from the source material because both these art show a different view of still life. The still life on the right looks more realistic and is significantly different than the Basket of Apples.  One of them only have shades and the other have color. Also the Basket of Apples is more illusionist painting and the Still Life with Nectarines seems more realistic. The Still life with Nectarine’s medium is different than the Paul Cezanne because one is charcoal and the other is oil on canvas.

-Jia Gao, Team Athena

A Journey through Classics and the Heritage of Brooklyn College Students

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Maria Alejalva December 1st, 2017– Instagram Direct Messenger

Are you comfortable if I ask you some questions about you ethnicity and origins?  Can I write about your answers on a public class blog?

Yeah, sure I don’t mind

 Do you identify yourself with a country or ethnicity beyond the United States of America?  If so, which one?

I identify as biracial Dominican. My mother, a white Dominican woman and my father, an Afro Dominican man. When I had to do a project back in the fifth grade on my country, I learned about the origins. It was the first colonial settlement in this hemisphere and I know about the racial tensions in DR because of colonial influence, especially after our Dictator Trujillo called for a racial cleansing of Afro Dominicans.

How have you learned about the origins/history/past/importance of that place? (If they feel no strong connection to other place or identity, then ask them to talk about being American.)

Most of the information I’ve learnt came for my parents and family members, as they are natives of the country. I was born in America and have only visited maybe once or twice so there’s a bit of a disconnect. Other information I have acquired came from basic knowledge and prior research. I had to do a project back in the fifth grade on my country and there was also where I learnt about the origins.

 Is there one person, maybe a hero or ‘wiseman’ or king or law-giver, that is important to your people–someone people tell stories about, maybe legendary, maybe true?  Can you tell me a story?

Um, I would have to go with my parents and family members. For a great length of time DR was plagued with the dictatorship of Ulises Heureaux and Rafael Trujillo. My parents along with many men and women from Moca played a major role in bringing down the two dictators, and bringing democracy back to the country. This was and still is a big deal in modern Dominican Republic society. This isn’t really much of a story but it’s a factual event that I believe has been interpreted into a story through popularity.   

What values do you think that story teaches?  Are those values important in the traditions of your people?  How?

If there’s a lesson to be to learnt from this I think it would be perseverance and determination. I believe the result of where the Dominican Republic’s democratic stance is today is accredited to the peoples unity and undivided trust in one another.

 Fatema Islam – December 3rd 2017 IMessenger

Are you comfortable if I ask you some questions about you ethnicity and origins?  Can I write about your answers on a public class blog?

I guess it’s fine (She is in our learning block, Team Jupiter J)

Do you identify yourself with a country or ethnicity beyond the United States of America?  If so, which one?

I identify as a Bangladeshi. I was born in Bangladesh and only came to the United States at the age of two.

 How have you learned about the origins/history/past/importance of that place? (If they feel no strong connection to other place or identity, then ask them to talk about being American.)

I came to learn about my for my country’s origins and history through the impact that my family had while they were involved though minimal at most. I also learned through my own self-interest and research. I know how the country came into being and how my family was in involved. I also go back once in a while. I visited a few years ago so I saw how things were there. But I also identify as an American because I lived here for a long time so my values are a mix between the two

 Is there one person, maybe a hero or ‘wiseman’ or king or law-giver, that is important to your people–someone people tell stories about, maybe legendary, maybe true?  Can you tell me a story?

N/A wasn’t able to answer

 What values do you think that story teaches?  Are those values important in the traditions of your people?  How?

N/A wasn’t able to answer

 Enrique Ortiz December 7th 2017 Gmail

Are you comfortable if I ask you some questions about you ethnicity and origins?  Can I write about your answers on a public class blog?

Yes, I am more than comfortable answering questions about my ethnicity and origins

 Do you identify yourself with a country or ethnicity beyond the United States of America?  If so, which one?

I identify as a Puerto Rican-American male, but when the option isn’t given, I have to categorize myself as Hispanic/Latino, which I have no problem doing.

