Guido Reni, Italian, 1575-1642. Lucretia, front. ca. 1625. http://library.artstor.org/asset/AWSS35953_35953_32668241. Web. 11 Dec 2017.
Guido Reni, Italian, 1575-1642. Lucretia, front. ca. 1625. http://library.artstor.org/asset/AWSS35953_35953_32668241. Web. 11 Dec 2017.
Cleve, Joos van, d. ca. 1540. Lucretia. 1518-1520. Kunsthaus Zürich. http://library.artstor.org.ez-proxy.brooklyn.cuny.edu:2048/asset/ARTSTOR_103_41822003827423. Web. 11 Dec 2017.
The image above is a depiction of Lucretia by Livy’s description from “The Rape of Lucretia.” This event happened around 500 B.C., however this painting was painted in the 1520s. The painting portrays Lucretia as a desirable person with her loose dress and showing a lot of skin. She was painted with naturalistic features and proportions. Her proportions look like a normal human and nothing really stands out to make her look idealized. Her face shows the distress she was in after being raped by Sextius Tarquinius, the tyrant’s son. Also, the painting contains contrapposto with her hip and legs facing the audience, while her arms and face is slightly turned towards the right side. This gives the impression of movement in the painting.
A quote from the reading is from Livy Book 1, “ What can be well when a woman lost her honor? The marks of another man are in your bed. But only my body has been violated; my mind is not guilty. Death will be my witness.” This quote is similar to the painting above because Lucretia stabbing herself in the heart was her way of not losing her honor. As the quote states, her “death will be [her] witness.” Lucretia wanted to die, rather than be alive and seen as a cheater of her husband, even though she got raped. The difference between the painting and the literacy is the way they depicted what she wore. The artist’s own contribution is the way he depicted Lucretia. In the story, she was described wearing a roman garb, while the artist shown Lucretia with clothing that barely covers her body. The artist, Joos Van Cleve, probably did this to show what she looked after being raped by the tyrant’s son.
Thursday morning, I interviewed my friend John Milano through facebook messenger. He didn’t mind me asking questions about his ethnicity and origins, and allowed me to use it for my blog post. John identifies himself as American because he was born and raised in New York. He likes being American. John said Americans have great food, fun sports, and an amazing educational system. He considers his mother to be a hero because she saves lives as a neurosurgeon. She tells him stories every week about surgeries she performs. She once told him that a man, around forty years old was suffering from cancer. He needed a lung replacement, she performed it with the help of her co workers. She really loves saving lives and her stories really are inspiring. The values that his mother’s story teaches is that neurosurgeons have the ability to save lives. Its their passion and drives them to perform these surgeries to their best abilities. These values are important in the traditions of Americans because many people are suffering from health issues. These specialists swoop in and give them hope, allowing them to be happy again.
Thursday evening, I interviewed my friend Vanessa Ramasani at Brooklyn College library. She didn’t mind me asking questions about her ethnicity and origins, and allowed me to use it for my blog post. Vanessa identifies herself as Guyanese. She said, Guyana gained its independence in 1966, the country’s economic assets have been its natural resources. They consists of pristine rainforests, sugarcane plantations, rice fields, and bauxite and gold reserves. She considers Rawle Junior Kalomo Marshall to be a hero. He is a Guyanese-American professional basketball player. Vanessa considers Rawle as a hero because there weren’t many guyanese people in the NBA. This story teaches leadership. Rawle came from from a country that wasn’t known for sports but made it to the NBA. He will inspire other guyanese people to strive for their dream, no matter where you come from.
Thursday night, I interviewed my friend Mohammed Ahmed at the basketball gym. He didn’t mind me asking questions about his ethnicity and origins, and allowed me to use it for my blog post. Ahmed said he’s from Pakistan but considers himself American because he was born in Kings County Hospital in New York City. Ahmeds life as an American has been great. He’s made a lot of good friends and built relationships with many people. He considers his father to be a hero because he works hard to support his family. Ahmeds father told him that he lived in Pakistan for 25 years, then came to America. He didn’t have a degree or anything, he slept in his cousin’s house. He decided to enroll in college while working part time in Dunkin Donuts. He is now an IT, he then started a family. This story teaches people that it doesn’t matter what or where you come from. If you work hard, many great opportunities will open up to you.
