AUGUSTINE

E09B7AD9-3735-4425-A765-57C3FFE2B69C.jpegThe people who live in the apartment next to me (aka my lovely neighbors who weren’t home at the time) have the last name, Augustine. I’m making an educated guess when I say Augustine is a feminine derivative of the name Augustus. Because the name Augustus means venerable which means accorded a great deal of respect, especially because of age, wisdom, or character, I don’t believe there is a correlation between the quotes and my speculation. Augustus’s name was meant to honor him but he faced the same bitterness Caesar did.

“You are shameless: a glutton and a gambler.” Catullus 29

“Indeed, when once they had voted to him on a single day an unusually large number of these honours of especial importance, — which had been granted unanimously by all except Cassius and a few others, who became famous for this action, yet suffered no harm, whereby Caesar’s clemency was conspicuously revealed, — they then approached him as he was sitting in the vestibule of the temple of Venus in order to announce to him in a body their decisions.” Cassius Dio Book 44.7-20

The first quote is describing Caesar as an amoral man, unworthy of his title. This is very similar to the second quote because although the information given leads one to believe that he is being praised, there is an underlying bitterness toward Caesar from Cassius and others.

I picked these two quotes because they characterize Caesar in two different ways. Caesar receives many honors and is known for his clemency, characteristics that are expected of a benevolent ruler. But in Catullus’s poems, readers are exposed to a negative portrayal of Caesar. He is a selfish, disgusting man-whore. Readers are left with two different opinions of this imperator and because we weren’t there to draw our own conclusion, we don’t know what to do with them.

Carrissa, Team Hestia

Similar Names, But That’s It

 

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Fatema Islam, Team Jupiter (Right)
Julie Theodore, Team Venus (Left)

Beautifully it comes together for the shameless Cinaedii Mamurra and Caesar the pervert.
Cattulus

Is this why, oh most pious of citizens, Oh father- and son-in-law, you’ve ruined EVERYTHING?!
Catullus

Both these quotes are from a poet that is rather biased towards Julius Caesar so they may not be the most accurate depiction of Caesar but it doesn’t mean there isn’t some truth to his verses. I chose them because it was actually some of the first verses of Caesar that was in the reading as well as the fact that this is someone who wasn’t afraid to state their true opinion of Caesar. Caesar wasn’t liked by everyone but some hid it better than others, Catullus didn’t bother hiding his distaste at all though. As seen in the verses above  he doesn’t think much of him and fears that he may ruin Rome. The only difference is the difference in verses.

 

In the image above there is Julie Theodore on the left and me on the right sitting on a bench with a tree behind us with yellowing leaves. I am wearing a red hijab with a knitted gray sweater while Julie is wearing a red coat with black buttons along with a blue scarf around her neck. I chose to take a picture with Julie because her name sounds similar to Julius. Her name doesn’t match up to the verses above because Julie isn’t a politician who wants to become an emperor. I’m going to assume to that one of her parents named her that for reasons that are theirs. Because of that it’s okay for her name not to match those verses because all parents have their reasons when it comes to naming their children. Weather it’s in memory of someone or if they want their children to have strong names there are lots of reasons when it comes to names.

Fatema Islam
Team Jupiter

 

The Pizza Place

There are many descriptions of Caesar which can be interpreted in different ways.

Image result for little caesar store at flatbush

This is an image of a local pizzeria called Little Caesar.  It was probably named this because Caesar is known to be a mighty and great leader so the company wanted customers to know that the pizza sold here was the best pizza in the industry. My speculation does connect to the the quotes above to an extent. Even though most of the passages explain that Caesar was a bad person, he is known in history to be a great military leader.

Catullus says

“Why do you caress this nasty man? What can he do?

Besides devour a greasy inheritance?

Is this why, oh most pious of citizens,

Oh father- and son-in-law, you’ve ruined EVERYTHING?!”

This passage characterizes Julius Caesar to be a terrible person. Catullus expresses that Romans are fools for encouraging and supporting Caesar when he ruined everything just for his own benefit. I chose this passage because it shows that even though students were taught that Caesar was this amazing leader, not everyone believed that.

Cassius Dio explains

“And this is precisely what happened, though Caesar was encouraged by these very measures to believe that he should never be plotted against by the men who had voted him such honours, nor, through fear of them, by any one else; and consequently he even dispensed henceforth with a body-guard.”

