Modernized Paintings

As I was walking through the MET museum, I came across this very interesting modern painting. This painting was done by Theodore Chassaeriau in Paris which contained many realistic features. He created a feeling of naturalism by not using bright colors and keeping a calmer mood. This painting also includes very detailed features of the eyes, nose, mouth and accurate color of the skin. Overall it was a very interesting painting that caught my attention and was able to relate from my ART 1010 class when we were speaking about realistic features to a painting.

Anthony Mancuso

Team Venus


I found this mosaic on Stuyvesant Street and 3rd Ave in Manhattan. I thought this piece can used for this unit because it can be connected to Pablo Picasso’s Les Demoiselle d’Avignon. They are connected because they both use the style Cubism. Cubism emphasizes art on a flat and two dimensional services, and ignores traditional techniques like linear perspective and chiaroscuro. Besides abandoning tradition techniques, cubism is a style that depicts images in fragmented pieces. This mosaic uses many colorful stones to depict a woman in the form of cubism the way that Picasso uses cubism to help the four women in his painting to take shape. The colorful stones on the mosaic helps show light may have an affect on the color of the face instead of using shadows. This is shown with the contrast of the yellow and white stones used for the face. While in Picasso’s painting there isn’t any depth to it because of the lack of shadows.

-Alvin Zhao, Team Venus

Lucretia and Olympia


Lucas Cranach the elder. Lucretia. 1532. Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Wien, inv. 557.. Web. 9 Dec 2017.

The work of art I found is entitled, Lucretia it was created by Lucas Cranach the elder in 1542 and is a painting; the medium is distemper on wood. The description relates that’s the painting depicts a “Roman noblewoman and wife of Tarquinius Collatinus, [who] killed herself after being raped by the son of Tarquinius Superbus, last King of Rome.” The artist Lucas Cranach the elder is German (Western) and the year competed is during the Renaissance. There was a re-emergence of the significance of female nude as a genre during the renaissance in Western art.  Though it is supposed to be a somber scene, Lucretia is painted nude, distracting the audience with her idealized body. She appears soft which enhances the sensuality and sexuality of the piece. She is standing in contrapposto and a motion like stance. Also she is holding an extremely sheer piece of fabric in her left hand as it rests over her right forearm and the sword that she is soon going to drive into her chest is in her right arm. In her face we can sense her sorrow, tilted head and her drooping sad eyes gazing off into the dark space. The background is dark almost black, adding to the dramatization of the scene.

In Edouard Manet’s Olympia of 1863, though it is three centuries after, the female body was and still is objectified in art. It is viewed and represented as a symbol of fertility, sexuality, sensuality, and seductively. This tradition goes all the way back to the ancient Greeks and Romans. Olympia is a prostitute and unlike Lucretia, her body was not painted to be idealized or perfected. Manet challenges those established ideas and simply paints a real woman in an apartment in Paris. Instead of standing like Lucretia, she is laying down. She is painted to look quite flat and angular and we can’t see any brushstrokes. Unlike Lucretia, Olympia is gazing directly at us which blatantly emphasizes her sexuality.

Livy book 1 describes the account of Sextus Tarquinius raping Lucretia and her suicide. It all began with his obsession with Lucretia. One night when he along with other young princes were drunk, Livy states, “Not only her beauty but also her proven chastity spurred him on” (Livy 161). When he caught her alone, he threatened to kill her if she didn’t sleep with him and murder a slave and place him naked next to her naked as false evidence that she committed adultery and to ruin her reputation. So, she allowed him to rape her, called her father and husband afterwards and told them what had happened so that her name wouldn’t be tarnished. The account goes on to say that they found her sitting, with tears in her eyes quite different from Lucas Cranach the elder’s rendering of her. Also unlike the painting, she wasn’t alone when she killed herself as others were attempting to console her  by, “shifting the guilt from the woman who had been forced to the man who had done the wrong” (Livy 164). One last difference between the painting is that while she is nude in the painting, the literary version describes her to be clothed. “She took a knife that she had hidden in her garments and plunged in in her heart” (Livy 166). I infer that the artist made this choices to add to the dramatization of the scenes depiction and to the sensuality of Lucretia.