The similarities between these stories and the stories I’ve read about Rome’s origins is that everyone has love for their city. Whether its America, Pakistan, Guyana or anywhere else, people love country and ethnicity. This is similar to Juno in Vergil’s Aeneid because she loves her city. A quote I found in the book states “There was an ancient city held by Tyrian settlers, Carthage, facing Italy and the Tiber River’s mouth but far away—a rich city trained and fierce in war. Juno loved it.” Juno loves her city just as John and Ahmed love New York City and Vanessa loves Guyana.
Mohammed, team Vulcan
Lucas Cranach the elder. Lucretia. 1532. Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Wien, inv. 557.. http://library.artstor.org.ez-proxy.brooklyn.cuny.edu:2048/asset/LESSING_ART_1039789025. Web. 9 Dec 2017.
The work of art I found is entitled, Lucretia it was created by Lucas Cranach the elder in 1542 and is a painting; the medium is distemper on wood. The description relates that’s the painting depicts a “Roman noblewoman and wife of Tarquinius Collatinus, [who] killed herself after being raped by the son of Tarquinius Superbus, last King of Rome.” The artist Lucas Cranach the elder is German (Western) and the year competed is during the Renaissance. There was a re-emergence of the significance of female nude as a genre during the renaissance in Western art. Though it is supposed to be a somber scene, Lucretia is painted nude, distracting the audience with her idealized body. She appears soft which enhances the sensuality and sexuality of the piece. She is standing in contrapposto and a motion like stance. Also she is holding an extremely sheer piece of fabric in her left hand as it rests over her right forearm and the sword that she is soon going to drive into her chest is in her right arm. In her face we can sense her sorrow, tilted head and her drooping sad eyes gazing off into the dark space. The background is dark almost black, adding to the dramatization of the scene.
In Edouard Manet’s Olympia of 1863, though it is three centuries after, the female body was and still is objectified in art. It is viewed and represented as a symbol of fertility, sexuality, sensuality, and seductively. This tradition goes all the way back to the ancient Greeks and Romans. Olympia is a prostitute and unlike Lucretia, her body was not painted to be idealized or perfected. Manet challenges those established ideas and simply paints a real woman in an apartment in Paris. Instead of standing like Lucretia, she is laying down. She is painted to look quite flat and angular and we can’t see any brushstrokes. Unlike Lucretia, Olympia is gazing directly at us which blatantly emphasizes her sexuality.
Livy book 1 describes the account of Sextus Tarquinius raping Lucretia and her suicide. It all began with his obsession with Lucretia. One night when he along with other young princes were drunk, Livy states, “Not only her beauty but also her proven chastity spurred him on” (Livy 161). When he caught her alone, he threatened to kill her if she didn’t sleep with him and murder a slave and place him naked next to her naked as false evidence that she committed adultery and to ruin her reputation. So, she allowed him to rape her, called her father and husband afterwards and told them what had happened so that her name wouldn’t be tarnished. The account goes on to say that they found her sitting, with tears in her eyes quite different from Lucas Cranach the elder’s rendering of her. Also unlike the painting, she wasn’t alone when she killed herself as others were attempting to console her by, “shifting the guilt from the woman who had been forced to the man who had done the wrong” (Livy 164). One last difference between the painting is that while she is nude in the painting, the literary version describes her to be clothed. “She took a knife that she had hidden in her garments and plunged in in her heart” (Livy 166). I infer that the artist made this choices to add to the dramatization of the scenes depiction and to the sensuality of Lucretia.
– Chanté, Team Venus
Philippe Bertrand (French, 1663-1724). Lucretia. 1704 or earlier. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, http://www.metmuseum.org. http://library.artstor.org.ez-proxy.brooklyn.cuny.edu:2048/asset/SS7731421_7731421_11291927. Web. 9 Dec 2017.
The image above is a sculpture of Lucretia stabbing herself in the chest. She is sculpted as a fluid figure. She has an ideal Roman body. Her dress sticks to her and flows without concealing her body similar to that of the “Three goddesses from the east pediment of the Parthenon”. Although that sculpture was made to accommodate slope of pediment, the sculpture of Lucretia was not. However this sculpture also leans in a slope. The clothe hanging off of her hand looks very thick as opposed to the one her body which appears thin.