 How have you learned about the origins/history/past/importance of that place? (If they feel no strong connection to other place or identity, then ask them to talk about being American.)

That one is a little hard to answer with one definitive answer. It’s not like someone sat me down when I was a little kid and said “hey kid, this is your heritage.” nope, it’s something to I had to learn gradually as I got older. I grew up very disconnected from the culture I now claim, and I’ve still been trying to make up for the years I missed out on. The years that have been essential the upbringings of my friends and shaped who they are today.

 Is there one person, maybe a hero or ‘wiseman’ or king or law-giver, that is important to your people–someone people tell stories about, maybe legendary, maybe true?  Can you tell me a story?

Yeah, as Puerto Ricans, we have many figures like that, but I’m only familiar with a few. One of the more famous people would be baseball player Roberto Clemente. He was larger than life, and an athlete of the ages when he was around. Having grown up with nothing in the slums of Puerto Rico, it was astounding for many to have seen him make his way from the Puerto Rican Winter League games, to the grand stage of Major League Baseball in America, where everybody loved him. Not only was he a great player, but he was also a humanitarian and philanthropist, always giving back to the community. It was actually his love of helping people that led to his death, On December 31st, 1972, Clemente died in a plane crash as he was carrying supplies for relief in Nicaragua after a devastating earthquake. He’s been immortalized in the Baseball Hall of Fame as the first Latino player to be inducted, and the MLB has an award that bears his name, giving it out each season to the player who best embodies the spirit of helping and community outreach in the league.

 What values do you think that story teaches?  Are those values important in the traditions of your people?  How?

I didn’t exactly tell a story, but I can tell you why Clemente is important to us as a people. Because we come from a small, impoverished island with little opportunity, it isn’t often that someone leaves and makes it big. That’s why when it does happen, and they leave a big enough impact, they’re practically immortalized in Puerto Rican folklore as heroes who did what many could not. We’re also a very proud people, so when something important or monumental occurs involving a person that is Puerto Rican, we celebrate because it’s as though we’ve all made it.

Summary and Similarities

Every person I spoke with was a first generation American or immigrant. A similarity that all these interviewees had was that the parents offered them an opportunity in America all the while taking the privilege of knowing their own culture. A quote I found quite relevant from the text we had been reading in regards to the responses I had received from my interviews was “The less man had, the less there was greed”. I found this interesting because it highlights the sacrifice that these three interviewee’s parents or family members had taken in bringing them to America, and giving them this lifestyle. The consequence of all this was a lost culture. A good portion of my interviewees referred to themselves as American citizens: which they are. First generation and beyond. However there is a thick layer beneath that that they are unable to identify or relate with and that is their native heritage.

Another similarities that I noticed between each interview and the stories we learned about Rome is the important leader/event or movement that happened in their culture. Pride and knowledge of these historically is in their native countries/ areas is similar to that of the ancient Roman princess Juno. We learnt in classics of Juno and how she loved and had great pride in her city. “Juno loved it, they say, beyond all other lands in the world…”

Shamiso Tunduwani, Team Jupiter



Bad Kitty !

Works Cited
Appiah, Kwame Anthony. “Can My Cat Go Out If He Bullies Other Cats?” The New York Times, The New York Times, 11 Oct. 2017, www.nytimes.com/2017/10/11/magazine/can-my-cat-go-out-if-he-bullies-other-cats.html?rref=collection%2Fcolumn%2Fthe-ethicist&action=click&contentCollection=magazine®ion=stream&module=stream_unit&version=latest&contentPlacement=8&pgtype=collection.