– Chanté, Team Venus



The Dramatic Baptism


I found this painting while walking through the Metropolitan Museum of Art and thought that this could connect to Baroque art. This painting is called The Baptism of Christ was painted by the Venetian painter Jacopo Bassano with oil on canvas. This is last known work of Jacopo Bassano and was left unfinished as he died in 1592. This painting, of course, is about the baptism of Christ, but Bassano painted this happening at night because he interpreted the baptism as a sad opening to Christ’s passion. The painting can be connected to Baroque art because of the contrast in light and the Baroque art is very exaggerated and dramatic. This painting is very dramatic in the way that the figures are posed and how the light is focused. The light in mainly focused on the left hand side and on Christ. The bottom left side draws attention first because it is very vibrant with bright colors and with the light on Christ. While one side is very bright the other side is extremely dark in color and in mood showing a lot of contrast. The figures in the painting are also dramatic because how it seems like the figure to the right of Christ is getting him to hurry up towards the water seen in the background for the baptism. While the figures on the opposite end seems to be holding him back as if they don’t want Christ to go. The struggle between the two sides can also be seen by the way Christ’s body is positioned. Christ’s body seems to move towards the water but is being held back by the figures with wings.

-Alvin Zhao, Team Venus

The Ides of March, An Awful or Appointed Day?

“The Ides of March : Let’s face it, nobody is ever sorry to say goodbye to the month of March. March is the armpit month of the year, the uphill battle at the end of the tunnel time. April brings daffodils and daylight savings time, and then pretty soon summer is upon us and it turns out everything’s going to be fine after all. But first, you have to make it through March.”

Coyote, Ivan. Loose End, Arsenal Pulp Press, 2005. ProQuest Ebook Central,

Created from brooklyn-ebooks on 2017-11-25 19:01:27.

The book that I chose had a whole chapter entitled “The Ides of March”. The entire book; Loose End is about breaking free from the norms of society and simply being true to oneself despite differences. The chapter begins with the sentences quoted previously. Coyote writes about one March that he lived through was extremely horrible and he makes the inference that March is a very dreary, gloomy month in the year compared to the other months. Also that it is not a month that many look forward to. The Ides of March is simply a day that falls approximately in the middle of the month that the Romans would settle their debts. It was originally not a bad time in the month or year and the author of the text might not have known that because she portrays it in a negative way.

The Ides of March also marks the date that Caesar was assassinated by many Roman senators conspirators including Brutus in 44 BC. They didn’t like his tyrant like rulership and felt as though he was too powerful. To remind the Roman soldiers that their fight for the Roman Republic wasn’t in vain, and that he set them free, he created the EID MAR silver denarius.

The Cassius Dio, Book 44.16: (An account of the assassination of Julius Caesar by a Roman senator living in the late Second Century CE writing a history of Rome in Greek)  states, “So the conspirators, when the appointed day was come, gathered in the senate-house at dawn and called for Caesar.” Therefore in this passage, the Roman senators planned out this day well in advance. They had a set goal in mind; to kill Caesar. They knew who would do it, when they would, where, how and especially why. To them killing Caesar was a step forward for the Roman Republic, it is referred to as an “appointed day”. It was a positive event contrary to how the author mentioned previously depicts that the Ides of March is an unpleasant time of the year.

-Chanté, Team Venus



Artistic Depictions of David and Goliath; Now and Then


Growing up I recall being read to and also reading the stories and looking at the vivid illustrations in the Bible by means of a book I had entitled, “My Book of Bible Stories”. When we looked at and discussed Donatello’s David, c. 1440-60 and Michelangelo’s David, 1501-4, I decided to go take that book off the shelf and find the story of David and Goliath. The left image is from a recent revised publication and the right is a recent one. Though we can only see the back of David, we can readily infer that his body has been painted in motion he is actively slinging the stone at Goliath with his right arm. He is depicted as a weak sheperd boy.Thus he is actually committing the act. He is fully clothed, wearing loose garments and hanging across his shoulders is the pouch wear he kept the stones. He looks really young, with a full head of hair. In Donotello’s David, created during the Renaiisance, he has already committed the act of killing Goliath and cutting off his head, standing on it.  The rock that he most likely killed with is in his left hand. He is also depicted with Goliaths sword. He is free standing nude, there is sensuality with the way he has his hands placed on his hip and looking down. He is wearing a hat, rather than a helmet, rather than a helmet of war which demonstrates peace. Michelangelo’s David, also created during the Renaiissance His slingshot is acctually shown in this one, in his left hand, rock in right. He is in  contrapposto. His eyes and head is turned to his left which demononsrates that he has  just caught sight of his enemy and is now becoming tense not as relaxed. So it is not during or after the act, it is before. 

