The real “The Basket Of Apples”


image cite: Christine und David Schmitt, Art Reproduction Paul Cezanne, August 29, 2010.

This image that I found on the website was to restore the moment when the French painter Paul Cezanne painted the painting “The Basket of Apples”. the painting was painting in the time during the neoclassical time period, which in the time, still life subjects were been considered as the least important subjects that artist will use in their art. But Cezanne was one of these French painter that’s influence by the idea of impressionism from Paris, and decided to change his art style from Romanticism to Impressionism. Cezanne’s impressionism was a little different from other impressionism arts, his impressionism never took a delicate of sensuous feel, as if he was intensely to merging all the colors, surface and volume into a more unify entity, which draws attention to the idea of uniformity and planarity of the the oil paint in canvas. One thing that’s special about his painting, “The Basket of Apples” is the change in perspective of the subjects. If you look carefully, you will see the table line wasn’t flat, the wine battle was tilting, and the cookies in the back was about to “standing up”. All of these weird things are the prove of change perspective, if he only paint the painting from one perspective, the painting will looks like the image that I found on the website, which is more like other still life subject arts. why was this happened? Because in the time, Cezanne also pushed the distinction between the camera view and the human view, which he found that unlike simply static view, human’s view are in a fashion that’s more complex, in other word, the different between camera view and the human view is just the different between a picture and a movie. In Cezanne’s painting, he decided to use color to should the change in quality of the subjects though time. What Cezanne found out had built a bridge between 19th century Impressionism to the 20th century Cubism.


Yao, Team Zeus



Dr. Beth Harris and Dr. Steven Zucker, “Paul Cézanne, The Basket of Apples,” in Smarthistory, August 9, 2015, accessed December 12, 2017,

Aeneas and Venus


image cite: Jean Cornu (French, Paris 1650-1710 Lisieux). Venus Giving Arms to Aeneas. 1704. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Web. 11 Dec 2017.

This sculpture was built in 1650-1710 which was the later reign of Louis XIV witnessed the real explosion of the real Baroque sculpture community dedicated to the classical myths of the past. The faces of every characters that’s the part of this sculpture all looks externally real, the faces were all expressing the different emotion, you can almost hear what they want to say. It was the moment when the goddess Venus descended from the sky and showed her son, the Prince of Troy Aeneas, a spectacular armor. As a supplement to the story, Aeneas’s half-sister Cupid raised his shield. The clothes that they wearing doesn’t looks rigid like a sculpture but real clothes that was blowing by winds, you can see where the winds came from.

This is the sculpture makes me think about the story in the ‘Aeneas meets his Mother’ in Vergil’s Aeneid, Book 1. Aeneas and Archates collide with Venus who’s a young female hunter as they enter the forest. Aeneas knows what happened and asked the woman what goddess she is. Venus disguised, said she was just an ordinary girl in the forest. Venus will fill Aeneas when what’s going on in the city. Then, she ended her story, and asked Aeneas who he is. Aeneas answered with his name, his pursuit of his favorite color. Finally, he said how he was attacked in the storm, lost a bunch of companions. Venus comforted him with story of twelve swans and eagle. Then the goddess turned away and Aeneas recognized her (“He knew her at once—his mother”). He called and said: “Why, you too, cruel as the rest? So often you ridicule your son with your disguises! Why can’t we clasp hands, embrace each other, exchange some words, speak out, and tell the truth?” But Venus did not answer. Instead, she wrapped Enias and Archates in the fog, invisible. This made them in the heart of Carthage. Around them, people are busy building bees in the new city. After this story, Aeneas’ face in the sculpture seems to expressing a emotion dejected and doesn’t want Venus to leave him.


Yao, Team Zeus

For this blog post, I decided to write about this sculpture/art that I found while on our museum field trip.
This sculpture of a God reminded me most of Gian Lorenzo, Ecstasy of Saint Teresa. Although the meaning and imagery of both arts aren’t quite the same, the way it was crafted to me, reminded me of it. With his bodily details coming through, to his posture and his facial expressions, it reminded me of how that was seen in Gian Lorenzo’s sculptures of Saint Teresa and the angel. This also reminded me of the art on the walls surrounding Saint Teresa. It was made of a bronze looking material and was covered with a piece of cloth, with his hands stretching out in the vastness. The pose of this God or man reminded me of the way Jesus Christ on the Cross when he dies. Although the meaning between those two also, is different as well.

