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I found this mosaic on Stuyvesant Street and 3rd Ave in Manhattan. I thought this piece can used for this unit because it can be connected to Pablo Picasso’s Les Demoiselle d’Avignon. They are connected because they both use the style Cubism. Cubism emphasizes art on a flat and two dimensional services, and ignores traditional techniques like linear perspective and chiaroscuro. Besides abandoning tradition techniques, cubism is a style that depicts images in fragmented pieces. This mosaic uses many colorful stones to depict a woman in the form of cubism the way that Picasso uses cubism to help the four women in his painting to take shape. The colorful stones on the mosaic helps show light may have an affect on the color of the face instead of using shadows. This is shown with the contrast of the yellow and white stones used for the face. While in Picasso’s painting there isn’t any depth to it because of the lack of shadows.

-Alvin Zhao, Team Venus

The Dramatic Baptism

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I found this painting while walking through the Metropolitan Museum of Art and thought that this could connect to Baroque art. This painting is called The Baptism of Christ was painted by the Venetian painter Jacopo Bassano with oil on canvas. This is last known work of Jacopo Bassano and was left unfinished as he died in 1592. This painting, of course, is about the baptism of Christ, but Bassano painted this happening at night because he interpreted the baptism as a sad opening to Christ’s passion. The painting can be connected to Baroque art because of the contrast in light and the Baroque art is very exaggerated and dramatic. This painting is very dramatic in the way that the figures are posed and how the light is focused. The light in mainly focused on the left hand side and on Christ. The bottom left side draws attention first because it is very vibrant with bright colors and with the light on Christ. While one side is very bright the other side is extremely dark in color and in mood showing a lot of contrast. The figures in the painting are also dramatic because how it seems like the figure to the right of Christ is getting him to hurry up towards the water seen in the background for the baptism. While the figures on the opposite end seems to be holding him back as if they don’t want Christ to go. The struggle between the two sides can also be seen by the way Christ’s body is positioned. Christ’s body seems to move towards the water but is being held back by the figures with wings.

-Alvin Zhao, Team Venus

Snow White and Medea

In the movie, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, the Evil Queen is jealous of Snow White’s beauty. The Evil Queen wants to be known as the “fairest in the land” but Snow White’s beauty surpasses her own. Clouded by hatred and jealousy of Snow White’s beauty, the Evil Queen pretended to be an old lady and gave Snow White a poisoned apple which causes her to die. However she was eventually saved by a prince.

The contemporary social issue that the movie, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, shows is jealousy and hatred. In the movie, the Evil Queen is shown to be extremely jealous of Snow White’s beauty and acts upon it by trying to get rid of her. Jealousy and hatred is a contemporary social issue that is common in modern day life because people are always compared to one another. Children are an example of people always being compared to each other. Children compete against each other at school to see who is smarter and better. While the ones who do better aren’t jealous, the ones who do poorly may become jealous of the smarter kids and begin to hate them.

The movie, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, and the issue of jealousy and hatred can also be connected back to the play, Medea. In the play Medea, Medea also acted upon her hatred on her ex-husband, Jason, and the princess he was going to marry. Medea poisoned a crown and dress to give the princess as a present in order to kill her and anybody who touches her similar to how the Evil Queen poisoned the apple to get rid of Snow White. Medea is jealous of the princess because Jason left her for the princess. Not only that, Medea became a fugitive and left her country in order to be with Jason while Medea is considered a fugitive, Jason gets to live handsomely.

-Alvin Zhao, Team Venus

Adam in the MET

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I found this statue called Adam by Tullio Lombardo in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. This statue is made out of marble originated from Venice, Italy, during the Renaissance. Adam is holding onto a log wrapped in ivy with his right hand and holding an apple with his left hand. The statue of Adam is standing in the form of the classical contrapposto but the top half of the statue seems rather stiff compared to the bottom half. Adam seems to have a very strong body with his muscular body a little bit emphasized. Religion had an impact on this statue which is shown by the leaf covering Adam’s genitals. You can tell it has been influenced by religion because when Romans copied Greek sculptures some of them which were also influenced by religion have a similar leaf in the same area of other statues. Adam is connected to the Renaissance because Adam is a religious figure in a period of time where people were very religious but at the same time was challenged by new information. Challenged by people, like scientists, who were finding a lot of new information that challenged religion. This statue is also similar to Michelangelo’s David because of the way they are both standing in contrapposto. Also in the way that they both have rather serious facial expressions and are both holding something that adds to the naturalism of the statue.

