Are You Getting Tired of My On-Campus Posts Yet?


I was at the Brooklyn College library recently and I happened to notice a certain sign that contained a very familiar symbol… That’s right, there is a fasces in the picture! The woman in the seal of Kings County, NY bears a fasces because it represents power and authority, and both of those connotations are desirable to align oneself with, especially when it comes to the symbol of a place. Everyone wants to believe that their hometown is powerful and strong, and the fasces present in the image representative of the place hints that this is the case.

This seal can be found in the BC library, near the help desk. It’s funny how many connections to class can be found right in front of us if we look closely. How many of us have walked past this very plaque without noticing she is carrying something dating back to imperial Roman statements of power?

-Chaya, team Venus



This statue is from the New York City Metropolitan Museum, and it was made in ca. 4500-4000 B.C. The statue is called Marble female figure. This statue is not Aphrodite because it was created from a different culture, which most likely have different religion, but in a way she is because they both have similar statuses. Such as, Aphrodite is the goddess of fertility, love, and beauty. This statue has full legs and buttocks, which also indicates fertility. They both have similarities when it comes to child making. However, in the terms of their physical appearance, it is quite different because according to pictures from google Aphrodite looks slim, and ethereal. The statue mainly have curves around on its buttocks, breasts, and waist. Honestly, the statue looks like it would do a better job bearing a child. In the translated version of Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite by William Blake Tyrrell, Aphrodite loves to get gods and goddess involved with mortal women and men, and in a way it shows her power in fertility because it is getting goddesses and female mortals pregnant.

  • “…she mingled gods with mortal women who bore mortal sons to immortals and that she mixed goddesses with mortal men…” (lines 50-53). Aphrodite’s sneaky behavior gets god and goddess involved with mortals, and most of the time demi gods (half human, half god) are created because of her influence. She eventually get into trouble because of these tactics. Zeus messes with her, then she ended up having intercourse with a mortal and giving birth to Aeneas.

Becky, Team Hera

Caesar in Brooklyn College


This image was taken on the third floor of the Brooklyn College library. The image consists of Roman men talking but the main focus is on the man to the right. That is Julius Caesar, as he is seen sitting in a chair with a green reef on his head. Julius Caesar was a Roman ruler from forty six-forty four BCE. Julius Caesar was known for his war accomplishments and reconstruction of Corinth and Carthage. He was also known for his many affairs and numerous sexual relationships.

This image relates to what we learned in Unit seven. In Unit seven, we learned about Julius Caesar and how his dominant reign impacted society. The image above shows all Julius’s colleagues looking at him, as if he the most important man in the room. This idea is similar to how Julius is portrayed in Classics, as his numerous political and societal accomplishments discussed in class suggest that he was the most important man in Rome


Frank- Team Artemis

Extra Credit- Selfie with Sebastian the Cat

My friend’s cat’s name is Sebastian. He was named after the T.V. show, Sabrina The Teenage Witch, because in that series, Sabrina had a black cat that was named Sebastian. The name Sebastian is derived from the Greek name Sebastos.  Translated, it means venerable, which means someone is granted with a great deal of respect due to their age, wisdom, and character. The Roman Emperor Augustus was given this title as he was someone who had very honorable characteristics that deemed him worthy as Emperor. Sebastian shares similar characteristics to Augustus. He runs the household by making his presence go unnoticed. He is definitely successful at obtaining his goals when it comes to food. In addition, his presence alone makes sure NYC rats do not dare enter the house. He keeps the house secured and free of all outsiders. Before Classics, I did not know how powerful a name was and how it determines the characteristics of oneself. It just goes to show how names are essential in forming one’s identity.

Mary Huang, Team Vulcan

Extra Credit – Selfie with Augustus


While I was making a visit to the MET, I came across this marble head of Augustus. We learned in class that Augustus was a young man who was the adopted son of Julius Caesar. After Caesar’s assassination, Augustus became the first Roman Emperor. With this new title, came with it many responsibilities. His identity changed from originally being born Gaius Octavius, to being Imperator Caesar Divi Filius Augustus. Not only did he adopt Julius Caesar’s name, but he also got his title and legacy. Augustus successfully controlled the Roman Empire for about forty years. He even made it his sole purpose to avenge Caesar’s death by persecuting his murders. Augustus is viewed as someone who was very honorable, brave, and capable of many things. During his reign, even with all the wars and battles he fought, he never let the Roman Empire fall. As a young man, he took on many challenges, but nonetheless came out stronger than ever each time. This is a quality many young adults of today must aspire to be. Even if we don’t have the power to run an empire like Augustus, we must at least have his underlying ambition to face any challenge head on.

Mary Huang, Team Vulcan

Extra Credit- Selfie with a Python


I remember in Classics, we learned about a Greek myth pertaining to how the god Apollo slayed a huge serpent named Python at Delphi. While I was at my friend’s house, I saw that he owned a snake. Albeit it may not be large like the serpent Python, it has the capabilities of growing up to be one. I don’t know what breed this particular snake is, but I do know that it is a female, which likewise in the Homeric Hymn to Apollo, was the original gender of Python. Later in Euripides’ Iphigenia Among the Taurians, Python’s gender was portrayed as male. In the story, Apollo killed the serpent because it prevented him from finding his oracle. This snake isn’t harming anybody, therefore I don’t have any ill intentions towards it. Overall it was a good experience holding the snake and at the same time relating it to Classics.

Mary Huang, Team Vulcan

Extra Credit- Xenophobia in NYC


As I was riding the MTA, I noticed a rare occurrence that took place. I’m on the Q train in the middle of Manhattan, during rush hour, and no one’s sitting near me. Do you know how rare it is to have seats on the train during rush hour? This reminded me of the idea of Xenophobia that we learned in class. Xenophobia is the fear of others, people who are unfamiliar and potentially dangerous. When you’re commuting alone on the subway, you really don’t know who you’re standing or sitting next to. The person next to you could be a criminal and you wouldn’t even know. No one thinks about this, but when the thought is presented, it makes people realize the dangers of strangers. I noticed that everyone’s on their phones while on the train to avoid human connection. Everyone’s in their own little world, trying to mind their own business because they don’t want interact with other people. The only time they’re conscious about their safety is when a panhandler comes into the cart. #StayWoke #LastMinuteExtraCredit

Mary Huang, Team Vulcan

Goddess Isis


The main subject of this picture is a gold bracelet with snakes which is on my wrist that is associated with Isis. She was the Egyptian goddess of magic, fertility and motherhood, and death, healing and rebirth. Isis was born on the first day of the first years of creation. This goddess is associated with cobra snake because, in Egyptian iconography, cobras are commonly found on Isis’ headdress, while in Greece and Italy, Isis could be shown holding a cobra, or with a cobra wrapped about her arm. I took this picture at the place where I work, which is called Awakening. It’s an amazing place filled out with crystals, and different object connected to gods and goddesses. I think that this is connected to our classics class because even though we did not talk about goddess Isis, we talk about others. I found it interesting because I didn’t know much about her, and lately, I found this bracelet, and one of my friends working with me told me the story behind it, which interested me.

Edyta, Team Aphrodite

Posted up in the Subway with Julius

me and julius lol

When they had begun to honour Julius Caesar (now Dictator), it was with the idea, of course, that he would be reasonable; but as they went on and saw that he was delighted with what they voted, — indeed he accepted all but a very few of their decrees, — different men at different times kept proposing various extravagant honours, some in a spirit of exaggerated flattery and others by way of ridicule.”

” At any rate, some actually ventured to suggest permitting him to have intercourse with as many women as he pleased, because even at this time, though fifty years old, he still had numerous mistresses. Others, and they were the majority, followed this course because they wished to make him envied and hated as quickly as possible, that he might the sooner perish.”

Both of these quotes are close and similar to each other and they symbolize Julius to me because they are also speaking about him from the perspective of the people that witnessed him rule. The impressions that were made about him are important because it was the reason for his downfall. I chose both of these passages because I thought that they gave me the best idea of what the public thought of Julius Caesar. They speak about how he’s envied, hated and addresses his numerous mistresses. It opens my eyes to see Julius Caesar as flawed because the opinions about him were so mixed.

The first passage also talks about how he was also flattered and honored. These two opposing views gave me a great, unbiased idea of Julius Caesar and I really appreciated that. I feel like I have a better idea of Caesar’s arrogance, and I could understand the frustration of the people. These two passages are similar because they are both talking about how people felt about Julius’ acts. They are different because the second seems to be talking more about rumors about him while the first is discussing the way people felt about the way that he ruled.

The image in my blog post is a photo of me and my best friend Julius. We were just at the subway heading to my apartment. I asked him where his name came from and what he knew about Julius Caesar. He said that he thinks that the name Julius comes from the month Jupiter and admitted to not knowing much about Julius Caesar. I think that his name is similar to Julius Caesar because of his parent’s Roman background. They are very ambitious and I feel like by giving their son a big name, they are subconsciously willing him to want to do great things.

This relates to my readings because Julius Caesar, although he had an unfortunate ending, accomplished a lot and is such an important figure in world history despite being called arrogant and having numerous people have negative opinions about him.

-Mckensi Pascall, Team Aphrodite


Extra Credit Selfie 

This is a selfie of me with two containers of Greek yogurt that I found on the top shelf of my refrigerator. They might be labeled the same but one is more of a plain yogurt, and the other is a dip. Greek yogurt originated from Greece, where it was traditionally made from goats milk. In addition, the container on the left incorporates Greek columns as well as Greek motifs in the frieze above the columns. These architectural techniques were designed by Greek architects mainly to be used in religious and public buildings such as the Parthenon and other such temples. The columns seems to be of Doric order due to their overall simplicity, but it is hard to tell exactly. I don’t think the ancient Greeks intended for their mastermind architectural developments to be used on food containers, or their culinary developments to be mass produced by Costco. Consumerism has engulfed the modern world and here we are now.

Gabriella, Team Hestia

Caesar’s Bay

Cassius Dio – “When they had begun to honour Julius Caesar (now Dictator), it was with the idea, of course, that he would be reasonable; but as they went on and saw that he was delighted with what they voted…”

“whether he will go across the great Alps,
seeing the great monuments of Caesar,
the Gallic Rhine or those monstrous men,
the furthest Britons” -Catullus


These two quote describes Julius Caesar to be ambitious and self-centered because in Catullus, he mentioned Caesar having a monument because of all his hard work. In Cassios Dio’s passage, Julius expects the people to vote for him because he is reasonable. However, in truth, Julius wanted people to like him and vote for him. I chose these two quote because in the story it had a connection. Both stories are sexual because the senate wanted Caesar to have numerous mistress while the poem talks about love, sex and rivalries. So I figure that both story can be a great comparison to each other.

The two stories are different because Catullus poem feels more passionate, for example, “Let us live, my Lesbia, and love”. While the other one is more like a history book in my opinion. There is more facts and information about Caesar too, compared to Catullus’s poem. IMG_1188

This image shows Caesar’s Bay in Brooklyn, Ny. Caesar’s Bay was named after Caesar Salama. He was a entrepreneur that opened a business called the bayside Bazaar in 1982. I suspect that the name for both Caesar Salama and Caesar’s Bay is deprived from the Julius Caesar because the place Caesar’s Bay had became a place where people love to relax, exercise, and travel. Also, because of Caesar Salama, this place became know as Caesar’s Bay. So it became famous because of the person name Caesar.


-Jia, Team Athena

Wherever you go, They Go

They’re everywhere. Like, literally they really are. This fasces was seen yesterday around the area of Rockefeller Center.  One thing that peaked my interest in them is the fact that I could take a selfie with them and I would get easy extra credit points. Another reason for my excitement is the colors. Usually in the past when I have seen faces they were very plain, rusty and just blend. This one, on the other hand, is vibrant. They both posses several colors, vibrant enough to catch the attention of the tourists.

-Izadora, Team AphroditeIMG_2473[1]

Similar Names, But That’s It



Fatema Islam, Team Jupiter (Right)
Julie Theodore, Team Venus (Left)

Beautifully it comes together for the shameless Cinaedii Mamurra and Caesar the pervert.

Is this why, oh most pious of citizens, Oh father- and son-in-law, you’ve ruined EVERYTHING?!

Both these quotes are from a poet that is rather biased towards Julius Caesar so they may not be the most accurate depiction of Caesar but it doesn’t mean there isn’t some truth to his verses. I chose them because it was actually some of the first verses of Caesar that was in the reading as well as the fact that this is someone who wasn’t afraid to state their true opinion of Caesar. Caesar wasn’t liked by everyone but some hid it better than others, Catullus didn’t bother hiding his distaste at all though. As seen in the verses above  he doesn’t think much of him and fears that he may ruin Rome. The only difference is the difference in verses.


In the image above there is Julie Theodore on the left and me on the right sitting on a bench with a tree behind us with yellowing leaves. I am wearing a red hijab with a knitted gray sweater while Julie is wearing a red coat with black buttons along with a blue scarf around her neck. I chose to take a picture with Julie because her name sounds similar to Julius. Her name doesn’t match up to the verses above because Julie isn’t a politician who wants to become an emperor. I’m going to assume to that one of her parents named her that for reasons that are theirs. Because of that it’s okay for her name not to match those verses because all parents have their reasons when it comes to naming their children. Weather it’s in memory of someone or if they want their children to have strong names there are lots of reasons when it comes to names.