This art most likely represented peace and power, since on the sides it says “Service to the Nation” and “In peace and war”. Above the sculpture were a marble looking globe with one woman and one man at the edges of the globe. This can represent unity with the United States that is shown in the middle of the globe.


-Michelle Z, Team Zeus

Picture of person taking picture of a person


My best friend sent this picture to me few month ago, which was a picture of a person taking a picture of a person (my friend). Does this sound a little familiar to you?  It does sound familiar to me, it reminds me of the painting we learned in the Art class “The Art of Painting” by Johannes Vermeer which was a painting of a painter painting a painting. it’s funny how my friend and her boyfriend sets the camera from this angle we see the picture and took this picture. I don’t even know why they want to do it, but I can actually feel a sweet atmosphere that distributed from the picture. the picture tended to catch this moment of their usual state of life.

In the painting “The Art of Painting”, it depicts an artist portraying the role a woman dressed in blue plays in his studio. There are only two people in this picture, the painter and his subject, a woman with drooping eyes. The painting was considered as a self-portrait of the artist. The painter sits in front of the easel, where you can see the sketch of the crown. He wore an elegant black coat with cut-outs on his sleeves and a shirt on the back. Fluffy breeches and orange stockings, this is an expensive and stylish clothing. This subject is presumed to be a historical muse, who wearing a laurel wreath, holding a trumpet, possibly carrying a book of Herodotus or Thucydides, matches with Cesar Ripa’s symbol of the sixteenth century. The map on the wall has a prominent fold, which divides seventeen provinces divided into two North and South. Creases may symbolize the division between the Dutch Republic and the southern provinces under Habsburg rule. This map shows the early political divisions.

This painting “The Art of Painting” was painted from our point of view, which in the time period artist uses the camera obscura to reflected and recorded the pictures and painted them in the painting. Camera obscura is a simple device that requires only a converging lens and viewing screen at opposite ends of a dark room or box. It is essentially a camera without photographic film or plate. Since the 16th century, only the size and decoration have changed. No one knows if Johannes Vermeer really used the camera obscura or not, but the view seems to be really similar to the camera view.


Yao, Team Zeus



Dr. Steven Zucker and Dr. Beth Harris, “Johannes Vermeer, The Art of Painting,” in Smarthistory, December 11, 2015, accessed November 29, 2017,

The “Idea of March”


The poem of “the idea of March” by Long, H. C. I found in the online BC library simply described the Julius Caesar’s feeling before the “idea of March” happened,  “…Suspecting each rich curtain of a knife.Even so, aware that flesh and bone are restless, With secret news and undefined intention…” which when Caesar realized people wants to get out of his control, he even tried to convince the Roman people, especially the nobility, to follow him – but it did not work. Caesar started to suspecting on everything and everyone because he’s scared of losing power and even lost his life. He knew something bad is going to happen, he “saw” someone secretly planning something, he can feel the cold that came from this chair of supreme. he’s scared but has no way to stop this thing from happening.

The quote from the reading said “When he had reached this point, the men who were plotting against him hesitated no longer, but in order to embitter even his best friends against him, they did their best to traduce him, finally saluting him as king, a name which they often used also among themselves.” indeed, one of Julius Caesar’s close friend Decimus was also the member of the group of about 60 men who began to plot how to rid Rome of Caesar. Many conspirators are well-trained soldiers, who spent weeks, even months, planning the downfall of Caesar. And indeed, this cames to the “idea of March”. according to history Caesar plans to leave Rome on March 18, travel to southern Italy to work out some of the veterans, and then east for a long campaign, and this is the deadline for conspirators, which Caesar’s must die before he leaves. To make sure the plan will follow the steps, the last assassin became the key.  Despite Caesar’s close presence in adverse signs and dizziness, his good friend Didimus convinced the Senate not to attend the meeting as an insult.  Once there, there was no bodyguard, Caesar has stabbed a total of 23 times.


Yao, Team Zeus


Long, H. C. “The Ides of March.” Poetry, vol. 7, no. 3, 1915, pp. 133–133. JSTOR, JSTOR,

“Cassius Dio” Book 44.7-20, line 9-1. staff, “THE IDES OF MARCH”,2010.

