When in Rome, Do as Infants do.

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Peter Paul Rubens. Romulus and Remus. Pinacoteca capitolina (Rome, Italy). http://library.artstor.org/asset/LESSING_ART_10310119992. Web. 6 Dec 2017.

 

Peter Paul Rubens is one of the artists discussed in Art 1010. The painting we discussed exclusively was “Elevation of the Cross” that showed the religious power during the time. As Professor Simon repeatedly says: “A change in era/time/politics equals a change in the form of art.  This work of art, similar to the “Elevation of the Cross” is also a piece of Baroque work, identified by its use of chiaroscuro (the contrast of light and dark in a painting to give a dramatic effect). The painting is given depth using a form of linear perspective where the two infants are in the center (center point) while everyone else takes to the background. The babies, both pale and pink are clean, protected by the she-wolf which tells the story of the twins, Romulus and Remus.

Then one, Romulus,
reveling in the tawny pelt of a wolf that nursed him,
will inherit the line and build the walls of Mars
and after his own name, call his people Romans.

Excerpts from Vergil’s Aeneid
Book 1

This image is literally the story of Romulus and Remus. Were twin brothers. Legend has it, they were the founders of Rome. Their mother, a Vestal Virgin, claimed she had been violated by Mars, the god of war. She was thrown into prison and the children were ordered to be drowned in the Tiber River for the sin her mother committed (breaking her vow not have sex). Rape was overlooked and women were thrown in jail for making such accusations. The twins survived. They were brought to a sacred fig tree and were protected by a she-wolf and a woodpecker that watched over them and brought them food.

The wolf is seen lying under a tree giving suck to an infant, while another plays nearby. The herdsman, Faustulus, who discovered them, is approaching. The god of the River Tiber reclines on his urn. Under the rule of Romulus the city of Rome grew in size and strength. Ruben highlights the survival of the twins being a great and wondrous gift. They are the center and bright part of the image so he wants them to be noticed.

The reason this image is the most important to me and for the homework is because it give a direct approach and visual to what the twins looked like when they were found by the huntsman in the woods. Romulus is reaching to the sky as if he knows that he is the kin of Mars- the Roman god of war. This supports how Rome got it’s name although it is a mere myth.

Cameron Team Jupiter

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Who can do Contrapposto Better? Hamilton or David?

I really enjoy spending my time inside of parks, what I’ve had the opportunity to notice more are the statues that are scattered all over them. I have seen so many different types of statues, but the most common ones have taken influence from ancient Greek and Roman societies. From using marble to the similarity in form.

While I was in Central Park, I saw this statue of Alexander Hamilton. The first thing that I noticed was his stance, I immediately shouted “Contrapposto!!” and my friends looked at me with confusion. I was thinking about Michelangelo’s David and how striking the similarities are between the two sculptures. I read the plaque near it and saw that it was designed by Carl Conrads in 1880. It is the first ever outside sculpture of Alexander Hamilton, and it is larger than life. I wish that I could see Michelangelo’s David in person and next to this statue of Alexander Hamilton because even with images, the similarities are striking. One of the main differences is the fact that Hamilton is clothed, which shows a difference in cultural ideals.

David is shown as a hero, and Alexander Hamilton is definitely an American hero for all that he has accomplished. They both symbolize the importance of the person and you can see it in their stance, their posture and the size of the statues. Everything about it just feels powerful. They use the same material of marble and the detail in each are great, especially in the faces. I loved seeing how the clothes was created, as opposed to David’s bare skin. Both have a hand bent but Alezander’s posture with his hands feels more powerful and poetic.

-Mckensi Pascall, Aphrodite.

The Perspective of Linear Perspective

Linear Perspective is the creation of a three dimensional scene on a two dimensional plane. This was seen throughout Art1010 Unit 3, as seen specifically in Masaccio’s Holy Trinity.

The Illusion of depth is shown by the religious observers in the foreground, as they appear closer than the rest of Christ. Another example of this is found in my Guide to Drawing sketchbook, as it teaches the artist how to correctly form the linear perspective.

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This shows the linear perspective, as the rails of the railroads are individual and parallel to each other. However, the lines appear to be getting closer to each other as the tracks progress. This is the effect of  linear perspective, which causes the parallel lines to appear closer on the horizon.