This passage explains why Julius Caesar was plotted against. It explains that his supporters inflated his ego to the point where Caesar thought of himself as a higher leveled human being. I chose this passage because it showed that Caesar’s downfall was the result of him listening to others.

Comparison:

These two passages are similar and different. They both show that Caesar had many negative aspects which led to his downfall. However, one was biased because their hometown was taken over by the Romans, while the other was a perspective on the events when Caesar was assassinated.

-Fariah, Team Hermes

Emperor on your salad?

I am not really keen, Caesar, to wish to pander to you,
Nor to know whether you are a hero or a villain.”

CATULLUS 93

“Caesar is Apollo, true — but he’s Apollo of the Torments”

LIFE OF AUGUSTUS

In Catullus I believe that the author does not really care what kind of person Caesar was. He can be great or not and it wouldn’t make a difference. In the Life of Augustus, Caesar is called Apollo of the Torments which I believe is a negative comment towards Caesar’s character. I chose these two quotes because they both describe Caesar in a negative fashion.

These passages are different because one is a biography and the other is a poem.

IMG_0986

This is a picture of me holding Caesar dressing which has the same name as Julius Caesar. Did Julius Caesar ever think that his name would be on a dressing bottle?

-Luisa, Team Hermes

Don’t Monkey Around!

Cassius Dio: “he no longer restrained his wrath but showed great irritation, as if these very officials were really stirring up sedition against him.” (10)

Dio describes Caesar as an actual human being in this quote, meaning under all the hype about this romanticized image of the great Roman dictator Caesar, he is Julius Caesar first. People keep referring to Caesar as something that he feels that he isn’t, which I can understand why that would make him feel uncomfortable. Everyone only sees him as the Roman dictator, and nothing else, even if he tells others that he is only human. I picked this quote because it’s somewhat relatable because if people don’t listen to you after you have told them multiple times, you get annoyed after a while. This situation reminds me of what celebrities go through daily because their privacy is forgotten about, and their private lives are merged with their public lives.

Res Gestae: “In my nineteenth year, on my own initiative and at my own expense, I raised an army with which I set free the state, which was oppressed by the domination of a faction.” (1)

In this quote, Gestae shows Augustus in a positive light because he portrayed as a man who is willing to do whatever it takes for the benefit of his people. Despite Augustus being at a young age, his strong desire to contribute to society and his community persuades readers that the Roman dictator is a courageous, modest man; an image that contrasts the ones in the textbooks. I chose this quote because it promotes the message that every story has two sides to it. Even though we have been taught in school that Augustus was not a great leader, Gestae reminds readers about the positive aspects of Augustus because he was a young man that wanted to improve the well-being of his country, unaware of the fact that his risky political actions would contribute to the downfall of the Roman Empire.

The point-of-view in both passages are different from each other. In the first quote, Caesar’s thoughts of annoyance are written in third person. However, in the second quote, Augustus’ opinion is expressed in first person. Also, the passages are both referring to a different person.

unnamed

In my selfie, I took a picture with Caesar. He is the main protagonist of the movie, Planet of the Apes, and he was named after Julius Caesar because his role in the movie is to lead his people. My image relates to the quotes above because of the way the leader is portrayed. For example, the quotes describe a positive image of Julius Caesar and Augustus because of their leadership qualities. Julius Caesar may have been a big risk-taker when it came to the well-being of the people he ruled over, but Julius did it with good intentions. Caesar was considered to be a hero of his time because of the way he ruled over Rome. He was a fair and caring leader, similar to Caesar, the chimpanzee, because Julius took account of the people’s thoughts and opinions to better the empire. I think the writers of the movie decided to name the main protagonist after Julius Caesar because they wanted to convey the image of a great ruler who would guide his people through battle and politics for their well-being.