-Chanté Morren, Team Venus



Adam in the MET


I found this statue called Adam by Tullio Lombardo in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. This statue is made out of marble originated from Venice, Italy, during the Renaissance. Adam is holding onto a log wrapped in ivy with his right hand and holding an apple with his left hand. The statue of Adam is standing in the form of the classical contrapposto but the top half of the statue seems rather stiff compared to the bottom half. Adam seems to have a very strong body with his muscular body a little bit emphasized. Religion had an impact on this statue which is shown by the leaf covering Adam’s genitals. You can tell it has been influenced by religion because when Romans copied Greek sculptures some of them which were also influenced by religion have a similar leaf in the same area of other statues. Adam is connected to the Renaissance because Adam is a religious figure in a period of time where people were very religious but at the same time was challenged by new information. Challenged by people, like scientists, who were finding a lot of new information that challenged religion. This statue is also similar to Michelangelo’s David because of the way they are both standing in contrapposto. Also in the way that they both have rather serious facial expressions and are both holding something that adds to the naturalism of the statue.

-Alvin, Team Venus

Persians Invaded the Babylonions *Extra Credit*


I went to Wallkill over the weekend to the tour the Watchtower facility. There was a beautiful, huge, detailed painting on the wall and as an artist myself I stopped to admire it. When I asked the tour guide what it depicted she stated that it was King Cyrus’ Persian empire invading Babylon. I thought to myself, “Hey, I think I heard those names in Classics.” When I checked the website I saw that we did in fact learn about the Persians and Cyrus during the 3rd unit. Thus, I proceeded to take a selfie, the painting was so colossal it could not fit in my selfie so I asked my brother to take it for me (hope this still counts). I did some more research and found out that, “When Cyrus set his sights on Babylon it was already the most venerable of Middle Eastern cities—perhaps of all cities in the world,” states the book Cyrus the Great. It almost seemed impossible what had occurred on that night, (of October 5/6, 539 B.C.E.) the city of Babylon was on the Euphrates river and there were moats around the city and on top of that high security, there were also massive walls.  Upstream from Babylon, Cyrus’ army  were commanded to channel the Euphrates and cause the water level in the city to fall. After this happened, the army then walked right through the now low river right through the city gates. Coincidentally, that night the city gates, had been left open. According to Greek historians Herodotus and Xenophon, the Babylonians felt so secure behind their city’s defenses that on the night of the attack, many were feasting, including the king! All of these event helped Cyrus and the Persians to overthrow Babylon.

-Chante Morren, Team Venus


Herodotus. The History of Herodotus: Volume 1. Book. 1, section CXCI,  Talboys and Wheeler, 1824.

Crompton, Samuel Willard. Cyrus the Great. Chelsea House, 2008.

Art in Manhattan


As I was walking one day in the city with my friends I noticed this beautiful building and the first thing that came to my mind was my ART 1010 class.  I found this building in lower Manhattan and the bottom part of this building is actually a bank.  Now that I am taking Art 1010 it has made me more aware of the architecture around me and my mind is now open to realizing the beauty of art. I decided to pick this piece of art because it reminded me when we talked about the three Greek orders we analyzed in class. The three Greek orders were Ionic, Doric, and Corinthian and this specific column showed and resembled an Ionic order. This column was scroll shaped above the shaft which is a major part of what an Ionic order represents. This columns were also very big in person which is how they were shown in Greek history.  Art 1010 has opened up my eyes to different pieces of art no matter where I am and taught me really appreciate the different types of Art around me.


