A Contemporary Take on Ukiyo-e Style

art blog post

At first glance, the vase does not bear any similarity to Edo style art. Off the bat, it lacks an appreciation of female beauty and has a non-figural subject. At closer inspection, however, we see resemblance and a certain similarity to the Edo style of Ukiyo-e art. More specifically, it uses the color schemes and floral incorporation of Chōbunsai Eishi’s work and calls to mind his famous piece, Three Types of Beauties in Edo (1770-1829). Most of his art was figural, focusing on female beauty standards of that period. The medium and style are different, but the focus on pale delicate beauty and depiction of cherry blossoms is almost a modernized re-interpretation of conventional Ukiyo-e style depictions of blossoms (other ukiyo-e images below for reference).

Image result for Ukiyo-e cherry blossoms

Image result for Ukiyo-e cherry blossoms



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I moved to Long Island from Trinidad, and it was a good transition to move from the Caribbean to another island in New York because I could still enjoy some of the same things that I enjoyed in Trinidad, like going to the beach. One of my favorite beaches in Long Island is Smith Point Beach in Mastic. I loved that the waves were often rough and I loved playing in the sand because when I closed my eyes and just laid back in the sun, I could imagine that I was still on the beach in Trinidad.


Smith Point is a very unique beach and you need to walk down a long passage to get to the beach. On that passage, you will walk past a memorial. It took me two years to realize that it was a memorial because the first thing that I would notice was an image of a wave on the front and just some country flags. I was heading to the beach! I didn’t really think to stop and observe what the image and the flags meant.

One day, I finally walked into the memorial and I was heart-broken. The flags that were flying, represented the deaths of people that died in a plane crash right off the coast of Smith Point. On the front of a big, black carving of stone was an image of The Great Wave Off Kanagawa by Katsushika Hokusai. The wave is placed on the front of the memorial to symbolize the plane crashing into the ocean and being swallowed by the waves. Had you been at Smith Point standing at the spot of the memorial on July 19th, 1996 at 8:31 pm, you would have seen the plane crash and burn directly in front of you. All 230 passengers on board died.

Their names are on the back of the stone with the Great Wave, appearing to be part of the ocean and permanently part of the Great Wave. The Great Wave is tweaked a bit to fit the memorial, like Mount Fuji is no longer part of the piece. It’s peaceful, I like the idea of them being a part of the ocean, it’s haunting and comforting at the same time. The big block was supposed to look like shards of the airplane that crashed. Whatever belongings were found were put under the wave in the memorial.  It gives a completely new meaning to the Great Wave for me, it gives it a different purpose. The wave is almost eery without it’s blue color, replaced by black on the memorial. It is a good sentiment and definitely a life-changing memorial.

-Mckensi Pascall, Team Aphrodite

The Square

While on Thanksgiving break my family and I were headed to New Jersey when I spotted this building in downtown Brooklyn. The specific location is unknown, but the reason I took a picture of this building is because it reminded me of Bernini’s St. Peter’s square. Although unclear, the building in the picture has a lot of columns, that sprouts tall and thick into the base of the building. Which is why I thought it resembled St. Peter’s square where the columns are so wide and tall they appear to be at the height of a 3 story building. Inside, or behind the column at the front, the arches seem to be creating different walk ways or passages where people can walk through to get across.



Altogether with the combination of the big columns and the goth ceilings, that space gives the walkers an illusion of being under a very tall space which replicates how someone would feel walking under the St. Peter’s square.

Fame from Caravaggio

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I have this piece of clothing from the brand Off-White by Virgil Abloh. Found it very relatable because his brand rose to fame because of the shirts and hoodies he made with the caravaggio in the middle. I had only one piece with the design which is this shirt. It is a brand thats been trending everywhere and the piece actually is named  Caravaggio Tee. I thought it was his own design and seemed really cool but realized after the lesson that he isn’t actually the original creator of this type of art. It is unclear if this is actual Caravaggio paintings or if its inspired by his works of art. Either way I find it to be a really nice piece of clothing. It is different and shows much correlation within the aspects of his actual paintings. The colors are very realistic and show over dramatization.

For this blog post, I decided to write about this sculpture/art that I found while on our museum field trip.
This sculpture of a God reminded me most of Gian Lorenzo, Ecstasy of Saint Teresa. Although the meaning and imagery of both arts aren’t quite the same, the way it was crafted to me, reminded me of it. With his bodily details coming through, to his posture and his facial expressions, it reminded me of how that was seen in Gian Lorenzo’s sculptures of Saint Teresa and the angel. This also reminded me of the art on the walls surrounding Saint Teresa. It was made of a bronze looking material and was covered with a piece of cloth, with his hands stretching out in the vastness. The pose of this God or man reminded me of the way Jesus Christ on the Cross when he dies. Although the meaning between those two also, is different as well.

This art most likely represented peace and power, since on the sides it says “Service to the Nation” and “In peace and war”. Above the sculpture were a marble looking globe with one woman and one man at the edges of the globe. This can represent unity with the United States that is shown in the middle of the globe.


-Michelle Z, Team Zeus

A Modern Triptych


When I was reading the assigned readings I saw the painting of the Elevation of The Cross by Peter Paul and thought it looked remarkably like the modern triptychs we see today in common households. However many of today’s triptychs, unlike the old paintings aren’t as usually dark. The paintings from the 1600’s are very gothic in look. They are dark with an emphasis on the subject with either brighter colors or a ray of light or something similar. The modern paintings are more likely to be playful and bright such as the one displayed above. However in both they are one continuous painting separated into three parts.

Fasces, Fasces Everywhere!

DD079E57-07A7-40D9-9600-C76882DB55E1We learned about Fasces on our field trip. They are a symbol of authority usually found on ancient coins and even on present day works such as the Lincoln Memorial.

They were used by prominent figures such as Augustus to show political power. However, this past Sunday after watching a movie at BAM in Downtown Brooklyn I discovered fasces on lamp posts. Having passed these buildings often, I know their architecture is inspired by that of Ancient Rome. But what boggles me are the placement of this fasces. They are supposed to be political symbols, why are they outside a place known for the performing arts?

The question persists…

Carrissa, Team Hestia




                  In this image that I am going to show cannot find it in your everyday life but you can see it in the MET. I found this painting appropriate for this blog because first, theres monkeys and second because it reminded me a lot of Vermeers painting from class. “The Art of Painting” by Johannes Vermeer depictes a painting of Vermeer himself painting in a very elegant and nobel dress, in comparison to the monkeys in “The Experts” by Alexandre-Gabriel Decamps. “The Experts” shows not a person painting but monkeys examining a piece of art work to show that the art of the past should indicate contemporary taste. In this case, a comparison with the meaning behind “The art of painting” show art’s importance while “The Experts” shows the arts meaning. The composition in both paintings enhances a physical and emotional depiction of the narrator’s view. Moreso, monkeys are depicting themselves as educated and having modest dress showing wealth similar to Vermeer’s painting. These monkeys separate the difference between 1600 and 1800 century art with the new movement of antiquity. In the scenery of “The Experts” seems to be a messy looking studio while Vermeer was more of a clean slick look. I believe Vermeer was trying too hard depicting himself as an ideal painter. Therefore, despite differences in the narrators depiction of art, they both revolve in the emphasises on structure and composition for a direct connection to the audience. Painters are this time didn’t had much literary individuals so pictures were a great way to inform meaning and a story. 

Unit 4: Toward The Modern


24259530_911754582308959_1455839923_oThe photo displayed above was taken at a Mexican Restaurant in Manhattan, New York. I thought that this picture was relevant to unit four’s ‘Ecstasy of Saint Theresa’ and ‘Judith slaying Holofernes’ because of the empowering image women receive from the three art works. Saint Theresa, Judith and the woman above all have something in common, and that is a weapon and they all seem like strong women in general. The function of the three works are all symbolizing the power of women and how strong they can be, which makes them similar. What is different different about the photo and the works in Unit four is that Judith and Saint Theresa are both depicted slaying another character, but the photo taken above seems more about justice and is less brutal. Additionally, the form of the artwork for each piece is different, the ‘Ecstasy of Saint Theresa’ is a sculpture, ‘Judith Slaying Holofernes’ is an in depth painting with artistic techniques and the picture above seems like it was created with paint.

The photo above is also similar to the Greek Goddess Athena. Athena is the goddess of Wisdom and military victory. The woman shown above stands straight and proud with a a weapon in her right hand which does seem to show some sort of authority. She also reminds me of Aphrodite because of her beauty. Although her eyes aren’t showing, she seems beautiful.

Sunzida Mahbub, Team Athena.

Liss’s and Caravaggio’s works



The painting that I chose is “Nymph and Shepherd” by Johann Liss made in c. 1625. It is an oil in canvas. I found this in the Metropolitan museum. In this painting, we see that a passing shepherd with a crook in his hand has discovered a sleeping nymph who is at once intensely physical and a vision of ancient youth. This painting reminds me of Caravaggio’s, Calling of the St. Matthew, which represents Jesus pointing out at St. Matthew to be one of his apostles. If I compare both the pieces, I see various similarities and differences.

The similarities I see is the use of the colors. The colors that are most used are dark such as black, red and white in both the paintings. The paintings show the contrast between the light and the dark concept. We also see the chairoscuro lighting in both the paintings. In Liss’s painting, the light is coming form the unknown source (maybe a sunlight) is thrown upon the nymph. In Caravaggio’s painting, the light from the unknown source is thrown upon St. Mathew. The difference is that in Caravaggio’s painting we see a religious figure, Jesus whereas in Liss’s work, there is no religious figure. The Liss’s painting’s space is forest and Caravaggio’s painting space is the room. There is more movement in the Caravaggio’s painting because there are so many people and each of them are engaged in doing something. One is counting the money, other one is pointing at someone, etc. However, in Liss’s painting there are two characters from which one is sleeping and other is just looking at him.

I can connect this to something I studied in Classics class in the first unit. In the first unit, we learned about Aphrodite and her nymphs. In the Greek mythology, Greek goddesses were often illustrated with nymphs. I also found a quote from the Homeric Hymn of Aphrodite, “the Argos-killer (Hermes), abducted me, taking me from a festival of song and dance in honor off Artemis, the one with the golden arrows. There were many of us nymphs there, maidens worth many cattle as bride-price.” In this quote, Aphrodite talks about how she was kidnapped by the Hermes to make her dance in honor of Artemis. There were many nymphs there. This is how the nymph in the painting reminded me of the nymphs of Aphrodite.

Gurleen Kaur, Team Venus

Saving Bank Baroque Style

This is the Williamsburgh Savings Bank. It is located 175 Broadway, Brooklyn, NY 11211. This building reminded me of the architectural style of the Baroque Era. Baroque is used to describe art with very intricate and complex designs. It uses chiaroscuro in order to dramatize the topic of art. This bank uses the lighting to illuminate the architecture at night. This draws the viewers’ attention to the building in order for the viewer to fully acknowledge the beauty and the play with shadows. just like how baroque art uses chiaroscuro in order to exaggerate the figures in any art. Much like the arms of the church in St. Peter’s Square, this building uses Tuscan order for their columns, so a viewer can focus their attention on other aspects of the building. one major difference between Baroque Art and this building is that there is no religious intent within the architecture. In its era, baroque art was used to bring in and reassure the faith of God and Christianity in people, but this building, as far as I’m concerned, is just for the complicity of the building.

