I met Aphrodite! OMG


Yesterday I went to the Metropolitan Museum of Art to do my paper for Art class. I was so excited and shocked to see all the paintings and statues that we have discussed in class. It almost felt unreal. As I was walking by this statue, I realized it was Aphrodite!!!! We have learned about her in both art and classics. she is a beautiful goddess known for her incredible beauty. And we also have heard her stories in classics. Meeting her was like a dream. She stands alone in the hallways with her own spark and value. I could see people stopping by her and viewing this beautiful body. It looked extremely gorgeous even though its not in well condition anymore. Somethings are just priceless and seem unreal. Fizza saeed, Team Hermes


Look Closely to your surroundings

brooklyn bridge

In unit three, we were introduced with the concept of linear perspectives. Its an concept introduced by Paolo Uccello and  Brunelleschi (re)discovered it. They started in Italy and its a way of recreating three dimentional world on two dimensional surfaces. Details of the instructions were published in a painting manual written by someone named Florentine, Leon Battista Alberti, in 1435. He discussed perspective of formula. He described  one point formula perspectives like Vanishing point, Horizontal line and Orthogonals. It suggest a renewed focus on individual viewer and comes from individualism. We have seen linear perspective being used in many buildings and paintings from the Renaissance period like Masoaccio, Holy Trinity. He was the first to used Bruneleshi’s discovery. In his painting, he clearly shows the main points and the way  lines connect. Throughout the time, we have developed many habits and techniques from our past. People have copied old techniques and habits to make their work better. History is really all around us but with no knowledge of things there is no way to recognized them. Recently I was walking on the Brooklyn bridge. I stood around one of the corners and it was so clear to see the linear perspective. I have been there countless times and not ones did I thought about the linear points. As you look closely, you can really see the horizontal line, vanishing point and the orthogonal. It can be seen from different sides and angles. It clearly shows how unaware people are about their surroundings. We are so involved in our busy lives that we don’t ever notice the past that is all around us. From buildings to paintings, the past is everywhere. The only way to recognize it is to learn and gain knowledge. This class has made me look at paintings and buildings from a whole new perspective. One of the famouse places like this bridge was never this expressive to me. I felt like it was speaking to me. After learnig about the linear perspective, I have been seeing more of it around me. Its something we all can create by taking photographs in a way to mke them look like linear perspective as shown below. It shows a picture of train track. It shows how it all depends on our perspective of things. If people started to take photographs like this and saw things more closely, then they will be able to see linear perspective more easier. I have come to the conclusion that the more you learn, the more alive you will feel. Fizza saeed, Team Hermes


Lower East Side’s Crossroad

On the walls of the Delancey St/Essex St station is an enormous mosaic of a fish in a wave. The mosaic is composed of a vibrant array of blue, green, yellow, red, white, and purple stones. The colors compliment each other to create a depth in shadow and detail to the fish. The bright mosaic brings life into the daily routines of many New Yorkers. Though the fish is 2-dimensional and does not invoke any sense of movement, the waves of water that surround the fish imitates the crashing of waves and the upward movement of spraying water.

Similar to the Byzantine style buildings, such as the Justinian mosaic in St. Vitale, I also noticed how the mosaic is blended into the clean canvas of the white tiles around it. The colors The use of the mosaic and white tiles on the walls dematerialized the concrete material that can be seen at the bottom of the picture. The images are also unproportional and unrealistic as a method to emphasize certain characteristics. Unlike the Dome of the Rock, this mosaic uses figurative images of animals.

When taking account of the location of the station, I inferred that the mosaic must be referring to one of the most iconic and historical building of the neighborhood. The subway station lies beneath the Essex Street Market, the current market continues to house multiple vendors, grocers, butchers, and stores. The market thrived around the 1950s in the Lower East Side of Manhattan, and served as a station that sold fresh produce and goods. The Lower East Side is also known for it’s cultural diversity and diffusion due to the prolific amount of immigrants that live in nearby tenements. In fact, the artist Ming Fay used the fish as a way to symbolize the “crossing” of the paths of people. The metaphor is used to compare the immigrants who have traveled across water to reach the city. The fish creates a subtle reminder of the neighborhood’s history, and representation of it’s importance to New York City.