Fatema Islam
Team Jupiter


Hands move quicker than the eye can see

Suetonis Life of Augustus

“Gallius was tortured as if he were a slave; and though he confessed to nothing, Augustus himself tore out his eyes and sentenced him to death.” (Suetonis 27)

“According to some historians, he chose 300 prisoners of equestrian or senatorial rank, and offered them on the ides of March at the altar of the God Julius, as human sacrifices. (Suetonis, 15)”

The first quote is addressed in the 27 paragraph where it is explained by Augustus was hated during his reign. This quote is an example of Augustus being irrational, using just what he thought he saw (a sword) and killing a possibly innocent man. Augustus acted rashly. The reason I associate the term Iris with this quote is because although Augustus could have been mistaken with the object he thought he saw on Gallius, he went so far to tear his eyes as if removing doubt to what he saw. It is a guilty complex to assume someone is a threat and instead of being incorrect, Augustus uses the idea “If you don’t see it, it never happened”. He was trying to mask his mistake  but removing the eyes of his victim.

The second quote refers to Augustus again being hot headed. In the passage, Augustus seek revenge with sentencing death to crowds of prisoner. The event happens to be on the Ides of March, the day Julius Caesar was given his fate. The ides of march, best known as the foretold date, reminded me of eyes that could see into the future. Ides, translated to the day falling to the middle of the month, made me think of eyes (play on words) . The iris of a person’s eyes is near the front of the eye, between the cornea and the pupil- the middle of the person’s eyes. It control the amount of light a person processes. The eyes move quickly and rapidly change the amount of light it processes to the brain. Just like the Iris, Augustus is rash and impulsive to act.


Latin may be a dead language, but several words derive from it, including the word iris. During Caesar’s error it would not be uncommon to hear someone say iris and not refer to the color of one’s eyes. Iris was the goddess of the rainbow and the messenger of the Olympian gods, specifically the God named Hera.


In your own words

This is an image of me. I took it to show my Iris and how my eyes of dilated because of the flash. Although the name Iris, comes from a God, it comes from a God Augustus most likely knew of and worshiped during his life.

The quotes to not directly connect with Iris since it is the name of a God but I found it interesting how rash and impetuous Augustus was, especially about killing people. It reminded me of how my father teases me that my eyes are bigger than my mouth or when I go through episodes of rapid thought and continuously look for everything to do and never being able to slow down and concentrate.

This image relates to Art 1010 because I took this image in my living room next to the blue lamp my father loves. This lamp has a similar shape that of a Pelike which is a one-piece ceramic container similar to an amphora. It has two open handles, a narrow neck, a flanged mouth, and a sagging, almost spherical belly. I thought it was interesting since I considered everything in my home very modern. Having a lamp resemble something from ancient Greece would be fun to say in a conversation. 

Cameron, Cannon TEAM JUPITER



Caesar the Great


“Yet Augustus never wantonly invaded any country, and felt no temptation to increase the boundaries of Empire or enhance his military glory” and “Such was his reputation for courage and clemency…” (Suetonius,Life of Augustus 21)


“When they had begun to honour Julius Caesar (now Dictator), it was with the idea, of course, that he would be reasonable.” (Cassius Dio, Book 44.7)

The reason I chose these quotes is because these quotes shows the characteristics of Julius Ceasar and Augustus. They are both good leaders of Rome- Julius was making Rome safe from the possibility of Gallic invasions, as the quote says he is reasonable; and Augustus brought peace and stability to Rome, he was not afraid to fight. They were all thoughtful for the well-being of their people. However, we can see the different from the quotes- Julius was making himself a dictator but Augustus replaced the Roman republic with an effective monarchy instead of following Caesar’s example and making himself dictator.

The picture was showing the month August, which derived Augustus. August was named after Augustus Caesar in 8 B.C. Previously, August was called “Sextillia,” which was Latin for “sixth.” It was renamed in honor of Augustus.

Shiyin Zhao, Team Jupiter

The Month of Augustus

From unit 7, chosen from the readings on the imperator, I chose two quotes that I thought best summarized who Augustus was and his mission in life. The author claimed that “the underlying motive of every campaign was that Aaugustugustus felt it his duty, above all, to avenge Caesar and keep his decrees in force.” I chose this quote because it explained a little about his motivations, it showed that he wanted to live up to or even to exceed Julius Caesar’s accomplishments. Another fact about Augustus is that he would not stand for people against him, in this quote he said that he “drove the men who slaughtered my father into exile with a legal order, punishing their crime, and afterwards, when they waged war on the state, I conquered them in two battles.” This shows that he is the type of man that is not afraid to punish others and also to eradicate anyone against him. The similarities between the two quotes is that the subject is about the death of his father and him avenging him. The difference is that the second quote is from Julius himself, which in my opinion was more graphic which showed his true feelings about his actions towards his father’s murderers, and the first quote was an overall statement about what drove him to be the man he became.


Through researching, I found that the month August was originally called Sextillis for being the 6th month in the Roman calendar,  it wasn’t until the 700th BC that it became the 8th month of the year when the months January and February were added. Then was later changed during the 8th BC after Augustus. I suspect that the month was renamed in honor of Augustus because the month was allegedly the month he conquered Egypt. This information does connect with how the two quotes described Augustus, he accomplished a lot during his time so he could live up to Julius Caesar’s accomplishments.

Sherique Vassell, Team Artemis

The Pizza Place

There are many descriptions of Caesar which can be interpreted in different ways.

Image result for little caesar store at flatbush

This is an image of a local pizzeria called Little Caesar.  It was probably named this because Caesar is known to be a mighty and great leader so the company wanted customers to know that the pizza sold here was the best pizza in the industry. My speculation does connect to the the quotes above to an extent. Even though most of the passages explain that Caesar was a bad person, he is known in history to be a great military leader.

Catullus says

“Why do you caress this nasty man? What can he do?

Besides devour a greasy inheritance?

Is this why, oh most pious of citizens,

Oh father- and son-in-law, you’ve ruined EVERYTHING?!”

This passage characterizes Julius Caesar to be a terrible person. Catullus expresses that Romans are fools for encouraging and supporting Caesar when he ruined everything just for his own benefit. I chose this passage because it shows that even though students were taught that Caesar was this amazing leader, not everyone believed that.

Cassius Dio explains

“And this is precisely what happened, though Caesar was encouraged by these very measures to believe that he should never be plotted against by the men who had voted him such honours, nor, through fear of them, by any one else; and consequently he even dispensed henceforth with a body-guard.”

This passage explains why Julius Caesar was plotted against. It explains that his supporters inflated his ego to the point where Caesar thought of himself as a higher leveled human being. I chose this passage because it showed that Caesar’s downfall was the result of him listening to others.


These two passages are similar and different. They both show that Caesar had many negative aspects which led to his downfall. However, one was biased because their hometown was taken over by the Romans, while the other was a perspective on the events when Caesar was assassinated.

-Fariah, Team Hermes

Caesar Sells

From Suetonius “but sent Brutus’s head to Rome for throwing at the feet of Caesar’s divine image” (13)

From Catullus “whether he will go across the great Alps, seeing the great monuments of Caesar” (11).

Both of these quotes show how praised Caesar was. Caesars image is described as divine and great, showing how prominent he was in peoples lives.

I chose them because it showed you how people viewed Caesar during that time.

On my way home from school I passed Caesars liquor store, if you look you can see the face of Caesar on the sign and you can see the wreath around his head. I believe they used Caesar as their name because Caesar was known as a strong and powerful leader. They put him as the name to show that they are the biggest and best liquor store.

My speculation does line up with my quotes because they describe Caesar as a great and divine, which are positive descriptions.

Caesar is a very strong and powerful name which is a very good name to use when naming a store to show you are a good store for people to buy from.

-Aiden Ferris

Team Artemis

The Tastiest Consul

  1. Cinaedus Romulus, will you see, and suffer, these things? YOU are shameless: a glutton and a gambler! Is this why, oh inimitable imperator,
  2. He no longer restrained his wrath but showed great irritation, as if these very officials were really stirring up sedition against him

The first passage characterizes Caesar as a person of poor character. Specifically, it states that he is shameless, a glutton and a gambler. These disgraceful characteristics indicative of a sinner and criminal, not a proud ruler. The next passage characterizes Caesar as a strong but angry man. This is shown by the key phrase “ no longer restrained his wrath”. This means that he generally able to restrain his wrath and anger. Despite this, he allows the situation to get the better of him. I chose these passages because they characterize Caesar very similarly, as a man of generally low moral character. The both passages show examples of sin, both gluttony and wrath.


The image is of myself holding a bottle of Ken’s Steakhouse Creamy Caesar Dressing. Ken’s Steakhouse Creamy Caesar Dressing is likely named after the famous Roman dictator because similarly to him Creamy Caesar Dressing has many powerful yet sinful qualities. My speculation does connect with what we read as many of the texts describe Julius Caesar as a strong rough man whose actions led to the beginning of an empire. Creamy Caesar Dressing is similar as it has a strong and powerful flavor, and transform any week republican salad into a strong and unstoppable empire.  

John J. -Team Diana

Augustus, The Great Emperor


“Caesar then went to fight Pompey’s sons in Spain; Augustus followed with a very small escort, along roads held by the enemy, after a shipwreck, too, and in a state of semi-convalescence from a serious illness. This energetic action delighted Caesar, who soon formed a high estimate of Augustus’s character.” (Suetonius, 8).

“When I administered my thirteenth consulate (2 B.C.E.), the senate and Equestrian order and Roman people all called me father of the country, and voted that the same be inscribed in the vestibule of my temple, in the Julian senate-house, and in the forum of Augustus under the chario which had been placed there for me by a decision of the senate.” (Res Gestae, 35).

These two quotations characterizes Augustus as a great emperor. The quotations expresses his militaristic and royal qualities. Even at the age of sixteen, he was pretty brave to follow Caesar to protect him. I chose these two quotations because they really give us the insight that Augustus was a great ruler. He had that quality since his childhood. He had that courage to protect the people of the country which is why he was very much respected by his countrymen. The passages are similar in the sense that they both depicts Augustus as brave and respected ruler of the country. The passages are different because the first one tells about him when he was too young, that is when he was sixteen years of age. The second quotation is when he got older, seventy-six years old. This was the other reason I chose these quotations because they portrays Augustus as a great person at his different ages of life.


The image that I chose is the month of the “August” in my calendar. The word, August can be described as an adjective which basically means respected and impressive. This word is derived from the Latin word, Augustus, named after the Augustus Caesar, the first Roman emperor. (Merriam Webster Dictionary). I can also connect this to the quotes that I chose above because Augustus really was respected and impressive person. His countrymen respected him. He won so many battles. He not only ruled over Rome, but doubled up the size of the empire by adding territories from Asia and Egypt. Thus, he is known as one of the great ruler of the Roman Empire.

I can also connect this to something that I learnt in my Art History class. In that class, we studied the sculpture of the Augustus of Primaporta. Augustus was the adopted son of Julius Caesar who also became the first emperor of Rome. He is always shown with the cupid on the dolphin and bare feet which is why he is also considered a God. His breastplate portrayed the battle between Romans and Parthians where Rome lost. But Augustus was successful in peacefully negotiating with the Parthians which is why he is also known as good master and diplomat. 

Gurleen Kaur, Team Venus 

Man I wish it was AUGUSTUS again….

“He argued that ‘Augustus‘ was both a more original and a more honourable title, since sanctuaries and all places consecrated by the augurs are known as ‘august‘ — the word being either an enlarged form of auctus, implying the ‘increase’ of dignity thus given such places, or a worn-down form of the phrase aviuw gestus gustus-ve, ‘the behaviour and appetite of birds’, which the augurs observed. Plancus supported his point by a quotation from Ennius’s Annals:

When glorious Rome had founded been, by augury august.’” (Suetonius)

9. The senate decreed that vows be undertaken for my health by the consuls and priests every fifth year. In fulfillment of these vows they often celebrated games for my life; several times the four highest colleges of priests, several times the consuls. Also both privately and as a city all the citizens unanimously and continuously prayed at all the shrines for my health.” (Augustus)

The first of the quotes manages to describe Augustus in that he wanted to express his name in almost a more poetic manner.  It appears that this quote is meant to help show us how serious he was when it came to everything, including titles, especially for himself.  The second quote talks about how Agustus sees himself in the eyes of the people.  It shows us how he notices his surroundings and how he feels about the peoples reaction to him.  The second quote tends to see it as very positive, as many people are saying that they will pray for his health.  I chose these 2 because they seemed the most interesting to me.  How Agustus got his name seemed like a really cool thing to explore and examine.  I figured that it was a cool thing to look for in order to also understand my photo below.  The second one seemed cool as it was still talking about him, yet from the perspective of other people.  Also to see how they feel about him seemed pretty cool and impressive.  But since they both talk about different things, there really isn’t much in common between the 2.  The 1st one like I said is more about Augustus himself, while the second one is more about his relationship with his people in some manners.

The photo above is a picture of me with the August poster for 2018.  I found this to be one of the easiest things to connect back to our readings with.  Perhaps since the name was so similar to what Augustus named himself after, Perhaps this month was given this name to honor him.  This most certainly connects with the first quote at the top of my post as it is that it can almost be seen that Augustus and August coexisted with each other during his time.  The second one, being as it talks about Augustus’ relationship with his people and also deals in with his health, has no connection whatsoever here with the picture that I have above.

I was also able to connect this to Art History as we have been studying Roman architecture recently, including things that have been seen and made during the time of both Augustus and Julius Caesar.  That can connect to here, as both men had large impacts on Roman lifestyle, and we could see more of that as we move on with the lessons.