-Alvin, Team Venus

The Trinity in Brooklyn

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I found this church on 8 Ave and 52 St in Brooklyn and thought that there were some similarities and differences compared to the ones from Unit 2. This church has mosaics that surround the church on the inside similar to the San Vitale. However, the mosaics on this church here are only on the glass windows that surround the church where as the mosaics in San Vitale are on the walls and the ceiling of the church. Another similarity between the church here and the churches discussed in class is that they both have a nave, running through the center aisle of the church, connecting to the apse and altar in the back of the church. However, this church does not have a transept, which is two parts that runs through the nave forming a shape like a cross, like other churches do. Instead this church has a balcony surrounding the apse and altar like you would see a balcony surrounding a stage in a theater. Another thing I noticed about this church is that on the front it has the windows with mosaics in sets of threes, three big windows and three smaller ones. These set of threes symbolize the trinity similar to how the Arch of Constantine has three arches for the trinity and triumph.

-Alvin Zhao, Team Venus

Lion at City Bank

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I found this fasces under the windows of City Bank. Fasces are a symbol of authority and power which is paired with another symbol of power and courage, the lion. I believe this fasces was put there at City Bank to show the strength and authority of City Bank.

-Alvin Zhao, Team Venus

Contemporary Corinth Columns

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As I was walking to the bus stop, I came across these columns on Bay Parkway. I have walked past these columns for a while but never noticed them before taking Art 1010. The columns are found on a Jewish Community Center. After looking a bit more closely I realized that they were similar to Corinth columns. However they are also slightly different from columns from the Corinthian order. I can tell that these columns are similar to the columns from Ancient Greece because of the decorative capital on top. The capital on these columns has a flowery pattern similar to those from the Corinthian order. Another similarity between the contemporary columns and its historical counterpart is the shaft, the longest part of the column. The shaft is similar in the way that it is wider on the bottom than on the top as an imitation of a slender woman. This can connect to the Goddess of Beauty, Aphrodite. There was also a huge statue of Aphrodite that was in Parthenon. The flowery pattern of the capital and slenderness of a woman shaft can also be connected to the beauty of Aphrodite.

However one difference is that the shaft on the contemporary column doesn’t have any fluting, the grooves around the shaft. I also noticed that they have other columns behind the front two and that the columns are different from each other. For example, the two columns have a smooth shaft while the other ones behind it have lines or a ribbon to decorate the shaft. Another difference is the arc above the columns and like the columns below them, they also change. Compared to their historical counterpart, these columns had lion statues and arcs above the columns while the historical counterparts had friezes. Architecture from Ancient has greatly influenced architecture today and I believe that their influence will continue on.

-Alvin Zhao, Team Venus

Imperfect Society

“’ Every society has to deal with demons, he said.’ Our society is not perfect. None is. These demons are named xenophobia, racism, and exclusion” is a quote from the article Canada’s Response to Hate: More Tolerance by The New York Times. This article is addressing the terrorist attack in Quebec City and how no society is free of terrorist acts. The author believes that a perfect society is a society free of its demons, meaning free from racism, exclusion and the fear of being harmed by people other countries. The author believes that there isn’t a society that is perfect no matter how hard we try, but the author believes that the way a country reacts to an event like the terrorist attack could make a difference. I also believe that we live in the same society as the one the author has stated because no matter how protected a country may be, destruction always finds its way in. That’s why many people are so paranoid about each other, thinking whether or not the other person is safe. Also because of stereotypes racism will exist no matter how hard you try to combat it. I believe Plato would have agreed because he wanted a perfect society where children wouldn’t have to be educated in a place where they had to fear death. “Shouldn’t they be told stories that will make them least likely to fear death?” (Plato, Republic, 3. 386a). This quote shows that Plato believes that a perfect society is one where people shouldn’t have to grow up fearing death and others harming them.