– Rebecca Lee, Team Jupiter

 

Welcome to Manhattan

 

 

In the photo above is my friend Julia (on the left) and I at the foot of the Manhattan bridge. We’re sitting at a small steps at the bottom of the arch. We’re on the Manhattan side of the the bridge, and this photo shows an architectural piece that divides the incoming and outgoing traffic of the bridge. Similar to St. Peter’s square, the archway shares unique characteristics. In the photo, the sides of the arch has colonnades that extends outwards. The colonnades only contain two closely lined columns used as decoration, rather than the church’s incentive to direct traffic of pilgrims and carriages. The column’s simplistic and smooth unfluted shaft also follows the tuscan order that can be identified around St. Peter’s square. The colonnades that line either sides of the triumphal arch creates a wide semicircle shape. The shape can be compared to St. Peter’s square where people describe it to be the open arms of the church. In this case, the archway can be the welcoming arms for people coming into Manhattan. However, the entrance of the archway does not create the same sense of movement as to the piazza. St. Peter’s basilica’s columns display Baroque qualities of invoking movement in the way that the columns are unevenly spaced and are not freestanding. The colonnades of the archway are tightly lined, and are elevated so people are unable to interact with the architectural piece. Unless the steps are climbed, people are only able to approach the columns; Whereas, the columns of the piazza are much larger in scale and are spaced out for people to walk through. Another characteristic that both places share are the tops of the colonnades. It seems like fence-like structures that resemble crenellations of castles.


I met Julia (left of photo) in high school, and I found out that her grandmother chose her name. When her grandmother was pregnant with her father, her grandmother chose the name “Julia” if the baby was a girl. Instead, her grandmother named her father “Julio” when she found out he was a boy. Before hearing this story about Julia’s name, I thought that Julia was a common name in Hispanic culture. This story does support my speculations somewhat, and is related to what we have learned in class. The similarities of family names are passed down to different generations. I can relate this influential factor of naming choices to modern day culture, because I noticed that a lot of siblings share the same first letter of their names. For example, my cousins are named Ada, Anna, and Andy. I think that many parents find it easier to remember names if they match the first letters. Though the names “Julia” and “Julius” were separated according to gender, there was a similarity between the way a family names their relatives.

In relation to Julius Caesar, he has been described in Catullus’ poem where the poet questions “what is this but perverse generosity? Has he not achieved enough gluttony?” Catallus’ syntax interestingly juxtaposes the connotations of someone that is perverse and generous. Someone that is generous is seen as selfless and willing, whereas, perverse describes someone that is corrupted and improper. Thus, Catullus implies that Caesar’s actions may seem like they’re positively improving the community, however, his intentions may be corrupt and out of self interest. Cassius Dio also explores the same idea that Julius Caesar is not a respectable public figure by stating that “most men suspected him of being inflated with pride and hated him for his haughtiness” in his book. The quote creates the image that the public may interpret Caesar’s ego as a negative influence on his popularity and favorability towards his followers. I chose these quotes because both writers elaborate on a common theme that runs through history and culture. Leaders become examples of how their high self-esteem leads to their downfall, or hubris. This idea can be identified in how Julius Caesar was killed by his closest peers. In addition, current events display how celebrities, politicians, and fictional characters in movies are exploited by their own flaws.

Vicky, Team Hermes

Hail Julia!

20171121_170704“When they began to honor Julius Caesar (now dictator), it was with the idea, of course, that he would be reasonable…”
(Cassius Dio book 44.4-20 chapter seven line two)
“whether he will go across the great Alps, seeing the great monument of Caesar, the Gallic Rhine or those monstrous men, the furthest Britons.”
(Catullus, chapter eleven line thirteen)

These quotes characterize Julius Caesar in a negative way. I chose them because of the way they similarly characterize Caesar as a monstrous dictator who is getting power and glory despite not deserving said power and let alone deserving to rule the empire as a dictator. The passages that I took the quotes from are most likely used to justify or excuse the Roman Sennett’s action of assassinating Caesar.

Cassius Dio and Catullus used their work as propaganda against Caesar as well as a justification for his assassination. This is different than the propaganda Augustus’s wife made for him after his death, the statue Augustus Of Prima Porta that we learned about in art1010. The propaganda that Augustus Of Prima Porta was portraying was positive and was praising him for his military and diplomatic victories.
The image I have chosen for this blog is a picture of the name Julia written in rainbow lights, like those on a billboard sign. In the family of Gaius Julius Caesar, all women were named Julia. Someone may have the name Julia because every woman in a family were given the family name as their first name.
This does not connect to the quotes because based on the quotes no one would want to name their child after a man like Julius Caesar. More likely, each generation named a child Julia or Julius to honor a relative from the past or just because the parents liked that particular name. It is my opinion that in this way the name Julia has survived from Ancient Rome to the present day and not as a way to continue to honor Julius Caesar.

Hinda Honikman, Team Mars