  • Scott Vincent, Team Cronos

Lady Liberty


Last summer, my mom and I had the pleasure of seeing the Statue of Liberty, with the courtesy of one of her good friends. In Classics, we recently learned that the translation of the word ‘Libertas’ means Liberty. Coins were made in the celebration of Julius Caesar’s assassination. They represented the overthrow of Caesar’s tyrant rule. On one coin, there is an image of the Roman goddess, Libertas who represents freedom. On another coin, there an image of a pileus alongside two daggers above the words “EID MAR.” “EID MAR” is the Ides of March and is referring to the actual day Caesar was killed. A pileus, known as a freedman’s cap, was worn by slaves after they were finally set free. The symbolism shows that Caesar’s death was a representation that the citizens of the Roman Republic were now free of his rule and no longer had to live in fear.


-Estrella Roberts, Team Vulcan

Caesar Dominates!

Res Gestae –

” In my nineteenth year, on my own initiative and at my own expense, I raised an army with which I set free the state, which was oppressed by the domination of a faction. For that reason, the senate enrolled me in its order by laudatory resolutions, when Gaius Pansa and Aulus Hirtius were consuls (43 B.C.E.), assigning me the place of a consul in the giving of opinions, and gave me the imperium.” (1)

Res Gestae shows the positive impacts that Julius Ceasar had as a leader and as a individual.  Gestae showed that even though Caesar was very young and inexperienced that he had the drive and desire to do anything for his people.  This characterizes Julius as a positive leader and showed his great attributes as a person and what he means to his people. It also shows that his people had faith in him with the confidence and assurance he gave off to them.  Overall Gestate puts Caesar in a high class showing why he deserves it and what he will do to marination his power.

Cassius Dio-

“When they had begun to honour Julius Caesar (now Dictator), it was with the idea, of course, that he would be reasonable; but as they went on and saw that he was delighted with what they voted,” (7)

In this quote Cassius Dio also talks highly about Julius Caesar and represents him as a positive and powerful figure. This relates to the quote regarding Res Gestate in how they relate to each other because both of them show Caesar in a postie way. Cassius states that his people are going to honor Caesar as they should because he represents Caesar as a inspiration to his people.

Caesars Palace 

Caesars Palace. Hotel in Las Vegas, Nevada

This image shows the one and only Caesar’s palace which is named after Julius Caesar. This palace also has a huge statue of Julius Caesar representing his power as a individual.  They named this historic place that people all over around the world have heard of after Caesar himself because of how iconic he was as a person as well. His legacy is well known around the world just like the palace itself. Both the palace and Caesar symbolize power and bringing people together.

Anthony Mancuso , Team Venus


Julius “Caesar Salad”

Cassius Dio

“7 2 At any rate, some actually ventured to suggest permitting him to have intercourse with as many women as he pleased, because even at this time, though fifty years old, he still had numerous mistresses.”


Life of Augustus

“8 Having recovered possession of Spain, Caesar planned a war against the Dacians and Parthians, and sent Augustus ahead to Apollonia, in Illyria, where he spent his spare time studying Greek literature.”

The first quote portrays Julius Caesar as a man of multiple women who was, to certain extent, honored by his people. Though the majority didn’t perceive him as a leader, but rather a weak link to their kingdom that they wanted to perish, he didn’t inflict harm on those who went against him. Perhaps his personality led to his assassination. Second quote expands on Caesar’s military determination. He is also shown to be a man of knowledge as he ‘plans’ wars and spends his spare time learning.


This image is me holding a Caesar salad that was made only to be advertised. I remember my first time in an unfamiliar restaurant years ago. I was given a menu in an Italian language, I didn’t understand anything but a word that looked familiar – ‘Caesar’. I quickly made a reference to Julius Caesar. Since then, I believed that the name Caesar Salad was influenced by Julius Caesar. Though my theory can be a myth or a fact, it is pretty interesting. Rumors arose that Caesar Cardini, born in Italy, was the man behind the tasty Caesar salad. Unfortunately, the rumors claim Julius Caesar was not an influence to Cardini to create the Caesar salad. On the other hand, rumor has it that Caesar salad was invented in about 1903 by Giacomo Junia who is an Italian chef in Chicago. Giacomo Junia named his invention after Julias Caesar, ‘the greatest Italian of all time’. Regardless of all these rumors, I believe that Caesar salad was greatly influenced by Julius Caesar and is an easy make and good taste – only if you stab it 23 times!


To connect this with art class, statue of Julius Caesar is shown in contrapposto wearing military uniform depicting his power over the army. In his statue we see a more naturalistic look, ideal proportions, and lack of emotions.

-Amir, Team Juno

Similar Names = Similar Thoughts?

“As for foreign nations, those which I was able to safely forgive, I preferred to preserve than to destroy.” (Gestae, 3).

Augustus thought it most important not to let the native Roman stock be tainted with foreign or servile blood, and was therefore very unwilling to create new Roman citizens, or to permit the manumission of more than a limited number of slaves.” (Suetonius, 40)

Both of these quotes characterize Augustus and his believes. It shows that he wants to preserve the cultures he conquers and not just destroy them. He also doesn’t want new blood mixed into the native Roman Population through. He wants to preserve, but keep a strict divide. These two quotes are similar because they show how Augustus dealt with foreign affairs whether it be the people or their culture. The difference though is he prefers the culture and their history over the current population. He rather know and not have the present population mixing with his “perfect” blood.


The image above is a selfie I took with a friend name Tim, but his middle name is Augustine, which derives from the name Augustus. In this picture we had just helped a friend figure her way out on the subway late one night and had seen many rats. We wanted to take a picture to remember our adventure. I asked Tim why his parents gave him the middle name of Augustine and he said it was a family name. As Augustus was very poplar there are many versions from his name and therefore to have it be a family name is not to uncommon. Perhaps his family is an actual descendant of Augustus or some how related to have this name, or it could be that a member farther back really enjoyed the name. I have only known Tim for a few months, but I think that he connects to the quotes I picked from the reading, more so the first one than the second one. Tim is very inclusive and wants to make sure that all people are represented. Like Augustus he thinks that everyone’s culture is worth learning about, unlike Augustus he doesn’t want the divide between cultures. –Emma, Saturn

Don’t Monkey Around!

Cassius Dio: “he no longer restrained his wrath but showed great irritation, as if these very officials were really stirring up sedition against him.” (10)

Dio describes Caesar as an actual human being in this quote, meaning under all the hype about this romanticized image of the great Roman dictator Caesar, he is Julius Caesar first. People keep referring to Caesar as something that he feels that he isn’t, which I can understand why that would make him feel uncomfortable. Everyone only sees him as the Roman dictator, and nothing else, even if he tells others that he is only human. I picked this quote because it’s somewhat relatable because if people don’t listen to you after you have told them multiple times, you get annoyed after a while. This situation reminds me of what celebrities go through daily because their privacy is forgotten about, and their private lives are merged with their public lives.

Res Gestae: “In my nineteenth year, on my own initiative and at my own expense, I raised an army with which I set free the state, which was oppressed by the domination of a faction.” (1)

In this quote, Gestae shows Augustus in a positive light because he portrayed as a man who is willing to do whatever it takes for the benefit of his people. Despite Augustus being at a young age, his strong desire to contribute to society and his community persuades readers that the Roman dictator is a courageous, modest man; an image that contrasts the ones in the textbooks. I chose this quote because it promotes the message that every story has two sides to it. Even though we have been taught in school that Augustus was not a great leader, Gestae reminds readers about the positive aspects of Augustus because he was a young man that wanted to improve the well-being of his country, unaware of the fact that his risky political actions would contribute to the downfall of the Roman Empire.

The point-of-view in both passages are different from each other. In the first quote, Caesar’s thoughts of annoyance are written in third person. However, in the second quote, Augustus’ opinion is expressed in first person. Also, the passages are both referring to a different person.


In my selfie, I took a picture with Caesar. He is the main protagonist of the movie, Planet of the Apes, and he was named after Julius Caesar because his role in the movie is to lead his people. My image relates to the quotes above because of the way the leader is portrayed. For example, the quotes describe a positive image of Julius Caesar and Augustus because of their leadership qualities. Julius Caesar may have been a big risk-taker when it came to the well-being of the people he ruled over, but Julius did it with good intentions. Caesar was considered to be a hero of his time because of the way he ruled over Rome. He was a fair and caring leader, similar to Caesar, the chimpanzee, because Julius took account of the people’s thoughts and opinions to better the empire. I think the writers of the movie decided to name the main protagonist after Julius Caesar because they wanted to convey the image of a great ruler who would guide his people through battle and politics for their well-being.

– Rebecca Lee, Team Jupiter


It and Augustus

For this blog post, we are supposed to write about an object or person that has a name that derives from Julius Caesar or Augustus, two of the most well-known Roman emperors in history. The object I chose that has a name that derives from these two emperors is the book It by Stephen King. Even though on the surface this novel doesn’t seem connected to these two famous emperors, it actually does. If you are familiar with the novel, the 1990s mini-series, or the movie that came out this year, you know that half of the book takes place in the summer of 1958 and two months in the summer are July and August. July is named after Julius Caesar and August is named after Augustus. Even though Stephen King didn’t choose these months because of the origins of their names, it is still interesting to look at why these months have these names. While both are important, I’m mainly going to focus on August and Augustus in this post.

Augustus was the adopted great-nephew of Julius Caesar and was emperor of Rome after Caesar’s death. I thought the month of August was named after Augustus because it was the month he was born, but this speculation actually isn’t true. According to Suetonius’ “Life of Augustus,” he states, “that the name ‘August’ should be transferred to September, because Augustus had been born in September but had died in the month now called August; and that the period between his birth and death should be officially entered in the Calendar as ‘the Augustan Age.” This is quote shows that August is actually named after Augustus’ death and not his birth. This also clears up this common misconception that many people have about the origins of the name “August.”

Augustus was a very popular ruler. In the same writing, Suetonius states, “Such was his reputation for courage and clemency that the very Indians and Scythians — nations of whom we then knew by hearsay alone — voluntarily sent ambassadors to Rome, pleading for his friendship and that of his people.” This shows how Augustus was seen as this powerful, courageous, merciful leader that was a desired ally. I chose this quote because it shows how other countries saw Augustus and how they all wanted to be his ally. He was seen as someone who would protect all the people he ruled over and who were on his side. As well as being courageous and merciful, he was also well accomplished. In Res Gestae, Augustus himself says, “Twice I triumphed with an ovation, and three times I enjoyeda curule triumph and twenty-one times I was named emperor.” This shows just some of the things that Augustus accomplished his long reign as emperor and it shows how accomplished Augustus was. I chose this quote because it shows how accomplished Augustus is and how Augustus views himself. These two quotes show how Augustus was seen as this powerful figure who accomplished many triumphs. Both passages list Augustus’ political and military victories.

This postive view of Augustus can be seen in artwork such as “The Augustus of Primaporta” made in 20 BC. This was meant to be a propaganda piece that showed Augustus as a powerful decendant of the gods that had a vast amount of political triumphs. His power is show by his powerful stance. Also, his divine herititage is symbolized by the cupid and the dolphin, which are symbols of Aphrodite, and his bare feet, which was used in art work to show god-like status. Furthermore, Augustus’ breast plate depicts many of his political victories, such as the returning of military standards to Rome from the Parthians. This sculpture, the passages, and the name, “August,” shows how Augustus was seen as this powerful, god-like figure and how he has a lasting legacy.


Augustus of Primaporta picture link

-Emily Ryan, Team Mars

Augustus The Avenger

“The underlying motive of every campaign was that Augustus felt it his duty, above all, to avenge Caesar and keep his decrees in force. On his return from Apollonia, he decided to punish Brutus and Cassius immediately; but they foresaw the danger and escaped, so he had recourse to the law and prosecuted them for murder.”- (Suetonius, 10)

“I drove the men who slaughtered my father into exile with a legal order, punishing their crime, and afterwards, when they waged war on the state, I conquered them in two battles.”- (Res Gestae, 2)

These two passages characterize Augustus an avenger for Julius Caesar’s legacy. Julius Caesar chose Augustus to be his adoptive son. I specifically chose these two passages because Augustus is often characterized as a someone who was a powerful, great, and successful ruler, but I wanted to shine a light on why he was so mighty. His underlying purpose and intentions were to carry out what Julius Caesar could not because of his early death/ assassination. In Suetonius’s passage, it states how Augustus felt obligated to avenge Caesar by prosecuting Brutus and Cassius for murder. Similarly in Res Gestae’s passage, Augustus himself states that he wanted to take legal action in punishing those who harmed his father, Caesar. Both passages mention taking legal action as a form of punishment, but Suetonius specifically mentions Brutus and Cassius, while Res Gastae’s passage keeps the perpetrators anonymous, but points out all the things Augustus has done to avenge Caesar; not only does he punish them through law, but he successfully conquers them in two battles to defend Caesar’s honor.