The 3D Art

One of the most important thing that changes the art in the Early Renaissance time period was the Liner Perspective. the idea of Linear Perspective was found before the Early Renaissance and been rediscovered by Brunelleschi in about 1420, Florentine painters and sculptors were fascinated by this idea of giving a certain view of art can make the art more realistic. Art historian John Berger pointed out that the convention of view fits into Renaissance humanism because “it structured all images of reality to address a single spectator who, unlike God, could only be in one place at a time.”In other words, linear perspectives eliminate the multiple perspectives we see in medieval art and eliminate the illusion of space in a single fixed perspective.

Another thing I found that can make the 2D art became more realistic is the use in color, the used of light and dark color in the painting can balance out the view of the picture, which makes the painting more acceptable by people’s vision. One of the best examples will be “Titian, Venus of Urbino” which the light color that artist used in body makes the women easier to be catch by people’s eyes because she seems to be more stand out from the dark background, balance the picture which makes it more soft and more close to life. The use of light and dark color to makes the object can simply be described as the shadow of the subject.


This is one of the drawings that I found in my cousin’s sketchbook, which you can see this is a half finish drawing of mystery buildings. In this drawing, he didn’t use the Linear Perspective, but you still can tell the view of this picture is from somewhere in the sky. He used only black and white to tell where the light in this picture came from, and if we compare both left and right side of the picture, the side with the shadow is more realistic than the right side.

Art is never an easy thing to do, we can see art anywhere in the life, the history of arts not only tell us the development of the arts but also how life (culture, people, belief…)both affect and be affected by the art.


Yao, Team Zeus


John Berger, Ways of Seeing, p. 16,

Dr. Steven Zucker and Dr. Beth Harris, “Titian, Venus of Urbino,” in Smarthistory, December 4, 2015, accessed November 15, 2017,

Gracchi “land reform” “United States”

I did the research about the Gracchi “land reform” “United States” on the online Brooklyn College Library, and here is one of the result I saw, the title of this text is the Antebellum American Textbook Authors’ populist History of Roman Land Reform and the Gracchi Brothers  and if I want to cite this text, the appropriate MLA citation will be — McInnis, Edward. “The Antebellum American Textbook Authors’ Populist History of Roman Land Reform and the Gracchi Brothers.” Journal of Educational Media, Memory, and Society, vol. 7, no. 1, 2015, pp. 25–50.  In MLA format citation it should include authors’ name, the title of the text, the date of published and the location of the text

This text is definitely a scholarly article, not a popular article because of the scholarly article, which also been called as peer-reviewed article uses academic or technical language, it’s often a longe research articles (see, University of Arizona Libraries). The primary intended audience of the publication will be those who have a high interest about this thing and want to learned deeper.

“Worcester’s description also offers greater detail than pre-1830
American accounts.” (see: McInnis, Edward,2015) In this article, the author focused on the history of ancient Greece and Rome, instead of the history of the United States. In the article He argued the textbooks after 18030 were strengthened the United States reform of the land and the anti-slavery movement by creating a favorable relationship between Tiberius and Caius Gracchus. which was a new way to think about the things that happened in the past and give another claim about the thing.


Yao, team Zeus


McInnis, Edward. “The Antebellum American Textbook Authors’ Populist History of Roman Land Reform and the Gracchi Brothers.” Journal of Educational Media, Memory, and Society, vol. 7, no. 1, 2015, pp. 25–50.

The university of Arizona Libraries, “Popular vs. Scholarly tutorial”,

Greek/Roman Art in Target



For this unit’s blog post, I decided to write about this art that I found while shopping at Target with my friends.

It was their grand opening so my friend and I decided to stop by to look around. While I was walking around, something caught my attention which made me look up.  I ended up finding an amazing yet unexpected view. On the ceiling, I found golden columns with images of men and women, some on chariots, warriors and two cupids holding a badge of some sort. The material they most likely used to create it was probably cement and paint, which reminded me of how Romans created their sculptures.


The art style really reminded me of the buildings I saw throughout the Manhattan field trip, especially the American Surety Building. On the American Surety Building, an eagle is displayed in the very center, with a badge or shield in the middle. The vine-like curls that were surrounding the eagle were similar to the ones I saw at the store. They were gold in color, although the material used for the American Surety Building may be different compared to the one in the store. This also reminded me of the art in Early Christianity period. Cupid’s iconography was him being a powerful God that mainly had power in love with his bow and arrows. Although, the views on Cupid can differ depending on what

-Michelle Z, Team Zeus

The dome of Federal Hall

   The dome of the federal hall was the first thing that I was thinking about when we were learned, Hagia Sophia. The picture of the inside of the Federal hall suddenly appeared in my mind, and I decided to compare the Hagia Sophia and the inside of the Federal Hall.