Dear No name,

I think the columnist advice given to you was useless. In all fairness it wasn’t entirely useless, however, he seemed to have beat around the bush a bit. He didn’t fully address the question and wrote a very wordy response.  My opinion on this matter, is simple-  kitty timeout .  Although, I think your cat deserves a life free of boundaries, I’m sure the other neighborhood cats deserve a life free of harassment. I would limit the amount of time  Jasper was allowed outside .  Jasper, also needs to see a therapist to work on his anger issues. The walls of animosity he has build up, needs to be broken down.  Like Juvenal said , “There is no doubt that the only path to a peaceful life lies through goodness. ” I think  Japser also needs to do some good for those in his community.  Have him volunteer at the animal shelter at least once a week.   In closing Marius Aurelis said, ” Nothing is more wretched than the man who runs around in circles busying himself with all kinds of things -·in·· vestigating things below the earth, as the saying goes-always looking for signs of what his neighbors are feeling and thinking.” Jasper is a wretched cat, in need of happiness, follow my advice and your cat will enjoy all of his nine lives.

Sharia. Hestio  ( Sharifa, Team Hestia)

Pay the Gay Away

Dear Anonymous,

As Juvenal once said, “If you want my advice, you’ll let the gods themselves estimate what will suit us and benefit our circumstances; you see, the gods will bestow gifts that are the most appropriate rather than nice” (Juvenal, 347-350). First, let me just say that your father is an asshole. But now to the advice part, don’t even think about having to pay him back. You should get all the money you need from your father, because he is your father and is responsible for caring for you no matter your sexuality! If you are uncomfortable with telling him, then don’t. Your sexuality is nobody’s business except your own and if you feel more empowered by leaving him in the dark then do it. One day, after you have become super successful with a great paying job, bring your smoking hot husband home for thanksgiving and just say, “Oh by the way dad, I’m super gay!” and then eat some good food and leave. That’s all there is to it. Your dad was dealt the hand of having to pay for something he doesn’t believe in by the ancient gods. He most definitely wouldn’t see this as a nice gift, but in my opinion, is it very appropriate.

In conclusion, just listen to what Marcus Aurelius has to say, “Men are born for each other’s sake”(Aurelius, 8.59). We hold the ancient Romans in such a high regard, your father should take some of their advice and spend his life living for other men.

With Love,

Normal sized Imp. M. Sheilia Kellius

Appiah, Kwame Anthony, et al. “Can I Lie to My Father About Being Gay So He Will Pay for My College Education?” The New York Times, The New York Times, 2 Sept. 2015, http://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/06/magazine/can-i-lie-to-my-father-about-being-gay-so-he-will-pay-for-my-college-education.html?rref=collection%2Fcolumn%2Fthe-ethicist&action=click&contentCollection=magazine®ion=stream&module=stream_unit&version=search&contentPlacement=6&pgtype=collection.

-Sheila Kelly, Team Saturn (12)

Connected Through Brooklyn College

Interviewees: Christopher Mcateer, Patrick Dempsey, Paloma Arias.

  • CM (Interview happened in person at the Student Centre Thursday afternoon) : Yes, my family lineage is Irish and Italian, but  I mostly identify myself as American. I learnt about those countries from what my family told me. I don’t really have a role model  or much stories that were told to me. I wish that I could tell you more but I’m not really that cultured, I just am. If I had to have a role model, the first that comes to mind is Barack Obama. He just overcame so many obstacles to become president and he really let people know that you can truly do anything in the world with any skin color.
  • PA (Facetimed her while I was at the Student Centre Thursday afternoon) : Yes I identify with Trinidad, like you. I learnt about the origins from growing up there. I always looked up to Papa Bois who was the king of the forest in Trinidadian stories. He would run around the forest and protect the trees and the animals there. He’d attack anyone that was trying to ruin the forest lands. I think it teaches the value of nature and how important it is to protect the area around us. Trinidad is just so dense with nature and forests so its symbolic that one of the prime folk law characters just wanted to take care of our land.
  • PD (Interview happened at the Roosevelt Ext Friday morning.) : I identify with my Irish roots. I learnt from my family, they take pride in being Irish. There’s really no one person that I heard about that I really looked up too. I wish I knew more about the culture itself besides just what my family has told me. One day I’d really like to go to Ireland to learn more on my own.