-Fariah, Team Hermes 17

The Last Supper


This is on the wall of my house. I thought that it would be useful for this assignment because when I see it I can relate it to Baroque art. I can relate it to Baroque art because it shows a Catholic Biblical story and that’s what Baroque art was basically about, trying to involve the viewer in inspire to faith. It can also be added that naturalism is presented here, which is also a characteristic of Baroque art. In the scene of the last supper of Jesus and his twelve apostles, it presents these human figures, figures of men that give it the naturalistic touch. It differs from other works of Baroque art that we saw because, not being a painting, you can not appreciate the use of light and shadow that is a fundamental part of Baroque art. Also the material with which this is made is not used in any work of art seen in this unit.

Jamilex Dominguez. Team Mercury.

Les Nymphéas


When at the MoMA earlier this month, one of the parts I was most looking forward to was Monet’s artwork. Impressionism is one of my favorite art movements and I really love the use of color in this painting. The easy work to compare this painting to would be the Water Lilies by Monet which were discussed in class; however, I am going to compare it to Hokusai’s Under the Wave off Kanagawa.

First the style of this artwork is reminiscent of flowing water, like that of the wave. The sense of movement from the flowers and their background creates the illusion that they are drifting back and forth in real water. Another similarity between these two works is the use of diagonal lines. The water lilies in Monet’s work stem from the bottom right corner and grow up towards the top left, while Hokusai’s wave starts at the top left and is captured in the moment before it crashes down to the bottom right.

Finally; however, there are obvious differences between these two artworks. The movement that they were created in is different, though Monet was greatly inspired by the work of Hokusai. Their medium is also extremely different. Hokusai uses Ukiyo-E, Japanese woodblock prints, while Monet creates his art with oil painting. Learning about these two artists was incredibly interesting to me due to the now mixing cultures that were separated for so long.

-Sheila Kelly, Team Saturn

The Great Wave


The picture above shows the cover of one of my sketchbooks that features a print of Katsushika Hokusai’s Under the Wave off Kanagawa. The modern version is a near exact copy of the original, though the new image draws the viewer’s gaze to the large wave instead of Mt. Fuji in the background. Additionally, the space between the foreground and background differ between works, as the newer one fills the cover with images of the wave and boats, and the original has an expansive empty space covering a majority of the print. Regardless, both works were intended to be viewed and enjoyed by an audience as a symbol of art and creativity, either through influential Japanese trade or by providing a space to collect various other works of art and creation via the sketchbook itself. The medium on which both pieces were created are fairly similar, each being ink-printed onto paper. The original Wave, however, was stamped into the initial paper copy by use of wooded stamps coated in different colored dyes. The contemporary version was etched into a cardboard slab in a similar, though modern, fashion using laser-jet printers and the respective dyes that are used by them. The biggest difference between the two images, aside from the printing methods, are the ways each piece is appreciated. The original was sold and distributed all across the world and made to be admired, though the modern image is simply a pretty book cover that is not meant to have much though put into it, as books emphasize the exploration of whatever lies between the covers rather than what’s on them.

Chiaroscuro Woman


Over the weekend, I went to the Metropolitan Museum of Art and came across this portrait which reminded me of Caravaggio’s Calling of St.Matthew painting. The painting above is Simon Vouet’s Woman Playing a Guitar, French, Paris 1618Similar to the Calling of St.Matthew, both artists (Caravaggio and Vouet) use chiaroscuro, an oil painting technique used to contrast the light on the main figure with the darkness of the background. This allows the audience to not only focus on the important figures of the painting, but the contrast between light and dark highlights and emphasizes significant details that the artist may want the audience to notice. The use of light in this case shows every ripple in the woman’s silk blouse. One can determine the different textures of the different objects through the use of light. It gives a sense of naturalism, and catches one’s attention by putting the spot light directly above the woman’s head. By seeing how soft her skin is, how her golden and red wardrobe effortlessly flows down, how delicate her fingers wrap around the guitar, it gives off a strong sensual feeling that forces to viewer to pay close attention to her. The background is completely black, making her stand out the most.

In Caravaggio’s Calling of St.Matthew, there are seven figures in the painting, making it difficult to highlight one specific element as the Woman Playing a Guitar portrait does. In this case, there is a light shining diagonally from the right hand corner that focuses on St.Matthew and Christ. Both are directly looking at each other. This form of light creates a very dramatic effect in which the audience can distinguish the relative importance of each character in the painting. The contrast between light and dark in this case shows that the characters’ faces being highlighted are those who notice Christ’s presence, while the other two figures are unaware that he is present.

Although, both artists may use chiaroscuro to highlight the important figures in their painting, how they go about it are fairly different. The Woman Playing a Guitar’s background is completely black, making her presence impossible to miss, while the Calling of St.Matthew‘s background had more variety and substance (religious factor) in it because there were more people and actions occurring. Also, the way each artist executed their form of lighting was different yet still accomplished the same job. Vouet’s form of lighting was more natural and less abrupt because the light came from a bird’s eye view with a zoomed in portrait of the woman. Caravaggio’s lighting came from a window, in which you can see the sharp edges of the shadow from the interior of the building focusing of St.Matthew. Both highlight the figure’s face, but the orientation of the light drastically determines each figure’s purpose in the paintings.

Mary Huang, Team Vulcan

Wavy book


As I was thinking of what I would post for the art blog, a book my parents read to me as a child came to mind. This book was tales from Alexander Pushkin, a Russian author. The outside and inside covers show a picture of a wave that reminded me of “The Great Wave off Kanagaw”. Its a form of Japanese art but mixed in with western art.

The drawing on the cover and inside of the book portrays waves. In Hokusai’s painting there are waves and one big wave that looks like its about to crash down. In this book there also one wave that appears bigger then the rest and looks like its about to come back down. However unlike the book, where the waves are simple in Hokusai’s work the waves are more in detail. The waves look mean and harsh. Theres also background which shows Mount Fuji unlike in the book where its just the sky and a bird.

The Blue Wall-Paper


While shopping for new wallpaper for my family’s living room, I came upon this wallpaper pattern by William Morris, called Medway, created in the late 19th century. It is interesting that The Great Wave by Katsushika Hokusai was also created during the 19th century, although the first half of it. In class, we discussed how European artists took ideas from Japanese art and incorporated them in their own art. William Morris was an artist from the United Kingdom, so it is possible he was influenced by Japanese art, maybe even by The Great Wave itself. Also, the hues of blue used in this pattern reminded me of the blues in The Great Wave. The contrast of a softer periwinkle-like color used for the flower stems against the darker blue background is also used by Hokusai in his work to create dimension depth on the waves. In class, we also discussed how The Great Wave has some dimension but is mostly flat, similar to other ukiyo-e style artworks. In Morris’ wallpaper pattern. he creates depth by placing the bigger flowers in the foreground. The white flowers in the back cut off at intervals to show that there are objects in front of them. Other than this, Medway is a relatively flat image.

Elene T., Team Mars

Vaccaro’s Depiction of Christ


After looking for some examples of baroque paintings, I found an interested painting from Italian artist Andrea Vaccaro titled La Pietà. The painting displays an interesting piece of the chiaroscuro in the background and foreground. The way the lighting is situated on the body of Christ and the figure presumably to be the Virgin Mary is shown more prominently than the other figures presented in shadow. The painting reminds me of two similar works of art: Pietà by Michelangelo and The Entombment of Christ by Caravaggio; Pietà is a sculpture of the Virgin Mary cradling the body of Jesus, which is represented in paint form, hence the title in Vaccaro’s. The Entombment of Christ is a painting by Caravaggio that depicts Christ’s followers placing him in the tomb, which also shows the followers of Christ handling his deceased flesh. In Caravaggio’s work, the chiaroscuro is also presented with light primarily on Christ with shadow slightly more present in the background and the followers’ faces. This also reminds me of classics because of the connections between depictions of Christ and Caesar. In classics, we learned about the Ides of March and Caesar’s influence in art and writings after his assassination. In the time of Vaccaro’s painting, depictions of Christ are at the center of the Protestant/Counter-Protestant Reformation. In addition, Caesar’s influence in the Roman Empire relates to Christ’s influence in Europe in this exact distinction.

-A.C. Bowman, Team Saturn

St. Jean Baptiste


St. Jean Baptiste Roman Catholic Church is a parish church in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York at the corner of Lexington Avenue and East 76th Street in the Lenox Hill neighborhood of the Upper East Side of Manhattan, New York City.

This church reminds me of a St. Peter’s Basilica. They both have similar interior especially elements of baroque art. The walls and ceilings are otherwise decorated with paintings in the Baroque style. Both of them have domes, baroque painting, sculptures around and use of the illusory effect.
Corinthian columns support a ribbed dome, topped by a smaller version of the top with a cross. These are echoes of the larger dome in the middle.” Outside we also can see pediment and columns at the entrance to both churches which is elements of classical Roman style but the broken pediment is a Baroque element which is used on St. Peter’s Basilica. Use of light that creates a dramatic effect by use of several windows. Another feature was the use of ornaments plaster or stucco, marble or faux finishing, they used large-scale ceiling frescoes and Baroque external façade is often characterized by a dramatic central projection.

-Yuliya K. Team Minerva


Hierachy in Art works

While I was looking for images for my paper assignment on the MET site, I came across this portrait, which quickly reminded me of the sculpture of the Equestrian Oba and Attendants discussed in class.
Both artworks were sculptured in a way which pays attention to hierarchies and status than the physical features of the individuals. In the sculpture above, the war chief in the middle is the person with the most significant rank and authority while the Oba (King) is the crucial figure in the portrait of the Equestrian Oba and Attendants. Additionally, the distinctive regalia worn by both the Oba and the warrior chief show their power and rank in the Ancient Benin Kingdom. The king is in a coral beaded regalia, and the warrior chief is in army regalia. The brass used to make the plague, and the rosette shapes that adorn the background of each plague, show Western influence which was copied from the Portuguese through trade and mutual dealings.
Concerning differences, the Oba is on horseback, and the warrior chief is standing on his foot. Also, some of the attendants flanking the Oba are holding a shield above his head to protect him from a possible attack or the rays of the sun. Contrastingly, the attendants flanking the warrior chief are not covering him from a potential attack. One of his attendants is holding a fan to cool him off, and another is holding a trumpet to announce his presence.
To add to, the warrior chief is holding a ceremonial sword in his left hand, which signifies gesture of honor and loyalty and holds a fan-like sword with his right hand, while the Oba is holding nothing.
Interestingly, we spoke of social hierarchy in Classical studies. We learned that social class was hierarchical and the various ways citizens were ranked in the Roman Republic. The status of freeborn Romans during the days of the Republic was determined by ancestry roots (either Plebeian or Patrician), the attainment of honors by the person or his family and citizenship. We also talked about how wealthy people and the politically privileged citizens were ranked higher in the society.
Richard David Gyimah, Team Vulcan.