This picture is the dome in the center of the Hagia Sophia, which is what makes this building a world-famous “art”. Just like what a patriarch of Constantinople named Photios said “It is as if one were stepping into heaven itself with no one standing in the way at any point; one is illuminated and struck by the various beauties that shine forth like stars all around. Then everything else seems to be in ecstasy and the church itself seems to whirl around.”  In fact, people used to believe the Hagia Sophia dome “is suspended from heaven by an invisible chain”, which shows how much people were shocked and impressed by this aesthetic quality of a geometric design.  The color that architect used in this building was mostly gold, which was a divine color used to represent how much they believed and love the god. Of course, this dome is not supported by the god, but the windows on the base of the dome. The windows at the base of the dome are closely spaced, visually assuming that the bottom of the dome is immaterial and barely touching the building itself. Architects not only squeeze the windows together but also set the windows side by side with gold. When light strikes gold, it bounces off at the opening, disappears into the building, leaving room for imagination to see the floating dome.


This is the dome of the Federal Hall, instead of gold, the architect decided to use white to show a dignified and divine atmosphere. it also has the windows, but not in the base. The sculptures of leaves a and flowers were similar to the pattern of the last classical order- Corinthian. compared with the Hagia Sophia dome, the dome in this Federal Hall is flatter and smaller than the Hagia Sophia dome.

Compared with the Hagia Sophia dome, the Federal Hall gives more feeling of solemnity, while the Hagia Sophia dome makes me feel more gorgeous and unreal.


Team ZEUS, Yao




pictures of the dome of Hagia Sophia,

quote of Photios, the source from

quote from

information from

Decreased Power for the Republicans

Related image

MLA Citation:

European Journal of Political Theory

Vol 8, Issue 3, pp. 313 – 338

First Published June 11, 2009
In the article I chose by Geoff Kennedy, it’s main intended audiences are Republicans or those that were interested in the worries or issues of the Republicans when they began to lose power and imperium increased. The article mainly discusses the vast changes of Republicanism and how it affected the peoples in that time.
The author has mentioned the term”Gracchi” very briefly at the beginning of this article but didn’t connect it to the term “France.”
Quote mentioning Gracchi: “Insofar as populists like the Gracchi and Caesar sought to redistribute land to the lower classes, territorial accumulation as a form of agrarian policy became linked to the populist threat to the rule of an Optimatedominated senatorial republic: in a word, tyranny.” He explains how these specific people, Gracchi and Ceaser wanted to fix land distribution for those at the Lower Classes. This became a conflict for those in power as they saw it as a threat.
This can connect to the Roman Conquest of Italy as after its winning against a powerful king, it resulted in many positives to the Roman lands, such as growth in land and power for the peoples. But the growth had many downfalls later on that caused many issues for the Roman people. This can be related to the Republicans. They had many areas of growth in their power and people, but negative issues arose and began to damage the power of the Republicans as a whole.
Quote: “This growth vastly increased the wealth of the elite, securing the dominance of the patrician-plebeian nobility. Through the influence of Greek culture rich Romans adopted the leisure style of the Hellenistic world. The plebs and the Italian allies acquiesced as long as they benefited from the proceeds of military conquest. But conquest had unforeseen effects on the economy and society of Italy. The peasant proprietors who formed the backbone of the Roman army could not maintain their farms due to prolonged military service and in the face of pressure from the land-hungry elite. The overseas conquests not only supplied the capital to purchase large estates, but also the slave labor needed to introduce new methods of farming, designed to provide absentee landlords with an income from cash crops. The new methods gave rise to further problems in the shape of a series of slave revolts, most notable in Sicily (132 and 103-101).”
-Michelle Z, Team Zeus



I’m actually unsure of whether or not if this is a symbol of a fasce or if it’s just a design of a coin but I did find this at the America Surety Building. They had many different symbols that reminded me of fasces, such as the Eagle at the very front with a shield in front of it that is split into 4 different parts. Another symbol would be the two faces that are right beside the Eagle in the center. There is a female and male God/Goddess, although I’m not quite sure who they represent. They could represent the different amounts of power and leaders they had throughout history.

-Michelle Z. , Team Zeus

“Wasn’t he a dictator?”