Throughout history, one’s symbol of status, a source of social and political influence and value/wealth was often determined by means of how much land he or she possessed. The value of land in an area is determined based on how scarce it is. Thus, the less amount of land that is available for use, the more valuable it would be. In turn, when there is a huge population and not enough of something, as with many things in life, the land is distributed unequally which causes conflicts in communities amongst economic and social classes/groups. This is where land reforms come in. By definition, land reforms are “a purposive change in the way in which agricultural land is held or owned, the methods of cultivation that are employed, or the relation of agriculture to the rest of the economy.”(Tuma)

“When the African National Congress (ANC) took power in 1994, with the black majority’s overwhelming backing, whites owned about 87% of South Africa’s farmland. The new government set a target for at least 30% of it to be transferred to blacks by 2014. More than a decade on, only 4% has changed hands.” (The Economist) Therefore, after the period of apartheid, the land was clearly not distributed fairly and the land reform did not work. The article uses the search term in many instances. For example, Mohammad Karaan, who chairs the National Agricultural Marketing Council states,”It’s not the lack of will but rather the lack of synchronization between state and market that fails land reform” (The Economist). The main reason as to why reform doesn’t work is because the reformers (government) proclaim to carry out certain objectives and make promises to appeal to the disadvantaged ones, the blacks in South Africa, but to no avail. There are, however many other contributing factors that play a role in the failure of land reform. The South African government blames the farmers for raising the prices of their land, the Department of Land Affairs is lacking the properly trained officials, files have been lost and when land is eventually sold many do not know how to run a farm and due to industrialization farm workers are left unemployed. Simply put,  the government and landowners need to work hand in hand to cater to each other needs instead of pointing fingers and casting blame. This article was written for the audience of the general public, specifically those interested in land reform in South Africa

During the Roman Republic, Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus sponsored land reforms in an effort to restore the class of small independent farmers. In the section, Appian Civil Wars,8, he proposed, “that nobody should hold more than 500 jugera of this land” ( Readings on the Roman Republic page 24) the land that was acquired from the wars. He wanted any extra land that the rich owned to be taken away and given to the poor. However, he wasn’t successful because the ones who he proposed this law to, the Senate, were mainly the ones who owned the land because of their wealth. Eventually, “Gracchus himself … was slain at the door close by the statues of the kings”(page 26). Hence, it is clear to see that from the second century in the Roman Republic up to present day in South Africa, land reform is, in fact, tricky to implement. Both then and now land reform has the ability to help out the poor areas but rich people prefer to remain on top and become angry when anyone wants equality and change.

Chanté, Team Venus

Source Citations   (MLA)

“Why land reform is so tricky; South Africa.” The Economist, 5 May 2007, p. 60(US). Academic OneFile, Accessed 5 Nov. 2017.

Tuma, Elias H. “Land reform.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, inc., 3 Oct. 2013,





During our trip to lower Manhattan on October 21st, I noticed fasces on the statue of George Washington in front of Federal Hall. He is standing with the fasces on his right. I infer that the facses is there since this is the location where Washington took the oath of office to be inaugurated as our first President. The fasces is a symbol of authority and Washington is the first president a supreme authoritative symbol of our country.


Lion at City Bank


I found this fasces under the windows of City Bank. Fasces are a symbol of authority and power which is paired with another symbol of power and courage, the lion. I believe this fasces was put there at City Bank to show the strength and authority of City Bank.

-Alvin Zhao, Team Venus

Alexander the Conqueror

AlexanderCelena Zhao, sister, 15 years old, at home

Do you know who Alexander the Great was? Yeah.

What do you know about him? He was a king in Ancient Greek and conquered a lot of land.

Where did you learn about him? Global History class in school.

Anthony Zhang, cousin, 16 years old, text message

Do you know who Alexander the Great was? Yeah, kind of.

What do you know about him? He conquered a lot of land in Europe.

Where did you learn about him? School.

Susan Cheng, ex-coworker, 23, text message

Do you know who Alexander the Great was? Yeah.

What do you know about him? He spread Hellenistic culture through his conquests. He was educated by Plato when he was younger and died in Macedonia.

Where did you learn about him? Personal interest and college.

Between the people I asked one of the main similarities I found was that they know him as a conqueror. People usually remember Alexander the Great as a conqueror from Ancient Greece. Most of them learned about him in school, usually in a Global History class in high school or even middle school. Even though they did learn about him all they remember him for is how he took over so many territories. What was similar about their answers and what I leaned in class is that Alexander the Great conquered up to Egypt and the Indus River. For example, in “The Alexander Romance” by Pseudo Callisthenes, it discusses this, “Invincible and indomitable child. Long may you live, my lady, for you are pregnant with a boy who shall be your avenger and become world conquering king’ of the whole civilized universe” (13). However in our class we went more in-depth about the topic instead rather than just discussing his great conquests.  One of the things we learned about was Alexander the Great’s horse Bucephalus which can be considered as one of the most famous horses. Another thing were the coins of Alexander the Great and his two horns.