Work Cited:

MTA. http://web.mta.info/mta/aft/permanentart/permart.html?agency=nyct&line=J&artist=1&station=18 Accessed 7 November 2017.


Vicky Lee, Team Hermes

Where do the methods of succession come from?

I was looking over different topics to write about my blog. Although they all seemed interesting, I ended up chosing “Gracchi France” to do my blog on. When I wrote the title on my Brooklyn college search; I was given different sources and articles. I chose “Land Reform: A World Survey” . Its an article on land reform.The article is for audience who are having trouble understanding the concept of Land reform and how it effects people and the country.The starting gives a overview of land reform, it goes on clarifying the problems faced by agrarian people. Most importantly it talks about the history evolution of land reform from classical Greece and rome through the Russian revolution. It focuses on “land reform and economic development. The effects of land reform on production, productivity and private capital formation” ( Enggass ). It explains how different factors like population and economic problems effect the country and the people. In our readings like Polybius we see “by what means and under what system of government the Romans in less than fifty- years have succeeded in subjecting nearly the whole to their sole government” ( Polybius 1.1. 4-6). We see the question being asked about the secrets of wealth and succession. The article gives info on how the things like land reform effect the country’s growth. They both seem to be questioning and answering the question by providing information about other concepts. The people understandings and the economy which clearly plays a huge part on the country and its people. They both connect with each other showing how different things play a part on economy and questioning ways of getting better. The article explains how the systems for better government come  from our past and get develops over time. Fizza Saeed, Team Hermes

MLA Citation

Enggass, Peter M., and Russell King. “Land Reform: A World Survey.” Economic    Geography, vol. 55, no. 4, 1979, p. 357., doi:10.2307/143169.

White house Architecture?


In chapter 2, we talked about Greek and Rome architecture. We went on talking about Art after Constantine and early Christian art. We also looked over the changing of architecture through out the years. Rome have copied style of Greek but after Constantine introducing the new religion of Christianity, another form of art took place that is now used in our churches. The churches and Temples made in the past have had many transformations while some stayed the same. Although architecture has developed throughout the years, some past discoveries are still the same. The columns orders like Doric, Ionic and Corinthians are seen everywhere. Big houses, historical buildings and parks use the same type of architecture that goes unnoticed everyday. Museums and historical places seem boring to people because they don’t know the history behind it. Before asking this class, I would have never look at prospect park or buildings like the white house and find Ancient times architecture. I recently saw a picture of the White House and immidetly started to think about the columns being used here. I noticed that the ionic architecture was used in the building. If you look at the front you can clearly see that the columns are ionic orders. If you look carefully at the entablature you can see that the frieze is empty. Unlike the Parthanon, it does not have wars and stories showing events. It has a pediment but does not have any fluts. Just like the Parthanon, it has a intermediate block. Its amazing to see how we have copied so much from our past. It proves that no matter how far we get with techonolgy, some works are ageless and they will always find their way back. These orders of Doric, Ionic and Corinthians have been seen in mosques and buildings on the streets and its sad to see that no one never questions them. People usually don’t notice these things but if they become more aware of their surrounidngs, they will be able to see how much of the past is around us. Architecture will be appreciated more and value will increase as people gain knowledge about the great work of art. Fizza Saeed , Team Hermes

The Inequality After Apartheid

In this blogpost, I researched the topic of: Grachi “land reform” Africa. While researching, I came across the article “South Africa’s Land Reform Crisis: Eliminating the Legacy of Apartheid,” written by Bernadette Atuahene; who discusses the difficulties of redistributing land after the end of apartheid in South Africa in 1994. Despite the decades that has passed since the end of the law set by the original European colonizers of Africa, “it was extremely difficult for the new regimes to redistribute the land fairly and efficiently” (121). The author highlights how the social status and economic status of many citizens have influenced in which land was divided after apartheid. Though there was the end of political separation between those of different races, there was still a large economic divide between the white and African residents. The effects of apartheid lingered in the form of the defined line between the wealthy and poor, in which inhibited the government to establish a system of fair land reform.


