Alexander the who?

Rio A., boyfriend, Age 19, on the train

Do you know who Alexander the Great was?

“I mean I’ve heard of him but I don’t know who he is.”

What do you know about him?

“His name.”

Where did you learn about him?

“From TV.”

Maurycy G., friend, Age 18, via text message

Do you know who Alexander the Great was?

“Yes ma’am”

What do you know about him?

“He was a king or prince of Greece and we went to war a lot. At least I think.”

Where did you learn about him?

“In a video game.”

civilization 5

Laura T., best friend, Age 18, at her house

Do you know who Alexander the Great was?

“I think so.”

What do you know about him?

“I think he was a Greek king or leader. Something like that.”

Where did you learn about him?

“Global History class in high school.”

 

Most of the answers I got are similar in that they had minimal to no knowledge of Alexander the Great. My friends Laura and Maurycy knew that he was an important figure in the ancient world. The answers varied when I asked them where they had learned this information. They all learned about Alexander on different platforms. What they knew is different to what we learned in class because we learned about Alexander in much more detail and based on what was written about him in the readings. Something I learned about him in class that really stuck was about his horse Bucelphalus. I learned that in the myths, Bucelphalus was a vicious man eating horse. If someone tamed Bucelphalus then that person would be great and so that is why Alexander is so great. “It seems to me the bullheaded horse was commanded by a god to act thus with Alexander.” This comes from the reading Alexander Romance which we spoke of in class.

Luisa Reynoso, Hermes

 

Ungrateful Children

The first person that I asked about Alexander the Great was my sister. My sisters name is Chelsea, she is seventeen, and I asked her while we were inside of our house. The second person I asked about Alexander the Great was my best friend from high school. Her name is Nandi, she is eighteen, and I asked her while we were at home. The final person I asked was an old friend, his name is Ian, he is nineteen, and I asked him on the phone what he knew about Alexander the great. Chelsea said the she knew he was powerful, that he owned a horse, that he hurt his father, and that he was able to conquer many territories. I would have thought that what she said about him owning a horse was silly and irrelevant but I think it is important because of the fact that the horse was a “man-eater”. We learned this in class about how the horse was huge and seemingly a monster which is why I believe this is an important fact to know about Alexander the Great. Nandi and Ian knew basically the same thing as my sister because of the fact that we all went to the same global classes in high school. It was a big topic in our global class but it wasn’t as focused on as it is in our classics class in college which is why they did not know as much as I do about him. At least we all share the same knowledge about Alexander hurting his father, they may not have known that he wasn’t his real father, but a quote that supports our mutual is from the Alexander Romance where it states “And Alexander seized him and took and threw him down into a pit. And he suffered severe blows on the neck in falling, and he said, “Alexander, my child, why did you want to do that?” And he replied, “Blame yourself, Astrologer.”
Christie, Team Hermes

Old School Alexander

Stephanie, High School truancy officer and former coworker, age mid thirties, text:

Q1: Do you know who Alexander the Great was?

Stephanie: [I’ve] heard of him but can’t recall what exactly he did

Q2: What do you know about him?

Stephanie: Not much… I remember his name and that is about it

Q3: Where did you learn about him?

Stephanie: Middle School

Jeremy, Father, age 37, text:

Q1: Do you know who Alexander the Great was?

Jeremy: I do.

Q2: What do you know about him?

He was a leader in Ancient Greece (or Macedonia possibly). I know he conquered a lot of territory.

Q3: Where did you learn about him?

A little in high school, but more from watching the history channel and reading.

Gillian, Coworker and friend, age 18, text:

Q1: Do you know who Alexander the Great was?

Gillian: Yes

Q2: What do you know about him?

Gillian: He was a Greek king.

Q3: Where did you learn about him?

Gillian: In world history class.

Interview with the Fam

tell_me_about_yourself

For the following interview, Donovan, my father age 42, Celina, my cousin age 17, and Diana, my mother age 48 will be participating. This interview took place at home.

Me: Do you know who Alexander the Great was?

Donovan: Yes, I think he was alive during the Roman Empire time.

Celina: Yes, he was a leader of the Corinthian League.

Diana: I don’t know

Me:What do you know about him?

Donovan: I think he used to fight battle, a gladiator probably

Celina: He was a king that died from Malaria and he was the most powerful military leader.

Diana: I think he was a lord or governor, or hold some type of position. Maybe in the Holy Crusade.

Me:Where did you learn about him?

Donovan: From watching tv

Celina: At school, but he wasn’t that interesting so I don’t remember much.

Diana: I was reading a book that mentioned him.

 

Do you know who Alexander the Great is?