“They found Lucretia sitting in her bedchamber, grieving. At the arrival of her own family, tears welled in her eyes. In response to her husband’s question, “Is everything all right?”, she replied, “Not at all”. (Livy 58)
This image is similar to the text because it show Lucretia on her “bedchamber” and the grief in her face. It showed the outcome of her pain. The difference between the picture and the quote is the time frame, she hadn’t stabbed herself yet.
The artist made her head lean back and her face the way it is to possibly portray her grief and to make it more vivid to viewers. He also left one of her breasts uncovered, that may have been his way to portray the feelings Lucretia had, that she was not honorable anymore. It seems to be that the artist interest was to show Lucretia ending her life. I think this was the most important part of that text. She killed herself to show “unchaste” women it wasn’t acceptable to live life after such a horrible event occurs to you.
-Anora, Team Diana
Nicolas Poussin, French, 1594-1665. The Abduction of the Sabine Women. probably 1633-34. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, http://www.metmuseum.org. http://library.artstor.org.ez-proxy.brooklyn.cuny.edu:2048/asset/MMA_IAP_1039651425. Web. 8 Dec 2017.
This painting “The Abduction of the Sabine Women” by Nicolas Poussin depicts the story of the rape of the Sabine Women. This is the moment where Roman men abducted Sabine Women to take as wives and start family, as the Romans are fighting off the women’s husbands and fathers. This art work was painted in 1633-34 which would have been during the Baroque period. Professor Simon has taught us that with a new era come a different type of art style. How during the Baroque period new methods such as chiaroscuro lighting which created more emotion to the subject came into play. The painting uses methods such as chiaroscuro lighting and you can see the constraint between the light and the dark that the shadows are creating, making the piece more dramatic. The artist is also trying to play with linear perspective by showing the people father away in the background fighting by making them smaller, creating depth.
The quote I choose was from Book one of Vergil’s Aeneid that says ”Then it was that the Sabine women, whose wrongs had led to the war, throwing off all womanish fears in their distress, went boldly into the midst of the flying missiles with disheveled hair and rent garments. Running across the space between the two armies they tried to stop any further fighting” like the quote the image is showing the throwing of women, you can see the destress in their bodies and how it looks like they are fighting back to get away. You can see the intensity of the men fighting just the the quote is describing. I think the artist added a lot of details to the Romans muscles making them seem stronger to show their power over the women and men. The artist also added children and it really shows that these women are being taken away from their families. However in the quote they make it seem as it was the Sabine’s fault for not giving the women to Romans in the first place. In the art you see more ofthe brutality of abducting these women.
Francesca Faiello, Team Cronos
Rembrandt Van Rijn. Lucretia. 1664. http://library.artstor.org/asset/SS36847_36847_36038086. Web. 8 Dec 2017.
In this painting is the depiction of Lucretia from The Rape of Lucretia as recounted by Livy. This story took place in sixth century BC during the reign of the tyrant known as Tarquinius Superbus. This depiction of Lucretia may be somewhat inaccurate in regards to the clothing she wears; the story took place in 600 BC, yet the clothes she wears in this painting suggests the Renaissance (from 14th-17th Century AD).
Lucretia is shown to have naturalistic proportions as her proportions look like a normal human and makes her appear life-like. Her pose is somewhat awkward, though there is still the impression that motion is present in this painting due to the contrapposto of her somewhat twisted body.
From Livy Book 1: “But only my body has been violated; my mind is not guilty. Death will be my witness.”
This painting is similar to the literary version because of the knife that Lucretia holds in her right hand. In The Rape of Lucretia, she chooses to take her own life to “regain her honor” after being raped by Sextius Tarquinius, the tyrant’s son. In the painting she is holding the knife and has a somewhat distraught expression present on her face. The difference between the painted version and the literary version is the style of her clothes as the painted version depicts her wearing a dress and jewelry from a completely different time period from when the literary version took place. The artist’s own contribution was the way Lucretia is dressed; instead of wearing Roman garbs.
-Stacy, Team Minerva
James Barsness. Romulus and Remus. 1993. http://library.artstor.org/asset/LARRY_QUALLS_10310855730. Web. 7 Dec 2017.