In this image, I took a picture with the “Silver Denarius of Octavian”. It is a silver coin that shows the head of Augustus. Augustus’s original name was Gaius Octavius. The coin was deprived from Augustus’s original name because it is meant to show that Augustus is someone who is one amongst the gods. Gods’ heads were the only ones who were allowed to be on coins. The fact that Augustus’s head is on a silver coin indicates that he is someone who is not only favored by the gods, but also someone who is a god himself. My speculation correlates with the quotes chosen above because it shows how powerful Augustus is. He is able to carry out orders as a great ruler should and he punishes those who are in the wrong. He is also victorious in his battles and brings peace among the Roman empire. A god’s job is to create order in the world and punish those who have sinned, which is similar to how Augustus controls his empire. In a way, Augustus plays the role of god among the Romans. When inheriting Caesar’s name, with it came all the titles that followed. Augustus’s name became: Imp [Julius] Caesar [Octavianus] Divi filius Augustus Imp XXI Pont Max Trib Pot XXXVII Cos XIII Princeps Senatus Pater Patriae [imperium maius]
Augustus’s full name in and of itself is something that shows how great he is. “Divi filius” means “son of god”. “Imp” is short for “Imperator” which means “emperor”. Albeit his name may be long, it shows everything that Augustus defines himself to be.

Mary Huang, Team Vulcan

First Sextilis, then August

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Quotes characterized Augustus:

1) “Augustus announced his candidature for a tribuneship of the people– death had created a vacancy- although neither a patrician nor a senator, and thus doubly disqualified from standing” (Suetonius, 10).
2) “In my nineteenth year, on my own initiative and at my own expense, I raised an army with which I set free the state, which was oppressed by the domination of a faction” (Res Gestae, 1).

These two quotes show that Augustus was a man who fought for himself and people. In the first quotation, we can read that he tried to be a candidate for tribuneship, even though he never had anything to do with that, which disqualified him automatically. Another quote is a part of the piece that Augustus wrote about himself. It shows that as a young man he already was able to be there for people, and help them out.
I chose those two quotations because I wanted to describe Emperor Augustus as a brave young man who was not afraid to take actions and help.
Two passages are similar because both of them emphasizes Augustus’ courage. The first one is from Suetonius. The author describes the ruler willingness to take a risk. The second quote is Augustus’ own words. He describes how he raised an army on his own.

I took a selfie with the month of August from my new planner for 2018. August it the eight month of the year in the Gregorian calendar and it’s named after Emperor Augustus. At first it was named Sextilis (in Latin), but later on, Julius Caesar changed it in honor of Augustus Caesar in 8 BCE.

I think that there is the connection between Augustus that we read about in class and my picture. The month August was named in honor of Emperor Augustus, which means that he was an important person who deserved it. In our readings, we can read about Augustus as a young man who was able to help people, take the risk and show his courage. This post is also connected to our art history class because we spoke about Augustus’ sculpture and described him very specifically as a young brave man.

Edyta, Team Aphrodite







Everybody Hates Caesar

“Caesar could not keep back tears, and he took care that the head was burned with many very costly perfumes.” This quote from ‘Lives of Illustrious Men’ shows Julius Caesar in a more sensitive way. Even though he was a very strong man, he still had emotions that could not be held back when Pompey died. It helps us to see that he was still a regular person with feelings like us even though he was powerful. “Subsequently, however, when he was riding in from the Alban Mount and some men again called him king, he said that his name was not “Rex” but Caesar; but when the same tribunes brought suit against the first man who had termed him king, he no longer restrained his wrath but showed great irritation, as if these very officials were really stirring up sedition against him.” Just like the previous quote, this quote from ‘Cassius Dio’ shows the human side of Caesar. The men kept trying to call him king after he repeatedly told them not to. This caused Caesar to get aggravated. This would happen to anyone who has been telling someone to stop doing something and they kept doing it.

I chose these passages because they show how even though Caesar was a strong and powerful man, he was just like any regular person reacting in natural ways. They give a different view of him and not just someone who hid their emotions to look more potent.


I was watching ‘Everybody Hates Chris’ and realized Chris’ father’s name is Julius. I looked it up and Chris Rock’s middle name is Christopher Julius Rock III while his father’s real name is Christopher Julius Rock II. The name ‘Julius’ derives from Julius Caesar and I think that the name was passed down through the Rock family. I mean his great great grandfather’s name was Julius Caesar Tinghman, so they probably wanted to keep the tradition. They could be trying to follow the way names were handled back in Julius Caesars’ time but I don’t think that their names are because of what was discussed in the quotes above.

– Ivory, Team Artemis


Welcome to Manhattan



In the photo above is my friend Julia (on the left) and I at the foot of the Manhattan bridge. We’re sitting at a small steps at the bottom of the arch. We’re on the Manhattan side of the the bridge, and this photo shows an architectural piece that divides the incoming and outgoing traffic of the bridge. Similar to St. Peter’s square, the archway shares unique characteristics. In the photo, the sides of the arch has colonnades that extends outwards. The colonnades only contain two closely lined columns used as decoration, rather than the church’s incentive to direct traffic of pilgrims and carriages. The column’s simplistic and smooth unfluted shaft also follows the tuscan order that can be identified around St. Peter’s square. The colonnades that line either sides of the triumphal arch creates a wide semicircle shape. The shape can be compared to St. Peter’s square where people describe it to be the open arms of the church. In this case, the archway can be the welcoming arms for people coming into Manhattan. However, the entrance of the archway does not create the same sense of movement as to the piazza. St. Peter’s basilica’s columns display Baroque qualities of invoking movement in the way that the columns are unevenly spaced and are not freestanding. The colonnades of the archway are tightly lined, and are elevated so people are unable to interact with the architectural piece. Unless the steps are climbed, people are only able to approach the columns; Whereas, the columns of the piazza are much larger in scale and are spaced out for people to walk through. Another characteristic that both places share are the tops of the colonnades. It seems like fence-like structures that resemble crenellations of castles.

I met Julia (left of photo) in high school, and I found out that her grandmother chose her name. When her grandmother was pregnant with her father, her grandmother chose the name “Julia” if the baby was a girl. Instead, her grandmother named her father “Julio” when she found out he was a boy. Before hearing this story about Julia’s name, I thought that Julia was a common name in Hispanic culture. This story does support my speculations somewhat, and is related to what we have learned in class. The similarities of family names are passed down to different generations. I can relate this influential factor of naming choices to modern day culture, because I noticed that a lot of siblings share the same first letter of their names. For example, my cousins are named Ada, Anna, and Andy. I think that many parents find it easier to remember names if they match the first letters. Though the names “Julia” and “Julius” were separated according to gender, there was a similarity between the way a family names their relatives.

In relation to Julius Caesar, he has been described in Catullus’ poem where the poet questions “what is this but perverse generosity? Has he not achieved enough gluttony?” Catallus’ syntax interestingly juxtaposes the connotations of someone that is perverse and generous. Someone that is generous is seen as selfless and willing, whereas, perverse describes someone that is corrupted and improper. Thus, Catullus implies that Caesar’s actions may seem like they’re positively improving the community, however, his intentions may be corrupt and out of self interest. Cassius Dio also explores the same idea that Julius Caesar is not a respectable public figure by stating that “most men suspected him of being inflated with pride and hated him for his haughtiness” in his book. The quote creates the image that the public may interpret Caesar’s ego as a negative influence on his popularity and favorability towards his followers. I chose these quotes because both writers elaborate on a common theme that runs through history and culture. Leaders become examples of how their high self-esteem leads to their downfall, or hubris. This idea can be identified in how Julius Caesar was killed by his closest peers. In addition, current events display how celebrities, politicians, and fictional characters in movies are exploited by their own flaws.

Vicky, Team Hermes

See her See Caesar


This is a picture of me and my cousin Juliette. Juliette’s name derives from the name Julius, of the great emperor Julius Caesar. It possesses the prefix “ Juli” which is Latin. As you can see there is a lot of warmth between us in this picture. Although this name derives from Julius, someone could have used the name just because it sounded lovely to their ears or because it is a family name that must be passed on.

From the multiple readings we read in and out of class there seems to be a contradiction in the depiction of Caesar’s character. In the book Cassius Dio, which is, “an account of the assassination of Julius Caesar by a Roman senator living in the late Second Century CE writing a history of Roman in Greek”, such dictions of Julius Caesar are present. Subsequently, to Caesar becoming dictator the people had a lot of respect for him, thus they constantly praised and honored him and they even went as far as, let him have sexual intercourse with as many women as he pleased. With this kind of proposition in the air, “… men suspected him of being inflated with pride and hated him for his haughtiness…” While here he is depicted as being overly prideful; in the “Lives of Illustrious Men excerpts” the actions that are depicted by Caesar are not at all prideful, in contrary, he was very humble. Following the death of Pompey, “Caesar could not keep back tears, and he took care that the head was burned with many costly perfumes.” Based on the actions being described here, I think it is fair to say that Caesar is not as prideful as those other men might think. Just like other people honor him, He also honored Pompey and approached him with utmost respect especially after his death.– Izadora, Team Aphrodite

I met Aphrodite! OMG


Yesterday I went to the Metropolitan Museum of Art to do my paper for Art class. I was so excited and shocked to see all the paintings and statues that we have discussed in class. It almost felt unreal. As I was walking by this statue, I realized it was Aphrodite!!!! We have learned about her in both art and classics. she is a beautiful goddess known for her incredible beauty. And we also have heard her stories in classics. Meeting her was like a dream. She stands alone in the hallways with her own spark and value. I could see people stopping by her and viewing this beautiful body. It looked extremely gorgeous even though its not in well condition anymore. Somethings are just priceless and seem unreal. Fizza saeed, Team Hermes



  • “As a judge he was both conscientious and lenient…”

-(Passage 33, Life of Augustus, Suetonius)

This quote portrays one of Augustus’ main qualities – being diligent and meticulous, while being lenient. The author gives summarized examples of how Augustus exercised his power in this manner, which included him adding a third tablet for jurors in a particular case for the benefit of the suspect, and assigning different cases to the City Praetor, with citizens’ appeals. This passage gives us insight into how Augustus executed his duties, and we are able to see that he was a dedicated and fair-minded leader.


  • “When the dictatorship was offered to me, both in my presence and my absence, by the people and senate, when Marcus Marcellus and Lucius Arruntius were consuls (22 B.C.E.), I did not accept it.”

-(Passage 5, Res Gestae)

The second quote displays one of Augustus’ other predominant qualities – seeming humble, but with a hint of pride. This is evident in the way he highlights who and what circumstances surrounded him being offered the dictatorship – the people and senate, the consuls, and in his presence and absence. In this passage, Augustus is offered the dictatorship, and turns it down multiple times. Additionally, we are informed of how he frees the city from fear and danger through utilizing his own expenses, which also displays his humble, yet prideful, characteristic.

The traits selected stood out in both of the authors’ pieces, and were crucial in describing Augustus. Though these passages exhibit attributes that might not be that similar, they are somewhat connected in relation to building a well-respected and successful leader. Being humble, with hints of pride, and possessing diligence and leniency in work ethics are two predominant qualities in the formation of a great leader. I chose these two characteristics because of this connection, and due to the fact that these are extremely important features of Augustus. Through the presentation of different events, the first passage being his work in the courts and the second passage entailing his denial of a prestigious role, we are able to obtain these two traits and connect them.



This is an image featuring me and my cousin, Keon. It was taken the day after I had just arrived from Guyana. Keon, whose middle name happens to be Augusto, is from Grenada, where this name is extremely uncommon.

Theory! – After researching the actual meaning of “Augusto,” which derives from “Augustus,” and means majestic and venerable, I began to think that his parents named him this because of the name’s rarity in the Caribbean, and due to their knowledge of Augustus, while dreaming of Keon becoming someone outstanding (“majestic”), yet humble.

To confirm my speculation, I asked my Uncle why he had named my cousin “Augusto,” who responded, “Just like Augustus, he will be well-known for something amazing.” I was correct on where they obtained the name from, and their wishes for his future.

My theory of why they named him “Augusto” does connect with quotes I selected in that the quotes and my speculation of the reason for Keon’s name are extremely similar. Keon does manifest these traits in his personality – he is the type of person who tries to present himself as humble, which is obvious in everyday actions, while being very diligent in whatever he does.


-Daniel, Team Diana.

“Augustus” named on the planner

Suetonius: Life of Augustus:

“Next to the Immortals, Augustus most honoured the memory of those citizens who had raised the Roman people from small beginnings to their present glory; which was why he restored many public buildings erected by men of this calibre, complete with their original dedicatory inscriptions, and raised statues to them, wearing triumphal dress, in the twin colonnades of his Forum.”

Res Gestae:

“As for foreign nations, those which I was able to safely forgive, I preferred to preserve than to destroy. About five hundred thousand Roman citizens were sworn to me. I led something more than three hundred thousand of them into colonies and I returned them to their cities, after their stipend had been earned, and I assigned all of them fields or gave them money for their military service.

In the first passage, Augustus appears as a character who is an excellent administrator. He carried out an enormous work of reorganizing the entire Roman Empire. Furthermore, through stringent rules with strict discipline Augustus was able to bring a lasting Roman peace that improved communication and prosperous trade. Rejuvenation of old practices adequately integrated Judaism and Christianity through transmission of Classical heritage from Romans and Greeks.

Contrastingly, in the other passage of Res Gsestae, Augustus is depicted as a merciful emperor who forgave those that surrendered and gave themselves to the Roman Empire.

These two passages characterize Augustus more than Julius Caesar. This describes more as Augustus because while I reading the text, it talks more about Augustus and what Augustus has done. It also shows the kind of person Augustus was. The first quote talks about Augustus most honored memory and how those people are respected by the Roman people. The statue that was created to make those people wear winning dress.The second quotes talk about talks about how Augustus was kind enough to forgive the one who gave up and gave themselves to the Roman Empire.