How GREAT was Alexander the Great?

Xavier Morren, 13, little brother, at our home

  1. Do you know who Alexander the Great was? Yes, A king.
  2. What do you know about him? I know that he lived a very short period of time I think he was killed by a mosquito bite and conquered a city that is lost today.
  3. Where did you learn about him? At school and a couple of tours we did at the Met.

Kelly Robinson, 22, fellow Brooklyn College student and friend, on campus

  1. Do you know who Alexander the Great was? Yeah, I think that he was one of the world leaders in the history of the world and governments
  2. What do you know about him? I know that he was known to be powerful, and have a large kingdom that was a primary world ruler/kingdom at the time of his rein.
  3. Where did you learn about him? Learned about him from history classes during school days, mostly.

Prof. Paul Wyatt, 50s-60s, family-friend, John Jay College

  1. Do you know who Alexander the Great was? A young Macedonian military strategist who set out to conquer the world.
  2. What do you know about him? He struck down the Medo-Persian forces twice. He conquered much of the ancient world, and aided in common Koine, Greek  becoming an international language. Since many Jews began to speak that language it led to the translation of the Hebrew Scriptures into Greek which became known as the Septuagint.
  3. Where did you learn about him? From several readings I’ve done on The Watchtower Online Library the Insight Volume 2 and some trips I’ve taken to The Hellenistic World At the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Brooklyn Museum and The Coliseum in Rome.

One common idea throughout the answers I received from my interviewees is that Alexander the Great was a King who conquered the world. Two of my interviewees said that they learned about him at the Metropolitan Museum of Art and two said that they learned about him at school.  I researched the hilarious statement my brother made about his death being caused by a mosquito bite. Despite that this is not entirely true, one of the possible causes of Alexander’s death is malaria.  My interviewees were familiar with the fact that Alexander was fairly young when he carried out such conquests as he died at the age of thirty two. It’s safe to conclude that a variety of  people, regardless of age and the like are familiar with how Great of a conqueror Alexander was.

While still broad, their answers are quite similar to what I learned in this class. In the text The Romance of Alexander the Great, Olympias, Alexander’s mother receives a message from the God Ammon saying “Invincible and indomitable child. Long may you live, my lady, for you are pregnant with a boy child who shall be your avenger and become world conquering king’ of the whole civilized universe” (Pseudo-Callisthenes verse 13) Thus, exactly what  was foretold by the god in the dream occurred. Olympias became pregnant with a son who began to rule as king at a very young age and inevitably conquered the all of the civilizations he possibly could and planned to conquer more before his abrupt death. I am eager to learn more.

Can Artists Create an Ideal Society?

frederick Douglas

Imagine how the world would be if there was one universal government. Sounds impossible right? Today many people suffer injustices because they are a different race from others, because they are from a higher social status, their choice of lifestyle, their religious preferences or lack of it and the list goes on and on. Even the government, which is supposed to protect and care for its subjects have failed at doing so and some do the complete opposite. With all of the prejudice that the world has witnessed from the beginning of time a utopian society seems to be farfetched.

David Brooks, author of, “How Artists Change the World”, discusses how the way one perceives certain individuals in society has an effect on how those individuals are treated which in turn can contribute to either a just society or an unjust one. He believes that an ideal society is one in which everyone, despite the color of your skin, or your physical appearance is treated equally. Speaking about how Frederick Douglass used photographs of himself to alter the common stereotypes that African Americans are inferior, uneducated and are too foolish to do anything for themselves he states,“He was creating a new ideal of a just society and a fully alive black citizen, and therefore making current reality look different in the light of that ideal.”Furthermore, Brooks does believe that these values are lacking in the present society in which he lives because he goes on to elaborate on the idea that the only reason a new ideal has to be created is because the perception of Africans Americans in society has always been distorted. Not only do I think that I live in the same society as this person, I believe that humans have created a society that is so far from ideal that “reteach(ing) people how to see”(Brooks ¶12)  is nearly impossible. Even now, in the age of technology, seeing not only the faces of the oppressed but also the horrible actions of the oppressors does not reverse the hate and ignorance that is deeply imbedded in this unjust society. As a visual artist myself, works of art can express ideas that one can’t really put into exact words and artists can try to create their idea of an ideal society but injustice will continue.