The piece above is found at the Frumkin/Adams Gallery in Manhattan on the first floor. It is a contemporary piece depicting Romulus and Remus the brothers who founded Rome and were raised by the she wolf. This painting is similar to the ideas we viewed in class because Academic art was often limited creativity and would be realistic and have us as the viewers thinking we are looking through a window. This is a non-academic piece because the figures are blurry and the strokes are very defined and not well blended. Their bodies are also crunched up and in the nude. Also like some of the contemporary art we looked at the figures are looking at us and making us realize we are looking at a painting. How ever it differs because the figures can be depicted and not so abstract that we have to imagine their shape. Also like some of the pieces we looked at there is no use of cubism, the figures have soft curves that are more realistic than sharp angular shapes.
The quote I chose for this photo is from Livy Book one section four paragraph two, “She gave the infants her teats so gently that the master of the royal flock found her licking them with her tongue.” This quote relates to the image because the two boys have this wild look in their eye and have an animal like feature to them because they were nurtured by a she wolf. However it differs because the quote is describing that event and the painting seems to be after that event because they look like they have grown and they aren’t nursing off of the wolf anymore. The artist intentions could have been to show how the animal instinct still lingered in the boys. Also the way they are so close together and in a timid pose is how two wolf could act when being watched. It shows how the finders of Rome were rough and tough and had an amazing bringing up. She also could have left the brush strokes like she did to almost look like hair or fur. I feel the artist was most interested in this aspect to make them look like they have that animal instinct still in their eyes. In the text the interest was describing them in their later years and how they shaped Rome and what happened later; unlike the artist who wanted the animal instinct to be remembered. Emma, Team Saturn
Citation: Giambologna. Rape of the Sabine Women. 1582. http://library.artstor.org/asset/SCALA_ARCHIVES_1039928770. Web. 5 Dec 2017.
Description of Image: This sculpture appears to be made of marble. The main subject of the sculpture is the young woman who looks to be in distress. The sculptor brings out eyes up to her through the use of the two other figures who are looking up at her. The man on the very bottom is very muscular, even more so than the one above him. All thee subjects are expressing vivid emotion, though their facial expressions and the movements of their limbs. The woman is pushing away the young man holding her, appearing to cry out for help. The man crouching in the bottom also appears to be horrified by what he is seeing, using his left hand to cover his eyes and the rest of his body to push away. The young man in the middle stands tall and strong, holding the woman in his tight grip, despite her protest and appears oblivious to the man crouching at his feet.
Quote: “At a given signal, the Roman youths rushed in every direction to seize the unmarried women.” (Livy Book 1)
Similarities: Both the text and sculpture depict the same image: a woman being taken without her will. The woman in the sculpture looks surprised, her mouth agape, as the man ambushes her. She pushes against him to try to get away, but the Roman man persists; he needs a wife to have children to carry on the newly enriched Roman Empire. Both the text and image show the kidnapping of neighboring women but the sculpture has one deviation. The man crouching at the bottom is not per-taking in the kidnapping of the maiden. In fact, he looks at the act in horror. The question of “why?” is raised here: he too, is a man so why isn’t he kidnapping a woman to be his wife as well? My guess is that he is the woman’s father, imploring the Roman youth not to kidnap his daughter.
I think that thought the addition of the father figure, the artist depicted the rape of the Sabine women in a negative light. The artist wanted to show that this was a horrible crime and that the abducted women were violated. The artist follows the description in the text, although the text justifies and somewhat glorifies the kidnapping of the Sabine women. The artist’s sculpture is more emotional and shows the true horror of the kidnappings.
Elene T., Team Mars
My first interviewee was Gabrielle. The interview took place in the third-floor library on a Monday evening.Gabrielle is from the Philippines and she moved to the U.S at the age of 16. Although she moved here to live, she actually identifies more with her Filipino side than American. One of the main ways she learned about her past and history is from school, her culture, and family members. One of the great leaders in her country is named Jose Rizal. He is important for starting a revolution against the Spanish through writing. Since there is always a lesson to be found in a story, from this story the people learned to never be afraid to come together to fight oppression.
