Perspective Perspectives


Going through my art portfolio while cleaning up my room I came across the drawing of mine from 2015. It was my first attempt at linear perspective, I didn’t even realize it was linear perspective until Friday’s class.  One point linear perspective creates an illusion of space from a single, fixed viewpoint in a two dimensional image.  The focal point of my drawing is the door at the back of the train cart, that is where the vanishing point is , this the equivalent of the area below Jesus’s feet in the Holy Trinity. The orthogonal lines that creates the illusion of depth are obvious on the floor, and ceiling of the train cart. The orthogonal lines on the walls that create the windows and posters are also aligned with the vanishing point to create the consistent 3-D depth.  The difference between by drawing and the Holy Trinity , is the vanishing point. The vanishing point in the Holy Trinity is on the bottom with orthogonal lines going in one direction whereas in  my drawing the vanishing point is in the center and orthogonal lines go in all directions starting at the focal point.

– Suman Afzal, Hephaestus


Instant Interviews

Isabella Moore, 18, friend, imessage

Do you who Alexander the Great was?


What do you know about him?

he’s a guy

I’ve heard of him

But idk who he was LMFAO

Where did you hear about him?

Um, don’t really know


Einat Beygelman, 18, friend, whatsapp

Do you who Alexander the Great was?


What do you know about him?

Didn’t he like conquer the biggest land/ connecting empire something of the time?

And like something with Aristotle

Like Aristotle was his teacher

Where did you learn about him?

Um HS?

prob cocoli

or like ap world


Eric Braunstein , 29, High Music Teacher and Production Director, phone call

Do you who Alexander the Great was?

Why can’t you just google this I thought you needed help with something important.

This is for my blog I need your answer so,  do you who Alexander the Great was?


What do you know about him?

I’m just gonna say everything from the top of my head. So, Alexander was a great ruler, hence his name being Alexander the Great.  He was the king of Macedonia- it was a large empire during ancient Greece. Alexander also founded the library of Alexandria.

Where did you learn about him?

High School. Probably during Global studies. Also I’m smart as fuck and happen to know all of these things , make sure to incorporate everything I just said in your blog.


Alexander was familiar to to everyone  I questioned, more so to some than others. I didn’t expect answers with great detail but I was a bit surprised that Isabella didn’t know anything about Alexander. Einat’s answer was exactly as expected. The both of us were in the same AP Global  History class which explain why she would think of the same key terms as myself and also why she still remembered Alexander years later. Braunstein’s answer did surprise me a bit given his whereabouts. He was driving from work to a gig and called me to answer my questions as quickly as he could. His answer had the most detail in comparison to the other two whilst being off the top of his head. He even mentioned the library of Alexandria which I still didn’t even know . Braunstein’s answer related to what we discussed in class through the quote from Alexander’s Romance “…Alexandria, which is in Egypt, and is the capital of the whole world.” This particular quote emphasizes how great the city of Alexandria was and the largeness of the Empire itself.





Strikingly Sexual in a Cemetery?

At Greenwood cemetery, this particular sculpture reminded me of the canon- the naked idealized human form. The Doryphoros is what initially comes to mind . The sculpture is solid and there is great attention to detail the physique. It demonstrates the perfect, ideal beauty of the human body; this is also referencing to the canon- which is the idealized perfect human form.  The posture alludes to contrapposto and there is a  sense of movement in addition to the extreme focus on the physiognomy of the body.  Movement and life is portrayed as the angel is rising up, similar to how Nike of Samothrace portrayed a wind swept energy giving off motion in correspondence to natural forces. She seemed as if she was in the midst of taking flight with the natural winds pushing against her clothes, just how the fabric on the angel is wrapped around his navel and flailing downward- in opposition to him  moving upwards. And if i remember correctly this sculpture was made of bronze as many Greek sculptures were also made out of bronze and this is a grave marker similar to how people of high rank in the Greek society also had sculptures as grave markers . The covering of the naval shows how this sculpture differs from the Greek counterpart as the celebrated every part of the male body and didn’t particularly feel the need to cover the masculinity as it has been here. The sculpture has a raw godlike beauty that can only allude to Aphrodite. Although Aphrodite isn’t being depicted herself, the presence of enchanting beauty does represent what she is capable of , what she stands for, and what pleases her. “What does please her is…splendid pieces of craftsmanship. For she was the first to teach mortal humans to be craftsmen…”. (Homeric Hymn Nagy, lines 10-15). This quote particularly stood out to me because it explains how mortals wouldn’t ever be capable of creating something of such beauty if Aphrodite had not taught them craftsmanship.   We can understand that Aphrodite is lover of all things beautiful and decorative, this sculpture has a decorative quality of being a bronze grave marker. The figure is reaching up, perhaps reaching out for Aphrodite, acknowledging her divinity  for its own beauty. The nakedness of the sculpture also references to Aphrodite’s sexual appeal to everyone. The sculpture is a combination of extreme masculinity, divinity and partial nudity; which move towards sexual appeal and desires; and those are all characteristics of Aphrodite and; in retrospect to the Ancient Greek ideology, are only possible because of Aphrodite.