Plato would agree with this thinking because he felt as though even though all humans are inclined to practice injustice the only way that Athens would be saved was by means of justice. Plato’s Extracts states,“Plato refers to them as moneylovers, because they pursue money as the best means of reliably satisfying their appetitive desires in the long term (580d–581a)” Thus, one can infer from this piece of text that Plato was not fond of systems that were built to dehumanize the poor, prevent them from acquiring education and use ethical or political education to fill individuals minds with wrong desires rather than to provide them with knowledge. This was all done because of greed, and when one has an intense and selfish desire for something it is very hard for justice to be prominent they practice injustice and it’s impossible to have an ideal society.

Brooks, David. “How Artists Change the World.” New York Times, 2 Aug. 2016, p. A23(L). New York State Newspapers, Accessed 17 Sept. 2017.


Imperfect Society

“’ Every society has to deal with demons, he said.’ Our society is not perfect. None is. These demons are named xenophobia, racism, and exclusion” is a quote from the article Canada’s Response to Hate: More Tolerance by The New York Times. This article is addressing the terrorist attack in Quebec City and how no society is free of terrorist acts. The author believes that a perfect society is a society free of its demons, meaning free from racism, exclusion and the fear of being harmed by people other countries. The author believes that there isn’t a society that is perfect no matter how hard we try, but the author believes that the way a country reacts to an event like the terrorist attack could make a difference. I also believe that we live in the same society as the one the author has stated because no matter how protected a country may be, destruction always finds its way in. That’s why many people are so paranoid about each other, thinking whether or not the other person is safe. Also because of stereotypes racism will exist no matter how hard you try to combat it. I believe Plato would have agreed because he wanted a perfect society where children wouldn’t have to be educated in a place where they had to fear death. “Shouldn’t they be told stories that will make them least likely to fear death?” (Plato, Republic, 3. 386a). This quote shows that Plato believes that a perfect society is one where people shouldn’t have to grow up fearing death and others harming them.

“Canada’s Response to Hate: More Tolerance.” New York Times, 2 Feb. 2017, p. A26(L). New York State Accessed 15 Sept. 2017.

Fetus Killers or Barbarians?

If one is ever called a barbarian they should take that as a great insult. To be barbarian means to be a savage, inhumane, having no relation to civilization. In the article Abortion is barbaric and immoral by Billy Long, he refers to everyone who have a role in abortion or simply support the practices as barbarians. He begins bringing out how in the ancient religions such as Baal worship, child sacrifice was used to pay their sins to the Gods yet they were still highly immoral and promiscuous. Long compares it to how in today’s society people have not changed and similarly have no respect for the lives of unborn infants. He expresses his hatred for the practice and ties it back to the term barbaric in the title with the following sentence ,

“The practice of partial-birth abortions proves the evil and callousness of the industry.”

Barbarians were often thought to be “evil” and “callous” by the Greek. Long even goes into detail about the gruesome abortion practice to drive home his point and targets all who may be leaning towards acceptance of abortion. Barbarians were also thought to use  gruesome ways to murder individuals such as cannabalism and were perceived to lack any moral laws or sense of right and wrong similar to how Long portrays individuals who condone of abortion to be. In Herodotus on the Persians he states,

“For since the Greeks fought orderly and in array, but the barbarians were by now disordered and did nought of set purpose…” (Book 8, Chapter 86)

Apparently there was an orderly way to fight and a disorderly one. Whether this referred to the difference in fighting tactics or the weaponry used, one this is for sure barbarians were thought to lack order in whatever they did. As was learned in class, since they did not speak Greek they were seen as lower than humans some kind of animals and this is exactly how long views those who practice abortions.



Long, Billy. “Abortion is barbaric and immoral.” Myrtlebeachonline, Myrtle b, 10 Sept. 2017, Accessed 11 Sept. 2017.

Barbarians in Barcelona

Back then in Ancient Greece the term “barbarian” was a little bit different from how it is today. The Greeks used this term to describe people who didn’t speak their language so they saw them as different and barbaric. However now a days when we use the words “barbarian” or “barbaric” we are usually describing something destructive, brutal and violent. Over time the words we use and their meanings have changed to fit society.