“Canada’s Response to Hate: More Tolerance.” New York Times, 2 Feb. 2017, p. A26(L). New York State Newspaperslogin.ez-proxy.brooklyn.cuny.edu/login?url=http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?p=SPN.SP01&sw=w&u=nysl_me_brookcol&v=2.1&id=GALE%7CA479689770&it=r&asid=773dc85be2b5a511b9486a5842c07339. Accessed 15 Sept. 2017.

Barbarians in Barcelona

Back then in Ancient Greece the term “barbarian” was a little bit different from how it is today. The Greeks used this term to describe people who didn’t speak their language so they saw them as different and barbaric. However now a days when we use the words “barbarian” or “barbaric” we are usually describing something destructive, brutal and violent. Over time the words we use and their meanings have changed to fit society.

The news article called, “’Barbaric Act’: World Reacts to Barcelona Attack”, states,” “Revolting”, “cowardly”, and “barbaric” are some of the words leaders worldwide have used to describe the attack in Barcelona that killed 13 people.” Also another article called ” MASSACRE ON LAS RAMBLAS; 13 dead and 100 injured as van rams Barcelona tourists; Two suspects held, one shot dead after a barbaric Isis attack; Holidaymakers tell of horror amid scenes of carnage; Selfie sticks. Baby buggy wheels. .. and a scene of utter carnage” states, ” Broken bodies lay in pools of blood on the famous street, where shops, bars and restaurants are normally packed with tourists and locals.”.

These two articles talk about how terrorists drove a van into a crowd of tourists in a holiday hotspot, Las Ramblas in Barcelona. The ones being treated as the term, “Other”, in this case is the ISIS terrorists because they are the ones acting violently. I think the target audiences for these two articles are the ones who suffered any sort of pain from the events like loss of a family member or they 100 people that got injured from the van charging through the crowd. Besides the people who suffered in these events, I think the articles are also targeting the general readers as their target because it warns them to be careful and not to do such dangerous activities that cause others so much suffering.  One social value that’s being affirmed as a shared value towards the target audience is peace or the idea of it because in the articles, it shows that people were surprised that Barcelona would be a target of an attack. They were surprised because Barcelona is a beautiful city with a huge mix of different nationalities. Also another social value that is being expressed as a shared value towards the audience is sympathy. In the articles, many world leaders from various countries are showing sympathy towards the families of the ones who were killed and injured. An example of this is the Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy announcing a three day mourning period for the victims. The way we use the word “barbarian” or “barbaric” is very different compared to its meaning from ancient Greece. Besides using it to describe someone who spoke a different language or an outsider, Greeks used the word barbarian to describe a group of people or tribes. This is shown in Herodotus’ Histories in (1.4), “For Asia, with all the various tribes of barbarians that inhabit it, is regarded by the Persians as their own; but Europe and the Greek race they look on as distinct and separate.” The term “barbaric” or “barbarian” are used the same to describe how violent the terrorists acts were.

“‘Barbaric act’: World reacts to Barcelona attack.” Al Jazeera America, 18 Aug. 2017. Infotrac Newsstandlogin.ez-proxy.brooklyn.cuny.edu/login?url=http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?p=STND&sw=w&u=nysl_me_brookcol&v=2.1&id=GALE%7CA500927983&it=r&asid=c762eefde6341fbbd70329eef4dc46f3. Accessed 10 Sept. 2017.

“MASSACRE ON LAS RAMBLAS; 13 dead and 100 injured as van rams Barcelona tourists; Two suspects held, one shot dead after a barbaric Isis attack; Holidaymakers tell of horror amid scenes of carnage; Selfie sticks. Baby buggy wheels. .. and a scene of utter carnage.” Daily Mail [London, England], 18 Aug. 2017, p. 1. Infotrac Newsstandlogin.ez-proxy.brooklyn.cuny.edu/login?url=http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?p=STND&sw=w&u=nysl_me_brookcol&v=2.1&id=GALE%7CA500964884&it=r&asid=3951a9418c5636ba0ff8c7cd08adb7fb. Accessed 10 Sept. 2017.