Similar to Gracchi’s ideas of land reform, the idealized ways of solving tensions between the slaves and Romans also lead to unprecedented problems. The South Africans argued that they are the natives of their land, and that “land must be returned to blacks in South Africa, no matter what the consequences are for the current owners and for political stability in the country” (122). The natives’ argument brings up racism and orientalism that dates back to the 18th century, and presents a debate whether the current white citizens of the country continue to have the right to their land. The strong historical and emotional ties of South Africa’s history of monarchy portray how the past continues to influence public’s perspective on ownership today.

The outrage of unfair land distribution by the South Africans connects to the Roman’s opinions on land reform in Appian, Civil Wars. According to the text, the land reforms of Gracchi meant that the rich Romans “collected in groups, and made lamentation, and accused the poor of appropriating the results of their tillage, their vineyards, and their dwellings… and were angry that they should be robbed of their share of the common property.” The Romans displayed their outrage to the government, because their personal property was being exploited and taken by the government without much consent. The public argued that they had the earned the rights to their land from military services, ancestors, or loans. The idea of who had the original rights to the land is presented in both Africa and Italy.


Atuahene’s article was originally published in Foreign Affairs, a magazine dedicated to print works about international and foreign policies on important current events. The article of the magazine is most likely directed towards an American audience with a high education background. The article focuses on the political and economic inequalities of South Africa, which may be intended to provide the audience in a more profound perspective on the issues; especially from an author that graduated from Yale Law School and worked in South Africa as an Fulbright Scholar. Atuahene’s education and work experience enables the audience to acknowledge that she is creditable to provide an unbiased apprehension on the subject matter.


Work Cited:

Atuahene, Bernadette. “South Africa’s Land Reform Crisis: Eliminating the Legacy of Apartheid.” Foreign Affairs 90.4 (2011): 121-29. Web.

“Bibliography.” Bernadette Atuahene, http://bernadetteatuahene.com/. Accessed 4 November 2017.

“6: Roman Republic.”  Appian, Civil Wars. https://pastinpresenttense.wordpress.com/classics-1110/6-roman-republic/. Accessed  November 2017.


Vicky Lee, Team Hermes

Alexander Who?

Ling Ling Yeung, 18, friend, phone call

  1. Yes, he conquered some places in Europe.
  2. He was very smart and tactical, because he won a lot of wars. I know he had something related to Persia too.
  3. Global class in high school.


Ada Xie, 15, cousin, facebook

  1. Kind of, he was the King of Persia?
  2. He was known for being a great leader, thus the name “great.” He had something to do with Cleopatra and Egypt. I think he was from Greece, and traveled to Asia as well.
  3. Global class in High school.


Nicole Monegro, 18, friend, facebook

  1. I think he was a king or something.
  2. He took over a lot of places by winning wars, and he traveled around Turkey and Egypt. He was well known in europe. He was very famous as a leader.
  3. Global class in High School.


After conducting a short survey about Alexander the Great, I noticed that most of the answers were spoken with uncertainty. The answers I received were quite vague about Alexander the Great’s conquest through Persia and Europe. Alexander the Great’s name was familiar to many people, but the exact details were not remembered. Alexander’s leadership and travels were mentioned due to the many battles he won. I also learned that many people learned about Alexander the great in their Global History class in high school. The interviewees were in their freshman and sophomore years when learning about world history, and they state that it’s difficult to recall information from 2 or 3 ago.