My second interviewee goes by the name of Moridiyat and we spoke over the phone on Monday evening. Although Moridiyat was born in the United States, she actually identifies more with being Nigerian. She visits Nigeria every other summer and that’s how she learns about her past and history. She learns from her family, culture, oral accounts, and her home village which is called Abeokuta. One important leader from her country is named, Obasanjo. One of his most important accomplishments is refusing to trade with the United States because he knew that at the end their intentions were not pure. They were only looking to trade at first and then invade Nigeria like they did to so many other African countries. From this, they learned to not let superpowers like the U.S. take advantage of them.
The last interviewee goes by the name of Ryan, and similar to Moridiyat, we also spoke over the phone on Monday evening. Also, Ryan was born in America, but he identifies more with being Jamaican. He learned about his past, through different aspects of his culture, family and little bit from school, But he doesn’t exactly trust what he was taught in school due to the fact that it was written from a European point of view. One important figure from his country is Bob Marley. Bob Marley was a Musician who made very influential music. One of his moving songs is called “One Love”. The main message in this song is a call for unity throughout humanity.
One common theme in those stories, especially the first two is that there was some kind of conflict between two countries. However, in the story of the arrival in Italy from Troy of Antenor and Aeneas, there actually warmth present between two groups. According to the story, “ A treaty was made between the leaders, the armies saluted each other and Aeneas became a guest in the house of Latinus.” he even lets him marry his only daughter. This shows us on how benevolent the king was. This particular ending is all the family with the concept of maturity coming together. It actually relates more to Ryan’s interview with Bob Marley.
-Izadora, Team Aphrodite
For this last blog I interviewed my friends that are not in our classics class with me. And asked them these given questions
The first person I interviewed is my best friend Temurbek. I talked to him front of James Hall at 1:30 on Monday afternoon. He was comfortable with me asking questions about his ethnicity and origins. He was also ok with his answers being written in my blog. The country he identify himself with other than America is Uzbekistan. He learned about the origin, culture from his parents and from the school he went to in Uzbekistan. He talked about a legend who is a leader called Amir Temur who conquered half of Asia and was respected by many people for being a wise king. The story taught him how even if you are small and not powerful; you can still achieve great things. Its all about believing in yourself.
The second person I interviewed was Maria. We were having lunch Tuesday afternoon around 3 Pm. She was comfortable with me asking questions about her ethnicity and origins. She was ok with me posting it on my blog as well. The country she identified herself with other than America is Mexico. She was born there but was only one years old when she moved to United states. She did not learn about her culture or went to school there. Her parents did not teach her much either. She is Americanized and when I asked her about a hero from united states or a story. She talked about Alexander the Great. She said how she learned about him in high school and knows how he did great things for people and remembers him as a good military leader.She was having a hard time coming up with any story. She just said how he taught her the true definition of a leader. Someone who suppose to take actions for his country and really prove himself.
The third and the last person I talked to was my friend siam through Instagram. We talked on Monday night around 11 pm. The country he identify himself as other than America is Bangladesh. He said that he does not have strong connection with his origin, mostly because his entire family lives in the United states and never really had chance to connect with his culture. He likes being American because there is more acceptance and more room to grow for an individual. There are not forced rules that one has to follow. If he could talk about a story then he described Bangladesh independence story. He did not remember the name of the president but he does remember that the president of Bangladesh during a war against Pakistan gathered massive amount of people to fight for their country. It was a time when they had no military or any help from any country or economic stability. The president had done the impossible and my friend will always remember that. He finds that impressive. The lesson that he learned from that victory story is that when there is a will, there will always be a way. He learned that hardwork and dedication towards a goal can make anyone achieve great things.
The quote that I’m using today is ”But Aeneas, dusty-bound, his mind restless with worries all that night, reached a firm resolve as the fresh day broke, out he goes to explore the strange terrian” (Vergil). This shows how dedicated he has been. He is a warrior, a leader who shows his identity in his actions. His ability to accept his destined path even being unhappy in doing so makes him a graceful hero. He cared for the people and showed his heroism with his actions. He obeyed faith which is one of the reasons behind him being a good leader. He relates to the leader described by my friend Temur and Siam. They both described leaders who putted their people and jobs first. Just like Aeneas, they were determined and respected then and now. Fizza Saeed, Team Hermes
Hussain, Basement 11pm
Hussain is from Puerto Rico and Egypt. He doesn’t know too much of his countries’ past/history but he does know of the story of President Mubarak. He learned of this story through family conversations and watching television broadcasts. President Mubarak began governing Egypt in 1981. His rule began to crumble as police brutality arose. Online protests began and soon after, marches, civil disobedience, and demonstrations caused the spark of the 2011 revolution. Hussain, while watching all of this occur from America, learned that anything is possible when people come together with a common goal.