Chiaroscuro in different Paintings


Last weekend some of my  group members and I visited the Metropolitan Museum of Art for an upcoming paper assignment. As we were walking through the European Arts section this particular painting caught my attention. Almost immediately I felt that this painting closely resembled a painting we were recently learning about in class. The painting is titled The Sheepfold, 1857 and it was painted by Charles Jacque. The Sheepfold reminded me of The Calling of St. Matthew painted by Caravaggio. One of the similarities I’ve noticed is that both artist use a form of tenebrism called Chiaroscuro which is the contrast between light and shadow in a painting. One major difference between both paintings is that the Calling of St Matthews was a painting that had religious figures in it and is portraying a significant moment in the history of Christianity. The Sheepfold is explained to be a painting of a barn that was owned by a friend of Jacque in the village of Barbizon. It had no religious figures or symbols in the painting it was simply a painting of something he has experienced.

Naim, Team Vulcan

Unit 4 Blog Post


For this unit, I merely just took a stroll around my camera roll because when thinking about what I would use for this unit, I knew I would have something in there. I eventually found a picture I took while I was at New York Comic Con, of the artwork of an artist I can’t particularly remember the name of. All I know is that these pieces are beautiful and resemble what we learned in Unit 4, Baroque style art. A big hallmark of baroque art is tenebrism or Chiaroscuro, a contrast between light and shadows, and I believe that these various pieces exhibit such characteristics. All of these pieces have major contrasts between light and shadows. In fact that’s one of the things that really drew my eye towards these pieces, the way they highlight the comic characters using drastic contrasts between light and shadows. the way these pieces utilize such a thing reminds me and makes me think of Caravaggio’s “Calling of Saint Matthews”. Although, these pieces don’t highlight the same subject of Caravaggio’s piece (an event of a specific religion) nor do they have the same scale or layout. Nonetheless, they, in my personal opinion, resemble the style of Baroque art greatly.

The angel of Bay parkway

On bay-parkway and between 62 and 63 Street Brooklyn I️ found this statue in-front of Saint Athanasius elm school. What I️ first would like to say is how I️ pass by this statue almost everyday and just now realized I️t relates to class. The statue is of Michael the Archangel. What I️ found similar is how both this statue and the “Ecstasy of Saint Theresa” by Gian Lorenzo Bernini is that both angel are standing is similar fashion with their weapon posed in the same stance. The wings of this angel and the angel made by Bernini both are positioned opposite of how how a normal angels wings would be , where they would be spreader our. The hairstyle of this angel and the angel made by Bernini are both the same. There also shows to be a lack of facial expression by both angels. The difference however I️ found was that Bernini was a religious artist who at one point had his own religious premonition however I️ feel as though this work that I️ found in front of the church is almost simply a decoration.

My Baroque Furniture

BeFunky Collage couch

Baroque artwork is an art style created in the 1600-1750s used to convey emotion and evoke feeling from its audience or observer. This art style is seen from furniture, structures and paintings of the time period. The table in the bottom right image is an actual piece of furniture created during the Baroque period. When we take a look at both pieces of furniture , the top being mine and he bottom being a historical remnant, the have almost the same style design. They have the same curled in spiral like feature and the flower petal like semi circle circle featured in the focal point of both pieces of furniture. These intricate designs capture the shadows in between and create a sense of warmth. The only difference is that brown wood is used as the medium for my furniture and gold is used for the Baroque table.


Samantha Ramai, Minerva

Table Citation


Jesus On The Cross


This statue of Jesus on the cross is down the block from my house in front of our local church. Seeing this statue I was instantly reminded of Peter Paul Rubens’ Elevation of the Cross (1610) which depicts a crucified Jesus being lifted upright by a large group of people. The two pieces of art share the same main figure (Jesus), but have many differences. Other then the fact that one is a physical statue and the other is a painting, the depiction of Jesus is vastly different. In Elevation of the Cross Jesus is shown as extremely muscular and in peak physical shape, while in this local statue Jesus’ ribs can be seen through a very thin and frail appearance. As we spoke about in class these different depictions could be for several reasons, in the case of the painting where Jesus is shown to be very muscular it can be due to the ideal body type of the time. Where as the statue can be showing Jesus as frail to serve a purpose, showing Jesus to be frail will give those walking up to the figure for help the idea that Jesus is suffering in order to help and aid them.

Oliver Khoury, Team Hestia

Met Alexander the Great in Metropolitan Museum of Art

The new Baroque style of art had emerged close to the end of 16th Century in Western Europe. Baroque style painting use light and shadow, include realism and people has a dramatic movement. The following picture is called “Alexander the Great Rescued from the River Cydnus” painted by Pietro Testa at Rome by 1612-16. I saw it when I went to the Metropolitan Museum of Art, what catches my attention first was Alexander the Great because we had learned about him in our Clas1110 class. But after observing it carefully, I found some Baroque style characteristic on it. Compares to other Baroque painting like”Las Meninas” painted by Diego Velazquez, both painting has a contrast of light and shadow. In “Las Meninas”, the contour is dark and the light is focused on the center of the painting where the people are located. In “Alexander the Great Rescued from the River Cydnus”, Alexander is in the center of the painting and light is reflecting on him too. In Testas’ painting, we can see people are very emotional, acting dramatically try to save Alexander, and we don’t see these characteristics in Velazquez’s painting. Moreover, Self-portrait is a unique aspect of Baroque painting too. We see Velazquez himself at the left side in “Las Meninas”, however, we don’t see Testa in his painting because this is a campaign painting for Alexader the Great. We learned about him in our Clas1110 class, we know he was a great conqueror and the king of Macedonia from 336 to 323 B.C. He had united Greece and reestablished the Corinthian League, not only conquered Persian Empire and become their king but he also became the king of Babylon and Asia. This painting was painted during his war against Darius. The old man at the left side of the painting is the God of River and the right side are raised smoke from the fire set in Tarsus by Darius’s retreating troops. Overall, this is a very interesting painting, I see what I from both Art1010 and Clas1110 are interconnected on it.


Ukiyo-e style in Midwood

IMG_0301On my journey to pick up colored paper for my little sister at the 99 cents store, I came across a post card depicting an image painted by a Japanese artist. My first though was, wow they still sell these ancient things?! Followed by my second thought in which i noticed a resemblance between this image and other paintings we had seen in class incorporating Ukiyo-e style. This picture in particular depicts a leisure activity of ordinary people, an idea embodied by ukiyo-e artists. The sea is commonly idealized as aesthetically pleasurable and is quite literally a “floating world”–> the actual translation of the term. The moon reflecting over the waters with branches towering above the sea is an everyday occurance, especially in Japan.  The underlining difference between this image and typical ukiyo-e art is that ukiyo-e artists generally characterize urban lifestyle occurances as opposed to destinations in secluded, remote islands.

– Lauren Ishay

Lincoln Memorial

The Lincoln Memorial is located in Washington D.C. It is a national monument to honor Abraham Lincoln. Visually, this work of art is similar to Saint Peter’s Piazza. The columns and friezes are very similar. The Lincoln Memorial does not share the imperfect shapes of the Piazza. Rather, the Lincoln Memorial follows the idealized geometry of the High Renaissance. The Piazza is distinct in its dynamic use of trapezoids and ovals. The Piazza’s columns are not vertically decorated like the Lincoln Memorial’s. The Memorial follows a Doric order. Instead of having open space to direct attention to the basilica, the Lincoln Memorial utilizes a huge fountain to focus on the main structure. The Piazza is much older than the Memorial. This is clearly seen through the rustic and aging colors of the Piazza. The Lincoln Memorial is much newer, therefore has a much brighter and modern color. While both utilize techniques from the Renaissance, they have distinct features which tell them apart.

Lincoln Memorial


St. Peter’s Square


-Ahmed, Team Mars


Light and Dark


Isaac Blessing Jacob

The picture above is the a painting called Isaac Blessing Jacob by Gerbrand van den Eeckhout located in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. This painting reminds me of Caravaggio’s technique used in his painting Calling of St.Matthew, which is called Chiaroscuro. Chiaroscuro is a oil painting technique that contrast between light and dark to create a three dimensional form and dramatic effect. Both paintings were oil painted and used the technique of light and darkness. In Caravaggio’s work the light is focused in Saint Matthew’s face and darkness around him. Similarly, with the painting above the light is focused on Isaac and Jacob, as Jacob ask for his blessing and the darkness around them to show the tension of the event.  

Hoky, Team Saturn  

Wet Paint!

Water and Fish Flooded NYC Subway During Hurrican SandyLiving in NYC is a blessing. Almost everyday, a new beautiful piece of art awaits to be seen. I came across this beautiful piece of art on my way home. Ive become accustomed to it, so the thought of taking a picture of it slipped my mind. Luckily after some research, it comes to be that the exact piece of art I marveled over has gained quite a fan base over the years. I felt this piece was relevant to unit 4 because of the relationship in color and contrast with the Clause Monet Water Lilies. Making the connection in person thinking of both pieces at ones really made me understand and appreciate the influence of art and artist from the past. The creative mind has grown and elevated over time and I’m appreciative to witness such greatness. Though it was defiantly constructed from different materials, with the Water Lilies being painted on a canvas, while this fish was painted onto the subway walls. They share different meaning as well. The fish was to represent the flooding of the devastating hurricane Sandy that struck New York a few years back. Both pieces of work are immensely beautiful. Personally I’m a big fan of natural landscapes, so I automatically granted to both of these works.

Ishmeal James

Artemis Team7

From China to Germany


Metropolitan Museum of Art
Pouring Vessel (Kendi)
Germany ca. 1710-12

This can be found in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. It’s exhibit name is Kendi or pouring vessel is primarily used in Southeast Asia for drinking and pouring liquids. The interesting thing about this piece of pottery is that it was made in Germany with German supplies. The material is Bottger Stoneware, a red stoneware made by a man who developed it at a factory. This is a mix of western and non western art together because the motifs of dragons, clouds, narcissuses, etc are motifs that can be found in China while the material and the artisans who made it came from Germany. This was also made around 1710 to 1712 so at this point China has traded with many European countries and it’s not surprising that chinese motifs have made their way to European pottery.


The Light


I went to the Metropolitan Museum few week ago, and I took some random pictures while I walk around the Art Gallery. This art work was one of them. This is “Attributed to Girolamo Mazzola Bedoli” Italian, Viadana ca. 1505-ca.1570 parma.

This painting shows the annunciation of Christ’s birth as taking place in the virgin’s bedroom, and there are angels surrounding Virgin’s. The candlelight is the only sources you can see that provide the light for the painting. The contrast between light and dark is obvious, light that shed on Virgin’s forehead and angel Gabriel face indicated the important meaning of these two characters in the painting.

In the Caravaggio painting ” Calling of St. Matthew”, the use of light is what it make the painting significant to the viewer. There are sharp contrast between the light and shadow, which create a vividness for the painting. Also there are difference between these two painting is that the “The Annunciation” are more toward perfection, and the characters in “Calling os St. Matthew” are more toward reality, man than have bear and light that give it weight and mass.

-YongQi Li, Team Minerva

Saint Theresa & Augustus?!

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This image was shared with me in a group chat, in which the members visited the museum. Only one person took pictures, but all were blurry, so this image from the internet was shared instead.

The picture depicted next to Bernini’s “Ecstasy of Saint Theresa” is from the Parrish Art Museum in Southampton, New York, and is the “Statue of Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus,” which is a replica of the “Augustus of Primaporta” Statue in Rome. This incredible piece is in some ways similar and different to the Baroque artist’s Counter Reformation piece. They both exhibit extremely alike traits in structure, while also displaying different characteristics to the other.

The two art pieces exhibit multiple similarities between each other. Firstly, they are extremely similar in their naturalistic appearances. The statue of Augustus is appropriately proportioned, like that of the bodies of the Angel and Saint Theresa, which highlights the realistic and humanistic traits of both figures, rather than standard, symmetrical figures (like the kouros). Additionally, both sculptures are made of marble. The use of marble is significant as both artists are able to depict what they want to portray through neat and skillful carvings. Furthermore, and importantly, they are both youthful. The angel in the Counter Reformation figure seems to be a child, while Saint Theresa seems to be a teen/young adult, since she is not filled with wrinkles or blemishes. Similarly, the statue of Augustus is muscular and young. Finally, they are not free-standing, and thus have support mechanisms.

In contrast, the two figures do produce different traits. Firstly, they have different meanings. The Ecstasy of Saint Theresa was made during the Catholics’ Counter Reformation period which served to reunite the Catholics with the Protestants, who seceded from Catholicism. As a result, it has a deeply religious meaning. The statue of Augustus has more of an authoritative, political and powerful atmosphere. Moreover, Bernini’s figure is really representative of the Baroque era with its dramatism and movement, especially evident in emotion in Saint Theresa’s action, whereas Augustus is in a contrapposto position, relaxed.

The statue of Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus relates to Classics in a number of ways. We are currently learning about Augustus and his actions after Julius Caesar was killed. This figure portrays Augustus leading Rome into the peaceful period of Pax Romana, as taught in Classics. Additionally, it portrays the values of the Romans we were taught: virtus, which meant manliness and courage, is depicted in this sculpture through his youthful look, with a breastplate to symbolize military affiliation, and muscular arms and legs; and pietas, which meant religious behavior, which is depicted in the cupid at the base.


Daniel, Team Diana.

Light and Dark

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As I was walking through the MET museum I came  across this painting which is known as Rembrandt, Aristotle with a bust of Homer.  This painting really portrays the contrast between light and dark which is known as tenebrism which is a form of chiaroscuro. This technique comes from the artist Caravaggio that he used in his famous painting which was the Calling of St.Mathew which we went over in class.  The painter shows the light coming across Homer’s head where as the background is mainly dark and creates this tenebrism affect just like the Calling of St.Mathew’s. Although they have similar techniques both paintings have different meanings to them. Both artists used light and shadows to add drama in different ways to help create their story in their paintings. Both paintings had different levels of intensity and a different moods toward each other due to the contrast between light and dark. Now that I am taking Art 1010 it has made me more aware of the architecture around me and my mind is now open to realizing the beauty of art. This also relates to our classics course when we talked about Homer in the beginning of the semester. This painting shows the relationship between Aristotle and Homer and it highlights how people and artists view it from another perspective.

Anthony Mancuso,

Team Venus

Night at the Tenebrism

This is an image of  a painting I saw walking by swiftly in a museum. Amazing I took it by accident. I was attempting to take a picture of my Iris for a different blog post and (one of my eyes is very weak, so went black for a second) switched the camera to outer-mode. However, when I was scrolling through my phone I realized that the image had a great use of lighting to show the birth of the figure being depicted.

The name of the painting is quite long; The Adoration of the Shepherds with Saint Catherine of Alexandria by the Italian artist, Castello di Cigoli. He was a Renaissance artist, which is evident in the style of this painting. It is oil on canvas is a dramatic use of lighting to emphasis the “gift” of Jesus and the miracle his birth was, to the virgin Mary.

The reason I thought this related to our art class was how Cigoli used tenebrism. It is also the detail of the clothing that amazes me because I can get an idea of the texture of the fabric placed over Jesus and the clothing of the spectators.

Picture of person taking picture of a person


My best friend sent this picture to me few month ago, which was a picture of a person taking a picture of a person (my friend). Does this sound a little familiar to you?  It does sound familiar to me, it reminds me of the painting we learned in the Art class “The Art of Painting” by Johannes Vermeer which was a painting of a painter painting a painting. it’s funny how my friend and her boyfriend sets the camera from this angle we see the picture and took this picture. I don’t even know why they want to do it, but I can actually feel a sweet atmosphere that distributed from the picture. the picture tended to catch this moment of their usual state of life.

In the painting “The Art of Painting”, it depicts an artist portraying the role a woman dressed in blue plays in his studio. There are only two people in this picture, the painter and his subject, a woman with drooping eyes. The painting was considered as a self-portrait of the artist. The painter sits in front of the easel, where you can see the sketch of the crown. He wore an elegant black coat with cut-outs on his sleeves and a shirt on the back. Fluffy breeches and orange stockings, this is an expensive and stylish clothing. This subject is presumed to be a historical muse, who wearing a laurel wreath, holding a trumpet, possibly carrying a book of Herodotus or Thucydides, matches with Cesar Ripa’s symbol of the sixteenth century. The map on the wall has a prominent fold, which divides seventeen provinces divided into two North and South. Creases may symbolize the division between the Dutch Republic and the southern provinces under Habsburg rule. This map shows the early political divisions.

This painting “The Art of Painting” was painted from our point of view, which in the time period artist uses the camera obscura to reflected and recorded the pictures and painted them in the painting. Camera obscura is a simple device that requires only a converging lens and viewing screen at opposite ends of a dark room or box. It is essentially a camera without photographic film or plate. Since the 16th century, only the size and decoration have changed. No one knows if Johannes Vermeer really used the camera obscura or not, but the view seems to be really similar to the camera view.


Yao, Team Zeus



Dr. Steven Zucker and Dr. Beth Harris, “Johannes Vermeer, The Art of Painting,” in Smarthistory, December 11, 2015, accessed November 29, 2017, https://smarthistory.org/johannes-vermeer-the-art-of-painting/.

Chiaroscuro​ and Modern Photography

Chiaroscuro CatIn class, we learned about the term “chiaroscuro”. We learned that it originates from the Baroque period and is often associated with paintings and architecture. Today, the term “chiaroscuro” is a photography technique and style that creates strong and vivid contrasts between light and dark areas in a photograph. This style is often used to give off a three-dimensional illusion in a photograph, by creating more depth and mystery, and is especially used in black-and-white photos.

The image above of my cat utilizes the chiaroscuro style to emphasize the depth of the image. In fact, the extreme use of lighting edges more towards “tenebrism”, which is a form of chiaroscuro more extreme and dramatic. Overall, the light-and-dark contrast in the photo multiples the drama that is already present. My cat is staring directly at my camera, with her eyes wide and ears raised. The darkness around her dramatizes her dramatic appearance and makes her appear sharp and astute. She appears angry and as if she’s about to pounce on the camera, and moments later she does.

This similar effect is seen in the painting called “Judith Slaying Holofernes” where artist Gentileschi uses a sharp contrast of light and dark to create a vividness of physicality. Especially around Judith’s arms, the contrast between light and dark really gives off the illusion of depth and movement, and especially naturalism, which is at the heart of Baroque Art. Viewers can feel the strength in Judith’s arms and can sense her movement.

In this same sense, when viewing the image above of the cat, viewers can sense her astuteness and the sense of her approaching movement.

Artistry and Realism

The image I chose here is one that I saw in a museum which has some visual similarities to Unit 4. While there are certainly differences between this image and the ones featured in Unit 4, there are some noteworthy similarities to draw.

One art piece that this work reminds me of is the Art of Painting by Johannes Vermeer. Both pieces of work use a variety of colors to emphasize the difference between the people and the background. What also stands out is the usage of people’s expressions in both paintings. While the artistic choices certainly differ with the faces, there is still a very admirable amount of detail put into them. Also, the backgrounds of both works are key aspects of identifying their purposes as well tone they’re meant to emit. What also contributes to strong emphasis of tone in both of these works is the use of lighting. While the work by Vermeer is more expressive with lighting, this piece’s ambiance is heavily defined by how bright or dim the background is. For instance, the tone of the top right panel is somber as defined by the cloudy sky and the panel in the bottom middle is more celebratory or significant as represented by the brightness.  Vermeer’s work is similar as it has a serious and almost academic-esque atmosphere from the lighting and placement of objects. Overall, both pieces of art have strong similarities that stem from the tone usage, background and lighting.

Both pieces of work have several noticeable differences. One of which is that the naturalism depicted in Vermeer’s work is absent in this piece. The faces in this piece seem somewhat unnatural and more symbolic than anything else. Also, the usage of colors is very different. Both pieces use a variety of it but this piece of art is brighter than Vermeer’s darker and almost comforting one. Lastly, the work I found seems to have religious meanings or implications based on the ornaments being held in the bottom right and the flag in the top right as opposed to Vermeer’s which lacks most if any religious connections.

Also, this piece of art connects to Classics as it holds semblances to the various myths we’ve read for class. There seems to be a political or familial tie in with this painting which immediately reminds me of Oedipus the King and Antigone. Both of those literary works delved heavily into the relationship between politics and family which this piece I picked seems to draw similarities to as well. The flag in the top right as well the throne and baby in the bottom middle panel draw references to some sort of political and family development. The other pieces seem to give the air of nobility as well with the luxurious ornaments and refined scenery.

Bailey Seemangal, Team 5, Hephaestus


Churches with Gothic Features


This is the Grace Church up in Manhattan near the New York University. This church is a modern version Gothic architecture and has several similarities and a few differences. Some similarities are the large sharply pointed spires on the top of the building. This is very commonly seen in this period of art. This building also has the pointed arches near windows and entrances. The building also seems to be made of stone which was very common in the Gothic Period. Some differences in this church how ever is there really that many cluster if columns; the column like pieces only are really on the corners. The building also doesn’t have ribbed vaults it is much smoother exterior; the building actually has the lines for bricks across instead.

Dramatic Effect

This painting is called The Denial of Saint Peter , the author is Caravaggio (Michelangelo Merisi). It was oil on canvas. I took this picture in the Metropolitan Museum, I was captured by this painting because this artwork shows the contrast between light and darkness. It reminded of another art work of Caravaggio, which is the Calling of St. Matthew. The technique that Caravaggio used in Calling of St. Matthew was Tenebrium, it shows the light directly pointed to Matthew’s face; this technique also applied to The Denial of Saint Peter- the background is dark, but we can see the light on the woman’s face and Peter, there were three person in the painting, but this effect of Tenebrium brought our attentions on the  conflict between the woman and Peter. And this also shows the religion effect at that time period. unnamed


Team Jupiter: Shiyin Zhao

Crosses Everywhere

These are 4 of just the many stills that are placed in a garden near my Church in Glendale.  These photos are part of a set of paintings that depict the death of christ, including his burial, as seen in the last one.  When I saw this, this reminded me of the picture that we discussed called “The Elevation of Christ” by Peter Paul Rubens.

When looking at these paintings, one of the key focal points, obviously much like the Elevation is how Jesus is the focal point in both.  Both are also depicting the crucifixion of Christ.  Both are also very big on restoring Catholic religious faith.  Both are meant to help display the passing of christ in order to show how he died for our sins.  Both also serve as a biblical narrative and

There are many differences that I can see with this painting and the Elevation painting.  One such of course is the paint styling.  You can very much tell that the Elevation painting was done with a much more complex and artistic form of painting.  The Elevation painting is much more larger as well of course and also serves to tell a story through a single painting.  It is also much more detailed as it includes a sky, grass, and other small details to deliver the message.

I was able to connect this to Classics as we are currently learning about the Roman Empire and how they interacted with Catholics.  Being Catholic myself. this was an easy connection for me as I know that Romans and Catholics didn’t get along well, as we saw a little bit in Professor Yarrows class.  I feel this is important for people to learn about as it can better help people understand what Catholics went through during those times.

  • Scott Vincent, Team Cronos

Aphrodite vs. Nude Paper Magazine

I happen to come across a paper magazine with the cover shot of Kim Kardashian by Jean-Paul Goude. Kim is posed nude, set out to “break the Internet.” This magazine immediately reminds me of Aphrodite in which we spoke about in art class. Aphrodite was an Olympian goddess of love, beauty pleasure, and procreation.

The similarities in which I see in both Kim Kardashian paper magazine and Aphrodite is nudity. Also, they are both representing beauty and can be sex symbols. However, there are many differences between both Kim Kardashian paper magazine and Aphrodite. Aphrodite is a sculpture made of marble and Kim is in a magazine, in which is is more visual and realistic. Also, Aphrodite was a goddess who had temple for her worshipers. Meanwhile, Kim posed as nude to courage women to feel comfortable and confident about their body.

I recall learning about Aphrodite in classics, which was in the first unit. Aphrodite was portrayed as a beauty and she had a magical girdle that compelled everyone to desire her. Aphrodite was also the main reason for the Trojan war. When she was in exchange for the golden apple that would make her as the fairest goddess, promised Paris eternal love from Helen who was thought to be the most beautiful woman on earth, and of course Paris couldn’t resist this offer. 

Mohammed, team Vulcan

The Dramatic Baptism


I found this painting while walking through the Metropolitan Museum of Art and thought that this could connect to Baroque art. This painting is called The Baptism of Christ was painted by the Venetian painter Jacopo Bassano with oil on canvas. This is last known work of Jacopo Bassano and was left unfinished as he died in 1592. This painting, of course, is about the baptism of Christ, but Bassano painted this happening at night because he interpreted the baptism as a sad opening to Christ’s passion. The painting can be connected to Baroque art because of the contrast in light and the Baroque art is very exaggerated and dramatic. This painting is very dramatic in the way that the figures are posed and how the light is focused. The light in mainly focused on the left hand side and on Christ. The bottom left side draws attention first because it is very vibrant with bright colors and with the light on Christ. While one side is very bright the other side is extremely dark in color and in mood showing a lot of contrast. The figures in the painting are also dramatic because how it seems like the figure to the right of Christ is getting him to hurry up towards the water seen in the background for the baptism. While the figures on the opposite end seems to be holding him back as if they don’t want Christ to go. The struggle between the two sides can also be seen by the way Christ’s body is positioned. Christ’s body seems to move towards the water but is being held back by the figures with wings.

-Alvin Zhao, Team Venus

Can you feel it?

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The is a picture of the sculpture Marsys by Balthasar Permoser found in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. This sculpture, of a man who lost his life because he dared to challenge the God, Apollo, is an excellent example of baroque art. You can see the anguish Marsys feels by the way his head tilts to his right all the meanwhile his face contorts, mouth agape of unexpected pain. It seems as though a snake holds a tight grip on Marsyas; however, if you take a closer look you will see he also looks down with a dramatic expression of pain, just like the the man himself.

This sculpture reminded me Gian Lorenzo Bernini’s work: the Ecstasy of St. Teresa. The two figures combine the physical and spiritual to create intense emotions almost as if we can feel the responses emanating from the human sculptures. Baroque art created during Bernini’s time was more religious and tried to restore peoples faith through dramatic and exaggerated arts. Bernini’s sculpture of St. Teresa is religious, but Permoser’s is not.


Khilola, Team Juno

Benin Arts on Pintrest?


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When I was on my phone, I had this app name Pinterest. I decided to to click on the phone and maybe go through pictures. While I was on the Pinterest, I was also thinking about art blog post for unit 4. I was scrolling down the pictures, I came across a picture that had the name Benin art. I clicked on it and this picture showed up. By looking at the name of the piece which was Benin relief plaque. I quickly knew this picture relates to the picture we saw in class which was Equestrian Oba and Attendants. This picture is relevant because the Equestrian Oba and Attendant is related to the Benin relief plaque. The function of the Benin relief plaque with four attendant is to show hierarchy skills and power. 

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There are some similarities and differences between the Equestrian Oba and Attendant and Benin relief plaque of four attendant. The similarities is that they both are depicting hierarchy skills (king).  Also, both are made of brass. Both of the piece have the king in the middle and facing front to show the power. The difference is that the horse on the Benin relief plaque is in lateral position, where the whole body of the horse is being shown. However, in Equestrian Oba and Attendants, the head of the horse shown. Also, there are five attendant in Equestrian Oba while Benin relief plaque only have four attendant. 

This relates to classics because in classics we learned about hierarchy skills and power. When we were learning about Alexander and other important figures, Alexander was seats on the horse. This basically shows the power that those figures have. 

-Mantaha Mannan, Team Vulcan




19 and Baroque Art


While thinking about what I was going to write this blog post about, I began to think about album artwork and how they are often influenced by many different art movements. I then decided to look through my music library to see what album covers reminded me of the Baroque art period and stumbled across the album artwork for 19 by Adele. The Baroque art period took place during the Reformation in Europe in the 16th century. During this time, the Catholic church commissioned many works of art to rebuild its reputation, instruct and inspire the faithful, and highlight its origins, beliefs, and divine authority. This effort was known as the Counter-Reformation. This album artwork reminded me of the light and dark contrasts of many Baroque paintings, particularly Judith slaying Holofernes by Artemisia Gentileschi, created in 1614 to 1620. This light and dark contrasts is known as chiaroscuro. Chiaroscuro is a contrast between light and dark to create shadows. Both of these artworks use chiaroscuro to make the artwork more engaging and realistic. They use this light and dark contrast to make the artwork more dramatic. While both artworks do use chiaroscuro lighting, they have many differences. For example, the 19 cover artwork is a photograph and Judith slaying Holofernes is a painting. Furthermore, the cover art has a secular purpose and the painting has a religious purpose. The purpose of the cover art is to present Adele’s album, while the purpose of the painting is to tell the story of Judith and how she succeeded in killing Holofernes with God’s help. To add to that, the cover art is a portrait of Adele while the painting depicts a graphic biblical scene, a common theme in Baroque art. Also, the 19 cover art has a limited use of bold colors and Judith slaying Holofernes has a vibrant use of color. In the cover art, the only uses of color is seen in Adele’s hair, face, and make up. In the painting, Artemisia uses bold vibrant colors for the dresses of the woman, for the sheets on the bed, and for the blood. While the album artwork is very different from its Baroque counterparts, it is an excellent example of chiaroscuro lighting, a popular technique of the Baroque period.

Emily Ryan, Team Mars (16)

19 Album Artwork Source

Judith slaying Holofernes source



When I saw this picture on my phone, I instantly thought of Johannes Vermeer, The Art of Painting, 1666-69. Though this isn’t a painting, rather a drawing, it has its similarities with Vermeer’s painting. For example, it is a self-portrait of him sitting on a chair looking at his phone. If you look closer, he has the picture on his phone and a pencil that was used to create this drawing. We also see the creation of a three dimensional image on a two dimensional surface just like Vermeer used camera obscura to create three-dimensional paintings. In both the drawing and the painting, we can’t see the artist’s face but their backs. However, unlike Vermeer’s painting, this drawing doesn’t use source of light, but use of dark shadings that creates a focus in the drawing. For example, the person sitting has sharp edges that draw the viewers’ attention to him rather than the lightly drawn chair or table. Also, this drawing is simple meanwhile Vermeer has details in his images like the curtain that takes up 1/3rd of the picture, chandeliers, object lying around across the floor and on the table, and the lighting on the map that creates highlights and shadows. Vermeer makes the viewer feel as if they’re in the room, but the drawing rather wants strict attention on the person and their shape.

-Amir, Team Juno




Earlier in the year, in my Film 1101 class, I learned about “chiaroscuro” as a term used in cinema, meaning a shot characterized by low-key lighting and high contrast. This technique was often used in the 1930s and 1940s for noir movies. I recalled this knowledge after I watched Casablanca (1942) a few days ago. Casablanca is a film starring Humphrey Bogart and Ingrid Bergman about a man who must choose between helping a woman and her husband escape the Nazis, or pursuing her as a love interest.

The use of chiaroscuro in the shot above dramatizes and adds significance to the scene. Bogart’s character Rick is contemplating an important decision, and the lighting adds to the effect because Rick’s face is sharply lit while his surroundings are less so.

This example reminds me of the Calling of St. Mathew painting by Caravaggio that we studied in class because that painting also utilizes chiaroscuro to dramatize the scene. While it is not black-and-white, there is a sharp contrast between the focus on St. Mathew as opposed to everyone else in the scene. It is clear to me that the concept of chiaroscuro is important across many different artistic mediums.

Tying Baroque art to classics seems difficult, but I did notice some parallels between what we’ve been learning in both classes. Baroque art began in the midst of the Protestant Reformation and the Counter-Reformation. At its core, the Protestant Reformation was a reaction to the Catholic church having too much power. From these historical circumstances, different artistic styles emerged, often used as Religious propaganda in some ways – Caravaggio painted for many churches in Rome to as a part of the Counter-Reformation. In classics, we’re learning about the rise and fall of Julius Caesar. Caesar was rebelled against by his own senate essentially because he was gaining too much power. This is similar to how the Protestant Reformation gained traction as a response to the church’s power. Therefore, to a certain extent, we can tie elements of Baroque art and their context to other classical historical events.

Harry, Team Vesta

Lady looking at the mirror


I found this painting while walking around the Met Museum. The title of this painting is The Penitent Magdalen, and it is painted by George de La Tour in ca. 1640. This painting features a woman who is a sinner, or a courtesan. She is looking at a mirror while holding a skull at the same time, and the only source of light is the candlelight.

The reason why I chose this paining is because it looks very intriguing and interesting. The contrast of lightness and darkness pulls the viewers in. I would relate this painting to Caravaggio, Calling of St. Matthew because both artists uses the chiaroscuro technique to focus on the main subject. Both paintings are connected to Christ and their spiritual enlightenment (the light that is directed towards them represents enlightenment).

Some differences between The Penitent Magdalen and Calling of St. Matthew is the mood and movement. The mood in George de La Tour’s painting is quiet, dark, and peaceful. In contrast, the mood in Caravaggio’s painting is unexpectedness and curious. The movement probably play a role in creating the mood because the woman is sitting still while looking at the mirror, and the men are counting money and focused on different things.

Aphrodite, The Baroque and Paphos

Last week Monday, I paid a visit to the Metropolitan Museum of Art, in order to do the Art history report. Even though business was business, I found myself drawn to many pieces outside of the art pieces we were required to find for the report. For example, this statue of Aphrodite, caught my eye, especially because of the way the sunlight illuminated it. Upon closer examination of the piece, I found that though it was a classical piece, made in the 2nd century, it still reflected ideals of the Baroque period. It may not seem like it, since the Baroque period was known for a more grotesque and innovative style/technique, but it indeed reflects one aspect of the Baroque style, namely, its realism. Idealized as it may be, the realism and naturalism of the statue, overlaid with sleek contrapposto, reflects a Baroque aesthetic for realistic and naturalistic human form and pose. Many Baroque sculptures similarly used naturalism and contrapposto in their work( mainly to evoke emotion and show extreme movement), such as the David by Bernini, reflecting a shared linage between this Aphrodite and the Baroque sculptural works.

The sculpture also brought to mind Classics. The first topic that we were lectured on in Classics was based around Aphrodite. During that class, we explored the different ways in which Aphrodite was worshipped or honored, which was mainly through Hymns- Homeric Hymns, in the scope of that class. Paphos was Aphrodite’s ancient place of preparation, according to the Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite by Sappho. At Paphos, we learn that she was commonly worshipped through stones instead of statue. I think that knowledge of this creates an interesting contrast to the sculpture which I saw at the MET. Both are dedicated to the same goddess, yet both have vastly different personalities, in their imagery. Perhaps, though vastly different, each reflect the beauty which Aphrodite stood for, an all encompassing beauty, as we can observe both an ‘earthly’ and ‘unearthly’ beauty when viewing them.

* This image is of the Aphrodite stone of Paphos

Skaie Cooper, Team Ares/15

“Wreck of the Covenant” by N.C. Wyeth

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While doing some research for another class, I came across this painting and it became relevant and interesting to me because of the chiaroscuro of the painting. Chiaroscuro is the contrast between light and darkness. You can see in the painting the darkness in the water at the bottom and darkness of the sky. The lightness is usually coming the ship and the waves; and you can see some light on the man’s face and the other side is dark. The difference is that while the chiaroscuro paintings that we have been learning were from the 17th century, this painting was created in 1913; one of the paintings that we’ve learned was bloody like Artemisia’s “Judith slaying Holofernes, this painting is a shipwreck but you do not see blood in the water or on the man’s face. The similarities are that like most of the chiaroscuro paintings that we’ve learned were oil on canvases, this painting was also oil on canvas and the artist was also using chiaroscuro lighting.  Like Rubens’ “Elevation of the Cross”, this painting shows a traumatic experience.

Caroline Snyder, Team Cronos

Calling of St. Matthew& David with the Head of Goliath



The first picture on the top is Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio’s Calling of Saint Matthew which is oil on canvas. This painting took place from circa 1599-1600 and can be found in the Contarelli Chapel. The Calling of Saint Matthew depicted a biblical scene which showed the main characters  which were Jesus and Matthew which was being called by Jesus to follow him, Matthew and the rest of the people sitting at the table were tax collectors and all of a sudden, Jesus comes into the picture which mainly shows his hand pointing at Matthew and his head with the light coming in from the window. A lot of the light is also shining on Matthew’s face which is to show that Jesus wants Matthew to follow him and this helps the viewer to look at the main focus of this painting. Caravaggio uses a technique in art called “chiaroscuro” which was used a lot in his paintings; the technique is using light and dark to portray a sense of drama and makes the viewer’s focus of attention towards the light. The bottom picture was taken when I went to the Met and it is also a painting that is oil on canvas which is the same way Caravaggio painted and this one is called David with the Head of Goliath and it shows David as a heroic guy who saved the Israelites from their enemy Goliath. David is mainly nude but one side of his body is covered in this furry cloth but this painting uses David’s nudity instead of clothes to show the lightness and brightness. But in the Calling of Saint Matthew, every person painted is wearing clothing and the clothing pieces were painted in order to show the chiaroscuro lighting. The color palette for the Calling of Saint Matthew are yellow/ gold and many red colors, there is also red in David with the Head of Goliath. This chiaroscuro lighting is used to create a sense of drama which we can see in both paintings above.

-Raine, Team Jupiter

Was Caravaggio’s “Doubting Thomas” An Atheist?

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Caravaggio’s “Doubting Thomas” ARTD UNIT4

John 20:24-29 tells the story of Doubting Thomas, one of the biblical disciples of Jesus Christ that alone refused to believe that the resurrected Jesus had appeared to the ten other apostles. Thomas, in the book of John is described as a skeptic who refuses to believe without direct personal experience. Caravaggio’s depiction of “Doubting Thomas” gives a visual aid to the story and the two don’t differ. They tell the same story through different ways of art: visual and textual. Combined this biblical depiction of Thomas both visually and in text closely relate to the well-known characteristics of a modern day atheist. So this begs the question: Was Doubting Thomas an atheist?


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According to the Oxford Dictionary the word atheist is best described as “a person who does not believe in the existence of a god or any gods: one who subscribes to or advocates atheism” and the definition of a Doubting Thomas are almost one in the same in it being defined as a person who is skeptical and refuses to believe something without proof.

Proof has always been a starting baseline in the argument of atheist and similarly it is an argument in the book of John concerning Doubting Thomas. Both definitions of these words are similar in that they both share a lack of belief in something as a cause of insufficient or non-existing evidence. The way that the textual and visual evidence from biblical references and Caravaggio’s artwork relate to that of an atheist are in the lack of belief sans evidence: Caravaggio’s painting shows Jesus and Thomas during their encounter after Christ’s crucifixion and resurrection. You can see Thomas with his fingers between Christ’s wounded abdomen. This is a crucial moment in history, because only then did Thomas believe.

It is made evident through the bible that in the moments leading to this event depicted by Caravaggio or told in the bible, Thomas stated “Unless I see the nail marks in his hands and put my finger where the nails were, and put my hand into his side, I will not believe.” Similarly as an atheist, the principal reason you do not believe in God is the lack of physical evidence. The observed facts simply do not support the existence of such a being. Whether it was that Thomas was a past figure of an atheist or that Doubting Thomas is a figurative representation of atheism (non-believers) the facts are irrefutable.


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The differences the symbolism/representation Caravaggio’s “Doubting Thomas” and atheism differ in are vast dependent on your perspective of the issue. The word doubt according to the Oxford Dictionary means, “to waver, hesitate, be uncertain.” Doubt is not rejection of belief, but holding a belief with hesitation and uncertainty. Doubt involves believing something with questions about whether it is really true or not. Atheism however differs in that it’s a disbelief or lack of belied in the existence of God or gods.                                                                                                 Oxford Dictionary

A difference in these two works and why people may say Doubting Thomas doesn’t or wasn’t the representation of an atheist is through all the other biblical narrations of the twin disciple. They are many biblical claims that support the fact that Thomas may have even been the boldest disciple of the twelve! John 11:16 speaks of a moment in which Jesus announced to his disciples that he was going to Judea, to which all but Thomas advised him not to. In the scripture, Thomas boldly proclaimed: “Let us also go, that we may die with him” This scripture shows an opposite contrast in the character of Thomas. It shows him as a believer. Thomas was the first evangelized India and to have died there as a martyr.








Dramatic pose


I found this painting when I was walking in the Metropolitan Museum. It caught my attention right away because of the harsh lighting and dark contrast. My mind went straight to the Baroque art style explained in class and unit 4. You can see where the light is coming from because the light source is directly on top their head. The bald man’s head is shown to be bright because of the light source. The drapery is also shown to be bright and heavy. This oil on canvas is called Saints Peter and Paul, drawn by  Jusepe de Ribera, a Spanish painter in 1612.  The drawing depicts the apostles and protectors of the city of Rome, and the Papacy disputing.  It can be related to Classics because in Classics, we learned about the Romans and how the place took place in the city of Rome. So this is a very important factor that connects Classics to Art.

This is a contemporary baroque art called Cockaignesque because of the light and dark contrast. The style is very Baroque because of the intense drama, deep color, play of light and shadow. This differ from the source material because this is a photography and Saint Peter and Paul is oil on canvas. So the medium is different but the function is the same. In the contemporary art, the woman appears to be more sexual than the old man in Saint Peter and Paul. Saint Peter and Paul shows two old, rustic man fighting about something. However, in the photography there is only one person sitting there with her hands folded together. There is a sense of intense drama because of the way she tilt her head and the dark atmosphere. Also, her hair contribute to the intense drama too.  The function of both these picture is similar because they depict drama.

-Jia Gao, Team Athena

Are You Ready Kids?



I recently went to watch SpongeBob Squarepants the Musical, and during the encore portion of the show, I decided to take this picture to commemorate my first Broadway show.  At the time, I didn’t realize the connection, but when I took a second look at the picture, I noticed it can be related to Baroque art in a sense because of the sharp contrast between light and dark. The stage is the center of attention because of the crew has set up the lighting. The light that surrounds the stage is darkened to the point where it’s almost pitch-dark, and the only source of light comes from the stage. This setting directs the audience’s attention to the stage, and just the stage, but it is not only the lighting that catches the attention of the people. The bright, vivid colors of the set and costumes are very eye-catching. It makes people want to keep looking and watching the performance. However, this is different from Baroque art because in Baroque art, religious messages would typically be conveyed through a painting, but this performance did not convey any religious message. The strong, bright colors were used to capture the audience’s attention, and showed the viewers the change in scenes. For example, when the rumor that the world was going to end had spread, the stage turned very dark and gloomy, with colors of dark red and black, showing the audience that this is a bad time for the citizens of Bikini Bottom. Another example is when Squidward decided to take a stand for his dreams. The set they used for this scene was very bright with pops of bright pink and yellow. Also, there was a lot of glitter and shiny decor that was used in this set. This use of bright colors shows the audience how passionate Squidward is about his dreams of performing on the largest stage in Bikini Bottom. The use of vivid colors in the performance carries the viewers on the emotional rollercoaster the people of Bikini Bottom are on as they move towards Doomsday. This is something Baroque art uses because they want the viewers to be emotionally involved in the piece, which  is something this musical did using the setting and colors to their advantage.

– Rebecca Lee, Team Jupiter



My Painting of Someone Painting a Painting and Vermeers

When we looked at Johannes Vermeer’s “Art of Painting” it reminded me of a painting that I completed for my Spring Art Exhibition during 2016 in high school. The painting I completed is also a painting of someone painting a painting. I titled it “Painting the Sky”. It depicts me as the painter with two other girls on the beach. One key difference is that my piece was painted with the medium acrylic paints on a canvas panel and Vermeer’s was painted with oil on a canvas. Vermeer’s back is turned to the viewers in his painting; he is sitting in an upright position slightly leaning in as his body is facing the painting and easel while his head is turned towards the model/muse. I am in a more relaxed position, elbow on the rock; body slightly and face fully turned towards the viewer and holding the canvas and palette rather than an placing an easel. Another difference is that he is painting a model whom he will turn into Clio while I’m simply painting the landscape. The light is spread around Vermeers  painting and is soft adding to the chiaroscura, he uses many deep blues and rich colors that contrast. In my painting I also used a lot of soft colors and light and darks, pinks and blue, contrasting warm and cool tones.

Besides the fact that they both depict artists painting a painting, one similarity is that there is depth of field. In Vermeer’s painting the depth of field is way more profound and elaborate as the curtain that is drawn back taking up the top corner of the painting is a little out of focus and the the model is clear. In my painting everything up close is in focus, the people, the painting etc, however the city skyline in the back is shadowy and out of focus. Also in both, the artist is dressed up fancier than what an artist would wear in the studio. They were both painted to be hung in a home.

The Tastiest Consul

  1. Cinaedus Romulus, will you see, and suffer, these things? YOU are shameless: a glutton and a gambler! Is this why, oh inimitable imperator,
  2. He no longer restrained his wrath but showed great irritation, as if these very officials were really stirring up sedition against him

The first passage characterizes Caesar as a person of poor character. Specifically, it states that he is shameless, a glutton and a gambler. These disgraceful characteristics indicative of a sinner and criminal, not a proud ruler. The next passage characterizes Caesar as a strong but angry man. This is shown by the key phrase “ no longer restrained his wrath”. This means that he generally able to restrain his wrath and anger. Despite this, he allows the situation to get the better of him. I chose these passages because they characterize Caesar very similarly, as a man of generally low moral character. The both passages show examples of sin, both gluttony and wrath.


The image is of myself holding a bottle of Ken’s Steakhouse Creamy Caesar Dressing. Ken’s Steakhouse Creamy Caesar Dressing is likely named after the famous Roman dictator because similarly to him Creamy Caesar Dressing has many powerful yet sinful qualities. My speculation does connect with what we read as many of the texts describe Julius Caesar as a strong rough man whose actions led to the beginning of an empire. Creamy Caesar Dressing is similar as it has a strong and powerful flavor, and transform any week republican salad into a strong and unstoppable empire.  

John J. -Team Diana


This is a picture of my friends computer background, he has his background for his computer randomized with googles art and culture images so through the day his background changes to different art such as paintings from different time periods to photography of landscapes or building. This art can be old or new but each image is vey beautiful and unique. This very image is of an art work named “festival of the twelve months” by Miyagawa Choshun from around 1682-1752. It might be an old painting but it is used in a new way; as someone’s screensaver. This is similar to Chibusani Eishi’s art work we learned about it class “three types of beauties in edo” 1770-1829. Both painting came from around the same time period and have similar flat art style with visible lines of each individual. Eishi’s art work was made to show these three beautiful women that represented pleasure. But this can be compared to how Choshun’s art is viewed in the twentieth century because we are using “festival of the twelve months” Choshun’s art work and screensavers because of its visual appeal. We still find beauty in the same images just as they did back then and we are using them in modern and different ways.

Francesca, Team Cronos

Modern Day Caesar/Baroque Caesar (overlap)


Cagnacci, Guido. David with the Head of Goliath. 1655. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City.

This painting I found in the Met visually corresponds to the 17th century baroque style art we learned about in unit four. In the painting David with the head of Goliath , Cagnacci uses chiaroscuro, a popular technique used by many other 17th century painters which incorporated an extreme contrast between light and shadow, often used for dramatic effect. The scene depicted is a dramatic one that has been reinterpreted by artists throughout centuries, and especially during the baroque era. David is depicted calm and confident and yet the scene is characteristically baroque with the severed head of Goliath in his hand. Since this painting is an actual baroque painting, there are hardly any differences in its style. However, it is arguably less grotesque than many baroque style paintings; there is no blood in the scene, and by use of chiaroscuro, the focus is less on the severed head and more on the pose and calm expression of David.

The celebrities and Caesars of the pre-modern era were the artists. Art and architecture were hugely emphasized all around the world before television and modern day medias existed. artists were recognized for their talents and admired even by the church, regardless of how “immoral” their actions were. In this sense the attitude towards them was strikingly similar to the attitude the Romans had towards Julius Caesar and their willingness to allow him to do this things the rest of the population wouldn’t be.

“The first of his new roles was in The Ides Of March , a new film project to be directed by the actor/producer/ writer/director George Clooney. Having already established his credentials as a director with Confessions Of A Dangerous Mind , Good Night, and Good Luck and Leatherheads , Clooney had his latest script set in the murky world of politics and was scheduled to begin shooting in February 2011..”

Johnstone, Nick. Ryan Gosling : Hollywood’s Finest, John Blake, 2013. ProQuest k Central,        http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/brooklyn-ebooks/detail.action?docID=1569214.
Created from brooklyn-ebooks on 2017-11-27 11:31:36.

The book I chose is a biography on the rise to fame of actor Ryan Gosling. This paragraph speaks about how Gosling was starred in a movie directed by George Clooney titled “The Ides Of March.” it also mentions other works by Clooney.

The author uses the term “Ides Of March” in reference to the title of a movie that Gosling was cast in. since the phrase was used in the title of a movie it is logical to assume that the Clooney expects his audience to somewhat be familiar with its meaning/reference/origin.

a)”When they had begun to honour Julius Caesar…”

b)”At any rate, some actually ventured to suggest permitting him to have intercourse with as many women as he pleased, because even at this time, though fifty years old, he still had numerous mistresses.”

“Readings on the Imperators.” The Past in Present Tense, 6 Nov. 2017,        pastinpresenttense.wordpress.com/classics-1110/7-caesar-augustus/readings/#Cassius-Dio.

We don’t have any beloved emperors today, instead, we have celebrities. Similarly to the way Julius Caesar was honored, we “honor” and look up to modern day pop icons such as actors, musicians, etc. Because of his position, The Roman people approved of Caesar having intercourse with as many women as he pleased, something which would be unacceptable for any other person in their society. We hear of celebrities partaking in behavior and committing acts deemed unacceptable in our society, and we too give them a “free pass” because of their fame. Although he hasn’t publicly committed any act that disagrees with our societal rules and standards, Ryan Gosling is a great example of a pop icon. Attractive, talented, personable, he’s admired and honored by many. A modern day Julius Caesar.

Gabriella, Team Hestia


The big role of the light in Pieter de Hooch’s painting


Lately, I visited the Metropolitan Museum of Art where I found many interesting pieces of art. One of them was The Visit, painted by Dutch artist Pieter de Hooch. The author used linear perspective to build a realistic space of the room in which the characters are sitting. If we look carefully at the picture, we can observe that the bed didn’t fit much on the scale of a painting, however, the overall piece is considered as the use of linear perspective. The biggest similarity that is connected to our unit 4 is that light play big role in this painting. We can see that people sitting are the ones in light while everything else is in dark colors. The contrast between light and dark is called chiaroscuro. The difference that I see is that Pieter de Hooch didn’t show anything that is connected to the process of painting. We can only see four people around the table, probably talking to each other, which does not connect to the real painting process such the one that Diego Velazquez emphasized in the Las Meninas.

Edyta, Team Aphrodite

The José Bonifacio de Andrade e Silva

D596A852-2F89-4225-8EC1-7362766A34EE.jpeghb_32.11.1When I was walking around 42nd street near Bryant Park, I spotted this statue called the Jose Bonifacio de Andrada e Silva created by Clark and Rapuano. Usually, I wouldn’t pay any attention to statues like this, mainly because I wouldn’t know any of the history behind these statues. But, something about this statue today that caught my attention despite knowing its history. So I took a moment to take a closer look at the statue. The more I looked at it, I started to see some similarities between this statue and the Marble statue of Kouros. For example, the Jose Bonifacio de Andrada e Silva feet position is similar to the Kouros where one foot is ahead of another. Though the Jose Bonifacio de Andrada e Silva seems to contain a slight contrapposto position, the way it stands up looks similar to the Kouros. However, some features that differs between these two statues would be that the Jose Bonifacio de Andrada e Silva is more realistic compared to the Kouros. For example, if you look closer at the Jose Bonifacio de Andrada e Silva’s face you can see it have creases/ wrinkles on its face. Also its hand position is different compared to the Kouros, the Kouros have both hands clenched in a fist on its thigh while the Jose Bonifacio de Andrada e Silva have one arm down and one arm bent. Also the material used to create these sculptures were different, the Kouros was created with marble while the Jose Bonifacio de Andrada e Silva was created with bronze. All in all, the Jose Bonifacio de Andrada e Silva statue have features that could be found in the archaic and classical period because of its lack of potential of movement but its realism feature on its face.

Welcome to Manhattan



In the photo above is my friend Julia (on the left) and I at the foot of the Manhattan bridge. We’re sitting at a small steps at the bottom of the arch. We’re on the Manhattan side of the the bridge, and this photo shows an architectural piece that divides the incoming and outgoing traffic of the bridge. Similar to St. Peter’s square, the archway shares unique characteristics. In the photo, the sides of the arch has colonnades that extends outwards. The colonnades only contain two closely lined columns used as decoration, rather than the church’s incentive to direct traffic of pilgrims and carriages. The column’s simplistic and smooth unfluted shaft also follows the tuscan order that can be identified around St. Peter’s square. The colonnades that line either sides of the triumphal arch creates a wide semicircle shape. The shape can be compared to St. Peter’s square where people describe it to be the open arms of the church. In this case, the archway can be the welcoming arms for people coming into Manhattan. However, the entrance of the archway does not create the same sense of movement as to the piazza. St. Peter’s basilica’s columns display Baroque qualities of invoking movement in the way that the columns are unevenly spaced and are not freestanding. The colonnades of the archway are tightly lined, and are elevated so people are unable to interact with the architectural piece. Unless the steps are climbed, people are only able to approach the columns; Whereas, the columns of the piazza are much larger in scale and are spaced out for people to walk through. Another characteristic that both places share are the tops of the colonnades. It seems like fence-like structures that resemble crenellations of castles.

I met Julia (left of photo) in high school, and I found out that her grandmother chose her name. When her grandmother was pregnant with her father, her grandmother chose the name “Julia” if the baby was a girl. Instead, her grandmother named her father “Julio” when she found out he was a boy. Before hearing this story about Julia’s name, I thought that Julia was a common name in Hispanic culture. This story does support my speculations somewhat, and is related to what we have learned in class. The similarities of family names are passed down to different generations. I can relate this influential factor of naming choices to modern day culture, because I noticed that a lot of siblings share the same first letter of their names. For example, my cousins are named Ada, Anna, and Andy. I think that many parents find it easier to remember names if they match the first letters. Though the names “Julia” and “Julius” were separated according to gender, there was a similarity between the way a family names their relatives.

In relation to Julius Caesar, he has been described in Catullus’ poem where the poet questions “what is this but perverse generosity? Has he not achieved enough gluttony?” Catallus’ syntax interestingly juxtaposes the connotations of someone that is perverse and generous. Someone that is generous is seen as selfless and willing, whereas, perverse describes someone that is corrupted and improper. Thus, Catullus implies that Caesar’s actions may seem like they’re positively improving the community, however, his intentions may be corrupt and out of self interest. Cassius Dio also explores the same idea that Julius Caesar is not a respectable public figure by stating that “most men suspected him of being inflated with pride and hated him for his haughtiness” in his book. The quote creates the image that the public may interpret Caesar’s ego as a negative influence on his popularity and favorability towards his followers. I chose these quotes because both writers elaborate on a common theme that runs through history and culture. Leaders become examples of how their high self-esteem leads to their downfall, or hubris. This idea can be identified in how Julius Caesar was killed by his closest peers. In addition, current events display how celebrities, politicians, and fictional characters in movies are exploited by their own flaws.