1.Anatoliy A., brother, 30 years old, in the car

Q: Do you know who Alexander the great was? A: Yes

Q: What do you know about him? A: He was king of Macedonia. He was a great conqueror, he took over many lands. I think he started spread of hellenism. He had something to do with gods and goddesses. He died at a young age, on the way back form conquering land.

Q: Where did you learn about him? A: On the history channel. They show tons of images and artifacts from his time.

We went through google looking for images he saw and one:

alexander

He told me it was Alexander the Greats tomb. They showed it towards the end of the show.

  1. Marina A., mom, 48 years old, at home

Q: Do you know who Alexander the great was? A: Yes

Q: What do you know about him? A: He was a greek king and conquerer. He conquered half the world. He traveled and conquered from Greece till Israel. He was advised by his mother, she was very dear to him. His partner or second in command was Marcus.

Q: Where did you learn about him? A: In school. From reading books.

  1. Neriya C., friend, 20 years old, text message

Q: Do you know who Alexander the great was? A: Yes

Q: What do you know about him? A: He was a greek king. Very powerful. I think he played a big part in the Torah.

Q: Where did you learn about him? A: I learnt about him when I was younger in school.

Most of the things my mom and friends knew about Alexander the Great are similar. They all know that Alexander the Great was an important person, he was a king who conquered many lands. He was smart and tactical. Most of them knew who he was in a general sense, but didn’t know how he came about. A lot of the things they once knew about him they didn’t remember anymore. The story is pretty interesting, I wish they could read it at least once in their lifetime just to know who Alexander the Great truly was. I think its important to know about him. You learn more about history, conquerers and hellenism. Plus, if anyone ever decides to ask you questions about him like my classmates and I were told to do they can answer with a lot more details and information.

The answers I received about Alexander the Great were somewhat similar to what we learned in class. Everyone I asked about Alexander the Great said he was a king. Indeed he was, he was known as the king who had horns. They also all knew that he was a conqueror and very strong. In class we learnt that Phillip, his father, was given an oracle, who ever mounts the beast of a horse he owns in his saddles will be ruler over the world. “And he, recalling and remembering what had happened concerning this, went forth to meet his son. And he greeted him, saying, “Hail, Alexander, conqueror of the world.” And Philip remained cheerful and happy in the secret and hidden hope for his son.” Alexanders Romance [48]. From here we see that oracle was referring to Alexander the great who latter on became the “conqueror of the world.

My brother had seen an image in one of his shows and we came across it in google images. It was funny that he had seen that image since we just went over it in both art and classics class. The tomb was from Sidon, 330 B.C.. It seems as though the sculptures on outside of tomb resemble archaic period. They all have potential for movement, there all in a fighting stance. The tomb also has a frieze. The outer frieze was decorated with Alexander the Great and his victories.

Cite:

Romm James,”Ghost on the Throne: the death of Alexander the Great and the War for Crown and Empire, 2011, History Today, Web. October 9, 2017.

-Anora A., Team Diana

Alexander the Great is indeed Great

Michelle L., Friend, 18, Manhattan her home

Q1: Do you know who Alexander the Great was?

A1: He was the king of Ancient Greece.

Q2: What do you know about him?

A2: I don’t really know much about him.

Q3: Where did you learn about him?

A3: Global history class in 9th grade.

Amy C., Sister, 20, Home

Q1: Do you know who Alexander the Great was?

A1: Heard him name before, maybe a conqueror.

Q2: What do you know about him?

A2: Nothing much.

Q3: Where did you learn about him?

A3: History class in high school.

Christina D., Friend, 18, Home through phone

Q1: Do you know who Alexander the Great was?

A1: Yes.

Q2: What do you know about him?

A2: Mostly forgot but he’s some empire dude.

Q3: Where did you learn about him?

A3: World History 6th grade?

—————————————————————–

The three responses I got from my friends and family were all kind of similar. They said that Alexander was a powerful leader and a conqueror. Some people I spoke with forgot who Alexander was, but knew that he was influential at some point in history. Honestly, before this class I forgot what achievements Alexander made. Nevertheless, the leader is well known enough that even the ones who are not great at history know who he is, or has an idea of what kind of person he was. In high school my friends and I learned that Alexander was a ruler, however, we forgot most of it through the years. In class, I learned that Alexander conquered many lands: Persia, Egypt, Mesopotamia, etc and we went into more depth of the span of lands he took over. We also learned that he wore a helmet with horns, which had relation to the Gods.

“…passed on to Achaeia. And upon arriving there, he subdued many cities, and collected an army of 80,000 men” (lines 120-123). According to the reading, Pseudo-Callistenes, The Alexander Romance, after arriving to Achaeia Alexander took over many cities his army of 80,000 men. This shows how much power he had as a leader because he has the control over many individuals. Alexander has made a notable impact in our world history and it is clear to see it. My friends and family who are not very studious at least remembers that Alexander was a man that made great achievements.