All of these interviews were great. I noticed that people really had to search hard to find a role model. It didn’t come right off the bat, it was almost uncertain except for Paloma’s interview. The person that she looked up too however was not a real figure, he was a mythical Trinidadian creature. There was a variety of answers, Chris mentions Barack Obama which I thought was nice of him to mention a leader of the country, but I did feel like I had to really force an answer out of him. These stories are very different from what I read about Rome’s origins because no one really wanted to talk about the

“Why can’t we clasp hands, embrace each other, exchange some words, speak out, and tell the truth?”. This quote is taken from Vergil’s Aeneid, Book 1, ‘Aeneas meets his mother’. I chose this quote because it reminded me of the people that I interviewed. We are all friends and I liked the idea of embracing each other, exchanging some words and speaking out. I feel very connected to all of these people with similar and different backgrounds because we are all here at Brooklyn College together.

-Mckensi Pascall, Team Aphrodite.

Aenas and other leaders

I interviewed: Brian T., Boylan Hall, Monday morning in class. He identifies himself as American and says that he was born in the USA and learned about its history and importance through schooling. He pointed out an important historical legend, Martin Luther King Jr,who stood up against racism. He explained that even if your’e able to make the slightest change in this world you should. Although racism still exists in this world Martin Luther’s legendary speech of i have a dream seems to have come somewhat true. Stores, restrooms are no longer divided by color. Because of him, things have changed which has altered history.

I interviewed: Gwen P., library, Monday morning in the bathroom. She identifies herself as Colombian, was born in the USA and learned about the history and importance of Colombia through her parents. She pointed out the first president of Colombia, Simon Bolivar who was instrumental in South America’s revolutions against the Spanish empire. She said that the “Republic of Bolivia” was created in honor of this leader. She said that because of Simon Bolivar, South America was united, free from Spanish control and this comes to show that because of important leaders like Simon Bolivar, many nations are united and freed from control of other nations.

I interviewed Steven W., cafeteria, Monday afternoon. He identifies himself as Chinese and was born in the USA. He learned about China through his parents and he said that someone who he learned about who is important to his “people” is Mao Zedong, a founder of the Chinese communist party. He was part of the Cultural Revolution and designed the Great Leap Forward which dramatically improved state production of agriculture and industry. Although his Cultural Revolution caused many deaths, it cleansed China from superstitions, religious dogma, and traditions that were outdated in a ‘modernist transformation’ that made his economic reforms possible.

What’s similar about these stories is that they all acknowledge one important leader in a country’s history. Aenas, like these leaders, is a warrior who will lead his people to safety. In Virgil’s Aenid, it says, “Aenas, however, trusting to the loyalty of the two nations who were day by day growing into one, led his forces into the field, instead of awaiting the enemy behind his walls”. Aenas is a Trojan leader who was loyal to his people, just like Martin Luther King, Simon Bolivar, and Mao Zedong.

Are those painting really similar?

Echo, Alexandre Cabanel (French, Montpellier 1823–1889 Paris), Oil on canvas




When I went to Metropolitan Museum with my one my group member. I went to the European painting department to look at some of the painting. While I was walking around, I came across this painting named Echo. The artists of the painting were Alexandre Cabanel (French, Montpellier 1823–1889 Paris). When I saw this painting, it reminded me of the painting we saw in class which was the Olympia by Edouard Manet. In Cabanel painting, it looks more naturalistic. Olympia looks more agressive to the audience. Both of the painting are very similar because they both are covered on the bottom.  The function of Cabanel painting is to dipict the nudity of her body and realism. They both were painted in a way which was to show the details of their ideal body. The differences between those two painting are that the painting of Echo painting looks more realistic because the drapes of the scarf look very realistic. Another difference is that the painting of Olympia, she is only covering her bottom part with her hand instead Echo’s is cover with very lights scarf. Also, in Olympia’s painting, there is a servant next to her who is holding a flower while Echo does not have anyone beside her. In Olympia painting, she looks like she is waiting for another customer since she is a prostitute. Her body looks flat and the little bit of dirt on some spot. While in Echo, she looks like shocked.

