Field Work

Image result for Greek temple lower manhattan

One member of your team needs to print and bring along a copy of this worksheet.

All team members need to have their own copy of the instructions printed out! This sheet contains additional information about the buildings that will assist you in completing the worksheet.

Where to meet? How to prepare? Review these Preliminary Directions previously sent via email.

This is a team graded exercise!  See Prof. Yarrow’s syllabus for details.

Preliminary Directions

This week’s field trip will be to lower Manhattan.  Each team will have a worksheet that needs to be filled out.  This worksheet will be a list of questions on each of six building you are to visit as a team.  To prevent crowding and confusion at any one location we have staggered your start times and places.  We anticipate you will need to spend about 15-20 minutes at each of the six buildings, but feel free to take longer if you need it to answer the questions.

Prof. Simon and Prof. Yarrow will be stationed at the statue of George Washington in front of Federal Hall, 26 Wall Street for the duration of your tours (9.45-1.45).  This is where you come if you’re having any challenges and we’ll also be talking to each team individually as they visit the Federal Hall about their progress!  You may also email either of us with real-time questions.  We’ll have our phones on us during this time and will be checking for any urgent emails.   At least one team member must return to this location at the end of your tour to turn in your completed work sheets.

Final versions of the worksheet will be available for printing by noon on Thursday from the website (if not earlier)!   Your team needs to have printed at least one hard copy for submission.  All team members should have a copy of the questions and directions with them.

In preparation:

  • Print out worksheet or directions
  • Make sure you can get in touch with team members = exchange contact info!
  • Learn how to drop a pin or share your location from a smart phone to help you meet up with lost teammates.

What to bring:

  • A hard surface for writing on
  • A good pen/pencil and at least one backup
  • A copy of the worksheet and directions
  • Good walking shoes
  • Weather appropriate clothing
  • A bag lunch OR money to purchase lunch

Meeting places and times by team:


U.S. Custom House

Bowling Green

9.45 am 1/Zeus
10 am 7/Artemis
10.15 am 16/Mars
10.30 am 20/Hestia

NY Stock Exchange

8-18 Broad Street 

9.45 am 2/Jupiter
10 am 8/Diana
10.15 am 18/ Mercury


Federal Hall National Memorial

26 Wall Street

9.45 am 3/Aphrodite
10 am 10/Minerva
10.15 am 13/Juno
10.30 am 19/Vesta

American Surety Building

100 Bway (across from Trinity Church cemetery, near Pine St)

9.45 am 4/Venus
10 am 11/Cronos
10.15 am 14/Hera

American Telephone and Telegraph Building

195 Broadway (at Dey Street)

9.45 am 5/Hephaestus
10 am 12/Saturn
10.15 am 15/Ares

City Bank-Farmers Trust Company Building

20 Exchange Place, btwn William and Hanover Streets

9.45 am 6/Vulcan
10 am 9/Athena
10.15 am 17/Hermes


Map of locations (see labels).

Worksheet Directions for Reference

The team worksheet (only one per team!) and hand it in to Prof. Simon or Prof. Yarrow at the end of your tour.  You can find us at the statue of George Washington in front of Federal Hall.  Buildings may be visited in any order.  Your team meeting place and time has been assigned.  See website or email.  All team members present should take a turn being recorder at least one site.

 As you conduct your walking tour, you should be on the lookout for FASCES (pronounced ‘fas-KEEYS’).   Each member of the team should take a picture of a representation of fasces and post to the class blog with the location of the example and an idea of why this design element might have been used in that location.  (tags: fasces, SeeninNYC)

What are fasces?

Fasces are a symbol of the authority of a Roman magistrate (= elected official).   At Rome sovereignty (power) rested with the people.  Election and correct religious observance bestowed ability to exercise power on behalf of the people (imperium from which we get our English words, empire and imperial).   Fasces were real bundles of rods carried by attendants called lictors.  The lictors followed the magistrates everywhere as long as they had imperium.  A magistrate could order their lictors to enforce their commands with force, i.e. by using the rods to beat those who did not obey.  In military contexts, that is anywhere outside the sacred boundary of the city of Rome (pomerium) the fasces had axes added to them.   A real axe was tied into the bundle of rods, this symbolized the ability of the magistrate to order his magistrate to summarily execute anyone who disobeyed.  Needless to say these powers were controversial!

What do fasces look like? 




Liberty Head Dime, Adolph Weinman, 1916-1945, fasces with axe on reverse (not to scale!)

U.S. Custom House, Cass Gilbert, 1907

Bowling Green

List all the Greek and Roman architectural forms that you see.  You may include drawings if you wish, especially if you’re not sure of the architectural term:

Sculptures of the Four Continents are on the building because:

How is their inclusion here similar to the function of the sculpture on the Parthenon?


City Bank – Farmers Trust building, Cross and Cross, 1930-31

20 Exchange Place, at Beaver Street

Walk around the whole perimeter of this building paying close attention to the use of coins as a form of decoration.    Describe three of the types of coin designs you see.

for example: “On Beaver Street façade on a central window lintel there is a coin with two heads, we can read the following letters Ho KALENI VITR, one of the heads has a hat or helmet, the other has a wreath and longer hair.  The faces are classicizing and idealized.”

Why do you think coins were chosen as decoration?  Why these specific coins?


NY Stock Exchange, George B. Post, 1901-3

8-18 Broad Street

This building is modeled after:

What does the architectural design express about the role of money and finance in New York City?


Federal Hall National Memorial, Ithiel Town and Alexander Jackson Davis (interior by John Frazee and Samuel Thompson), 1833-42

26 Wall Street

Based on the façade, Federal Hall seems to be modeled after:

List at least two formal elements that support your conclusion above:

Compared to the Stock Exchange, Federal Hall is:

After going inside Federal Hall, did you change your mind?

If no, why not?  If yes, why?

Consider the site design.  From which direction/angle is the building meant to be approached?

What ancient building does Federal Hall resemble, with regard to its site design?  How?


American Surety Building, Bruce Price, 1895

100 Bway (across from Trinity Church cemetery, near Pine St)

How do the parts of this skyscraper resemble a column?

The base is represented by:

The shaft is represented by:

The capital is represented by:

You may sketch a diagram for clarity if you wish.


American Telephone and Telegraph Building, Welles Bosworth, 1912-23

195 Broadway (at Dey Street)

The ground floor interior resembles the Parthenon because:

The space is fundamentally different from the Parthenon because:


Now that you’ve concluded your walking tour, how has your perception of ancient buildings and images changed?

Additional Comments: