Same Slave Different Land

  1. Citation for article:

Sara Forsdyke. (2015). SLAVES, STORIES, AND CULTS Conflict Resolution between Masters and Slaves in Ancient Greece. Common Knowledge, 21(1), 19-43.

2. This article is apart of a scholarly journal, Duke University Press. It’s intended audience is college students or professors interested in the history Slavery in ancient Greece and its resolution.

3. This article “Spoke to me” because of its title and that I had trouble finding whether the author ever mentions Sicily. I read it twice! Thankfully, adobe reader has a useful tool called “find” (control + “F”).The author explains in greater depths how ancient people thought of slavery as “natural and inevitable”  (Forsdyke,2015). She writes: “One of the most colorful and explicit of the didactic stories on this theme is told about a Sicilian slave owner named Damophilos whose abuse of his many slaves was viewed as a
contributing cause of the First Sicilian Slave War of 135 to 132 BCE.” (Forsdyke,2015). As the story goes, a slave owner, Damophilos, and his wife, Megallis competed in horrific ways to torture their slaves. The slaves were tortured so much they grew hate toward their sadistic masters and rebelled, killing them both in the sadistic ways they had been punished. The story was written to explain that if slaves were treated as human they would behave and arrogant owners are the reason the “slaves were reduced to
the level of wild beasts” (Forsdyke, 2015). The tale of this slave rebellion highly relates to the slave rebellion of the united states by implying that if slaves were treated as human, not abused and given care then they would have no reason to rebel or feel less than. The author offers a reason the term “slavery” is considered bad because of the treatment of the slaves and not the labor they had to do.

 

Slavery in Chios

You’ve probably never heard of a place named Chios. You probably have no clue about it’s history and stories. Sara Forsdyke can help give you an idea. In Forsdyke’s article “SLAVES, STORIES, AND CULTS Conflict Resolution between Masters and Slaves in Ancient Greece”, she writes of a runaway slave, Drimakos. Drimakos had left behind his life as a slave and led other slaves to do the same. With some military experience, Drimakos fought against the Chian slave masters and was often victorious. Seeing the weak opponent, Drimakos developed a treaty with the Chian masters. Drimakos could take what he wanted from the Chians and in return, he would send back any runaway slaves without reasonable cause to leave. Drimakos, through time, had grown into a cruel authoritarian. So much so that runaway slaves would prefer to stay with their Chian masters rather than stay under Drimakos’ rule. Eventually, the city of Chios placed a bounty on Drimakos’ head. Drimakos was now old and allowed his young boyfriend to kill him and collect the bounty. The Chians eventually placed a shrine for Drimakos in the countryside, where runaway slaves would sacrifice things that they stole. Many Chians can sometimes see Drimakos in their sleep, where he warns them of their slaves’ plots. Forsdyke follows this story up with great analysis of other myths and historical events including slave rebellions.

The proper MLA citation of this article is as follows:

Forsdyke, Sara. “SLAVES, STORIES, AND CULTS: Conflict Resolution between Masters and Slaves in Ancient Greece.” Common Knowledge, vol. 21, no. 1, Jan. 2015, pp. 19–43., doi:10.1215/0961754x-2818001.

Forsdyke’s audience for this article would be anybody interested in the history and themes of slave rebellions. Many myths and stories, including the story of Drimakos, have come about from communities of either slaves or their masters. These stories help us connect with previous history and understand how life was for slaves or their masters.

Diodorus writes in “The Library, fragments from books 34/35″ of the first Sicilian slave revolt. “The rich men of Sicily rivalled the Italians in pride, greed, and wickedness; for many of the Italians who had great numbers of slaves had driven their shepherds to such a degree of villainy, that they allowed them to rob and steal, rather than provide them with any necessary subsistence.” (27). The evil behind the slave masters of Sicily can be compared to that of the Chians. Both slave masters allowed their slaves to steal in order to survive, rather than to properly feed them. The cruelty behind their actions helps us to understand the life and community of a slave master, similar to Forsdyke’s article.

-Ahmad B. Khan, Team Mars

Meaning of “Slave Rebellion”

For this blog, the term I  searched was Sicily Rome “Slave Rebellion” “the United States”. There were many articles came up on the screens.The article that I got was Representing the Body of the Slave by Gardner, Jane, and Wiedemann. The name of the article was eye-catching so I decided to use this.The primary intended audience of this article is to the people to know about the slavery. It compares the period of Roman and Greek slavery. It also explains between the modern and ancient slavery. The MLA citation for this article is Gardner, Jane, and Wiedemann, Thomas. Representing the Body of the Slave. Florence, Taylor and Francis, 2013. The author somewhat connects the search term with one another because since the search term was slave rebellion. It somewhat connects with the term because the article talks about the meaning of enslavement. Also, talks about the American experience with the slavery being unavoidable with race and slavery. For example, in the article, it states, “The American experience of slavery makes unavoidable the question of the relationship between slavery and race, and Aristotle’s responsibility for linking the two. Again, simple comparisons may mislead: some ancient world scholars have produced studies of blacks, and color prejudice, that minimize their importance for Greco-Roman antiquity (where ‘blacks’ were in fact little known).” This is an example that explains about how search term connected with one another because since it talks about the United States slavery and color prejudice. Another example states, “This difference in the status given ex-slaves in the ancient world corresponds to some extent to modern sociological models of ‘open’ and ‘closed’ systems of slavery…” This example explains about the ancient world slavery system. An example of ancient text stated, “ The overseas conquests not only supplied the capital to purchase large estates, but also the slave labor needed to introduce new methods of farming, designed to provide absentee landlords with an income from cash crops.” (page 6) This example talks about the slave labor shown to the new method of farming and also to show the income from the cash crop.

Citation:

Gardner, Jane, and Wiedemann, Thomas. Representing the Body of the Slave. Florence, Taylor and Francis, 2013, pp.2-40.https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/brooklyn-ebooks/reader.action?docID=1562161

Mantaha Mannan- Team Vulcan

 

Spartacus the Slave

The term I searched was Sicily Slave Rome Haiti. The article I selected was, “The ghost of Spartacus”, and its MLA citation is Diken, Bülent. “The Ghost of Spartacus.” Journal of War &Amp; Culture Studies, vol. 4, no. 3, 2011, pp. 399–411. This article was written for those who admire Spartacus and those who are interested in Roman slavery. The author connects the search terms “Slave” and “Rome” by explaining how how the slaves were the ones that kept Rome together. “The slaves ‘are always with us, and we are the unique product of slaves and slavery. That is what makes us Romans’ . As such,as the ‘irrational’ element of a rational totality, the slave is the symptomatic  point at which Rome encounters its own unreason”(Fast 1960: 39). This quote explains how the slaves were always attached to the Romans and without the slaves, the Romans would not be able to think for themselves. “That is what makes us Romans”, proves this even more by explaining how people cannot be Romans without slaves.”The Spartacus War deprives Rome of the commerce of all south Italy. As a result, half the precincts of Rome are without bread and the city is close to panic”(BÜLENT DIKEN). Without the help of the slaves, the Romans cannot defend for themselves. They rely on the slaves for assistance and struggle when going against them.

“Those agricultural operations are performed by slaves with fettered ankles and by the hands of malefactors with branded faces! although the Earth who is addressed as our mother and whose cultivation is spoken of as worship is not so dull that when we obtain even our farm-work from these persons one can believe that this is not done against
her will and to her indignation”(Readings for CLAS 1110 on the Roman Republic, page 18). This quote shows the importance of slaves, as the slaves were the ones that took care of farming for the Romans. Without the slaves, the crops would not be cared for and the Romans would have to take of it themselves.

 

Diken, Bülent. “The Ghost of Spartacus.” Journal of War &Amp; Culture Studies, vol. 4, no. 3, 2011, pp. 399–411

“Readings for CLAS 1110 on the Roman Republic.” WordPress.com, wordpress.com/post/pastinpresenttense.wordpress.com/21983.

Frank,Team Artemis

 

 

 

Slaves, Stories and Cults

The term I have searched for this blog post was Sicily Rome “Slave Rebellion” “United States” and got the article Slaves, Stories and Cults Conflict Resolution Between Masters And Slaves In Ancient Greece by Sara Forsdyke. The primary audience that this article is catering to are academic people who are interested in the similar themes in various myths and legends throughout the world and history as that was the topic of the article. The MLA citation for this article is Forsdyke , Sara. “Slaves, Stories, and Cults Conflict Resolution Between Masters and Slaves in Ancient Greece” Common Knowledge. 2014 Web. 4 Nov. 2017 because it is an online article. Slaves, Stories and Cults uses the Sicilian slave revolt as one of many examples of stories in which people rebel against injustice done against the and where the seemingly less powerful people overtake the powerful individuals. Other examples include an Aesop fable, the story of Puss in Boots and Robin Hood. Forsdyke explains that the poorer population, particularly the slaves, found this empowering. “As the story was told amongst slaves or as the slaves read out loud as entertainment for their Masters, the lesson might have been different. For slaves the message might have been: slaves can be ‘on top’ and have equal or superior intelligence to their masters. For slaves, the story served to acknowledge the humanity, dignity, and ultimately the power of the slaves to determine their own destiny…”
The Stories, according to the author, also serve as a warning to the slave owners to treat their slaves right because otherwise they will betray them, similarly, if they treat their slaves properly and put trust in them they will be loyal to their master and be able to serve them better. Sara Forsdyke uses actual quotes from the ancient text in her article such as “But, their Masters were very strict and severe with them, and took no care to provide either necessary food or clothing for them, so that most of them were forced to rob and steal to get these necessities: so that all places were full of slaughters and murders.” The search terms aren’t connected to each other except for occasionally “Sicily” and “Slave rebellion” when quoting the text.
Forsdyke used this quote as part of an example of stories of slaves that were treated poorly, rebelling against their masters.

 

Forsdyke , Sara. “Slaves, Stories, and Cults Conflict Resolution Between Masters and Slaves in Ancient Greece” Common Knowledge. 2014 Web. 4 Nov. 2017

Hinda, Team Mars