The answers I received is similar to what I learned in class. According to Alexander Romance, Alexander the Great’s “[28]… personality very clearly indicated what the boy would be like.’ And in time he grew up and tried his wings at learning and at ruling… [30] And Alexander became learned in every matter and trained himself so well… it became clearly evident chat he was being taught by some divinity… it was clear that the victory was of his doing” (7). As described, Alexander the Great was seen to have been quick to learn and rule at a young age. He was very adamant about being able to reach his accomplishments independently. This strong mindset of his enabled Alexander to grow into a powerful leader in his later years as an adult. Alexander was able to conquer multiple cities with his army, and spark cultural diffusion through his Macedonian background. As seen in Egyptian sculptures, Alexander was able to influence art by incorporating Greek aesthetics to a person’s facial features or posture.


Vicky Lee, Team Hermes

Indivisible, with liberty and justice not for all

In The New York Times article, “Joe Biden: Reclaiming America’s Values,” Joe Biden discusses the necessary improvements that society should make in order to unite USA. Biden begins the article with, “while the United States is far from perfect, we have never given up the struggle to grow closer to the ideals in our founding documents.” This statement acknowledges the United States’s flaws in society, yet, the country continues to reach it’s original aspirations of equal freedom. Throughout the article, Biden elaborates on his perspective of the recent politics that had shaken Americans in the past week. In a time period where stereotypes, assumptions, and racism take hold of mindsets, Biden attempts to push away the preconceived thoughts that has been reinforced by Trump’s language. Unlike the President, Biden delinates the importance of being a country that strives to reach aspirations as well as others. The ideal society would defend the principles of a democratic country — diversity, tolerance, and inclusivity. The former Vice President points out Trump’s negative language, in which does not represent the values of the whole country. Trump’s stance on DACA, neo-Nazis, and illiberalism was implied to have pushed the United States further from future progression. The recent growth of tension, hate, and violence, such as the events in Charlottesville, Va., portrays the lack of values in present society.


To fight against the lash of hate, Biden states that “you cannot define Americans by what they look like, where they come from, whom they love or how they worship.” This conclusion of the article summarizes Joe Biden’s beliefs in which the country is not a certain skin color, culture, and language. Instead, it is the combination of a multitude of people. It’s diversity in beliefs and values is what defines the United States. I agree with Biden, and believe that I live in the same society. There is a wide variety of qualities that make up American culture. History has shown the influences of events and trends that has shaped the society we live in today. There is no single explanation that answers the question of, “what is American society?” because the only constant is change. This is also similar to Plato’s, Republic, in which Socrates compares an individual to it’s society. “Socrates: …let’s first find out what sort of thing justice is in cities, and afterward look for it in the individual, to see if the larger entity is similar in form to the smaller one,” agrees that a single person does not mirror the whole of it’s population (Plato. 2.369a). By looking at a wide range of experiences, philosophies, and values, it gives a wider representation of everyone.


Vicky Lee, Team Hermes

Biden, Joe. “Joe Biden: Reclaiming America’s Values.” The New York Times, 14 Sept. 2017. https://www.nytimes.com/2017/09/14/opinion/joe-biden-more-perfect-union.html. Accessed 16 Sept. 2017.

Barbaric Taunts from the Lunchroom

In The New York Times article, “School Lunch Without Shame,” the Editorial Board discusses the new policy of free lunch for New York City’s public schools. The city’s lunch program has provided free or reduced lunch fees for those who come from low-income families. However, an additional 200,000 children can receive free lunch. This includes families that forget to fill out reduced-lunch forms, and those who had to pay previous lunch fees.

This new policy has also helped the initiative to stop the “barbaric policies under which children are openly humiliated when their parents cannot pay lunch bills” (The Editorial Board). The past lunch-fee policy has brought a form of social and financial scrutiny onto other children. Social setting in schools shifted for those who faced shame on having to bring their own lunch to school, and those who ate nothing in school. Their differences came from their families financial backgrounds and the food they ate.