John J. – Team Diana

Linear Perspective Montenegro River

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Linear perspective is recreating the three dimensional world on a two dimensional surface. Brunelleschi discovered/rediscovered linear perspective when  he was in Rome  studying the ancient ruins and architecture. He wanted to be able capture  the essence of the buildings in his sketches. Later on Albertis write a book On Painting  going in debt about the technique behind linear perspective. Leonardo DaVinci’s The Last Supper is an example of an painting with linear perspective.  The image I added is one I took this in Montenegro of a River,  which also is in linear perspective.

There are many similarities between The Last Summer and the picture I took of a River in Montenegro. Both images have linear perspective both are two dimensions depicting a three dimensional thing. Both images draw you to focus on the focal point and feel very realistic. Both images giving you a feeling as if you are there and experiencing the view first hand. In both images you have the illusion of the image getting narrower as the distances gets farther away. There are also many differences between The Last Supper and my photo a a River in Montenegro. One difference is that The Last Supper is a painting and the river is a photograph. Another difference is what the painting makes us focus on in the Last Supper we are focusing in the center on Jesus in the river photo the it brings your attention to the sun setting. The Last Supper is indoors in a room where the illusion of distance is a lot more intensified then in the photo of river. These images are both example of linear perspective with certain similarities and differences.

Linear Perspective of a Courtyard

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View of the courtyard on Ave J

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The sculpture, which is the center point

This is a courtyard on the intersection of Avenue J and Ocean Avenue. It caught my eye as I was passing by it on my way to school. In this photo, we can see how the architects of the building employed linear perspective, a technique commonly used in Renaissance art, to draw eye to the fountain in the middle of the courtyard. The walls of the interval to the courtyard are similar to a hallway; your eyes naturally follow the passage to see what is at the end of it. the fountain itself has three “rings” to catch the water and deposit it to the bottom to be re-pumped. This architecture is common for fountains and probably wasn’t intended for the purpose of linear perspective, but upon traveling down the corridor, your eyes naturally land on the bottom-most “ring” and travel upward to the sculpture. It is interesting to also note that the center point of the linear perspective used here is a sculpture, because during the Renaissance, linear perspective was used mostly in paintings. This is another example of how modern-day artists have taken elements from past art and incorporated it in today’s art. Whereas in a painting you would have to paint the linear perspective, architects have figured out a way to use external objects to create linear perspective. Because of this, it is really easy to imagine the picture on the left as a painting which depicts a three-dimensional image on a two-dimensional surface. The statue itself is also intriguing. As there was so plaque to allude to the creature’s identity and the sculpture isn’t detailed at all, I couldn’t identify who it was. He is a child, holding what seems to be a fish over his shoulder, similar to the sculpture of a child wrangling the goose which was shown in class for Unit 3. I wondered if this sculpture depicted cupid but the boy has no wings. Then I thought maybe he was Poseidon, since he was a water god and this sculpture is on top of a fountain; however to my knowledge, Poseidon was never depicted as a child. Maybe this sculpture depicts just a boy, but I’ll have to ask Professor Yarrow to be sure.

 

Elene T., Team Mars

“And to the Republic for which it stands…”

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I chose to take this image of the American flag, which I found in my room, because it resembles the Roman Republic. In the 15th century, Florence was a city-state with a republican form of government. During this time, when individuals were guaranteed freedom in Florence, the Florentine people engaged in a struggle with the Duke of Milan. Therefore, they were fearful of losing their freedom. After the Duke of Milan caught the plague, and the King of Naples, who came after, also died, they had to face the Duke of Milan’s son in war. After defeating him in 1425, they declared themselves heirs to the Ancient Roman Republic. The American flag is a symbol of freedom and liberty, which is embedded in the Republican government.

Glass from the Past

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This is a very special glass house located right under the Brooklyn Bridge. I decided to use this glass house in my post due to it being mostly constructed of beautiful stained glass. Common across this image instantly struck my memory of the stained glass of Chartres. It’s beautiful, multicolor, complex designed glass can se spotted from many feet away. When the rays of the sun shine through these beautiful pieces of glass, the new colors that emit from the glass is a view to die for. The function of the glass from both then and not haven’t changed much from decretive design. This glass house is a beautiful piece of art that disused close to brooklyn bridge. It attracts the likes of even the youngest of art admirers. Many kids have been seen staring and taking pictures by this beautiful creation by Tom Fruin.