The first image was taken by me at Greenwood Cemetery.


Suman, Team Hephaestus

So…College is for Spartans?


sparta school

“ … we seem to think that the ideal society is composed of Type A’s.” The Leaders, the alphas, the strongest and the most powerful- a bit like the Spartans if you think about it. In The New York Times article the author discusses the common trend of prioritizing “leadership skills” for university admissions.  Elite institutions such as Harvard, Princeton and, Yale evaluate applications based off of leadership potential. Although these institutions want leaders to create a better future; the message is not interpreted by students that way. The author says that students see  “leadership skills” and think power and dominance rather than having genuine interest in society. I think this is true in today’s society. Students seem to have that Spartan ideology that correlates power and dominance to success. I often saw students run for club president for the sole purpose of putting it on their transcript, not because they had an actual interest in the club. This reminded me of how Xenophon would disagree with the author and agree with the admissions process. It was insisted that “…physical training for the female no less than for the male sex: moreover, he instituted races and trials of strength for women competitors as for men, believing that if both parents are strong they produce more vigorous offspring”. Here we see the emphasis put on strength to create a strong successful society. The Spartans were extremely tough and only wanted the strongest children. Similarly, regardless of the school’s intentions, the students who exhibited qualities of a leader were the ones getting accepted over the creative and the intellectuals, it’s not  really a surprise; there is no place for the weak in Sparta after all.

-Suman Afzal, Hephaestus


MLA Citation:

Susan Cain. Followers Wanted. The New York Times26, 26 Mar. 2017,                      Accessed 15 Sept. 2017

Is Dave Truly a Barbarian?

I, much like many of you grew up watching Disney channel. One thing I learned from watching shows on Disney was what a barbarian was. Dave the Barbarian. That sounds pretty familiar right? Well that’s because it is. Dave the Barbarian was indeed a cartoon on Disney channel. It depicted a man, named Dave of course who lives in a tree swinging around letting out a feral scream. Essentially Dave is a Neanderthal. Representations such as dave lead us to believe that a barbaric person is uncivilized.

Rugby is often described as a barbaric sport. The reasoning behind that is the lack of rules, protective gear and brutal physical contact. But the article didn’t exactly focus on the sport, it alluded to the players being the barbarians as mentioned in the title, “Rugby is fast becoming a thug’s game played by barbarians’ the players are being treated as the “other”. The author basically calls the players Barbarians because of their behavior. The player “got himself a 10-year ban for – and there’s no better word for this – bitch-slapping a young referee during an Australian Under-19 club game.” No matter which side of the coin you look at, that kind of behavior is uncivilized thus in effect being deemed barbaric. The word barbaric in this scenario is used to to describe an ill mannered violent person similar to when in Herodotus men attacked others using daggers with glee, exhibiting violence. Differing from how barbaric is interpreted in these two scenarios, in class we refer to barbarian as someone who is not Greek.



What’s the Price of Beauty?

I was fixing up my makeup and was taken back by how many products said “beauty” on it, and it got me thinking about the roots of beauty and what it’s associated with. “Beauty”, the word itself can hold many connotations. For centuries we associate beauty as something magnetic, a force that draws people to it based off of the visual appeal. Men and women have been using products for hundreds of years to beautify themselves; in affect increasing their sex appeal to others. In the cosmetics world, “beauty” is advertised and sold. Faces such as Gigi Hadid are plastered over Maybelline’s products to have individuals gravitate towards it and desire to be as sexy and pretty like the face on the product. The word “beauty” is even used to name products. I’m sure you’ve either seen or heard of something called the “Beauty Blender”. Essentially it’s just a sponge used to apply makeup, a product used to create “Beauty”. Beauty is love, beauty is desire, beauty is sex, and beauty is Aphrodite.
The cosmetic industry is the Holy Grail of everything Aphrodite; it screams beauty, sex and seduction. The focus in cosmetics is physical beauty and sex appeal which is what Aphrodite represents. Anchises is enticed and taken away from Aphrodite’s beauty and has a strong urge to bed her. He only knows that things she’s told him about herself, which are lies; yet he is controlled by his sex drive and wants the physically enchanting woman. In her truest form her “beauty shone forth from her cheeks-an immortal beauty, the kind that marks the one with the beautiful garlands.” (The Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite, Nagy Translation 174-176). Aphrodite exhibits a tremendous amount of lust and seduction besides beauty; similarly makeup is often advertised to achieve those characteristics.
There is a key difference between the two as well. Aphrodite is the personification of all things beauty and sex but she isn’t enhancing nor empowering- cosmetics are. Makeup is not just used for all things mentioned above, it is used to enhance one’s natural self, it is used to create art, and it is used to empower individuals whether it is with a flick of eyeliner or swipe of lipstick. Makeup can give someone confidence and allow them to feel beautiful not just look it. Aphrodite in respect had the power to break confidence being that there wasn’t anything more beautiful than her. She was beauty.
(Taken in my house)