For this blog post, I decided to ask my close friends and a family member about what they knew about Alexander the Great.

I first asked my two close friends, Lily Y. (age 18, close friend) and Shannon W. (17, close friend) while we were out at Manhattan, around 34th Street hanging out. I asked them the three questions: Do you know who Alexander the Great was?, What do you know about him and where did you learn about him? I decided to ask Lily first and she replied with, “Yes and no for the first question. As for the second and third question, I know he was part of American history and it was something that we learned in APUSH. Wasn’t he a dictator??” I then asked Shannon and she replied with, “Isn’t Alexander the Great from like Ancient Greece and that he was a conqueror? They named Alexandria, a city after him too.” I was slightly taken back by how she actually knew some legitimate information about Alexander. I then asked her where she learned this from and she says “Just like Lily, I learned it in APUSH.”

After my friends, I decided to ask my cousin, Jeffrey Z. (age 19, close cousin) during our family dinner at our grandparent’s house. I asked him the same questions and he paused a little before replying, “Yes to the first question and I believe he explored and conquered many territories. I learned this during US history.” I asked him, “Is that all that you know?” and he nodded, “Yep. I forgot a lot about US history.” I laughed and agreed with him as I did too.

After asking my friends Lily and Shannon and my cousin Jeffrey, I realized how some of their answers were on a more vague side but similar when you look at it altogether. Surprisingly, Shannon knew the most about Alexander. Both my cousin Jeffrey and Shannon mentioned that he was a conqueror, explored vast lands and as Shannon mentioned, he had a city named after him. Jeffrey did remember a little bit about Alexander but not as much as Shannon. Lily, like my cousin, didn’t remember too much and possibly confused herself with Alexander Hamilton for Alexander the Great. I don’t blame her though since history can get confusing at times with all the amount of names and people there are. They all, however, did learn or remember all their information from US history class.

Shannon’s reply was the most similar to what we learned in class. It’s similar because he did explore vast lands and did have a city named after him, which was Alexandria. Like stated in the Alexander Romance reading, “Then the city of Alexandria, which you are building in the middle of the land, is to be coveted by the world; a land where gods shall dwell for long days and time to come.” and “Will this city remain true to the name Alexandria in which it was built? Or will my name be changed to that of another king? Advise me.” (92-93) In these quotes, it shows how Alexandria is a city named and built after Alexander the Great.

Barbaric Killings of Wild Animals?

For centuries we have been learning to kill and hunt for the sake of survival. This can be found in both humans and animals. What happens when this skill is actually damaging our wildlife population? The lives of the animals we don’t consume, are being hunted and killed to protect the animals we do consume. How can we stop this way of hunting and killing innocent wildlife?

In this article, it explains how these organizations are standing up to protect innocent wildlife from the government and Wild Life Services. They use the term barbaric in this sentence: “This idea of killing wildlife anytime there is a conflict is just barbaric.” (Collette Adkins, senior attorney at The Center for Biological Diversity (CBD)) In this article, they use the term “barbaric” or “others” to refer those that kill wildlife for the reason of protecting the animals we do consume. The targeted audience for this article is those that support the lives of wildlife and that are willing to stand with these organizations. The social value that is being affirmed as a shared value for the target audience is to let their audience know that they can stand together and fight for something that is right. The way they use the term barbaric/barbarian in this article isn’t similar to the way Herodotus used it. Example being: “For Asia, with all the various tribes of barbarians that inhabit it…” They use the term barbarian to refer to those that didn’t belong to their place or race meanwhile in the article below, they basically called the act of killing the animals for no reason, barbaric.

Works Cited
Hugo, Kristin. “USDA Sued over Millions of “barbaric” Killings of Coyotes and Other Wild Animals.” Newsweek. N.p., 12 Sept. 2017. Web.

Somewhere in Neverland

Image result for tinkerbell in cage

The character I chose to write about would be Tinkerbell in the book and movie, Peter Pan. In this story, Peter Pan, a boy who could fly and never grew up, takes Wendy and her siblings to the world called Neverland, a mythical land where Peter, Tinkerbell, and other magical beings lived in. Tinkerbell was a small fairy who followed Peter and Wendy’s journey through Neverland. Throughout their journey together, Peter is found falling in love with Wendy. However, Tinkerbell, who liked Peter, started to realize this as well. Jealousy grows on Tinkerbell and the thoughts of sabotaging them grew as an idea in her head. However, her plans on sabotaging them fell through as she was discovered and was punished in the end.

