Fasces Everywhere

IMG_1934 While walking along the perimeter of the City Bank on 20 exchange Place at Beaver Street, I noticed high up on the wall there was a line of fasces surrounding the building.  The one that captured my attention had two heads back to back staring in opposite directions. The faces look male, they are sharing a neck as a base, and their faces look emotionless. I perhaps thought this might be because of their high level of authority as magistrates.

-Izadora, Team Aphrodite

Everyone Doesn’t Know

I took some time out of my day to ask three of my friends a couple of questions and it turns out that the common knowledge they know about Alexander the Great, does not touch with what we have learned in class at all.

This answer was provided to me by my friend Ryan, age 18, while we were on the phone, laughing he responded, “ Oh, I totally forgot about that guy. All I know is that he was a ruler of the Roman empire during the Hellenistic age. Am I right? I almost forgot I learned about him in high school.” I followed suit by calling my friend Moridiyat, who is 18 years of age. She answered with, “ Yes I know him, he was a conqueror who was known worldwide for spreading Hellenistic traditions. I learned about him in 9th grade, but I didn’t really pay attention in class.” Lastly, I called my friend Jonas, who is 19 years of age. Jonas did not remember much either, but he told me, “… I learned about him in my 9th grade global class. All I remember is that he was a strong ruler.”

It seems like everyone remembered Alexander the Great as a man of power for the most part. This is similar to what we learned in class, but also different. Nobody spoke about the fact that Alexander had horns or the fact that he was seen as a pharaoh by the Egyptians. I was pretty shocked myself when I heard that In the lecture as well. This is probably why The reading, Idyll 15 and 17 took place in “Alexandria.”That was not your typical global history Alexander. #Alexander #CLAS5 #EveryoneKnows

Does it look like a greek template?


This is a picture of famous Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, which is often called “the Met”. It was founded in 1870 and opened on February 20, 1872. This museum is the largest museum in the United States and one of the most popular attraction to visit in New York. I walk next to the Met very often and I took this picture 3 weeks ago. On May 24, 2017, I had a pleasure of attending 108th Annual Awards Ceremony at Metropolitan Museum of Art and received The St. Gaudens Medal which was awarded to me as a graduating senior who has completed a major art program with excellence in drawing.

The building of the museum reminds me of the Greek template, especially columns which were one of the characteristics. The function of the column is to provide support for the building. Especially in this particular building, columns are huge, tall and strong because the entire place is huge so it needs really good support. Every time I see this building I feel like it was built as a copy of the greek template. In my opinion, it looks great, because the minute you come in, you feel like in the different world – in a positive meaning. I was inside the museum twice and I hope I will have a chance to be there again. Of course, columns of the Greek template is a popular sculpture so I haven’t made a mistake by comparing this museum to the template.

When I talk of Ancient Greece, I can confidently speak about the Alexander the Great who was a king of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon. By the age of 30, he conquered many places which made him famous and known as a powerful leader. However, he died very young – at age 32 – in Babylon.

Edyta, team Aphrodite

Perfect Imperfections

It does not exist. A perfect society simply does not exist. Will It exist in the future? I am not very sure, but as of right now it does not exist. In the article, “ The Structure of Gratitude” by David Brooks, we find out about exactly what the title is: the structure of gratitude. Brooks clearly states, “If you think that human nature is good and powerful, then you go around frustrated because the perfect society has not yet been achieved.” Then he followed that with, if you hold the mindset that life is not that impressive and our goodness is spotty, then you’ll be amazed when life is sweet to you. Overall I think it is fair to say that Brooks wants us to not hold our expectations too high for the world. The reason being, if we do not expect too much when something extraordinary occurs we appreciate it all the more. Occurrences like this will ingrain in us a grateful mentality for the smaller things. I feel like Brooks strongly believe that gratitude is severely lacking in this society because in many accounts he reminds his readers that we live in a “capitalist meritocracy that encourages individualism…” Which means that it is encouraged for everybody to look out for themselves first before others. In relation to the article, in the reading “Xenophon and Aristotle,” it states, “…whereas nowadays there are some who even boast of their possessions. This corresponds to this society and how much it values individualism and when one becomes independent and does everything on their own it is very predictable that they would become very prideful of their accomplishments. #IdealSociety #CLAS4 #Plato #Xenophone  Izadora, Team Aphrodite



Brooks, David. “The Structure of Gratitude.” New York State Papers, The New York Times, 18 July 2015, go.galegroup.com/ps/retrieve.do?tabID=T004&resultListType=RESULT_LIST&searchResultsType=SingleTab&searchType=BasicSearchForm¤tPosition=20&docId=GALE%7CA423329914&docType=Column&sort=Relevance&contentSegment=&prodId=SPN.SP01&contentSet=GALE%7CA423329914&searchId=R1&userGroupName=nysl_me_brookcol&inPS=true&authCount=1&u=nysl_me_brookcol. Accessed 18 Sept. 2017.