The news article called, “’Barbaric Act’: World Reacts to Barcelona Attack”, states,” “Revolting”, “cowardly”, and “barbaric” are some of the words leaders worldwide have used to describe the attack in Barcelona that killed 13 people.” Also another article called ” MASSACRE ON LAS RAMBLAS; 13 dead and 100 injured as van rams Barcelona tourists; Two suspects held, one shot dead after a barbaric Isis attack; Holidaymakers tell of horror amid scenes of carnage; Selfie sticks. Baby buggy wheels. .. and a scene of utter carnage” states, ” Broken bodies lay in pools of blood on the famous street, where shops, bars and restaurants are normally packed with tourists and locals.”.

These two articles talk about how terrorists drove a van into a crowd of tourists in a holiday hotspot, Las Ramblas in Barcelona. The ones being treated as the term, “Other”, in this case is the ISIS terrorists because they are the ones acting violently. I think the target audiences for these two articles are the ones who suffered any sort of pain from the events like loss of a family member or they 100 people that got injured from the van charging through the crowd. Besides the people who suffered in these events, I think the articles are also targeting the general readers as their target because it warns them to be careful and not to do such dangerous activities that cause others so much suffering.  One social value that’s being affirmed as a shared value towards the target audience is peace or the idea of it because in the articles, it shows that people were surprised that Barcelona would be a target of an attack. They were surprised because Barcelona is a beautiful city with a huge mix of different nationalities. Also another social value that is being expressed as a shared value towards the audience is sympathy. In the articles, many world leaders from various countries are showing sympathy towards the families of the ones who were killed and injured. An example of this is the Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy announcing a three day mourning period for the victims. The way we use the word “barbarian” or “barbaric” is very different compared to its meaning from ancient Greece. Besides using it to describe someone who spoke a different language or an outsider, Greeks used the word barbarian to describe a group of people or tribes. This is shown in Herodotus’ Histories in (1.4), “For Asia, with all the various tribes of barbarians that inhabit it, is regarded by the Persians as their own; but Europe and the Greek race they look on as distinct and separate.” The term “barbaric” or “barbarian” are used the same to describe how violent the terrorists acts were.

“‘Barbaric act’: World reacts to Barcelona attack.” Al Jazeera America, 18 Aug. 2017. Infotrac Accessed 10 Sept. 2017.

“MASSACRE ON LAS RAMBLAS; 13 dead and 100 injured as van rams Barcelona tourists; Two suspects held, one shot dead after a barbaric Isis attack; Holidaymakers tell of horror amid scenes of carnage; Selfie sticks. Baby buggy wheels. .. and a scene of utter carnage.” Daily Mail [London, England], 18 Aug. 2017, p. 1. Infotrac Accessed 10 Sept. 2017.

What would you do for revenge ?

Image result for spiderman 3

Spider-man, known as Peter Parker is one of the greatest superheroes of all time and is known for his bravery and protecting his fellow citizens. However he runs into a major problem with his girlfriend Mary Jane who he has come to love dearly. One of Peter Parker’s former best friends known as Harry Osborn has set up a plan to break Peter and Mary Jane’s relationship apart. As far as Harry thinks, he believes that Peter has killed Harry’s father and therefore now wants to take away something that Peter loves which is his girlfriend. Harry then approaches Mary Jane and threatens her for her life saying that if you continue to talk to peter you are going to end up badly hurt.  Mary Jane then goes up to Peter and does exactly what Harry told her to do which was to break up with him, leaving Peter heartbroken.

Medea is also in a similar situation where she finds out that her husband Jason is leaving her and is marrying King Creon’s daughter. Medea has never gone through something like losing a husband and does not know what to do at first. As she is furious and anger is rushing through her body, she is now looking for revenge. She comes up with a evil plan that she believes will put Jason in misery for the rest of his life. She ends up killing her two children, King Creon  and his daughter by poisoning them, however leaving Jason alive.

Medea left Jason devastated and let him wishing he were dead. Jason never saw this coming and would of  never left Medea if he knew this was going to happen. Medea let her anger get the best out of her and did not seem like the type of person to commit this horrendous act. She showed no signs of this cruelty that she committed but when one is at at troubled time they show their true colors.  Medea had no right to do what she did and showed humans are capable of terrible things. This relates to spider man as both Harry and Medea had committed disastrous acts ruining people’s lives to get back in spite of them. This shows that seeking revenge is  the not the proper way of getting out of situation and can be handled much differently.

#OldisNew #CLAS 2 # TeamVenus # Medea