I choose those two passages because since it has many details on Augustus and talks a lot about what Augustus did and how he is so important. Also shows how he is characterized as a person.

The two passages I choose have some similarities and differences.The similarities between the two passages are that they both talk about Augustus. Both of the passages talk about him being honored and what he has done. The differences are that the first passages talk about how Roman people respect the dead people and honored them with the statue that has the wining dress. The second passage talks about how Augustus forgave people that gave up but were able to give themselves Roman Empire. It also talks about how Augustus recognize as an excellent administrator and he has much excellent recognition throughout the Roman Empire.


When I was going through my Brooklyn College planner, I came across to this page for the month of Augustus. As soon I saw that I automatically knew how Augustus connects with the month of August. The calendar derived the name of Augustus because since the name of the month August is named after Augustus.

The comparison to speculation to the quotes above, I will say it somewhat connects because is the month of the August was named after Augustus which already shows that Augustus is powerful and people showed him respect to him. And shows his importance to what he has done.

In Art History class, we also discussed about Augustus. This image was studied in Art History class.


This topic connects with art because since we studied this sculpture of Augustus Caesar in art. In art, we learned about every detailed of the image and what pose Augustus Caesar is making or what his intentions and what he is trying to say. This portrait was found in Italy and named Augustus of Prima Porta. In this picture, Augustus is the military dress, wearing highly decorated breastplate or cuirass and the drape is around his hip. His right hand is raised up and pointing up to show that his power and addressing to his troops. He is also depicted barefoot which show that he is the god. This sculpture also shows political propaganda and to show the importance of him.

-Mantaha Mannan, Team Vulcan


“History – Augustus.” BBC, BBC,

Caesar the pit bull.

  • Lives of Illustrious Men (**GNAEUS POMPEIUS MAGNUS Experts)

“Caesar could not keep back tears, and he took care that the head was burned with many very costly perfumes.”

This was written to portray what had happened to Julius Caesar after Pompey’s death. He appears to be a soft hearted man who cried at the death of Pompey and very knowable for he took his head and burnt it with perfume, the best way possible.

  • Cassius Dio (Book 44.7-20)

8. 4“hence most men suspected him of being inflated with pride and hated him for his haughtiness, when it was they themselves who had made him disdainful by the exaggerated character of their honours.”

In this quote it shows Julius Caesar as someone that is full of themselves and is swayed by others affection/attention.

I choose these quotes because they show two different sides of Julius Caesar. In the first one it makes Caesar look like a kind person that looks out for others. While in the second quote it looks as though he cares only about himself and his well being.


The image I took was of me and my dog, Caesar which is derived from the name Julius Caesar. I think he was named Caesar because Julius Caesar was a strong leader and emperor. Caesar is a blue nose which makes their structure look very big and muscular, which may come off scary, making him look strong.  

Unlike the first quote where Julius Caesar comes off as a softie my dog is an actually softie. He such a sweet dog that he wouldn’t be able to hurt anyone. For the second quote my dog does not relate because he is not full of himself. But it can be interpreted as such, a lot people hate the pit bull breed because these dogs are “aggressive” but in fact the only reason they are like this is because of the owners treatments towards them. So too Julius Caesar became the way he was because of the people.

Anora, Team Diana

It’s a Metaphor!!


  1. “…when, at a crisis in the fighting, the standard-bearer of his legion was seriously wounded, Augustus himself shouldered the Eagle and carried it for some time” (Suetonius 9).
  2. “… After the fall of the city Augustus took vengeance on crowds of prisoners and returned the same answer to all who sued for pardon or tried to explain their presence among the rebels” (Suetonius 15)

These two passages show that Augustus is a responsible and righteous man. He is also someone with great leadership skills since he was able to lead an entire army. Augustus takes the burden and fights for his people. I chose them because it shows how brave and capable he is as a leader. Both passages talk about Augustus’ burden of being a powerful figure that is leading a whole army in order to conquer lands, and how much the people depend on him.


This image is a picture of Augustus Waters from the movie The Fault In Our Stars; It is an adaption of the book which is by John Green. The name ‘Augustus’ is actually suitable for this character because he is brave, courageous, loyal, but, not perfect. The first quote can support how Augustus from the movie and book tries to fight cancer with a smile on his face, knowing that he may die. The second quote supports the part when he helps his blind friend, Issac, get revenge on his ex-girlfriend by throwing eggs at her car. Augustus could have literally been the most perfect guy in The Fault In Our Stars, like Augustus from the “Imperators”, however, both are not perfect beings.

Becky, Team Hera

Breaking News! History is back! Better and modern!!!


In chapter seven, Our readings were about Julius Caesar. He was a Roman politician that played a huge part in the events that led to the rise of the Roman empire. He is seen as powerful military leader who did a lot for the Roman empire. In Live of Illustrious experts, it states that ” His authority was so great that Opimius took up arms against Gracchus, and Marius against Glaucia and Saturninus, because of Scaurus’ advice in private” this quote gives just one of the many examples discussed in the writing like him building Mulvian Bridge and his military sacrifices. People  really thought of him as Great leader for doing such great acts. They honored him until his true colors came out. But in another passage we see a different side. In Cassius Dio ( Book 44.7-20), we get to see more of Caesar or the hidden side of him. It states “At any rate, some actually ventured to suggest permitting him to have intercourse with as many women as he pleased, because even at this time, though fifty years old, he still had numerous mistresses” this quote shows how he did not had much respect for women or his own wife. He had many mistresses for his own pleasure.  The fact that he treated used women like this shows that he is not as perfect as he seems. As we go on in the readings we truly see his selfish side. He took too much pride in himself and thought of himself more than a king. We see his self conceited side again when he rejects the king role, the offer that priests give him ” Caesar answered: “Jupiter alone is king of the Romans,” and sent the diadem to Jupiter on the Capitol; yet he was not angry, but caused it to be inscribed in the records that he had refused to accept the kingship when offered to him by the people through the consul” in this quote his response shows how he refuses the offer and calls himself better than a king. He did not care what people are offering him but instead declined for his selfish reasons. The readings in chapter seven clearly show both sides of Julius Caesar. It shows how no one is perfectly great. His flaws and his good actions are written perfectly for the audience. The readings both praise and show his evil side of the story. The different quotes given above show his different sides. The  image that I used is of this haircut called “Caesar’. It’s a selfie of me and my best friend. He has Caesar hairstyle which I recognized after doing my research on this type of hairstyle. It was introduced by Julius Caeser from who the name is derived. The Caesar haircut requires short hair, although your fringe can be long, and should be styled by bringing the hair forward. It was really popular in the 90s and is still used in modern era. This shows how our past is all around us. Our important figures names are even used in haircuts but we never really pay attention to it. This knows how powerful knowledge is and how important it is to be aware of our surroundings because the possibilities of finding new things are endless. Fizza saeed, Team Hermes


IMG_8466 (1)

Yes!! This is me being extremely messy while enjoying my Caesar salad. I love salads and this one has always been my favorite. While I was doing my readings for class and learning about Caesar in unit seven, the name Caesar sounded so delicious. I love food but I didn’t think of my favorite salad until yesterday. I was extremely hungry and while I shoved that salad down my throat I realized how it relates to what we are learning in class. I told my friend to take my ( nice) picture because my hunger doesn’t let me do anything. Which is why I look this weird in the picture but it does show my true personality so  its ok  to make fun of yourself sometimes. The fact that classics teachings came in my mind shows how our minds work. We go through our days seeing so many things and people but never truly pay attention to our surroundings. The name Caesar is actually a salad name as well is such a crazy concept but its also delicious. We all should enjoy it. I have learned to be more carefull and aware of myself because I realized how knowledge gives us power to be able to enjoy things more. Relating one thing to completely a differnet object is great fun and shows how learning is endless. This class has truly helped me see things differently and I’m forever grateful. Yours truly Fizza saeed – Team Hermes

Extra Credit Julius Caesar


This picture was taken inside the basement of the Brooklyn College Library. This was taken as I was completing my blog for class seven of classics and I thought that this could be used as an extra credit since it is a selfie and does relate back to what we learned in class. In class we learned about Julius Caesar and what he accomplished and how revered and great he was. We also learned about what people thought of him, how he was characterized;very similar to when we were learning about Alexander the Great. Whilst doing my blog post for this class, I learned that the month of July was actually named after Julius Caesar upon the time of his death, in order to honor him, his memory, and all that he had achieved and accomplished. So as soon as I learned that I asked the librarian for a calendar and took this selfie. One little cool fun fact, is that I’m actually born in the month of July, with means that I share the same birth month as Julius Caesar;which is something that I thing is actually pretty cool!

The Month of “Augustus”

Augustus of Primaporta, 1st century C.E., marble (Vatican Museums)

Throughout the readings, we learn a lot about who he is and his characteristics.

“He argued that ‘Augustus‘ was both a more original and a more honorable title, since sanctuaries and all places consecrated by the augurs are known as ‘august‘” (Life of Augustus 7).

“I drove the men who slaughtered my father into exile with a legal order, punishing their crime, and afterwards, when they waged war on the state, I conquered them in two battles” (RES GESTAE 2)

These two quotes displays how people honored Augustus and Augustus’s actions. People feel that his name is empowering and respected while he gets revenge to the people who slaughtered his father. I chose these quotes because they both display to the reader they type of person Augustus is. One is what others characterized him as while the other is what the reader takes away about his actions. Both quotes are similar in that they both use specific wording to fully characterize Augustus. In the first quote, the terms original and honorable are being used to characterize Augustus while in the second quote it uses the terms punish and conquer.


This is a picture of me holding a calendar opened up to the month of August. The month of August is named after Augustus. Augustus completed the calendar and named the month after himself. This relates to the reading in a way because Augustus is known for conquering therefore him naming a month after himself shows power and honor as discussed  in the previous quotes.

Extra Credit:

This picture relates to the class because we are currently learning about Augustus and Julius Caesar. The month on July is named after Julius and the month of August is named after Augustus. This is me holding a calendar opened up to the month of August. Augustus named this month after himself which shows that he is very powerful and respected by many.

Adam Allan, Team Ares

Julius Caesar

The first quote I choose is from the Lives of Illustrious Men, ” Here lies Pompey the Great. Pompey’s head, wrapped with an Egyptian covering, was presented along with a ring to Caesar by Achillas, an attendant of Ptolemy. Caesar could not keep back tears, and he took care that the head was burned with many very costly perfumes.” I chose this quote in particular because it depicts Julius Caesar in a slightly different light than most people are used to. Most people when they read about Caesar or think of him, they think of a strong and powerful man, one with barely any flaws or vulnerabilities; similar to that of depictions of views of Augustus or Alexander the Great. But this passage shows Julius in a vulnerable state. Albeit it doesn’t show him in a particularly bad light, but he is deeply mourning and saddened over the death of his friend and ally, Pompey, which is something new. Moreover, this passage also shows him in a more human way and characterizes him as a man with great humility. Like stated above, he is not some great god or savior, he is a human man, who is not afraid to openly mourn over a friend’s death.

The second Quote I choose is from Cassius Dio, Antony with his fellow-priests saluted him as king and binding a diadem upon his head, said: “The people offer this to you through me.” 3 And Caesar answered: “Jupiter alone is king of the Romans,” and sent the diadem to Jupiter on the Capitol; yet he was not angry, but caused it to be inscribed in the records that he had refused to accept the kingship when offered to him by the  people through the consul.” This second quote is very similar to the first one, in my opinion, which is the reason why I picked it. In this quote, Julius Caesar rejects the kingship that the priests/Diadem present him with. stating that he is not a king, but the god, Jupiter, alone is the true king of the Romans. When I first read this, I was confused because I thought that Julius was a king. What I realized, after doing some research, was that Caesar in fact was not the king of the Roman Republic. He was simply the dictator/leader of the Roman Republic. But going back to how this quote is similar to the first one above, is the fact that this passage once again illustrates the humility that Julius Caesar possessed within his character. He had enough humility to outright say he, himself, is not the King, without any hesitation or second thought. In addition, it shows him as not being merciless or a angry leader, as he did not get furious when the priests presented him with the crown. 


The selfie that I decided to take was one of me and the moth of July. When googling things named after Julius Caesar, I learned that the moth July is actually named in honor of him. Apparently when Julius Caesar died, the Roman month Quintillis (which was in fact his birth month) was renamed July. Unfortunately, the two quotes placed above does not entirely show why something like a whole month would be named after Julius Caesar. Sure he was a man with great humility and benevolence, but in my opinion that alone wouldn’t give him this great honor. I speculate that what gave him  or what influenced this great honor was due to how great Julius Caesar was and all the things he achieved and accomplished for the Roman Republic. Furthermore, because of all that he did and accomplished he was revered and renowned in Roman society.

Fun fact: I’m actually born in the month of July as well, it’s interesting because I hadn’t realized this fact until just now.