“As Gates writes, he was taking an institution like slavery, which had seemed to many so inevitable, and leading people to perceive it as arbitrary. He was creating a new ideal of a just society and a fully alive black citizen, and therefore making current reality look different in the light of that ideal.” (Brooks)

David Brooks in this New York Times article writes about how a photograph can change the perception of a prejudiced view on anything because a photo is a statement that you’re forced to see, a point that is undeniably made and cannot be interrupted because once you see it you can never consciously erase that image. He speaks about Frederick Douglas being the most photographed American of the 19th century, with George Custer and Abraham Lincoln with the second highest numbers. Frederick Douglas strategically took all of these photos to challenge the perception of black people during this time, he wanted to change the view of a man being made a slave, to a slave being made a man, his own words. The author speaks about an ideal society from Frederick Douglas’ perspective; in an ideal society, black people will not be viewed as the stereotypes that Douglas challenged, inferior, unlettered, comic and dependent, stereotypes that swarm over black people’s heads to this day. An ideal society is a just society. 

The world still is corrupted by stereotypes of black people, but it is being challenged every day, and black people are breaking the molds in which they are placed. The author speaks about “African American models in places where our culture assumes whiteness — in the Garden of Eden, in Vermeer’s , ‘Girl With a Pearl Earring.’ ”(Brooks) These images challenge the cultural norm and Brooks still believes that our current society is lacking the ideals of a world without these stereotypes because they still exist. I do not live in an ideal society, and I agree that for our world to be better we must overcome stereotypes. I still appreciate getting the chance to combat stereotypes that are placed on me, as a model it’s always liberating to take photographs that stand for something and influence some sort of change. I feel like Plato would disagree with me because I believe in justice and the equal treatment of people while Plato believes that being just is made up by society and religion to keep people pure. He says “to do injustice is naturally good and to suffer injustice bad.”(Plato) I don’t believe that all injustice is naturally good, such as the injustice of unequal and unfair treatment of people.


Brooks, David. “How Artists Change the World.” The New York Times. August 2nd, 2016. New York State Newspapers. Accessed September, 18th 2017. http://go.galegroup.com.ez-proxy.brooklyn.cuny.edu:2048/ps/retrieve.do?tabID=T004&resultListType=RESULT_LIST&searchResultsType=SingleTab&searchType=BasicSearchForm&currentPosition=10&docId=GALE%7CA459692876&docType=Column&sort=DA-SORT&contentSegment=&prodId=SPN.SP01&contentSet=GALE%7CA459692876&searchId=R5&userGroupName=nysl_me_brookcol&inPS=true&authCount=1&u=nysl_me_brookcol

Plato. “How to Defend Justice.”


“Bar, bar, bar.” That is what one would sound like to a naive Greek citizen if they were a non-greek-speaker. This lack of recognition didn’t only apply to foreign  languages but rather most non-greek cultures. For the Greeks, at that time most other cultures were simply viewed as barbaric.These cultures included the Persians, Egyptians, Medes, and Phoenicians.

One lazy afternoon as I was reading this article titled, “Parents Shot Their Teenage Children With a BB GUN When They Did Not do Their Chores Properly in ‘Bizarre and Barbaric’ Punishment.” Yes. Although the  title of the article was very informative the part that engrossed me the most asserts, “The couple, aged 50 and 33, have been sentenced for the ‘bizarre and frankly barbaric chastisement’ of the youngsters at their home in Blackpool, Lancashire.”Barbaric? You can imagine how perplexed I was upon seeing the word being used in such a context. Now, the connotation of the word seems to be punishing the parents. Ideally, parents are very protective of their children and they go to certain lengths to show them love and affection. But in this scenario, I’m uncertain that using the gun was the best way to deter the children. Thus, that explains the diction of Rachel Smith, which is the author of the news article. The contents of this article in my better judgment would be very appealing to those in the parenting stage of their lives. I think they were meant to feel sympathy for the child and that home, and hopefully, that would be a wake-up call or parents, to parent their children the right way. As I am sure that no child would like to live under such scrutinizing circumstances where they are being threatened with a BB gun.

Compared to how the word barbaric is used in the article, in the reading, Herodotus, it is used as follows, “For Asia, with all the various tribes of barbarians that inhabit it, is regarded by the Persians as their own; but Europe and the Greek race they look on as distinct and separate.” This phrase is conveying the message that, although the various tribes were different, Persia still looked at them as their allies; but the Europeans and the Greeks were looked at as if they were dangerous outsiders. #NewBarbarians #CLAS3 #Herodotus Izadora, team Aphrodite




Mailonline, Rachel Smith For. “Parents Shot Their Teenage Children with a BB GUN When They Did Not Do Their Chores Properly in ‘Bizarre and Barbaric’ Punishment.” Daily Mail Online, Associated Newspapers, 5 Sept. 2017, http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-4853368/Parents-shot-teenage-children-BB-GUN.html.

No justification on barbaric shootings!