This can be tied to Medea because, during the play, Medea is married to her husband and has a family as well. Medea’s husband is caught cheating on Medea with other women and she is seething with both jealousy and anger. As her anger overtook her, she began to plot vengeance on her husband and the women he was with. This jealousy went to that extent of her killing off her own children just to show her husband how she felt after he left her for another woman. This is similar to Tinkerbell as they both plotted revenge due to jealousy, but of course not to the extent of her killing Wendy or Peter.

Love can be such a blessing yet a curse. It can be such a happy and sentimental moment in life until something hits and you’re suddenly thrown into a turmoil of jealousy and sadness. Jealousy is a poisonous feeling but it’s a normal reaction and most likely can’t be avoided in a person’s life time. It doesn’t even have to be jealousy in love, it could happen in simple situations such as, someone getting more allowance than you, or them being able to go to an event you wanted to go badly. Although jealousy may be a normal reaction, it may lead to many actions that can be regretful later in time.

Translation gives different meaning of words/sentence


I found this picture in the message logging, that my friend sent it to me and asked if the translation is right. Then I went to do the research about this “八股文”. In classical Chinese, the word “股” means legs, but in this case, it can not be translated as legs.  “八股文” was been truly translated to “Eight shares”. “Eight shares” is an imperial examination system been used by the kings of the time from Song dynasty to Qing Dynasty. It was the most complete selection of civil servants recruitment system in the ancient world. it was the way that the vast majority of Chinese nationals can enter the national decision-making center through the examination and then share the state power. In the Sui and Tang dynasties, the imperial examination was mostly focused on the article from Ming Jing and mainly to write poetry, until the Ming and Qing dynasties were officially converted into eight shares. (sourced from ) After read through the articles about the “Eight Shares”, I started to realize when translation goes wrong doesn’t make any sense is not the worst thing, the thing is if the wrong translation does make somewhat sense but has different meanings, we should be careful on this problem.

In the reading “Sappho’s Hymn to Aphrodite”, the authors use different word choice to translate the same poem. The meaning of the poems was basically the same, but the words that author used changes reader feeling about the poem. In Poochigian’s translation, he wrote “I beg you, Empress, do not smite me with anguish and fever”, compare with Carson’s Translation “I beg you do not break with hard pains”.  Poochigian’s translation has seemed to have more details and express the mood of fear and pleading. Which makes the sentence stronger than Carson’s Translation.

The mistake happens pretty often, as a writer, we have to be careful with the word choices, because when we translate the words in different languages, it might make no sense to the reader. as a reader, we also have to focus more on author’s word choice, because sometimes they might use the words in purpose.

Team Zeus, Yao



information of “eight shares”, sourced from


Utopian Noodle House


IMG_0311 (2)Languages are a way of expressing different cultures, ideas, and cultural identity. Many things we say in English can have a completely different in Chinese. In the picture I have above, is a restaurant sign owned by my relatives in California. I was curious about what the Chinese translation meant, so I asked my grandma what it meant and to my disbelief, it was totally different in Chinese. In English, it would be Utopia Cafe. However, in Chinese, it literally translates to King Cow Noodles. Although according to my Mom’s explanation, there’s a deeper meaning to it in Chinese. She explained how some of the characters can be used to describe “The Best” or “Number One”. In a way, it means “the best” or it’s the “number one” noodle house or restaurant. Differences in translations exist because people perceive words depending on the languages they speak.

This can link to the examples of the different translations of the writings in the Homeric Hymns of Aphrodite, translated by both Gregory Nagy and William Blake Tyrell. One example of different translations in the article would be “She received the fat and sat in the middle of the house. In every temple of the gods, she is honored, and among all mortals, she is of the gods the one venerated.” translated by Tyrell. He’s explaining how Aphrodite is the main goddess compared to the others and received most of the sacrificial offerings. She is the most respected as well. In Nagy’s version, he says “She is seated in the middle of the house, getting the richest portion. And in all the temples of the gods, she has a share in the tîmê. Among all the mortals, she is the senior goddess.” Both of their translations are similar but their word choices when describing Aphrodite was different, an example being “She received the fat and sat in the middle of the house.” compared to “She is seated in the middle of the house, getting the richest portion.”

Overall, every person has a different perspective in how they translate meanings of words varying from each language they speak.