 

Ishmeal James

Team 7 Artemis

The Spiels Around Us 

Gothic architecture was popularized  during the late Renissance around 16th century. The purpose of this architechture was to evolk feeling , which is not to surprising since it was during a period of humanism and focusing on the individual . Today we often see gothic architecture in many churches and buildings around NYC  and the world. But, hidden inside our neighbourhoods there are many houses that exhibit this form of architecture. In fact, as I walked on East 17th street right by our very own Brooklyn College I stumbled across these little gems below. 

 

These both exhibit an important feature , the spiel. It is a common feature used to elongate gothic structures.The spiel is the cone shaped piece on the cylindrical base. This is an iconic feature due to its feeling of excess height that it illuminates.

Samantha, Team Minerva

Flatiron Building

 

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The picture above is the Flatiron building in Manhattan from the perspective of someone standing in front of it. This depicts the idea of linear perspective; the idea of creating an illusion of depth onto a two dimensional surface, by making the Flatiron building come out of the picture along with the other buildings on either side of the Flatiron building. The picture contains two vanishing points, each at the end of the street of the picture. This creates the illusion of having the buildings appear bigger to the viewer as they look at the picture and smaller if he/she was to look at the end of the street. This is a similar example to what was brought up in class, like The Holy Trinity by Masaccio, a painting containing the idea of one point linear perspective. However, for the picture I have chosen, it contains two point linear perspective. Both are a form of linear perspective used in the past to provide depth in art.   

Hoky, Team Saturn

Soviet Art

1222161451 This large piece hangs in the Ukrainian Institute of America, just a couple blocks away from the Met. Although it was painted long after Brunelleschi had rediscovered linear perspective, elements of his methods are clearly visibly in the Ukrainian piece. The most notable element of linear perspective in this piece is the the lines created by the rows of civilians seem to converge as they rescind further into the background. If you were to draw out the orthogonals, they would create a vanishing point in the lower left portion of the painting, where the lines created by the crowd are closest to meeting. Additionally, if you observe the individual members of the crowd you will see that their heads are all placed upon the same diagonal line. To create the illusion of depth the artist paints them larger the closer they are, extending their feet further down the canvass while keeping their heads along the same diagonal.

 

David, Team Saturn

Scene It!!!

If you are a New York and take the subway, then during your commute it is inevitable to avoid stained glass. As far as historians can go, stained glass has been around since 686 AD. It’s an ancient form of art from Europe and is commonly found in churches. One church known for its stained glass art is the Chartres in France (shown below).

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Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Chartres

The Chartres was built before Christianity and was a devotional to the fertility  Goddess. However, when Catholicism changed the art of the time period, the temple was the Virgin Mary. The art was for more than just gazing upon but told Christian stories in a colorful manner that would appear to the illiterate.

Legend has it that in the 800s the church acquired the Sancta Camisa, the tunic said to have been worn by Mary at the time of Jesus’s birth. Because of this holy relic, the church became a popular pilgrimage site. When a new and larger church was to be built in the 1100s, local trade guilds and the nobility donated large amounts of money for its decoration.

Fisher, Tom, and Jane Fisher. “ Stained Glass Windows, Chartres.” France Travel Planner, Travel Info Exchange Inc, francetravelplanner.com/go/chartres/see/windows.html.

So just in case no one remember where they saw stained art here’s a subway station I frequented as a child:

brklyn stained glass

Gothic Architecture

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I was biking past Brooklyn College one day and I came across this beautifully ornamented church. On the corner of Foster Ave and Ocean Ave, Our Lady of Refuge Church stands distinctly from its neighboring buildings. Many elements of gothic architecture were incorporated into the design of this building. For example the spiked pire, and pointed arches. There are also two very detailed sculptures on either side of the building. That being said, this building is lacked the iconic flying buttresses that we discussed in class. Other noteworthy elements of this church are the symmetrical stained glass windows, the latin inscription at the center, and the very large ornamented cross (reminiscent of the chartres or amiens floral design) which serves as the centerpiece of this church.

Zunaira Naveed Team Mars