These paintings are actually related to classics because in classics we learned that Aphrodite was depicted as naked but Greeks would actually use nudes all the time. Also. her nudity shows the nature and power of the goddess. Aphrodite was associated with the love and the beauty.

-Mantaha Mannan, Team Vulcan



Waiting For An Apology?

Dear Erin,

In a world filled with anger and hatred, there is no room for more. Being the parent of a special needs child is no easy task. I’m very sorry your friend had such a harsh reaction to your daughters behavior. It would seem like she requires a few lessons in empathy. She appears to be too self absorbed and needy of your attention. I can not help but disagree with the advice given by Philip Galanes. Rather I would focus on reaching out to your friend and explaining your daughter’s situation. At the same trying to forgive your friend and rekindle your friendship. As Marcus Aurelius said “To work against one another is therefore contrary to nature, and to be angry against a man or turn one’s back on him is to work against him.” With this in mind reach out to your friend and help her understand and hopefully she will.


Oliver Khoury, Team Hestia



Stand UP!

Dear Anonymous:

For sure you have witness the unfair judgement from a child, the silence action of yours will not be tolerant with the Roman spirit. You should stand out with your bravery and be able to teach the boy of wrong and right, beauties and ugliness of human nature. Keeping silence is the way that push a child into fire, because he was born pure, not the blood that contaminate him, but is the environment that pollute his soul and his awareness. What the child said is racist, and put yourself in that condition, you will not have been so calm, the way you stand up to that boy is a way you stand up to yourself, to fight your own weakness and be strong to your surrounding. That is what called the Roman spirit, to live everyday like it was the end of the world. Like Marcus Aurelius wrote “Firmly, as a Roman and a man should, think at all times how you can perform the task at hand with precise and genuine dignity, sympathy, independence, and justice, making your·· self free from all other preoccupations. ” and “Say to yourself in the morning: I shall meet people who are interfering, ungracious, insolent, full of guile, deceitful and antisocial; they have all become like that because they have no understanding of good and evil.” But you, you are the one who can determine what are the right and what are the wrong, and it’s your’s responsibility to educated the other and rescue them from the evils.

Galanes, Philip. “Should I Stay Silent During One Child’s Populist Taunt of Another?” The New York Times, The New York Times, 22 Dec. 2016,


Diagnosing out of concern?

Dear Amanda,

Your concern with your friend diagnosing people and her family is a huge concern indeed. With what the columnist suggested you do is a rather good starting point to solving or working out your concern. Asking her why she’s doing this allows you to understand her perspective as to why she keeps diagnosing others, even though she’s not a trained professional in the field. This can lead to a more open discussion on her viewpoint and maybe this can be your chance to add yours as well since you never brought up your perspective on her doing this. Maybe it’s herself that needs a diagnosis, and not her family members. Also, when it comes to her diagnosing those that you like, stand up for them instead of listening to her say false things about your friends and not doing anything about it.

What Marcus Aurelius would advise the writer to do is to let her friend understand to not overthink and worry about others and instead, think of herself. Let the professionals do the job, not her. ” The third part is the directing mind. Throw away your books, be no longer anxious: that was not your given role” (Marcus Aurelius 12). While for Juvenal, he might suggest doing the opposite, allow her to continue to “educating” or “entertaining” others of their diseases that they weren’t aware of. “Off you go, you maniac, zoom through the hostile Alps—to entertain schoolboys and to be put into their speeches” (Juvenal 6).

-Michaela (Michelle, Team Zeus)

Galanes, Philip. “The Friend Who Diagnoses Too Much.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 1 Dec. 2017, http://www.nytimes.com/2017/12/01/style/the-friend-who-diagnoses-too-much.html?rref.