Aline, Basement 11pm
Aline is from Mexico. She has learned of her country’s history through family and school. One significant story she has learned is about the Mexican War of Independence. Spanish conquests in Mexico ended with bloodshed and territorial expansion. Mexican independence movements began soon after and war broke out in 1810. Many Mexican commanders sacrificed their lives to help Mexico achieve independence. Aline learned from this story that nothing in life is handed to you. She learned that she must work hard to get what she wants.
Elliot, Basement 11pm
Elliot is from Latvia. He learned of his country’s history through his family. A great story he learned of his country is the rise of Kristaps Porzingis. Surrounded by crime, his mother worked all day to put food on Porzingis’ table. Skinny and constantly fatigued due to anemia issues, Porzinigs’ path to NBA fame was not easy. Porzingis would constantly be underestimated by his Spanish league coaches. “He’s too skinny to have an impact” was a sentiment he heard throughout his basketball life. How could a fatigued skinny 7-footer be able to affect a game of basketball? Porzingis answered this question quickly. He proved himself to be able to lead an NBA franchise, the New York Knicks, and have a global impact. He is now the star of New York and has transformed the perception of Latvia. From a crime-ridden country to a now prospering nation, Porzingis has truly transformed Latvia. Press reports and media stepped foot into his hometown, Liepaja. He showed how his country truly is and has even been discussed in NATO discussions. Porzingis has shown Elliot that no matter where you come from, you can make it big. Elliot learned to not limit himself and to reach for the stars, the same way Porzingis did.
During Ceasar’s rise, he allied with Crassus and Pompey. In the Lives of Illustrious Men Excerpts, Pompey’s death is described in great detail. “The head was cut from the lifeless body; such an action had been unknown before this time. The rest of the body, thrown into the Nile and burned on a funeral pile by Servius Codrus, was buried in a tomb with this inscription: Here lies Pompey the Great.” This relates to the death of many Mexicans during the Mexican War of Revolution. Mexicans were slaughtered by the masses at the hands of the Spanish. Similarly, Egyptians were killed at the hands of the police during the Egyptian Revolution of 2011. These stories all have similar themes of unity. With a common goal, many people join forces to achieve something considered impossible.
-Ahmed, Team Mars
Domitian, Emperor of Rome (Roman, 51-96), patron. Via Sacra, Arch of Titus, general view. 1st century, Image: May 2000. http://library.artstor.org.ez-proxy.brooklyn.cuny.edu:2048/asset/AROGERSIG_10312566519. Web. 27 Nov 2017.
The image shown above represents foundations of Rome. In art history, we discussed the arch of Constantine which is located in Rome, Italy. The image shown above is very similar to the arch of Constantine, they’re both created from concrete and has an arch adorning the center of the foundation. Besides that arch, another aspect that was discussed in art history, was the columns. Here, the arch has two corinthian columns besides the arch which serves for decorative purposes as well as a support system.
“The envoys argued that cities too, like everything else, start from the most humble beginnings, that great wealth and a great name are achieved by those cities that are helped by their own valor and the gods” This quote taken from Livy Book 1 page 6. What ties the quote to the picture is that the idea of architecture helping a city present their wealth. It seems that arches, columns and huge architectural monuments in general are a great way of showing off wealth and how grand a city can be. What is different about this literary piece and the image presented above is that these architectural pieces aren’t created by gods.
The artist/creator of this architectural piece added corinthian columns as well as a large arch to possibly show entry into a city the creator values. These details show how ancient roman work is incorporated into modern works. It seems that the fundamentals of building a sturdy yet visually pleasing architectural piece is important and interesting to the artist and the homework text commemorates the contributions that brave gods made while creating an extraordinary city.
Sunzida, team Athena