 

Alexander the Conqueror

AlexanderCelena Zhao, sister, 15 years old, at home

Do you know who Alexander the Great was? Yeah.

What do you know about him? He was a king in Ancient Greek and conquered a lot of land.

Where did you learn about him? Global History class in school.

Anthony Zhang, cousin, 16 years old, text message

Do you know who Alexander the Great was? Yeah, kind of.

What do you know about him? He conquered a lot of land in Europe.

Where did you learn about him? School.

Susan Cheng, ex-coworker, 23, text message

Do you know who Alexander the Great was? Yeah.

What do you know about him? He spread Hellenistic culture through his conquests. He was educated by Plato when he was younger and died in Macedonia.

Where did you learn about him? Personal interest and college.

Between the people I asked one of the main similarities I found was that they know him as a conqueror. People usually remember Alexander the Great as a conqueror from Ancient Greece. Most of them learned about him in school, usually in a Global History class in high school or even middle school. Even though they did learn about him all they remember him for is how he took over so many territories. What was similar about their answers and what I leaned in class is that Alexander the Great conquered up to Egypt and the Indus River. For example, in “The Alexander Romance” by Pseudo Callisthenes, it discusses this, “Invincible and indomitable child. Long may you live, my lady, for you are pregnant with a boy who shall be your avenger and become world conquering king’ of the whole civilized universe” (13). However in our class we went more in-depth about the topic instead rather than just discussing his great conquests.  One of the things we learned about was Alexander the Great’s horse Bucephalus which can be considered as one of the most famous horses. Another thing were the coins of Alexander the Great and his two horns.

Alexander?

“He was the youngest conqueror in the world. He died in Babylon. Was able to utilize and master communication skills and battle. One of the first to use special weapons. Able to think on his feet and adjust his troops. Was able to blend into the cities he and his men were trying to take over. I’ve learned about him on many different documentaries and school” (Father, 52, our house)

“I’ve learned about him in Global History and he was this king who kind of excelled at some things I don’t really remember. I think he preserved Greco-Roman culture and had religious tolerance” (Emerald D., 16, over the phone)

“I’ve learned in school that he was a leader who won many battles, took over a huge part of somewhere.” (Jemelia M., 17, her house)

In all three responses, we can see that each equated Alexander the great to being someone that “excelled” and “won many battles”. This was possible due to his utilization of being quick on his feet to conquer the lands he passed through. They’ve all learned about him in school at least once and there are many different documentaries about him online or on television. I actually asked more than the three I quoted here and everyone basically answered in the same way. Even though some couldn’t really remember, they still said something like, “He took over part of the world.” We can all agree that he was indeed great because he was able to strategically take over countries with his brilliance and was a strong young man. In the Alexander Romance, he was actually destined for his greatness. Antiphonta told Philip, “O King, you will have a son who, having traversed the whole world, shall subdue everyone by his strength and shall be subdued by none; and while returning to his country, he shall die, having lived but for a short time…” [24] By examining this quote, you can see that Antiphonta said that Alexander will conquer many lands not being defeated but he will end up dying young. Looking through history, this has been verified. Alexander defeated the Persians, conquered Syria, Mesopotamia, Bactria, and established Alexandria in Egypt. All this happened before he died at the young age of 32 in Babylon. No one actually knows what he died from but it was before he was able to return back to his birth place.

One way to witness a piece of how amazing Alexander was, is by looking at his Sarcophagus located in the İstanbul Archaeological Museum. It’s made with Pentelic Marble which was a favorite by the Greek. It’s has very fine detailing and is almost in the shape of a Greek temple. It was created during the Hellenistic period where you can clearly see all of the dramatic movement and diversity. Keep note that this sarcophagus doesn’t contain the actual body of Alexander. As we’ve learned, Friezes display different stories on them. On the first frieze of the sarcophagus, it shows a scene from one of his more important battles. It’s the battle of Issus. There are many enhanced people overlapping each other in complex ways. You could clearly identify Alexander because he is wearing lion’s hat on his head and is riding his horse, Bucephalus. In the middle of the frieze, we can see the King of Sidon also battling the Persians. You can clearly see that the Persians are losing by the way their bodies are placed. All of their hands show that at one point, they were holding some sort of weapon, there is even an archer without his bow. On the other frieze, we see a lion hunt happening. The strange part about it is that the lion is being hunted by both the Greeks and the Persians. You can tell the difference between them by the way they’re dressed. As I said before, there is a sense of exaggeration of body movements almost bring the scene to life in both friezes. Also, there is a hint of color still on both that lets you picture how magnificent this sarcophagus actually was. The stories show how Alexander defeated and captivated the Persians, basically taking over their Empire.

Ivory, Team Artemis