Sean lau, Team Ares

Persians Invaded the Babylonions *Extra Credit*


I went to Wallkill over the weekend to the tour the Watchtower facility. There was a beautiful, huge, detailed painting on the wall and as an artist myself I stopped to admire it. When I asked the tour guide what it depicted she stated that it was King Cyrus’ Persian empire invading Babylon. I thought to myself, “Hey, I think I heard those names in Classics.” When I checked the website I saw that we did in fact learn about the Persians and Cyrus during the 3rd unit. Thus, I proceeded to take a selfie, the painting was so colossal it could not fit in my selfie so I asked my brother to take it for me (hope this still counts). I did some more research and found out that, “When Cyrus set his sights on Babylon it was already the most venerable of Middle Eastern cities—perhaps of all cities in the world,” states the book Cyrus the Great. It almost seemed impossible what had occurred on that night, (of October 5/6, 539 B.C.E.) the city of Babylon was on the Euphrates river and there were moats around the city and on top of that high security, there were also massive walls.  Upstream from Babylon, Cyrus’ army  were commanded to channel the Euphrates and cause the water level in the city to fall. After this happened, the army then walked right through the now low river right through the city gates. Coincidentally, that night the city gates, had been left open. According to Greek historians Herodotus and Xenophon, the Babylonians felt so secure behind their city’s defenses that on the night of the attack, many were feasting, including the king! All of these event helped Cyrus and the Persians to overthrow Babylon.

-Chante Morren, Team Venus


Herodotus. The History of Herodotus: Volume 1. Book. 1, section CXCI,  Talboys and Wheeler, 1824.

Crompton, Samuel Willard. Cyrus the Great. Chelsea House, 2008.

Filipino Vs. Haitian

This picture was taken in the Brooklyn College Library alongside my friend Gaby. One thing I’ve learned in this class so far is that “the others” were considered barbaric. In other words, anyone who was not Greek would be looked down on because to the Greeks their speech sounded like so, “Bar-bar-bar”. Here the same concept applies because Gaby here is Filipino and I am Haitian. Since ethnically we are in different groups, to me she fits in the group of “the others”  and that same concept can be applied to me coming from her point of view. It is very fortunate that we did not live in those ancient times otherwise, we would not have only torn each other apart, but we would be cruel, judgemental, and would treat each other like we are lesser than human. But today, due to evolutions in society we are able to accept each other’s differences.                                                                  -Izadora, Team Aphrodite 


The Modern Day Struggles of Being Cupid

“Give Me Love” – Ed Sheeran (Music Video)

Screenshot_20171111-173758   Screenshot (74)


Red Line = Orthogonals.    Yellow line = Horizontal Line,    Green Dot = Vanishing Point

While listening to one of Ed Sheeran’s popular song, “Give Me Love,” I noticed that the song’s music video incorporates many elements from our Art and Classics course.

One incredible development during the Renaissance was Brunelleschi’s system of linear perspective. His formation of lines and diagonals enabled artists and architects to manipulate images into the illusion of reality. Space, shape, and size furthered Brunelleschi’s success of recreating life’s visual experiences into a still image. When looking from any individual’s eyes, our surroundings are examples of linear perspective itself.

In the screenshot above, there are qualities of linear perspective that can be identified with the understanding of how the objects and subjects of the video are seen. At a close observation, the overhead lights form orthogonal lines (red lines) of the image. The light beams move towards the middle of the photo, and direct the viewer’s eyes to the vanishing point (green dot) of the picture. The tunnel walls also acts as orthogonal lines. As the bricks of the walls move towards down the tunnel, the lines become more condensed, and create the illusion of space and depth. The light’s reflections and shadows also add a subtle sense of distance, because the light and shadows seem to merge together when approaching the vanishing point. The outline of the concrete ground also acts as an orthogonal line that points to the vanishing point. Though the horizon line (yellow line) is not obvious to the eye, it meets the middle of the image as the plane where it meets the viewer’s eye level. Touching back onto how the still image depicts distance, the figure in the foreground is proportionally smaller in scale due to the distance between the camera and the subject.

Screenshot_20171111-174127      Screenshot_20171111-173907

When directing your focus to the subject, the woman has a pair of cupid wings that is explored through the music video’s plot. The story unravels references to Aphrodite in which we have discussed in Classics class.

In the music video, the main subject is dressed with a pair of wings and holds a bow and arrow. The video’s plot reveals how she takes on the roll as a cupid and shoots others to fall in love with each other. The subject’s act as a cupid relates to Aphrodite’s abilities to cause people to fall in love due to her title of being the Goddess of Love and procreation. The video’s subject’s actions can be compared to the Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite where William Blake Tyrrell translates that Aphrodite’s:

clothed in a dress more gleaming than bright fire. Like the moon, it shimmered around her soft breasts, a wonder to behold. She wore coiled bracelets and shining earrings, and beautiful necklaces were about her tender neck, beautiful, golden, glittering (86-90).

Aphrodite’s presence attracts and seduces those around her, and is reflected in Ed Sheeran’s song. In the homeric hymn, Aphrodite is known to be a elegant, lustful, beautiful, and graceful Goddess that is ineffable. Her powers become a strong influence over other people’s actions and emotions, which can overrule their thoughts and morals. The homeric hymn discusses the consequences of love, lies, and sex that Aphrodite is responsible for. However, most references to Aphrodite are usually the immaculate ideals of falling in love and being loved.

Similar to Ed Sheeran’s music video, the presence of the woman shows her duties as a cupid. She travels around the city and uses her power of love to counteract the dark and bleak night. Those alone begin to fall in love with the people around them, however, it juxtaposes the song’s lyrics. The cupid’s inner conflict and idea of love is enhanced by Sheeran’s song, and convey a more obvious result of love that the Homeric Hymn does not quite relate to modern love. Though the central theme of love is carried out by the woman with the white wings, her job as a cupid is not as fantastical as it seems. The subject of the video struggles with finding love herself, and has a inner conflict while she watches her actions help others fall in love. In the last scene of the video, it’s seen that she has stabbed herself with her cupid’s bow in attempt to make her fall in love. Ed Sheeran’s music video and the Homeric hymn portray a large difference in the society of today and the past. Sappho reveals the struggles of being in love, whereas, Ed Sheeran expresses the struggles of finding love.


Vicky Lee, Team Hermes



Aphrodite Card


I took this picture at my work while I was picking the card from the set, and for the first time, I got Aphrodite. When I saw this card it immediately reminded me about Classics because at first that’s my team name, and second that was the first chapter we discussed in class. Aphrodite is a Goddess of beauty and love, and that’s how I always remember about her. On this card, she is described as Inner Beauty, which of course match with her. She was beautiful to that point that everyone wanted to meet with her. She wasn’t loyal to Hephaestus and preferred to spend time with her lover – Ares. Some of the legends even say that prostitutes consider her as their patron, which at some point might be accurate when we think about her. She is also Goddess of war, especially in Sparta. However, beauty and love is her significant sign and that’s how most of the people recognize her.

Edyta, Team Aphrodite

Aphrodite in the Met?




This sculpture was found in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in Manhattan. Although it’s not Aphrodite, it reminded me of her. For instance, most sculptures of Aphrodite, the goddess of love, beauty, and desire, are her standing in contrapposto, where her weight is on her right leg and the leg left is slightly bent. The woman in this sculpture is also standing in contrapposto, which indicates that they were both made during or after the Classical Period by the Greeks. The Greeks created naturalistic figures that they felt expressed the true beauty of humans. The sculpture in the photo indicates that she’s making dramatic movements by walking forward by the position of her feet and her arms. Also, by the way that her drape is positioned, the artist could’ve wanted to show that there may have been wind. In contrast, Aphrodite is typically depicted naked. This was common in Greek sculptures because it was considered the most ideal human form. In this quote from the reading Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite, it states “Muse, tell me the things done by golden Aphrodite, the one from Cyprus, who arouses sweet desire for gods and who subdues the races of mortal humans.”  This indicates some of the power that this goddess possesses. She would make gods have offspring with humans by making them lose control of themselves. She was considered a symbol of beauty who often showed off her promiscuity to get what she wanted.

-Estrella Roberts, Team Vulcan


On this trip to lower Manhattan, there were unique and interesting piece’s of Art. One image that stood out to me was the was the fasces on different buildings.  Each fasce represents a different idea or culture and this individual fasce was on the city bank farmers trust building.

Anthony Mancuso     Team Venus




The Fasces of New York

While scurrying through the streets of New York I encountered a hidden array of coins used to illustrate more that just the influence of the Greek , but of the foundation of the original American ideal of government. One coin is an illustration of a Native American that portrays liberty and the other of a woman that demonstrates a republic. Together they symbolizes America’s democratic republic.

Samantha , Team Minerva

Fasces in Manhattan


This is a photo of a Roman coin on the side of Citi Bank. Roman currency is important because it was made out of precious materials and depicted powerful images. This is placed on the walls of Citi Bank to show the power of the Romans and also connect an ancient form of money to the modern currency. Placing coins on a bank subconsciously makes you think of money and it is a good advertising strategy that is used by Citi Bank.

Fasces and familiar faces


While on the Classics trip in lower Manhattan this past Friday, my group and I stopped to write about this statue situated at the entrance of the Alexander Hamilto U.S Custom House. The statues surrounding the building were meant to represent the seven different continents and the culture they each contain. I felt this image was relevant to both Art and Classics because it shares the Greco-Roman appearance of sculptures we studied previously, as well as the influence from different cultures we focused on in Classics. The two figures closely resemble Aphrodite and the Doryphoros based on the facial features and the draped clothing (or lack thereof). The signature archaic smile graces the faces of both figures and the realist proportions of their bodies give it a Greek Classical period feel. While ancient Greek statues were often made of bronze or marble, this piece seems to be made out of concrete, a more modern alternative. Additionally, the statue is used for aesthetic purposes and to show a connection between different periods of world history, rather than as a grave marker or symbol of wealth.

– Natalie, Team Vesta

Fasces of power


This coin was on the side of the City Bank building. I think they decided to put the coin on the building because in Chinese culture the dragon is symbolic for many desired qualities. The dragon symbolizes power, strength, control. All these qualities are desired when talking about financies which is why I believe it was put on the side of the bank.

Andrew Silva    Team Zeus

Fasce with Team Hera

Fasces in front of Federal Hall
For those who stayed behind, Prof Yarrow explained where exactly the fasce was and its significance. Prof Yarrow has said that it stands for symbolism of status and nobility. Fasces are usually made from a bunch of wood tucked together to form a barrel of wood. By the way, there is a bathroom in the basement of federal hall! There were also fasces found in front of the City Bank. One looked like a soldier and the other one looked like a leader. There was engravings that said ” FANEION”.

Fasces on the City Bank


This fasces was seen above the window on the City Bank-Farmers Trust Building. The figure in the coin looks like a Roman soldier. Both of them (the bank and the Roman soldier) depict the idea of power. The Roman soldier depicts the idea of power because a soldier is considered powerful who protects other people. The bank depicts the idea of power because bank has money and anyone who has money is considered powerful.

Gurleen Kaur, Team Venus

FASCES Superiority

This was found above a window in the City Bank- Farmers Trust Company Building. This Roman solider was designed to show power. This power can be translated to the bank as it is important for banks to have superiority and prestige. As a result, this translates to the building as the building is viewed as a strong, and prestigious bank.

Adam Allan, Team Ares





During our trip to lower Manhattan on October 21st, I noticed fasces on the statue of George Washington in front of Federal Hall. He is standing with the fasces on his right. I infer that the facses is there since this is the location where Washington took the oath of office to be inaugurated as our first President. The fasces is a symbol of authority and Washington is the first president a supreme authoritative symbol of our country.


Fasces at City Bank

City Bank Farmers Trust Company Building


As my group and I did our rounds, going from building to building and fillling out the worksheet, we came across perfect examples of fasces when we went to the City Bank Farmers Trust Company Building. Though it may seem strange to have found an example of it at the bank, as sown in the picture above, the fasces represents a certain kind of strength and unity, attributes which I’m sure the architects and the heads of the bank wanted to ingrain in their image of it.

Skaie Cooper, Team Ares

The Warrior Fasces on the Bank

This form of fasces was found above a window on the City Bank-Farmers Trust Company Building. This design element of a Roman soldier is to show a form of power and prestige within the bank itself. A bank is an important and vital business in this world, and showing this specific image conveys the idea that the building is a prestigious and powerful entity.

Sean Reilly, Team Artemis


Fasces of City Bank


Found above the main entrance of the City Bank- Farmers Trust Company Building on 20 Exchange Place, multiple fasces can be seen. There are three on the arch and two on the each side of it. The two bigger fasces show two men facing each other under the wings of a bird. The fasces shows the words “City Bank Farmers Trust Company New York”. The idea that two men are facing each other at eye level suggests the trust they established with each other. Under the wings of a bird can indicate that ones’ valuables are protected and give the sense of security. City Bank Farmers Trust Company of New York wants to provide the utmost security in service to their clients, which is why they used these fasces for their company.

Mary Huang, Team Vulcan

Fasces Everywhere

IMG_1934 While walking along the perimeter of the City Bank on 20 exchange Place at Beaver Street, I noticed high up on the wall there was a line of fasces surrounding the building.  The one that captured my attention had two heads back to back staring in opposite directions. The faces look male, they are sharing a neck as a base, and their faces look emotionless. I perhaps thought this might be because of their high level of authority as magistrates.

-Izadora, Team Aphrodite

Fasces at Federal Hall


Located at Federal Hall is a massive sized statue of George Washington. At first I did not notice the fasces located under his right arm. But after stepping on to the rostra and studying the statue for a few minutes it was clear that it was a fasces. I feel that they strategically placed this fasces in order to show that George Washington was a powerful person with great authority that played a major role in the development of the United States.

Naim, Team Vulcan

Federal Hall Fasces



I found this fasces on the statue of George Washington outside of Federal Hall during our field trip  to Manhattan. Considering that fasces were used as a symbol of authority and power in Ancient Rome, I can only imagine that the reason there is a fasces on George Washington’s statue is to show his authority and power as the president of the United States.

Hinda, Team Mars

Hidden Fasces

IMG_0004.jpgI walked around the statue of George Washington in front of the Federal Hall National Memorial Building for maybe five minutes before I found the fasces in the statue. Although this was the first one I identified (correctly), I spotted more and more throughout the remainder of my trip. In addition, the amount of classical style columns used outside of buildings in Manhattan is unbelievable! One would almost think that our city was modeled after ancient Rome itself.

Gabriella, Team Hestia

Wheat Fasces at 20 Exchange Place

This photo was taken at 20 Exchange Place. It shows a use of a coin as decoration. This coin shows six wheat bushels tied together with the symbols “AVGV” on the left and “STVS” on the right. The symbols are meant to spell out Augustus and he was the Roman emperor who brought Rome into Pax Romana, a time of great economic stability. Now an apartment building, 20 Exchange Place used to be the Farmers Trust building, a banking hall and an office building. This coin is an example of a fasces,  a symbol of the authority of a Roman magistrate, or an elected official. This fasces is meant to show that the building is a place of plentiful wealth and economic stablitity. This is because wheat is often a symbol for plentiful wealth and Augustus is associated with economic stability. IMG_8550

Lion at City Bank


I found this fasces under the windows of City Bank. Fasces are a symbol of authority and power which is paired with another symbol of power and courage, the lion. I believe this fasces was put there at City Bank to show the strength and authority of City Bank.

-Alvin Zhao, Team Venus

An American Fasces

This was taken at 100 Broadway, and inside the building there are several business such as TD Ameritrade, Moodys Investor Services, and Parsons Infrastructure Group. These businesses deal with either management or finical works. Often times compared to other countries especially in Europe, America is much more focused on work and getting money and barley taking any vacation which would make sense on why the building has a fasces with an American Eagle on a sword; it is a very powerful patriotic symbol. That is why I think it is on the building.

Emma Team Saturn

Hidden Gems in NYC

On our trip in Lower Manhattan, my group and I came across quite a few fasces, or rather, what we assumed to be fasces. I’m not quite sure if these are fasces or just coins but I did find this on the City Bank-Farmers Trust Company Building. Although the picture looks blurry (because I zoomed in too much) the fasce/coin has the illustrations of what resembles an axe. It also has the word “Italia” written on it. I also saw the head of a lion on it but then again, my eyesight has been known to fail me many times so I can’t be sure if it’s a lion or something else. Since fasces symbolize the power that the magistrate or a higher power held, it was probably placed on this building as a symbol of nobility and importance.

Aisha, Team Ares




This Fasces was found on the 100 Broadway building. The eagle, which is a simple of power for the U.S., signifies high importance and authority, especially placed over a sword.

Camille, Team Diana



After visiting City Bank, only a few streets away, I discovered this ram with horns that reminded me of Alexander the Great. The ram was a part of the decoration for a building that was not historical relevant. It was only a small business. However, this decoration could be used to emphasize the power of consumers and money in New York City, which is similar to the power of Alexander the Great.

–  Rebecca Lee, Team Jupiter

Eagle on Clock… Fasces?


I found this Eagle in the Federal Hall National Memorial. This building serves as a museum and memorial of the first President. It was the place where George Washington took an oath of office as first president. Also this site is home to the first Congress and Executive branch office. This eagle can be used on a fasces to represent a war flag. Also the way the eagle’s head is turned, it’s similar to the war flag with the eagle and fasces. I think this eagle was used here to symbolize America. Since the Eagle represents courage, strength, and immortality. The Ancient Rome used the Eagle to represent power.


Jia Gao, Team Athena


The Fasces of U.S. Custom House


This picture was taken in the side door’s interior wall of the Alexander Hamilton U.S. Custom House. The U.S. Custom House is located in 1 Bowling Green, New York, NY 10004. The building was designed by Minnesotan Cass Gilbert and built in 1902-07 by the federal government, to house the duty collection operations of the port of New York. Before the federal income tax was imposed, the first source of revenue was the custom duty,  New York had been a very important port city of United States. Fasces resemble power and authority, being such an important building, for sure it will have this symbol in its design. My assumption of this facses in the Alexander Hamilton U.S. Custom House is it represents the power of the New York’s economic and the significance of this building to the city.







I’m actually unsure of whether or not if this is a symbol of a fasce or if it’s just a design of a coin but I did find this at the America Surety Building. They had many different symbols that reminded me of fasces, such as the Eagle at the very front with a shield in front of it that is split into 4 different parts. Another symbol would be the two faces that are right beside the Eagle in the center. There is a female and male God/Goddess, although I’m not quite sure who they represent. They could represent the different amounts of power and leaders they had throughout history.

-Michelle Z. , Team Zeus



This fasces was located front of Federal Hall National Memorial building. While I was walking around, I didn’t notice the fasces until I was on the rostra and I look closer on his right side and I saw fasces. The faces was place there because to show how powerful George Washington was since he was the first president of the United States. The George Washing statue show the authority as well.

-Mantaha, Team vulcan



This fasces is located on the City Bank building. I’m not 100% sure what it represents, but as I was observing it with my group we made a conclusion that in the middle of it is a flower, and around it are letters which I thought that might be greek letters.

Edyta, Team Aphrodite

Power in Eagle

This fasces is located in the window next to the Federal Hall.

The image depicted in this fasces is an Eagle with wreath and ribbon. This specific design was used in the Federal Hall because in the Ancient civilizations Eagles were often associated with Emperors and authority. The wreaths also served as decoration for God and Emperors, who had absolute authority in the Ancient civilization. This particular fasces is appropriate to the function of Federal Hall since it was a  government building. They serve to reinstate the authoritativeness of the government and lend the government the same asserting and commanding atmosphere as the Emperors of Ancient civilization by using this specific design of fasces.

Masuma, Team Mercury.

Reoccurring figure


When I entered the Federal Hall, I looked around and I saw this going all around in this building. It shows a women surrounded by a design. This made me think of an example of fasces because it is a symbol of the authority of a Roman elected official. I am not exactly sure who the woman is but since she is high up and all around this building, I am assuming she plays a big role. This design element might have been used in this specific location to show the person who is looked up to.

-Raine, Team Jupiter

George’s Fasce

George Washington was standing in front of this fasces, This statue is located in front of Federal Hall. The fasce was put in the statue with George Washington our first president was to show the power he represented as our first presidential figure that would represent the start of a new nation.

Francecsa, Team cronos 


mine bih

This example of a Fasces can be located at the entry to the right of the main entrance of the Alexander Hamilton United States Custom House at Bowling Green. This building serves to collect duties from operations at the Port of New York, which consists of a large region of waterways and airways, and is the largest center for international flights and freights in the nation. The symbol of the Fasces on the building can be symbolic of the House’s authority over such a great area, and its ability to impose strict punishment if regulations are not followed, and surely represents its importance to the New York City area.


Daniel, Team Diana.

Aphrodite the Goddess of Beauty

If you say the name Aphrodite out loudly most people will connect the name to some sort of beauty. Throughout history Aphrodite is explained to be the goddess of beauty and someone who caught the attention of everyone she had encountered. Even though she had many positives physical attributes she was also known for a person that can be deceiving. In the Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite it states “Aphrodite is reduced to the same shameful position as the gods she previously manipulated.” The quote explains how she was tricked into mating with a mortal by Zeus as a punishment for tricking the other gods into mating with humans. The quote shows that she might have been a beautiful person on the outside but she was using her special powers for something that was looked down upon. She ended up losing her special ability and was only limited to cause humans, animals, gods to desire their own kind.

Image result for aphrodite

The image above is one of the few representation of the goddess of beauty, Aphrodite. Aphrodite is located in the center and is standing on a shell in the sea. It is known that Aphrodite emerged from the sea and even her name was originated from the word aphro in Greek meaning foam, referring to the foam of the sea. In the image Aphrodite looks so calm and graceful as many people might imagine. A person with no knowledge of Aphrodite’s history might think she’s very innocent and memorizing. But the Hymn reveals the real truth about how looks can be deceiving and there’s more to a person then they physical attributes.

Naim, Team Vulcan

Strikingly Sexual in a Cemetery?

At Greenwood cemetery, this particular sculpture reminded me of the canon- the naked idealized human form. The Doryphoros is what initially comes to mind . The sculpture is solid and there is great attention to detail the physique. It demonstrates the perfect, ideal beauty of the human body; this is also referencing to the canon- which is the idealized perfect human form.  The posture alludes to contrapposto and there is a  sense of movement in addition to the extreme focus on the physiognomy of the body.  Movement and life is portrayed as the angel is rising up, similar to how Nike of Samothrace portrayed a wind swept energy giving off motion in correspondence to natural forces. She seemed as if she was in the midst of taking flight with the natural winds pushing against her clothes, just how the fabric on the angel is wrapped around his navel and flailing downward- in opposition to him  moving upwards. And if i remember correctly this sculpture was made of bronze as many Greek sculptures were also made out of bronze and this is a grave marker similar to how people of high rank in the Greek society also had sculptures as grave markers . The covering of the naval shows how this sculpture differs from the Greek counterpart as the celebrated every part of the male body and didn’t particularly feel the need to cover the masculinity as it has been here. The sculpture has a raw godlike beauty that can only allude to Aphrodite. Although Aphrodite isn’t being depicted herself, the presence of enchanting beauty does represent what she is capable of , what she stands for, and what pleases her. “What does please her is…splendid pieces of craftsmanship. For she was the first to teach mortal humans to be craftsmen…”. (Homeric Hymn Nagy, lines 10-15). This quote particularly stood out to me because it explains how mortals wouldn’t ever be capable of creating something of such beauty if Aphrodite had not taught them craftsmanship.   We can understand that Aphrodite is lover of all things beautiful and decorative, this sculpture has a decorative quality of being a bronze grave marker. The figure is reaching up, perhaps reaching out for Aphrodite, acknowledging her divinity  for its own beauty. The nakedness of the sculpture also references to Aphrodite’s sexual appeal to everyone. The sculpture is a combination of extreme masculinity, divinity and partial nudity; which move towards sexual appeal and desires; and those are all characteristics of Aphrodite and; in retrospect to the Ancient Greek ideology, are only possible because of Aphrodite.


The first image was taken by me at Greenwood Cemetery.


Suman, Team Hephaestus

Aphrodite, Worshiped By All


“Then the kharites bathed her and anointed her with oil…then she wrapped all her beautiful clothes around her skin. She was decked out in gold, Aphrodite, lover of smiles”. – Sapphos’ Hymn to Aphrodite, lines 62-65

Aphrodite, the goddess of love and fertility, is described as beautiful and charming to all that meet her in the book of Greek myths that I found at the Kings Highway library. As I already know from class, Aphrodite had her own sanctuary where her attendants would dress and bathe her. This is the scene depicted by Sapphos in lines 61-65 in her Hymn to Aphrodite. She paints a picture of a gorgeous young woman wearing her finest clothes. This is exactly how the library book presents Aphrodite. As shown in the picture, Aphrodite arrives at her sanctuary to see the three muses, who are her attendants, waiting for her. Aphrodite appears graceful, with not not a strand of her long hair out of place, even with having traveled miles over the ocean to get there. Additionally, another goddess can be seen in the back, blowing wind on the ocean to help Aphrodite travel. A carriage awaits her on land, pulled by swans so that Aphrodite doesn’t even have to walk to her sanctuary. Both Sapphos and the book depict Aphrodite as a beautiful goddess who was taken care of by her servants. However, the book does depict Aphrodite as more loving, caring, and naive, while in the Hymn, we know that Aphrodite is getting ready to trick the man she likes into sleeping with her. While the Hymn has no problem revealing Aphrodite’s true intentions, the book depicts her as an innocent goddess, which she was far from. I believe this is because the book was targeted at a young audience, unlike the Hymn.

Elene T., Team Mars

The Apple of Everyone’s Eye

apple aphrodite

My family and I went apple and pumpkin picking this weekend and it made me think of Aphrodite. In Olympus she surely caught everyone’s eye and on earth she had little trouble seducing mortal men. Being the goddess of love, beauty and marriage she was pretty irresistible and tempting much like this tasty looking apple.

The apple symbolizes Aphrodite because it is considered an elegant fruit and is often associated with temptation. Aphrodite was very promiscuous and was even caught cheating on her husband Hephaestus, god of the blacksmith, with Ares, god of war, which created a big scandal according to myth. “…she sat in her rooms as Ares strode right in and grasped her hand with a warm, seductive urging: Quick, my darling, come, let’s go to bed and lose ourselves in love! Your husband’s away–,” found in the The Song of Demodocus (lines 329-332). This song is found in the epic , The Odyssey, and is about such affair and how Hephaestus exposed it.

Aphrodite being represented by an apple, which is considered to be a seductive fruit can be rightfully justified by the story told in The Song of Demodocus because she seduced Ares while being married to the smith god and even bore his children. However, Aphrodite’s elegance (like the apples) was not shown in this song because she is being humiliated in front of the gods and is called a “shameless bitch,” (line 362) which is the opposite of elegance.