Vicky, Team Hermes

The Vermeer of Today


This is a picture of me taking a picture of myself. Later, after taking this picture, I realized that there are some aspects of my picture that are similar to Johannes Vermeer’s, The Art of Painting. In Vermeer’s The Art of Painting, one of the people he painted in his painting is himself, and as you can see I am also featured in my picture. Although my picture is not an oil on canvas painting, there is also some soft lighting on the back wall, just as Vermeer had in his painting. 

-Izadora Joseph-Augustin, Team Aphrodite

Inception with paintings?!


I visited the Metropolitan Museum of Art during the Thanksgiving break with a few of my teammates. We stumbled upon this painting in the European paintings section. I instantly thought about The Art of Painting painting by Johannes Vermeer. This work is called In the Studio and it was made by Alfred Stevens in 1888. According to the description in the artwork label, he includes an open portfolio and a mirror, as well as the picture within a picture concept, to express the relationship between art and reality. This is main similarity in both paintings. They share the depiction of  an artist creating a painting of a model. We know that in Vermeer’s work is a self-portrait creating  and was made from 1666 to 1669. A difference is that Vermeer makes the viewer see a sight they wouldn’t normally see by drawing the curtain back in the upper left corner. It is suggested that he wanted to make the viewer feel privileged to watch Vermeer creating his piece.

-Estrella Roberts, Team Vulcan



I was going through my old Facebook photos, trying to delete any embarrassing throw backs and came across this picture. It reminded me of Peter Paul Rubens, Elevation of the Cross because of the way board is set it. Trifold boards are made up to display creative presentations while being able to open and close it’s sides. Just like the trifold, the triptych was a large alter painting with two wigs alongside the central panel. However, unlike random science project done on the trifold, Rubens painted an elaborate baroque painting depicting Jesus being raised up on the cross. This was a very dramatic scene from the action of the cross raising to the faces of all the people involved.

– Ivory Tyson, Team Artemis

Caesar + Baroque art = ???


In chapter four, we learned about Baroque art. Its a type of art that focuses on movement. Its a style that uses exaggerated motions and clear details to make it easier for the audience to understand. It is super easy and fast to interpret the details in the painting or the main focus like drama, histortical event, political, dance and much more. It began in the 1600. The painting that I’m using today is of the death of Julius Caesar (1798) by Vincenzo Camuccini. It perfectly shows the death moment of Caesar. It shows the Baroque style drama, emotions and exaggerated characters in the painting. It shows lots of movement happening between the conspirators and Julius Caesar trying to escape and safe himself. He is gathered by so many people and the tension and different expressions/emotions are portrayed beautifully. The artist made it super clear for the audience to understand everything that’s  going on inside the painting. We discussed him in Classics as well. The painting shows the drama and realism of the time when Caesar died. As we know and learned in Classics, In 44 BC, he was stabbed to death at a meeting of the Senate. As many as 60 conspirators, Gaius Cassius Longinus, Decimus Junius Brutus, and Marcus Junius Brutusled were involved. He died in a location adjacent to the Theatre of Pompey on the Ides of March, which is best known for Julius Caesar’s death. We did different readings of him and learned how he had both negative and positive sides to him. Although he did great things and was good leader, he was still selfish and wanted things his own ways. One event led to another and he was killed being the example showing that there is no such thing as perfect leader. Fizza saeed, Team Hermes


Judith With The Head Of Holofernes


When I was at the Metropolitan Museum of Art for my art paper, I came across the painting, Judith with the head of Holofernus (Circa 1640) by Masimo Stanzrone. Stanzrone’s painting is both similar and different then the paintings of Judith Slaying Holofernes that we saw in class.




Stanzrone’s painting is a lot less violent then the work done by Artemisia Gentileschi. It is more similar to Caravaggio’s work as Judith is portrayed as gentle and delicate.
The painting differs from the first two paintings because while the other paintings show the part where Judith is cutting off Holofernes’s head, Stanzrone’s painting shows Judith before the fact.

Hinda Honikman

Two distant cousins


This picture was taken at the Lady of Solace Church in Coney Island. When I took the picutre, I noticed it bore a striking resemblance to the Cornaro Chapel where St. Teresa is located in structure, not in detail.

In this picture one can note that the center has the focus being the cross and the priest. In the Chapel where St. Teresa is, it also has this, with the designs bringing attention to the statue. In the Lady of Solace Church, the attention to the center really comes from the emptiness of the center, so your eyes are naturally going to draw at the cross and the priest.

Another similarity is that both have events occurring on their sides. In the Cornero Chapel, there’s an audience to the left and right looking at what St. Teresa is doing. However, in the Lady of Solace church, we have two figures on the side, which are come with their own arches much like to the center, although a bit smaller.

On the side, we have Jesus and on the opposite we have the virgin mary. Although they aren’t audiences, they are a sort of support to the notion of the church being one for Christianity, much like how the audience seeing St. Teresa’s sexual experience legitimizes it as a Christian event.

-Fernando Martinez

East Meets West


This is a screenshot of an Indian Wedding dress  I found on Pinterest. It reminded me of the East and West fusion of art we discussed in this chapter.

The wedding dress is of traditional silhouette and the beading and the work on the dress are also very traditional. However, the color is western influenced. Traditionally the color of the dress should be red. However, the white color comes from the western wedding gowns. This is similar to how we saw Hakusai’s Fighting with the Wind inspiring the Second Avenue subway art  Blue Print for a Landscape. In both the painting and this dress we see how the art and style of one country influence the art and style of other countries. There are also differences. First of all the medium of the influence was different, one was painting from a subway art, the other is marrying of style. Also, the subway art is rather a unique interpretation of Hakusai’s painting whereas the dress, rather than interpreting combines the meaning of the white color to that of the meaning of a traditional dress.

This is also connected to Classics topics because we often discuss how Greece influenced Rome, as well as how other cultures influenced them and how they were seen. Many Roman Gods were inspired and borrowed from Greece god such as Aphrodite was integrated into the Roman culture as Venus. In both classes, we see how in contemporary society, we still borrow and are influenced by other cultures as were the cultures from antiquity.

Image: https://www.google.com/search?q=beautiful+white+with+gold+embellishment+bridal+lehenga+set&rlz=1C1GGRV_enUS752US752&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiPubaPnerXAhUIPN8KHf_XDpgQ_AUICigB&biw=1366&bih=662#imgrc=PtHEgLvYis_KRM:

Masuma, Team 18

Unit 4: Baroque Art

The Hippopotamus Hunt, oil on canvas by Peter Paul Rubens, c. 1615–16; in the Alte Pinakothek, Munich.
This work titled “The Hippopotamus Hunt”, by Peter Paul Rubens in 1615, Munich, Germany. It can be described as a prime example of Baroque art, due to the drama and tension, and also it being created during the 16th century. In this scene, a group of men who are on horses, appear to be in the midst of battle with a crocodile, and a hippopotamus.There are strong diagonal lines, which catch the audience’s attention from one part of the scene to the next. Also, it seems to appear as though there is strong emotions connecting from the people, horses, and animals, through there being a sense of danger, and tension. It gives an uncertainty of the outcome of this battle, between the men, and the animals. There is also a representation of an inner conflict between man and beast. Also, hunting during this time period was illegal, so this painting could be considered a status symbol, as only the wealthy could hunt legally. This work could also bring about shock due to its graphic images, and it being violent, and the killing of animals. This work is essentially a Baroque piece, due to it’s ability to appeal to the senses in a dramatic way, and also keep the viewer’s attention at hand, with the rich and deep color. It can also be compared to contemporary works of today, as those were influenced by past Baroque works in terms of structure, and emotion.

Marisa, -Team Ares

“A Change in Culture Comes a Change in Form”


This is a still from a film (“The Glass Castle”) recently and while watching I realized that movies today have influences of the use of chiaroscuro lighting. There are so many movies out there that have scenes that are darkly lit, except for the faces of the actors, with the light source often not shown or put there without it being obvious where it is coming from. When looking at a painting, like The Calling of Saint Matthew, the intent of the lighting was to to dramatise the moment and infect emotion in the viewer, and in films these days lighting is very important so setting the mood of the viewer. Obviously when the height of the chiaroscuro lighting technique was popular television and film wasn’t invented, but you can tell from moves today, which are far more watched than paintings are viewed, that that technique if dramaticism is still used, just with lighting and cameras instead of paints. This is the perfect example of Professor Simon’s “a change in culture comes a change in form,” for as we’ve become more technologically advanced, movies became a big part of our culture, yet it seems like we still have kept important artistic elements in history.

Baroque Style in the Death of Julius Caesar?!


The image above is the painting of The Death of Julius Caesar by Vincenzo Camuccini.

In Classics class, we learned about the death, or rather, the assassination, of Julius Caesar. The image above that I had searched up for while reading an article on the death of Julius Caesar depicts the moment he was being stabbed by the Roman senators.

In art, we have been learning about Baroque art. Baroque art, although it was mostly in religious paintings, also carries the style of dramatic scenes, rich and deep color, as well as a great contrast between light and dark. It also contains great degrees of movement and emotions. The image above was painted in 1798, a couple of decades after the Baroque movement. But this painting shows elements of Baroque style. If you look closely, you can see the movement of the figures. On the right there are figure shown to have their hands raised whereas the ones on the left are engrossed in the assassination of Caesar. There is also a contrast between the light and dark as shown in the background and foreground.


This is a drawing that Camuccini had drawn of the assassination of Julius Caesar. I had gone to the Metropolitan Museum but was unable to take a picture. But this drawing/sketch is included in the museum.

Aisha, Team Ares

The Month of “Augustus”

Augustus of Primaporta, 1st century C.E., marble (Vatican Museums)

Throughout the readings, we learn a lot about who he is and his characteristics.

“He argued that ‘Augustus‘ was both a more original and a more honorable title, since sanctuaries and all places consecrated by the augurs are known as ‘august‘” (Life of Augustus 7).

“I drove the men who slaughtered my father into exile with a legal order, punishing their crime, and afterwards, when they waged war on the state, I conquered them in two battles” (RES GESTAE 2)

These two quotes displays how people honored Augustus and Augustus’s actions. People feel that his name is empowering and respected while he gets revenge to the people who slaughtered his father. I chose these quotes because they both display to the reader they type of person Augustus is. One is what others characterized him as while the other is what the reader takes away about his actions. Both quotes are similar in that they both use specific wording to fully characterize Augustus. In the first quote, the terms original and honorable are being used to characterize Augustus while in the second quote it uses the terms punish and conquer.


This is a picture of me holding a calendar opened up to the month of August. The month of August is named after Augustus. Augustus completed the calendar and named the month after himself. This relates to the reading in a way because Augustus is known for conquering therefore him naming a month after himself shows power and honor as discussed  in the previous quotes.

Extra Credit:

This picture relates to the class because we are currently learning about Augustus and Julius Caesar. The month on July is named after Julius and the month of August is named after Augustus. This is me holding a calendar opened up to the month of August. Augustus named this month after himself which shows that he is very powerful and respected by many.

Adam Allan, Team Ares