The subject of my articles is barbaric shootings. The first article called “outrage, condemnation greet church shooting” describes shooting on St. Philips Catholic Church in Ozubulu in Anambra State. The article explains that shooting was caused by the feud between brothers who live outside of the country, who are the barbarians. According to the article, “Dogara described the attack as abominable, barbaric, inhuman and the height of wickedness.” The second source, published by Belfast Telegraph, called “This isn’t justice’: Police in Derry condemns ‘barbaric’ shooting” show the shooting situation in Northern Ireland. According to the article, 33-years old man was shot by “four coward masked men”, who are the barbarians. The author said, “Police in Foyle has condemned the incident as “barbaric.” I think that the target audience for each article is everyone because that something what has no justification! Shooting is a hazardous form of attack, and all articles in newspapers are shown to inform the worst consequences of these attacks and warn people about things that are going on around the world. I believe that one social value that was affirmed as a shared value for the target audience is protection for all inhabitants of the city and assure them about sufficient protection for the future. By the danger, which in those countries was shooting, some people who have kids, might consider moving out, because they might be afraid of their kids’ safety. Meaning of word barbarian in these situations and reading in our class are different because in class we define barbarian as a person who lives outside the country, who don’t speak the same language and have secret knowledge. In the article, one of the shooting was caused by brothers, who we can definitely call barbarians because they lived outside of the country, where a shooting happened, however they did terrible thing, but in our story barbarian in uncivilized person. They also had feud which they brought to Nigeria, and cause this outrage. In the second article, the barbarians are, as the author of the newspaper said, “four cowards masked men”, and I believe that they must be from outside because the journalists defined them as “coward”, which means that someone has lack of the courage to take a guilt of actions. However, there is no confirmation of this fact. In the Herodotus, the barbarian role played Croesus, son of Alyattes, who was a lord of all the nations to the west of the river Halys.

Quote from Herodotus:
“So far as our knowledge goes he was the first of the barbarians who had dealings with the Greeks, forcing some of them to become his tributaries and entering into alliance with others” (1.6)

The two articles that I found are very similar to each other because both of them shows the situations of shootings, barbaric shootings in two different countries – Nigeria and North Ireland. In both articles, the authors explained that there is no justification for what happened. The only difference between those two sources is that in the first, there was a shooting in the church, and the second, the 33-years old man was shot.

Citations of the articles:

       Buhari, Muhammadu. “Outrage, Condemnation Greet Church Shooting.” The Sun, 7 Aug. 2017, www-lexisnexis-com.ez-proxy.brooklyn.cuny.edu:2048/lnacui2api/results/docview/docview.do?docLinkInd=true&risb=21_T26463428907&format=GNBFI&sort=RELEVANCE&startDocNo=1&resultsUrlKey=29_T26463428911&cisb=22_T26463428910&treeMax=true&treeWidth=0&csi=404393&docNo=16.

“’This isn’t justice’: Police in Derry condemns ‘barbaric’ shooting” Belfast Telegraph, 9 Aug. 2017, http://www-lexisnexis-com.ez-proxy.brooklyn.cuny.edu:2048/lnacui2api/results/docview/docview.do?docLinkInd=true&risb=21_T26463428907&format=GNBFI&sort=RELEVANCE&startDocNo=1&resultsUrlKey=29_T26463428911&cisb=22_T26463428910&treeMax=true&treeWidth=0&csi=400553&docNo=18

Edyta, Team Aphrodite


Aphrodite and her Body 

This is a photo of a marble sculpture of Aphrodite, taken at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in NYC. As you can see this sculpture incorporates a lot of the cultural aesthetics which was common place for that particular time period. At first glance the sculpture’s attire appears to be very thin. The way the fabric drapes on her, reveals the voluptuousness of her body.

“Archer, bind me down with triple those endless chains!

Let all you gods look on, and all you goddesses toohow

I’d love to bed that golden Aphrodite!”

This quote was said in ’The Song of Demodocus’ a little while after Aphrodite was caught up in a sexual bind with the god of war, Ares. The fact that someone is making sexual jokes about Aphrodite, conveys the message that she was a laughingstock amongst the other god. After all, this should really be no surprise to anyone being that she is the goddess of love, pleasure,and procreation. Also, there is something about her beauty that compelled everyone to covet her. When looking at this as a whole, this is who Aphrodite is. She is a beautiful goddess that unintentionally calls for the attention of others and while doing so, she indulged in many sexual relations that resulted in her breaking the heart of the one she pledge commitment to, which was her husband Hephaestus. That sort of behavior goes to show that the goddess Aphrodite was not perfect. She had urges and temptations that she gave in to, she indulged in things that she wasn’t supposed to, and in the process she hurt someone emotionally. Aphrodite was not like any ideal goddess. #Aphrodite #CLAS1 #SeeninNYC

Greek Life

While I was at the Brooklyn College Library, I thought, what on campus relates to this class? And then it hit me: Greek life. If you look closely you can see that in the computer screen it shows different groups and organizations, otherwise known as Greek life. –Izadora,  Team Aphrodite  #SeeninNYC #ClassicsEC #Selfie #ComputerSelfie