Luisa Reynoso, Team Hermes

A Beautiful Figure at a Beautiful Location

20170903_161112.jpg      Image result for statues in fountain at grand army plaza brooklyn women

This is an Aphrodite-like figure that can be found at Grand Army Plaza in Brooklyn. She is not Aphrodite herself but she is a pretty women whom reminded me of Aphrodite. In these pictures we can see the figures back to back and one can tell they a very influenced by the classical period design. Both the figures are in contropasto meaning that their weight is on one leg both figures have their hips tilted slightly. This is very similar to the classical Greek statues in the style and the fact that these statues are made out of bronze too. One can very clearly see that this sculpture was looking to the Geeks for inspiration. However there are some slight differences that statues are not as ideal as the Greeks had. The women’s face in particular seems to be a little small for her body making her per-potion off; the Greeks did love their per-potions. Also they’re emotions don’t seem as expressive they have a very clam expression unlike one figure, The Dying Gaul, in ancient Greece, which has a lot of expression in his face. Other then that they are very similar to ancient Greece.  The photo to the left is the one I took I just added the one to the right for a different point of view. In the photos we can assume that the women has Aphrodite-like tendencies because she is very beautiful and naked; she also has a look in her eye like she is the goddess of love and fertility. A quote from Gregory Nagy’s translation of Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite that goes well with these photos is,” a chance to gloat at all the other gods, with her sweet laughter, Aphrodite, lover of smiles, boasting that she can make the gods sleep with mortal women,” (Nagy 47-50). This is depicting Aphrodite as a goddess who loves to seduce men and she will get her way. She is a beautiful powerful women who is proud when she can get a powerful god to sleep with a mere mortal women. The picture and text both depict that she is proud and a powerful lover. In the picture in her eyes one can see the pure power as she glances at the man next to her perhaps thinking of ways to seduce him. This figure in the fountain is finding her inner Aphrodite to conquer and gloat to this man. One the other hand they differ because in the text it is actually Aphrodite and she has already conquered Zeus while the figure in an Aphrodite like figure and she seems to be on her way to conquering the man. Also we don’t know if she has that thought for sure because she isn’t specified as Aphrodite in this fountain she just has some similar traits.  This art work relates back to the classical ideas because Aphrodite was the goddess of love she was often portrayed naked and seeing as the figure above is naked and many statues are naked it is easy to draw the connection from the culture to the art work. –Emma

Center of Attention

“Muse, tell me the things done by the golden Aphrodite, the one from Cyprus, who arouses sweet desire for gods and who subdues the races of mortal humans, and birds as well, who fly the sky, as well as all beasts – all those that grow on both dry land and the sea.”

This quote is enough to tell you that Aphrodite is the goddess of love, affection, fondness. A goddess that can even make the other gods/goddesses fall for another, even a mortal. Alongside that she would be called the goddess of beauty as no other can match her looks.  Passing through Flatbush (specific location including in the above images) , I found a statue of two beautiful woman carrying fruits of sorts. My reasoning for picking this statue of all the others out there? Well ironically enough this statue is centered between two beauty-esque departments. One is a tooth whitening clinic and the other a cosmetic clinic. Both these are things you go to improve your own appearance. Not only that but the appearance of the two women are of a “ideal” appearance (also known as the canon) as they would have in the classical era. In fact, it also includes other things that the classical period introduced such as contrapposto or the mid action pose. Even the style of clothing mimics that of the classical and Hellenistic era, as it has the appearance of wet drapery; which can also be found within the “Nike (Winged Victory) of Samothrace, and more apparent within the “Three Goddesses from east pediment of Parthenon”. The other reason this statue makes me think of Aphrodite is the nudity one of the women presents. While it was not seen as appropriate to sculpt a woman nude within the classical era, there is an introduction of the nude female form in the Hellenistic period, one of the first few examples being Aphrodite in “Aphrodite of Knidos”, although even then it was seen as disrespectful and immodest to do sculpt a woman in such a way which would be the difference between this statue and the statues you may find of other women in the older times. Although one thing I can say for certain is that the way this piece was placed definitely makes the the center of attention.

Where’s the beef?

adco2-popupWendys is deceptive in their advertising of their burgers. The picture on top shows the burger with vibrant colors,multiple layers, and thick pieces of meat.It is intended to look good to the person that sees it and grab their interest.The burgers at Wendys do not look like this and are small with thin pieces of meat instead.The poster is deceptive as it tries to catch your attention with words such as “new” and “juicy”. The poster zooms in on the burger to make you believe that it is actually very big.This false advertising was done to sell burgers. The better the burger looks, the more likely someone is going to buy it.

Deception is seen in Homer The Odyssey:Song of Demodocus through the Greek gods. “Archer, bind me down with triple those endless chains! Let all you gods look on, and all you goddesses too how I’d love to bed that golden Aphrodite!”,(Apollo). The goddess Aphrodite is seen as beautiful and royal but really she is not. Aphrodite is an ugly goddess that altars her looks and sleeps around with the other gods. Aphrodite changes her appearance because she wants to be noticed by everyone and seen as a celebrity-like figure.

Both  Wendys and Aphrodite are similar. They both use propaganda to attract people and get people into doing what they want. Wendys and Aphrodite altar their appearance to seem more attractive to others. As they both look good at first, they actually look much worse than what they advertise themselves to be.

Pandora? Rings? Radio? or GOD!!!

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Most of the women own rings from Pandora. Men mostly buy such things like rings, neclaces and earrings  from Pandora for the women in their lives. Its such popular company that we can not resist using our money on. I personally find their rings beautiful, they have all kind of styles and options for women. This picture was taken two days ago. I was scrolling down my camera roll and noticed how the ring is from a company name Pandora. Pandora is also the name of the first Greek woman in Greek mythology.  Her name means ” all gifted”, and there are brands use the name for jewelary . “Pandora box” is a box that contained all of the evils in the world, and when it was open she released all the evil of the world and the only thing that was left inside the box was hope. Its so amazing to see companies like “Pandora radio” and so many more ot use the name of greek gods. Its surprising to see how more knowledge you have, the more aware you become of the world around you. Fizza saeed – Team Hermes

Belongs In The Trash?


I found this picture on Google, and I was taken aback from this, I had to share. This was taken on Brighton Beach, Brooklyn, and as you can see, this statue was thrown in the TRASH! What even, who does that?! This isn’t some random everyday object that one can just throw out. It is an object that has some historical significance. The way the elegant statue sticks out like a sore thumb amidst the trash is just too weird. Why would one just throw something like this? I am honestly quite surprised that no one has stolen this unattended statue. This completely contradicts the beauty of Aphrodite. This displays Aphrodite as some worthless garbage, just as replaceable as the rest of the mass of plastic, food, and commercial products. On the hymn, she is described as being elegant, and worthy of admiration, as seen in lines 161-163, “When he entered the bed, he took off the jewels off her body, the curved brooches, and earrings, and necklaces”. This delicate woman, someone who one should be tender to when having intercourse with, should be treated with fragility. But then, we see, in this photo, her being thrown away like trash. One can attribute this to a real life experience today, one of where a partner simply throws away their significant other, as if they were just trash. These juxtapositions serve to teach us that Aphrodite has been treated two completely different ways.

Aphrodite for Children

IMG_20170911_154838I found this book at the Strand bookstore in Manhattan. It’s part of a children’s series called Goddess Girls, retelling classic Greek mythology with the gods and goddesses as teenage students attending Mount Olympus Academy. The cover shows Aphrodite (center) displeased with Ares’ sister Eris (left) for ruining the birthday party that Aphrodite threw for Ares (right).

The image on the cover has Aphrodite surrounded by a subtle golden glow to demonstrate her divinity and beauty. This reminded me of how both the Song of Demodocus and the Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite call her “golden Aphrodite,” multiple times each.

“…how would you like to bed the golden Aphrodite?” Song of Demodocus, line 380

“…I’d love to bed that golden Aphrodite!” Song of Demodocus, line 384

“”Muse, tell me the things done by golden Aphrodite…” Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite (Nagy translation), line 1

“For she [Athena] takes no pleasure in the things done by golden Aphrodite.” Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite (Nagy translation), line 9

“Hail, my Lady, you who come here to this home, whichever of the blessed ones you are, Artemis or Leto or golden Aphrodite…” Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite (Nagy translation), line 91-94

This image and these quotations show how Aphrodite was thought to be so beautiful that she could only be compared to something incredibly valuable and aesthetically pleasing, like gold.

I also found it interesting to note that this version of Aphrodite is depicted as younger than usual, like it says she appeared to Anchises:

“She stood before him, the daughter of Zeus, Aphrodite, looking like an unwed maiden in size and length and appearance.” Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite (Nagy translation), line 82

As the Greek goddess of love and beauty, Aphrodite is imagined as young, beautiful, and desirable. The image on the cover of this book shows her with the usual default of Western beauty ideals: curly blonde hair, big blue eyes, and a tiny waist. Compare her for a moment to the other female character on the cover. Eris, the antagonist for this novel, is the exact opposite of these marks of Aphrodite’s beauty. She has straight dark hair, dark eyes, and definitely no golden glow; instead, she lurks in the corners and the shadows. Even their outfits are designed to show Aphrodite’s typical femininity; her chiton is pink and flowing softly, compared to Eris’ darker outfit with its jagged folds. This teenaged Aphrodite is portrayed as the cliché of a “girly-girl.” Although this is by no means the definitive image of beauty, it is often associated with feminine attraction and vulnerability.

But Aphrodite is not only a passive good-looking onlooker. In the Homeric hymn’s narrative, Aphrodite initiates the story by making Zeus love mortal women. His response to her behavior sets off the chain of events told in the hymn. The first step was Aphrodite’s.

Aphrodite fills a double role as both seductress and victim to Zeus’ plot in the Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite, and as adulteress and laughingstock in the Song of Demodocus. She’s both sides of the coin of womanhood, guilty and innocent, blamed and accuser. Even as she is portrayed with the “girls wear pink” mentality, she is the main character of her own story and her actions determine the plot, without having her hide behind Ares or some other male hero figure.

Chaya, team Venus

Aphrodite v. Mermaid


Taken during a walk in the neighborhood (09.2017)

I found this image interesting because it was a lamppost with mermaid sculptures. Whenever I think of mermaids, the first thing that always comes to mind is how the Sirens would seduce sailors nearby by enchanting them with their beauty or songs. In a sense, it reminded me of Aphrodite because of the way the mermaids seduced the sailors. “As for all the rest, there is nothing that has escaped Aphrodite: none of the blessed gods nor any of mortal humans.” (Line 34-35, Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite) Similar to the mermaids, despite a few exceptions, many people have fallen to the temptation of Aphrodite. Her seduction was very influential to men to the extent she was very aware and confident in her own seduction. Aphrodite is known as the goddess of love, beauty and sensuality. After doing some research, I came upon a story about the original mermaid. Her name was Atargatis, a Syrian goddess. She was not always a mermaid, but because of her beauty, she was not able to fully transform into a fish, so her top half remained human, and her bottom half turned into a fish. This was the original story of mermaids, but as time passed, Atargatis’ story was merging with the mythology of Ashtarte, an ancient Semitic goddess of love and war. Ashtarte was considered to be the complement of Aphrodite because they were both goddess of love that were considered to be very beautiful. However, because of the changes in mermaid mythology, Aphrodite ended up having a large role in the story of Pisces. When she and her son were facing the monster Typhon, they were aided by two fish that helped them escape to safety. However, there are differences between mermaids and Aphrodite due to the origin of mythology and story of each. They may have similar seduction methods, but they’re two completely different things. One is half-fish, and the other is a goddess.

– Rebecca, Team Jupiter


The Corinthian Column; Sean Reilly, Team Artemis

The Corinthian column is a piece of architecture used to hold up buildings, and have some form of an aesthetic. This kind of column, one of the big three (Doric, Ionic, and the Corinthian) was very popular within Roman art culture, while the Greeks preferred Doric and Ionic columns. You can see these columns like where this one, throughout all cultures and places, due to its familiarity, and notoriety. While walking back from a dinner I had for my friend’s birthday, we all headed back to Penn Station to prepare for the train ride home. As I’m strolling by, class clicked in my head, as an enormous horizontal Roman column was waiting to be photographed. From a bank, to a school, to the middle of Penn Station, the column can be traced back to ancient times, and brought back to modern contemporary society. Here the piece of architecture is being used for more than just it’s artistic elements, but used as a single piece of historical art itself.


Aphrodite and her Body 

This is a photo of a marble sculpture of Aphrodite, taken at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in NYC. As you can see this sculpture incorporates a lot of the cultural aesthetics which was common place for that particular time period. At first glance the sculpture’s attire appears to be very thin. The way the fabric drapes on her, reveals the voluptuousness of her body.

“Archer, bind me down with triple those endless chains!

Let all you gods look on, and all you goddesses toohow

I’d love to bed that golden Aphrodite!”

This quote was said in ’The Song of Demodocus’ a little while after Aphrodite was caught up in a sexual bind with the god of war, Ares. The fact that someone is making sexual jokes about Aphrodite, conveys the message that she was a laughingstock amongst the other god. After all, this should really be no surprise to anyone being that she is the goddess of love, pleasure,and procreation. Also, there is something about her beauty that compelled everyone to covet her. When looking at this as a whole, this is who Aphrodite is. She is a beautiful goddess that unintentionally calls for the attention of others and while doing so, she indulged in many sexual relations that resulted in her breaking the heart of the one she pledge commitment to, which was her husband Hephaestus. That sort of behavior goes to show that the goddess Aphrodite was not perfect. She had urges and temptations that she gave in to, she indulged in things that she wasn’t supposed to, and in the process she hurt someone emotionally. Aphrodite was not like any ideal goddess. #Aphrodite #CLAS1 #SeeninNYC