Similar to Herodotus’ Excerpts, he described how ‘barbarians’ were looked down upon based on a person’s differences. In 1.4, Herodotus states how the Greek viewed Asia as the place “with all the various tribes of barbarians that inhabit it, is regarded by the Persians as their own; but Europe and the Greek race they look on as distinct and separate” (Herodotus). The Greek’s described themselves as “distinct,” in other words, unique, compared to the ordinariness of others (Herodotus). The Asians were also “regarded” as Persians, which delineates how European countries tend to claim others under their superior status (Herodotus). This conveys how the European countries saw themselves to be the ideal form of civilization. It can be inferred that the “tribes of barbarians” had culture and languages that were unworthy to be claimed as their own, and had to be grouped together with the Persians in order to have an identity (Herodotus). Thus, putting down every other ethnic group below the European’s status. In comparison to Herodotus, the school bullies can be reflected as the Greeks — who taunted other children, because they had different financial statuses that deemed them unworthy to afford school lunch.

The term ‘barbaric’ in this article refers to the previous New York City policy that held lunch fees in the public school system, and the ones who wrote and voted in favor of the policy over a decade ago. ‘Barbaric’ typically has the negative connotations of someone that is cruel and savage-like. These ideas may be implied that the policy supporters of lunch-fees are cruel for depriving free lunch for children who are ineligible in the program. Those affected with this new policy mainly includes the audience, parents of children who are in NYC public schools. They are now relieved from having to budget their finances to make sure their children are well fed in schools. This new policy can also open up social understanding and unity with families all over the city who have struggled with lunch-fees in the past.

The Editorial Board. “School Lunch Without Shame.” The New York Times 8 Sept. 2017. Web. 9 Sept. 2017.

Vicky, Team Hermes

Temple of the Sea VS. Temple of the Earth

“Pokemon Ranger and the Temple of the Sea” (Video)


In the final scene of Pokemon Ranger and the Temple of the Sea, the main characters. Ash and May, attempt to save the temple of the sea. The temple/palace of the sea, also known as Samiya, began to deteriorate and flood when a crystal was stolen by a pirate. Without the crystal, the palace becomes in jeopardy of being lost in the sea forever. To save the temple, the characters find and place the crystal back to it’s rightful place.


This scene also reflects on the current state of the Earth’s environment. The stealing of the temple’s crystal can be compared to human greed towards the Earth’s resources. People have taken natural resources such as food, water and minerals, without balancing out their actions. Human consumerism may blind our indirect actions of harming the natural state of the world. When issues such as pollution, deforestation and climate change arise, people are forced to realize that there has been little actions towards replenishing the environment. Factors such as politics, finance and cultural differences also hinders the protection of natural resources. This then causes a bigger impediment on finding a way to improve the environment to a stable state for the future. Similar to the scene of Pokemon Ranger and the Temple of the Sea, people have acknowledged the harmful changes in our surroundings. However, society has yet to step away from personal greed and to take actions for the common good.


In comparison to Medea, Medea was a victim to her own selfishness and greed. Throughout the play, her motive to seek vengeance on her ex-husband escalated quickly. As Medea faces the reality of her husband leaving her for the princess of Corinth, the audience is able to see Medea’s anguish grow. Her mental state changes from sorrow, bitterness, to anger. When Medea forms her plan to kill her children, husband and the royal family of Corinth, Medea reflects on herself when she sees her children for the last time. “Go, go on. I am no longer able to look at you. I am overcome by wrongs” (Euripide, line 1076). This portrays how Medea has allowed her emotions to take over her mind and actions. Despite understanding the repercussions of how she will hurt those around her, Medea continues with her plan of revenge. She disregards everyone around her in order to meet her goals, and this form of greed leads to her own downfall. At the end of the play, Medea was left childless, husbandless, and filled with loneliness. She had fulfilled her plan of inflicting pain on others, yet, she cannot escape the pain she had inflicted on herself. Her acts of outrage was a facade that temporarily allowed Medea to forget the sense of betrayal of those around her.

#Drama #CLAS2 #Medea #Vicky, Heremes